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Inventory of the Middleton Family Artwork, 1809-1867
Inventory of the Middleton Family Artwork, 1809-1867
|Abstract:||Collection consists of assorted architectural drawings, ink sketches, pencil drawings, and watercolors attributed to John Izard Middleton, Henry Middleton, and Thomas Walker as well as several sketches of additions to Middleton Place, the family seat located along the Ashley River near Charleston, South Carolina.|
|Title:||Middleton family artwork|
|Extent:||1.5 linear feet
(1 flat box)
|Repository:||Special Collections, College of Charleston Libraries
66 George Street
Charleston, SC 29424
Phone: (843) 953-8016
Fax: (843) 953-6319
|Call Number:||Mss 0001|
|Language of Material:||Materials in English|
John Izard Middleton (1785-1849) was born at Middleton Place to Arthur Middleton (1742-1787) and Mary Izard (1747-1814). An amateur painter and archaeologist, he was referred to as "The First American Classical Archaeologist." Williams Middleton (1809-1883), son of South Carolina Governor Henry Middleton (1771-1846), served as an attaché to the American legion in Russia and resided at Middleton Place after inheriting it in 1846. Williams and his wife, Susan Pringle Smith (1822-1900) had two children, Elizabeth Middleton (1849-1915) and Henry Middleton (1851-1932).
Collection consists of assorted architectural drawings, ink sketches, pencil drawings, and watercolors attributed to John Izard Middleton, Henry Middleton, and Thomas Walker as well as additional designs created for Williams Middleton by Fred J. Smith. Sets one through six contain measured architectural drawings attributed to John Izard Middleton with dates and watermarks ranging from 1808 to 1813. Five country houses and one greenhouse are depicted in these twenty five drawings. All buildings are in the Adamesque style and none of the designs is known to have been executed. Sets one through three are initialed "J.I.M." Set four is neither initialed nor dated, but has the same format, ink with watercolor, and is on the same paper as some of the drawings in sets one through three with watermarks from 1808 to 1809. Sets five through six are in pencil on paper by different manufacturers, though some are also watermarked 1809. All six sets appear to be by the same architect and to have notations in the same handwriting. Set seven contains an elevation for Adamesque flanking wings to an existing country house by Thomas Walker. The design is dated 1809, and the original house was constructed circa 1790. Set eight consists of four pencil sketches including one marked "Plan for altering & adding to Middleton Place. Front View. W. M. 1864." The initials are those of the owner of the plantation at the time, Williams Middleton, and the drawings relate to others prepared in 1863 by a builder Fred J. Smith. The main house would have been more than doubled in size, and it and the wings would have been renovated to resemble 17th century Dutch architecture. Set nine contains miscellaneous drawings including designs for a stable, a gate, and a watercolor perspective view of a street in Cambridge, England. Set ten contains two maps "drawn by Henry Middleton Jun[io]r. 1867."
Materials are described at the folder level.
Search TermsThe following terms have been used to index this collection in the Library's online catalog. They are grouped by name of person, family, or organization, by topical subject, by place, and by types of material.
- Middleton, John Izard, 1785-1849
- Middleton, Henry, 1851-1932
- Walker, Thomas
- Middleton family
- Architecture--South Carolina--Charleston--19th Century
- Architecture--Designs and plans
- Neoclassicism (Architecture)--United States
- Middleton Place (S.C.)
Types of Material
- Architectural drawings (visual works)
- Maps (documents)
Related materials in Special Collections include the Nathaniel Russell Middleton papers, 1823-1881 (Mss 0032).
Consists of one floor plan and four elevations. Also includes designs for a villa with one tall story on a high basement. The plan shows two apse-ended rooms, and it has structural details for the roof. The ground floor has elliptical arches. A hipped roof is partially concealed by a parapet with a Doric entablature. The front door surround has Doric columns, and a piazza has slender Doric columns.
Designs are initialed "J. I. M. 1811. No.2" and includes two plans and one elevation. This two-story house has a high basement and a hipped roof fronted by a parapet with a dentil cornice. The plans show four apse ended rooms and one circular room. A semi-circular porch has slender Ionic columns and a pair of curving steps.
Designs are initialed "J. I. M. 1813" and includes three sheets of elevations with one in ink and watercolor and the other two in pencil. The main elevation has four Roman Doric columns in antis with glass in between, and a Palladian window is at one end of the building.
Consists of three plans, three elevations, and one section. The main front has a one-story Roman Doric portico, and each side has a semi-hexagonal projection. An alternative plan and elevation are included.
Consists of one plan and elevations. The back of the house has a pair of semi-hexagonal projections. The plan has an elliptical staircase and a built-in bath tub with cisterns.
Includes two plans and two sheets of elevations. This house is basically L-shaped, and it was given two main fronts: what appears to be the land side has a one-story Roman Doric portico (with a door opening into a central hall), and what may be a river front has a two-story Roman Doric portico (giving a one-room wing the appearance of a temple-form building). The plan shows an oval staircase and a built-in bath tub.
In the center of this single drawing is a two-story house marked "The Ground of Old House." It appears to date from circa 1790, and it has a high basement, a tall hipped roof, and a one story porch with a slightly projecting portico. Walker designed alternatives for a pair of adjacent wings. Both wings have round projecting bays, and one bay has three windows and the other a Palladin window. Both wings were to have a high basement to match the house, but mezzanine floors rather than a full second story. The house and each wing was to be of similair width, and the architect noted "The whole extends 160 feet."
Four pencil sketches including one marked "Plan for altering & adding to Middleton Place. Front view. W. M. 1864." These designs relate to others which were prepared for Williams Middleton in 1863 by a builder Fred J. Smith, and they were intended to be used to greatly enlarge Middleton Place and to change its style to resemble 17th century Dutch architecture.
Includes two measured architectural drawings are for a stable, one sheet of measured drawings for a gate (since an alternative has a large "M," the designs may be for Middleton Place), and a perspective drawing in ink and watercolor of a Cambridge, England, street scene including Great St. Mary's Church, medieval houses, and 18th century store fronts. Also includes color wheel in pencil and watercolor.
Maps of the Eastern United States "drawn by Henry Middleton Jun[io]r. 1867." One map is of the New England states, and the other is of states from New York to North Carolina. These pencil drawings appear to have been based on printed atlas plates.
This collection is open for research.
The nature of the College of Charleston's archival holdings means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible to determine despite reasonable efforts. Special Collections claims only physical ownership of most archival materials.
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[Identification of item], Middleton family papers, College of Charleston Libraries, Charleston, SC, USA.
Alternate Form of Materials
Digital reproduction available online in the Lowcountry Digital Library.
Processed by Gene Waddell, 1998.
Encoded by Joshua Minor, September 2016.
Reviewed, edited, and uploaded by Joshua Minor, September 2016.