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Inventory of the Senator Burnet R. Maybank Papers, 1914-1973

Descriptive Summary

Abstract: Legislative files, correspondence, printed material, voting records, and personal papers of Burnet Rhett Maybank (1899-1954), United States Senator from 1941 to 1954. Materials primarily relate to Maybank's professional life as a United States Senator and include his legislative working files and constituent correspondence. The collection also includes a small amount of personal papers concerning Maybank and his family including personal correspondence, financial material, photographs, property and real estate records, newspaper clippings and scrapbooks, and estate settlements. Major topics include World War II, civil rights legislation, the Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC), the Korean War, the Cold War, labor, price control, the Charleston Navy Yard, the Santee Cooper Hydroelectric and Navigation Project, and the Savannah River Site atomic plant.
Title: Senator Burnet R. Maybank papers
Creator: Maybank, Burnet R. (Burnet Rhett), 1899-1954
Date(s): 1914-1973  (bulk 1941-1954)  
Extent: 241.8 linear feet
(149 document boxes, 136 cartons, 8 slim document boxes, 7 oversize boxes, 1 oversize scrapbook)
Repository: Special Collections, College of Charleston Libraries
66 George Street
Charleston, SC 29424
Phone: (843) 953-8016
Fax: (843) 953-6319
URL: http://archives.library.cofc.edu
Call Number: Mss 0085
Language of Material: Materials in English

Biographical Note

Burnet Rhett Maybank was born in Charleston on March 7, 1899, a son of Dr. Joseph and Harriet Lowndes Rhett Maybank. He was a great-grandson of South Carolina Governor William Aiken and a great-grandson of United States Senator R. Barnwell Rhett.

Maybank attended the High School of Charleston and Porter Military Academy and entered the College of Charleston in 1914. He withdrew from the College when the United States entered World War I and enlisted in the United States Naval Reserve. When the war was over he returned to the College and graduated with first honors in the class of 1919.

After college, Senator Maybank went to work for his uncle, John F. Maybank, in the cotton export business, eventually going into business for himself. He served as president of the Charleston Cotton Exchange from 1926-1927 and was the vice president of the Atlantic Cotton Association. He also became a member of the city's aldermanic board in 1927 and served four years as a member of the city council, serving as vice-chairman of the ways and means committee.

He announced his candidacy for mayor April 6, 1931, on an independent ticket. In the Democratic primary of that year he defeated his opponent by a majority of almost two to one and assumed office on December 14, 1931. During his tenure as Mayor he was appointed to the State Board of Bank Control and appointed the chairman of the State Public Service Authority for the Santee-Cooper project. He had been a delegate to the 1932 Democratic National Convention which nominated Franklin D. Roosevelt and he cast his vote for him again for a second term four years later. His friendship with the President and with other national figures associated with the New Deal administrations were an enormous help to Charleston in Washington D. C.

In 1949 he was selected as the state's Governor. The first governor from Charleston since the Civil War. Maybank served as governor from 1939 until 1941 when he was appointed to the United States Senate as a Democrat to fill the unexpired term of James F. Byrnes, who had left the Senate to take his place on the United States Supreme Court. Senator Maybank was re-elected to the Senate in 1942 and again in 1948.

Maybank's principal Senatorial interests were government finance and national defense. Throughout the early 1950s, Maybank served as chairman of the Senate Banking and Currency Committee and chairman of the Joint Committee on Defense Production in addition to his longstanding service as a member of the Senate Appropriations Committee. He also worked hard on the local level to bring in projects that benefited South Carolina including new projects and improvements for the Charleston Naval Shipyard, the Santee-Cooper Hydroelectric and Navigation project, and the Savannah River Site atomic plant.

Throughout his career in the Senate, Maybank worked to oppose civil rights legislation including the removal of the poll tax, desegregation, and the implementation of a permanent Fair Employment Practices Commission (FPEC) citing such legislation as a violation of states' rights.

Burnet R. Maybank married Elizabeth deRosset Myers, a daughter of District Judge Frank K. Myers, on June 28, 1923. They had three children together: Burnet Rhett Maybank, Jr., Roberta Macon Maybank (married William F. Prioleau), and Elizabeth deRosset Maybank (married Theodore B. Guerard). His first wife passed away in October of 1947. In December of 1948, Senator Maybank remarried the widow of Rear Admiral Charles P. Cecil, Mary Roscoe Randolph Pelzer Cecil.

