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Inventory of the Alston Deas Collection, 1861-1976
Inventory of the Alston Deas Collection, 1861-1976
|Abstract:||Pamphlets, clippings, memoranda and related items collected by General Alston Deas relating to the American occupation of Japan (1945-1952) and World War II, specifically in Japan and the Pacific. Also includes United States government publications regarding the occupation, materials relating to former General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, and Japanese language materials.|
|Title:||Alston Deas collection|
|Creator:||Deas, Alston, 1893-1985|
|Date(s):||1861-1976 (bulk 1945-1950)|
|Extent:||2.70 linear feet
(6 document boxes, 3 oversize folders)
|Repository:||Special Collections, College of Charleston Libraries
66 George Street
Charleston, SC 29424
Phone: (843) 953-8016
Fax: (843) 953-6319
|Call Number:||Mss 0013|
|Language of Material:||Materials primarily in English. Some materials in Japanese.|
Alston Deas was born in San Francisco, California, on November 5, 1893. A graduate of West Point (1918), Deas served in the U.S. Army for nearly 60 years, obtained the rank of colonel, and taught at West Point and the Citadel. Deas was president of the Society for the Preservation of Old Dwellings and the author of several books and articles on Charleston history.
Collection of printed materials about Japan and the United States activities in the Pacific during and after World War II. Includes information about Douglas MacArthur, the U.S. war effort, U.S. policies and agreements, propaganda, war strategies, the occupation of Japan, post-war politics and trade with Japan, Japanese culture and language, and related topics. Included are typescripts of American radio programs broadcast to Japan during the war. The majority of the books, booklets, reports, memoranda, and related items were published by or for the U.S. Army, Department of State, Department of Commerce, military intelligence, and other government agencies. The collection also contains a large number of magazines and clippings on related topics.
This collection consists of printed materials, and is arranged chronologically by publication date.
|1.||Pre-occupation, 1861, 1923, 1927, 1943|
|2.||American occupation of Japan, 1945-1952|
|4.||Japanese maps, travel, and language materials, 1930, 1945-1952, undated|
Search TermsThe following terms have been used to index this collection in the Library's online catalog. They are grouped by name of person, family, or organization, by topical subject, by place, and by types of material.
- Deas, Alston, 1893-1985
- MacArthur, Douglas, 1880-1964
- World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Pacific Ocean
- World War, 1939-1945--Propaganda
- World War, 1939-1945--Military intelligence
- Japanese language
- Japan--History--Allied occupation, 1945-1952
- Japan--History--20th century
- United States--History--20th century
Types of Material
- Clippings (information artifacts)
Published books originally with the collection have been removed and catalogued separately.
Detailed Description of the CollectionClose All | Open All
1. Pre-occupation, 1861, 1923, 1927, 1943
Includes illustrations relating to Japan.
Includes feature, "The Empire of the Risen Sun."
Regarding two publications about the westernization of Japan.
Relating to the new government order in Japan, "manifest destiny," the rule of Japanese Emperor Hirohito, and Western democracy in Asia.
Discusses Japanese religious persecution.
2. American occupation of Japan, 1945-1952
Includes "restricted" and unrestricted publications and memorandums from United States governmental departments regarding troops in the Pacific, the structure of Japanese government, natural resource reports, newspaper and magazine clippings, and Japanese Peace Treaty materials. Also includes a large amount of material published for and by the Eighth Army Unit of the United States Army.
Regarding the Battle of Iwo Jima.
"Japanese ruses, deception tactics, and antipersonnel measures."
Mentions the beginning of Nuremburg trials, American occupation of Japan
"Restricted" reports issued from the General Headquarters of the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers [General MacArthur] Natural Resources Section. Mentions Japanese coal mining industry, sources of phosphate, stockpiles of logs and lumber in Japan.
Regarding the colonies of southeast Asia, including Singapore, British Malaya, Netherlands East Indies, French Indo-China, Phillipines, Thailand, and Burma.
From the series American Forces in Action, designed for military personnel and wounded soliers to tell them the military story of campaigns in which they served.
Mention Japanese statehood, post-WWII life in Tokyo.
Weekly publication by Nagoya Base Information and Education Office for use in Information and Education classes. Includes summaries of Japanese history, Japanese bill of rights, current events, life after discharge, and related topics.
Addresses the role of troops in the Pacific theater.
Articles mention geisha life, Russian involvement in Manchurian industry, and Japanese theater.
Mention the fishing industry of Hokkaido, wartime administration of the Japanese mineral industry, the Honkeiko Colliery coal mining disaster, and Japanese charcoal, firewood, salmon, lumber, timber, minerals, and bamboo industries in Japan.
Regarding American violence against Japanese, reparations, fraternization with Japanese women, announcement of Provost Court.
Compiled as a means to reach occupational force installations via Japanese commercial telephone systems.
Mentions General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, Chinese Communist influence in Asia, Japanese education and immigration, and a small number of other topics.
Primarily from Japanese newspaper Nippon Times. Topics include teacher's unions, agriculture, G.I. murder charges, classified ads, job market outlook, Japanese food scarcity, General MacArthur, and a small number of other topics.
Regarding preparations and arrangements for Japanese businessmen.
Include critical analysis of American occupation policies in Japan, mention Japanese Prime Minister Tetsu Katayama.
Regarding United States trusteeship for territory of Pacific Islands.
Regarding American policy concerning German monopolies, dissolution of Japan's feudal colonies.
Includes articles regarding the unionization of Japanese teachers, Japanese war veteran activities, Japanese whalers, and the construction of a Russian military base in Japan.