Burnet R. Maybank died, while in office, at his summer residence in Flat Rock, North Carolina, on September 1, 1954 at 55 years of age.


Collection Overview

The papers of Senator Burnet R. Maybank span the years 1914-1973, with the bulk of the material concentrated in the years 1941-1954. The collection is composed primarily of legislative files and constituent correspondence relating to Maybank's legislative work as a member of the United States Senate. The papers are supplemented by personal papers including financial material, scrapbooks, newspaper clippings, photographs, personal correspondence, property and real estate investments, and other material. Also included are copies of printed material sent to Maybank and Maybank's Senate voting record for his last few years of service.

The papers reflect Maybank's principal Senatorial interests in government finance and national defense. Throughout the early 1950s, Maybank served as chairman of the Senate Banking and Currency Committee and chairman of the Joint Committee on Defense Production in addition to his longstanding service as a member of the Senate Appropriations Committee. Maybank also worked hard on the local level to bring in projects that benefited South Carolina including new projects and improvements for the Charleston Naval Shipyard, the Santee-Cooper Hydroelectric and Navigation project, and the Savannah River Site atomic plant.

Throughout his career in the Senate, Maybank also worked to oppose civil rights legislation including the outlawing of the poll tax, desegregation, and the implementation of a permanent Fair Employment Practices Commission (FPEC) citing such legislation as a violation of states' rights.

The Maybank papers also highlight the effects of World War II, the Korean War, and the beginnings of the Cold War on the United States and especially the state of South Carolina. Topics include projects to improve military installations, labor issues, the draft, and price controls.

Also of interest is a folder dating from 1941-1942 concerning widespread prostitution and vice in Charleston that caused parts of the city to be declared "out of bounds" to members of the United States armed services during World War II.

Notable correspondents include: Presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman, and Dwight D. Eisenhower, former President Herbert Hoover, future Presidents John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, and Richard M. Nixon, Senators J. Strom Thurmond, Joseph R. McCarthy, and Olin D. Johnston, Judge J. Waties Waring, and J. Edgar Hoover.

Note that original folder titles have, for the most part, been retained.

Collection Arrangement

1.  Legislative files, 1941-1954
2.  Correspondence, 1914-1954 (bulk 1941-1954)
3.  Printed material, 1934-1957
4.  Personal papers, 1923-1973 (bulk 1930-1954)
5.  Voting record, 1947-1954


Search Terms

The following terms have been used to index this collection in the Library's online catalog. They are grouped by name of person, family, or organization, by topical subject, by place, and by types of material.

    Names

    • Maybank, Burnet R. (Burnet Rhett), 1899-1954
    • United States. Congress. Senate
    • United States. Committee on Fair Employment Practice
    • Santee Cooper Hydroelectric and Navigation Project
    • Charleston Naval Shipyard

    Subjects

    • World War, 1939-1945
    • Civil rights
    • Korean War, 1950-1953
    • Cold War
    • Labor--United States
    • Legislators--United States
    • Price regulation--United States

    Places

    • South Carolina--Politics and government--20th century
    • United States--Politics and government--20th century
    • United States--Foreign relations--20th century
    • United States--Economic policy--20th century
    • Charleston (S.C.)--History--20th century
    • Savannah River Site (S.C.)

    Types of Material

    • Correspondence
    • Personal correspondence
    • Bills (legislative records)
    • Legislative records
    • Congressional committee records
    • Congressional committee reports
    • Speeches (documents)
    • Memorandums
    • Clippings (information artifacts)
    • Scrapbooks
    • Photographs

    Detailed Description of the Collection

    Close All | Open All

    1. Legislative files, 1941-1954  

    The legislative files series contains correspondence, reports, and working files concerning specific legislation that appeared in the United States House and Senate. The series is divided chronologically into subseries by year with the folders arranged alphabetically.

    1941



    "Agriculture," 1941   box 1 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning agriculture and forestry legislation including the Cotton Insurance Law, Price Control Bill, Farm Credit Act, cooperative agricultural extension work, and Farm Relief Bill.