Includes clippings from News and Courier, New York Times, Newsweek, the Times-Herald, and several others. Topics include General MacArthur, foreign relations with Japan and Russia, the American occupation in Japan, the 1948 presidential campaign, and a small number of other topics.
Mention MacArthur, American businessmen in Tokyo, Japanese Prime Minister elections, Japanese labor strikes, new Japanese government under Prime Minister Hitoshi Ashida.
Mentions Japan's "Red Army."
Mentions Emperor Hirohito, reports on Formosa [Taiwan], American measures taken against Japanese communism, General MacArthur and the role of the Japanese Emperor.
Includes clippings from the San-Francisco Chronicle, News & Courier, New York Times, the Mainichi Daily News, and several others. Topics include MacArthur's possible candidacy for President of the United States, Japanese Prime Minister Hitoshi Ashida, Japanese war trials, one article regarding "Tokyo Rose" [Iva Toguri D'Aquino](1948 July 29), and a small number of other topics.
Mention MacArthur, war in Asia, the rearmament of Japan, and several other topics.
Mention Japanese regime, General MacArthur.
Includes clippings from the Post & Courier, Charleston Evening Post, and several others. Topics include MacArthur's ban of Japanese "Reds" [Communists], interpreting the Japanese peace treaty, the United States' stand in Formosa [Taiwan], "Red rebellion" in Asia, and a small number of other topics.
Regarding the Japanese National Police Reserve (NPR).
Includes entry, "Essentials of a Peace with Japan."
Includes entry, "U.S. Solicits Opinions of American Republics on Japanese Settlement."
Includes entry, "Peace Without Fear," regarding the American occupation of Japan.
Typescript draft. Also includes printed pamphlet of draft.
Also includes a brief conference background and summary booklet.
Includes data about Japanese transition to sovereignty post-American occupation, General Douglas MacArthur, and Republican adviser to the State Department and Future Secretary of State, John Foster Dulles. Also includes photographs, articles about Japanese Peace Conference (1951 September 4-8).
Includes clippings from The News and Courier, The Charleston Evening Post, and several others. Topics include MacArthur's governance of post-war Japan, Japanese peace talks, Russian opposition of the Japanese peace treaty, and a small number of other topics.
Includes original bulletin and reprint of "Administrative Agreement with Japan."
Includes entry, "Japan and Free Asia."
Mentions Japanese and United States' business trends post-Japanese peace treaty, May Day riots, Japanese political elections, sinking of the USS Hobson, battles of Korea and Indochina, Japanese "G.I. babies."
Includes clippings from The News and Courier and several other titles. Topics include Soviet-Japanese relations, Japanese Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida, Japanese war criminal activities, the end of American occupation in Japan, Japanese communist activities, and a small number of other topics.
3. Post-American occupation, 1953-1977
Includes publications from US departments, newspaper and magazine clippings, booklets, and bound materials.
Regarding gifts exchanged between families and general well-wishes. Also includes I.B.A. [International Buddhist Association] newsletter for (1951 December 9), and a photograph of a woman holding a child with handwriting on the back, "25 Apr '51, W. 11 1/2 lbs, At 60 days birthday."
Includes clippings from The News and Courier, The Charleston Evening Post, and several others. Topics include Japanese disarmament, Japanese pilots returning to the skies, and several other topics.
Includes ratifications, declarations by Japan, and exchange of notes at San Francisco.
Regarding Premier Shigeru Yoshida's political decisions and a small number of other topics.
Includes clippings from The News and Courier and several others. Topics include Japanese farming, "Red" relations, Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida resignation, Japanese Naval presence, Iwo Jima, radioactivity in Japanese ships and fish, one clipping featuring Marilyn Monroe and Joe DiMaggio on their Japanese honeymoon, and several other topics.
Articles mention new regime in Japan, atomic bomb aftermath.
Includes article regarding Okinawa post-World War II.
Regarding American tourism in Japan, Helen Keller's visit to Tokyo.
Includes clippings from The News and Courier and several others. Topics include 10th anniversiary of atom bombing in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the firing of General Douglas MacArthur, Soviet Russia and Japanese peace talks, one clipping regarding the Bandoeng [Bandung] Conference, reports of natural disasters, Tokyo Rose (Iva Toguri D'Aquino) parole, Japanese textile imports, and a small number of other topics.
Includes essays, short stories, and poems relating to Japanese life and culture.
Features Japanese Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida's funeral, Japanese-Australian joint business ventures, discussions between United States President Lyndon B. Johnson and Prime Minister Eisaku Sato.
Topics include the resurrection of the Tokyo Rose case (1971), the 101st anniversary (1964) of the first Japanese-United States naval battle, and a small number of other topics.
4. Japanese maps, travel, and language materials, 1930, 1945-1952, 1975, undated
Covers "Indo-China, Thailand (Siam), Burma, Malaya, China, Formosa, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, India, Etc."
With distances and hours from Nagoya Station.
Includes various travel brochures, postcards, etiquitte tips for American travel in Japan, hotel information, and two sightseeing magazines.
Materials include handwritten annotations/marginalia, presumably by Alston Deas.
Topics include MacArthur administration, Toyko Rose, textile production, the Japanese peace treaty, Japanese education, and several other topics.
This collection is open for research.
The nature of the College of Charleston's archival holdings means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible to determine despite reasonable efforts. Special Collections claims only physical ownership of most archival materials.
The materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to U.S. copyright law. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source.
[Identification of item], Alston Deas collection, College of Charleston Libraries, Charleston, SC, USA.
Donated by Colonel Alston Deas, 1980.
Originally processed by Special Collections staff, date unknown.
Reprocessed by Cara McHugh, April 2013.
Encoded by Cara McHugh, April 2013.
Reviewed, edited, and uploaded by Martha McTear, May 2013.