    "Agriculture-4-H Club," 1941   box 1 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 4530) for the continued support of 4-H clubs.



    "Alcoholic beverages," 1941   box 1 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 860) to prohibit the sale of alcohol at military camps and reservations.



    "Armed services," 1941   box 1 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning armed services legislation including unification of the Army and Navy Air Forces and increased leave and free transportation for soldiers.



    "Burke Memorial," 1941   box 1 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning a resolution to create a memorial day for Edmund Burke in honor of his support for American Colonists during the American Revolution.



    "Cancer control stamp," 1941   box 1 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning legislation to create a postage stamp for cancer awareness.



    "Clerk's hire bill," 1941   box 1 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning legislation to pay an additional $4,500 to clerks working for Senators and members of Congress.



    "Defense housing bill," 1941   box 1 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 6128) to provide three-hundred million additional dollars for defense housing through public buildings, Administration and/or War and Navy Departments.



    "Draft," 1941   box 1 | folder 9

    A letter expressing opposition to the drafting of teenage boys.



    "Federal employees," 1941   box 1 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 1057) to establish a system of longevity pay for postal employees.



    "Highways," 1941   box 1 | folder 11

    A telegram urging for the override of President Roosevelt's veto of the Defense Highway Bill.



    "Labor-strikes," 1941   box 1 | folder 12-13

    Correspondence concerning legislation to outlaw labor strikes in defense industries. Senator Maybank supported the legislation.



    "Labor-railroad strikes," 1941   box 1 | folder 14

    Correspondence that expresses concern for railroad strikes. Emphasis is especially placed on their effect on national defense.



    "National defense," 1941   box 1 | folder 15

    Correspondence concerned with national defense including draft extension and a pay increase for military personnel.



    "National Youth Administration (NYA)," 1941   box 1 | folder 16

    A letter concerning legislation to consolidate the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and the National Youth Administration (NYA) into a single entity under the Federal Security Agency called the Civilian Youth Administration (CYA).



    "Neutrality Acts," 1941   box 1 | folder 17

    Correspondence concerning legislation to repeal the Neutrality Acts.



    "Personal relief-Brown, Solomon," 1941   box 1 | folder 18

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 5984) for the relief of Solomon Brown, a black man who lost his arm in the federal penitentiary.



    "Price control," 1941   box 2 | folder 1

    Correspondence primarily concerning the Emergency Price Control Act.



    "Price control-agriculture," 1941   box 2 | folder 2

    Correspondence primarily concerning the price of cotton seed oil.



    "Rivers and harbors-Santee, Cooper," 1941   box 2 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 1355) to authorize the improvement of navigation facilities on the Santee, Congaree, and Cooper Rivers in the counties of Berkeley, Clarendon, Calhoun, Richland, and Orangeburg, South Carolina.



    "Rivers and harbors-St. Lawrence Seaway," 1941   box 2 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning legislation authorizing the construction of the St. Lawrence Seaway so that ocean going vessels could use it as a waterway into the Great Lakes.



    "Social security," 1941   box 2 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerned with amendments to the Social Security Act to extend coverage.



    "Tax," 1941   box 2 | folder 6-7

    Correspondence concerning tax legislation including the poll tax, excise, telephone, jewelers, and the Federal Revenue Act.



    "Veterans," 1941   box 2 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 4) to provide additional assistance to veterans and their widows and orphans.


    1942



    "Agriculture," 1942   box 2 | folder 9-10

    Correspondence concerning agriculture and forestry including farm relief in response to a drought during the previous year, price parity for cotton, the Farm Credit Administration, appropriations for the Farm Security Administration (FSA), the Commodity Credit Corporation, research funding for land grant colleges, the distribution of legume seed, and the net weight bill. Correspondents include J. Strom Thurmond, Senator John H. Bankhead (Senate Committee on Appropriations), and Dr. R. F. Poole (President of Clemson Agricultural College).



    "Air raid victims," 1942   box 2 | folder 11

    Correspondence concerning legislation to provide a $100 funeral allowance for persons killed during air raid attacks in the United States and accidents during official black-outs. Senator Maybank supported the legislation.



    "Aliens," 1942   box 2 | folder 12

    Correspondence concerning legislation, introduced by Senator Maybank, to bar alien employees from working on defense projects.



    "Alcoholic beverages," 1942   box 3 | folder 1-6

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 860) to prohibit the sale of alcohol at military camps and reservations. Senator Maybank supported the legislation.



    "Appropriations-Children's Bureau," 1942   box 4 | folder 1

    Telegrams concerning a reduction in appropriations for the Children's Bureau which administers the child labor provisions of the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act.



    "Appropriations-Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA)," 1942   box 4 | folder 2

    A letter concerning appropriations to include ten airports for South Carolina.



    "Appropriations-Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)," 1942   box 4 | folder 3

    A letter and telegram concerning the abolition of Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) camps.



    "Appropriations-Commerce," 1942   box 4 | folder 4

    Three copies of the supplemental estimate for the Department of Commerce for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1943.



    "Appropriations-Federal Security Agency (FSA)," 1942   box 4 | folder 5

    Two letters concerning appropriations for the Federal Security Agency (FSA) for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1943.



    "Appropriations-Independent Offices," 1942   box 4 | folder 6

    A response from Senator John A. Danaher of Connecticut to a South Carolinia constituent regarding the Independent Offices Appropriations Bill.



    "Appropriations-Interior," 1942   box 4 | folder 7

    A copy of a report for the Department of the Interior for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1943.



    "Appropriations-intra-governmental," 1942   box 4 | folder 8

    Legislation, correspondence, and meeting memos concerning appropriation bills for various government departments and programs including the Executive Office, National Defense, Navy Department, deficiency appropriations, the Departments of State, Justice, and Commerce, the Legislative Branch, tobacco insect work, Washington D.C. Housing, the Fish and Wildlife Service, and the Farm Security Administration.



    "Appropriations-National Youth Administration (NYA)," 1942   box 4 | folder 9

    Correspondence debating the place of a work program like the National Youth Administration (NYA) during wartime and its use on defense projects.



    "Appropriations-Office of Price Administration (OPA)," 1942   box 4 | folder 10

    Correspondence primarily concerned with the need for price ceilings to combat inflation.



    "Appropriations-students," 1942   box 4 | folder 11

    Correspondence primarily concerned with the elimination of a provision for loans to students beyond the second collegiate year and working under accelerated programs in fields directly connected with national defense.



    "Appropriations-Works Progress Administration (WPA)," 1942   box 4 | folder 12

    Correspondence debating the place of a work program like the Works Progress Administration (WPA) during wartime.



    "Armed services," 1942   box 4 | folder 13

    Correspondence concerning military legislation including appropriations, compulsory insurance for soldiers, and the renegotiation of war contracts.



    "Banking and currency," 1942   box 4 | folder 14

    Includes material primarily concerned with legislation (S. 1603) to permit banks to open branches in military reservations and navy yards and legislation (S.2540) to authorize the creation of the War Distress Finance Corporation to deal with business distress and financial hardship caused by the war.



    "Bills introduced by Senator Maybank," 1942   box 4 | folder 15

    Copies of legislation introduced by Senator Maybank in 1942.



    "Bill numbers only," 1942   box 4 | folder 16

    Correspondence only listing bill numbers including Senate Bill 1481 and House Bill 7243.



    "Burke Memorial," 1942   box 4 | folder 17

    A letter requesting support for a resolution to create a memorial day for Edmund Burke in honor of his support for American Colonists during the American Revolution.



    "Civilian war benefits," 1942   box 4 | folder 18

    Telegrams concerning legislation (S. 2620) to provide benefits and relief for United States civilians that have been injured, killed, or captured as a result of the war.



    "Congressional retirement bill," 1942   box 4 | folder 19

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 3847) to setup a pension plan for congressmen.



    "Defense Housing Bill," 1942   box 4 | folder 20

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 6128) to provide three-hundred million additional dollars for defense housing through public buildings, Administration and/or War and Navy Departments.



    "Draft," 1942   box 4 | folder 21-22

    Correspondence written in opposition to draft deferments and opposition to the drafting of teenage boys.



    "Education," 1942   box 5 | folder 1-3

    Correspondence primarily concerning legislation (S. 1313) to provide federal aid to education.



    "Federal employees," 1942   box 5 | folder 4-6

    Correspondence primarily concerned with legislation providing additional compensation for federal employees.



    "Forestry," 1942   box 6 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 2629) to provide for additional funds to combat forest fires.



    "Immigration," 1942   box 6 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning immigration legislation including naturalization eligibility, and the detention of persons who are citizens or subjects of, or owe allegiance to, any nation or country at war with the United States. Also included is a report of proceedings on a hearing held before a subcommittee of the Committee on Immigration. Correspondents include Senators Richard B. Russell (Chairman of the Senate Committee on Immigration) and Tom Stewart (Senate Committee on Immigration).



    "Inflation," 1942   box 6 | folder 3

    Correspondence primarily concerned with the calculation of parity prices for price ceiling purposes. Included is a letter from Senator Maybank to President Roosevelt.



    "Interstate Commerce Committee (ICC)," 1942   box 6 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S.2015 and H.R. 5949) regulating federal jurisdiction to remove trade barriers involving sizes and weights of motor vehicles.



    "Japanese-Americans," 1942   box 6 | folder 5

    A letter concerning legislation to permit the revocation of the rights of citizenship to Americans of Japanese parentage.



    "Judiciary," 1942   box 6 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning judiciary legislation including a provision for official court stenographers in the federal courts and universal finger printing.



    "Labor," 1942   box 6 | folder 7-8

    Correspondence concerned with labor legislation including strikes (see also Labor-Strikes) and repeal of the 40 hour work week.



    "Labor-strikes," 1942   box 7 | folder 1-2

    Correspondence concerning legislation to outlaw labor strikes in defense industries. Senator Maybank supported the legislation.



    "Medical corps," 1942   box 7 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning legislation to establish a Pharmacy and Dental Corps in the armed services. As well as military status for dieticians serving the armed forces.



    "Ordinance Department," 1942   box 7 | folder 4

    Correspondence and literature detailing Ordnance Department activities.



    "Personal relief-Abney, H.J.," 1942   box 7 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 5504) for the relief of H.J. Abney who was shot and wounded by a military policeman in Columbia, South Carolina, on February 22, 1941.



    "Personal relief-Cogswell, William H.," 1942   box 7 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 5714) for the relief of William H. Cogswell, Jr., of Charleston, South Carolina, for personal injuries sustained by a collision involving a National Park Service truck operated by an enrollee of the Civilian Conservation Corps (C.C.C.).



    "Personal relief-Richardson, J. Furman," 1942   box 7 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 5468) for the relief of J. Furman Richardson, of Simpsonville, South Carolina, for damages sustained to a tract of land leased to the United States for an emergency landing field on November 1, 1927.



    "Personal relief-Shuler, James B.," 1942   box 7 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 1953) for the relief of James B. Shuler, of McClellanville, South Carolina, for personal injury, including funeral expenses for his wife and son and medical and hospital expenses for himself and his family suffered due to a collision with a truck operated by an employee of the Civilian Conservation Corps (C.C.C.).



    "Personal relief-Taylor, James E.," 1942   box 7 | folder 9

    A letter concerning a claim for James E. Taylor.



    "Postal," 1942   box 7 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerned with postal legislation including free delivery to rural persons on holidays, an increase in postmaster pay, and the merger of the Western Union and Postal Telegraph Companies.



    "Price control," 1942   box 7 | folder 11

    Correspondence primarily concerning amendments to the Emergency Price Control Act.



    "Price control-automobiles," 1942   box 7 | folder 12

    Correspondence primarily concerned with the price control placed on the sale of new and used automobiles and trucks.



    "Red Cross," 1942   box 7 | folder 13

    A letter requesting support for legislation (H.R. 6911) to prevent the use of the brand "Red Cross" as applied to merchandise for commercial purposes.



    "Rent bill," 1942   box 7 | folder 14

    Material related to legislation (S. 2853) passed to control the rapid inflation of rent in the District of Columbia.



    "Rivers and harbors," 1942   box 7 | folder 15

    Correspondence concerning rivers and harbors legislation including the Santee River, Beaver-Mahoning Canal, St. Lawrence Seaway, Omnibus Rivers and Harbors Bill, an anchorage and mooring basin for an operating base for cruisers, destroyers, and submarines in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina, and the Florida Ship Canal.



    "Service men's pay," 1942   box 7 | folder 16

    Correspondence concerning legislation proposed to increase the pay and benefits of military personnel.



    "Small businesses," 1942   box 7 | folder 17

    Correspondence concerning legislation related to small business including anti-trust laws and de-regulation.



    "Social security," 1942   box 8 | folder 1

    Correspondence primarily concerned with the need for the federalization of South Carolina's unemployment compensation and to freeze social security rates.



    "Social security-effect on churches," 1942   box 8 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerned with opposition from the Baptist Church, to the Social Security Acts, due to the matter of separation of church and state.



    "Tax," 1942   box 8 | folder 3-7

    A substantial amount of correspondence concerning tax legislation including automobile taxes, oleomargarine, double taxation, withholding tax, tax on eleemosynary hospitals and educational institutions, excess profits, life insurance deductions, Americans living abroad, utility franchises, exemption of mutual church insurance companies from taxation, liquor tax, mutual insurance companies, and victory tax.



    "Tax-gasoline," 1942   box 9 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning legislation to increase the tax on gasoline.



    "Tax-income," 1942   box 9 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning income tax legislation.



    "Tax-municipal bonds," 1942   box 9 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning legislation to place a tax on municipal bonds.



    "Tax-pensions," 1942   box 9 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning legislation to tax pension funds. Correspondents are especially concerned with the effect this would have on employees of the Southern Bell Telephone Company of South Carolina.



    "Tax-poll tax," 1942   box 9 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 1280) to abolish the use of poll taxes. Senator Maybank opposed a constitutional amendment to abolish the poll tax but he stated that he had no problem with South Carolina voluntarily voting to repeal the poll tax.



    "Tax-sales tax," 1942   box 9 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning federal sales tax legislation.



    "Tax-social security," 1942   box 9 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning social security tax rates.



    "Veterans," 1942   box 9 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.B. 4) providing for assistance to veterans and their widows and orphans.


    1943



    "Advertising," 1943   box 9 | folder 9

    Correspondence primarily concerning government advertisements in newspapers for the sale of war bonds.



    "Agriculture," 1943   box 9 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning agriculture and forestry legislation including price parity, deferment for farmers, cotton acreage, production credit, the Farm Security Administration, extension of 4-H clubs, and controls on timber cut on private lands. Correspondents include Senators Clyde M. Reed and John H. Bankhead.



    "Alcoholic beverages," 1943   box 9 | folder 11

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 860) to prohibit the sale of alcohol at military camps and reservations and legislation to bring back prohibition for the duration of the war.



    "Appropriations-agriculture," 1943   box 9 | folder 12

    Correspondence concerning agricultural appropriations including the training of farm labor, retention of the Cotton Examiners Board, the Soil Conservation Service, the Natural Resources Planning Board, seed and fertilizer, rural electrification, crop insurance, and forest fire control.



    "Appropriations-Board of Economic Warfare," 1943   box 9 | folder 13

    A letter concerning an investigation of the Board of Economic Warfare.



    "Appropriations-Children's Bureau," 1943   box 9 | folder 14

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the Children's Bureau which administers the child labor provisions of the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act.



    "Appropriations-civil defense," 1943   box 9 | folder 15

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the Civilian War Services Branch of the Office of Civil Defense (OCD).



    "Appropriations-customs service," 1943   box 9 | folder 16

    A letter concerning the removal of $2 million from the Customs Service appropriations budget.



    "Appropriations-deficiency appropriations," 1943   box 10 | folder 1

    A letter concerning legislation to address the exhaustion of regular appropriations for United States Commissioners.



    "Appropriations-education," 1943   box 10 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning education appropriations including legislation (S. 875) for the high school victory corps and aid for specialized training of enlisted men.



    "Appropriations-employment security," 1943   box 10 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the Bureau of Employment Security.



    "Appropriations-expenditure reduction," 1943   box 10 | folder 4

    A letter from Senator Harry F. Byrd containing two reports from the Joint Committee on Reduction of Nonessential Federal Expenditures on Federal Ownership of Real Estate and Federal Personnel.



    "Appropriations-Farm Security Administration," 1943   box 10 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning the elimination of funds for the Farm Security Administration.



    "Appropriations-Federal Security Agency," 1943   box 10 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the Federal Security Agency.



    "Appropriations-field offices," 1943   box 10 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning the elimination of funds for the Field Service of the Department of Commerce



    "Appropriations-Florida Ship Canal," 1943   box 10 | folder 8

    A letter from Senator Elmer Thomas of the Senate Committee on Appropriations concerning an appropriations committee inspection of the construction of the Florida Barge Canal to complete the Intracoastal Waterway System from Texas to New Jersey.



    "Appropriations-forestry," 1943   box 10 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning a variety of forestry related appropriations. Including additional funding to combat forest fires.



    "Appropriations-general," 1943   box 10 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning general appropriations for the fiscal year and a general budget listing from the Committee on Appropriations of the budget for the fiscal year of 1944.



    "Appropriations-Home Owners' Loan Corporation (HOLC)," 1943   box 10 | folder 11

    Correspondence concerning appropriations affecting Home Owners' Loan Corporation mortgages.



    "Appropriations-insignia," 1943   box 10 | folder 12

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 3598) to prohibit the War and Navy Departments from engaging in wholesale insignia and military supplies in competition with civilian owned army supply stores.



    "Appropriations-labor," 1943   box 10 | folder 13

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for labor including a physician shortage.



    "Appropriations-Maritime Commission," 1943   box 10 | folder 14

    Correspondence and reports from the Maritime Commission.



    "Appropriations-National Resources Planning Board," 1943   box 10 | folder 15

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the Independent Offices Bill and its effects on funding for the National Resources Planning Board.



    "Appropriations-National Youth Administration (NYA)," 1943   box 10 | folder 16

    Correspondence debating the place of a work program like the National Youth Administration (NYA) during wartime and its use on defense projects.



    "Appropriations-nurses," 1943   box 10 | folder 17

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 983) to provide for the training of nurses for the armed forces, governmental and civilian hospitals, health agencies, and war industries, through grants to institutions providing such training.



    "Appropriations-school lunch program," 1943   box 10 | folder 18

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for a federally assisted meal program to provide low-cost or free lunches to school children. Though the program began long before, President Truman officially signed the National School Lunch Act in 1946. Senator Maybank was one of the primary sponsors of the program.



    "Appropriations-service members' families," 1943   box 10 | folder 19

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for additional funds given to the wives and infants of enlisted men.



    "Appropriations-Tariff Commission," 1943   box 10 | folder 20

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the Tariff Commission.



    "Appropriations-telephone," 1943   box 10 | folder 21

    A letter from Senator Theodore Francis Green notifying Senator Maybank of a meeting concerning the question of permitting Senators to make official long distance telephone calls at government expense.



    "Appropriations-vocational rehabilitation," 1943   box 10 | folder 22

    A letter requesting support for appropriations for the Office of Vocational Rehabilitation.



    "Appropriations-War Department," 1943   box 10 | folder 23

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for projects funded by the War Department including a number of improvements to areas in Charleston and the rest of South Carolina.



    "Banking and currency," 1943   box 10 | folder 24

    Correspondence concerning banking and currency legislation including an amendment to the National Housing Act, an amendment to the Federal Reserve Act to relieve from deposit insurance assessment and remove reserve requirements from war loan accounts of the Federal Government established in banks throughout the country, the authorization for the use of war purposes of silver held or owned by the United States, the establishment of an additional coinage mint of the United States, the return to policyholders of unused premiums following the cessation of war hostilities, and the creation of a Federal Fidelity Trust Fund. Also included is the legislative calendar for the Senate Committee on Banking and Currency. Correspondents include Senator Robert Wagner (Chairman of the Senate Committee on Banking and Currency) and Senator Francis Maloney (Senate Committee on Banking and Currency).



    "Bill numbers only," 1943   box 10 | folder 25

    Correspondence only listing bill numbers including Senate Bill 1016 and 1152.



    "Bills introduced by Senator Maybank," 1943   box 10 | folder 26

    Copies of legislation introduced by Senator Maybank in 1943.



    "Civilian Pilot Training Act," 1943   box 10 | folder 27

    Correspondence concerning legislation to provide for the payment of members of the Army Air Corps Enlisted Reserve who are not on active duty, and who are undergoing training under the supervision of the Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA) War Training Service.



    "Commerce," 1943   box 10 | folder 28

    A letter concerning legislation to amend the Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938 in which the correspondent felt the amendment would violate states' rights and a letter containing two editorials concerning renegotiation and production.



    "Commerce-freight rates-bills, reports, and summaries," 1943   box 11 | folder 1

    Bills, reports, and summaries from the Board of Investigation and Research concerning international freight rates and the Transportation Act of 1940.



    "Commerce-freight rates-correspondence," 1943   box 11 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning a revision of how freight rates are calculated.



    "Committees," 1943   box 11 | folder 3

    Correspondence and material related to Senator Maybank's committee assignments including a listing of Senate Committee assignments, a letter confirming Senator Maybank's appointment to a number of subcommittees of the Senate Committee on Banking and Currency, and the nomination of Ernest L. Marbury to be the deputy regional manpower director in the Alabama State office of the War Manpower Commission. Senator Maybank served on the Senate Appropriations, Banking and Currency, Immigration, Mines and Mining, Printing, and Rules Committees.



    "Condemnation of lands," 1943   box 11 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 2466) to expedite the payment of compensation to persons having any right, title, or interest in property taken by the United States for naval uses during the war and legislation (S. 975) to provide for speedy and summary notice in proceedings to condemn property for war purposes, and to accelerate the distribution of deposits and awards to persons entitled to them.



    "Draft," 1943   box 11 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning draft legislation including deferments for agricultural workers, compulsory military training, and the drafting women for war work. Senator Maybank stated that he was opposed to group deferments and felt that it should be left up to the local Selective Service Boards according to the merit of individuals.



    "Education," 1943   box 12 | folder 1-4

    Correspondence concerning education legislation including teacher's salaries, vocational rehabilitation, and the Federal Aid to Education Bill.



    "Federal Communications Commission (FCC)," 1943   box 12 | folder 5

    A letter from John M. Rivers, President of WCSC, requesting support for a resolution calling on the FCC to suspend the network rules and regulations until Congress is able to act.



    "Federal employees," 1943   box 13 | folder 1-2

    Correspondence concerning federal employee legislation including the regulation of officers in the executive branch, a pay increase for postal workers, equipment maintenance for rural postal carriers, and civil service retirement.



    "Food for children," 1943   box 13 | folder 3

    Two letters requesting support for a resolution to send food supplies to starving children in occupied countries.



    "Gallinger Hospital," 1943   box 13 | folder 4

    A report from Senator Pat McCarran to the Committee on the District of Columbia regarding an investigation of conditions at the Gallinger Municipal Hospital. The hospital functioned as a psychopathic ward located in Washington D.C.



    "Health and medical," 1943   box 13 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning health and medical legislation including the appointment of graduates of osteopathic colleges as reserve officers in the Public Health Service, relief for the Saunders Memorial Hospital in Florence, South Carolina, and the creation of a Pharmacy Corps in the United States Army.



    "Highways," 1943   box 13 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning the construction of rural post roads and the regulation of toll bridges.



    "Immigration," 1943   box 13 | folder 7

    Correspondence and Senator Maybank's committee working files concerning legislation brought before the Senate Committee on Immigration including immigration restrictions, the temporary stay of refugees transported to the country for the duration of the war, nationality revocation due to the desertion of military or naval forces during wartime, naturalization of non-citizens serving in the United States Military during World War II, detention of Japanese-Americans, and expenses associated with the detention of aliens entering the United States. Also included is the Legislative Calendar for the Senate Committee on Immigration. Senator Maybank served on the committee. Correspondents include Senators Rufus C. Holman, Francis Maloney, Richard B. Russell (Chairman of the Senate Committee on Immigration), Tom Stewart, and W. Warren Barbour.



    "Immigration-Chinese Exclusion Acts," 1943   box 13 | folder 8

    Correspondence and Senator Maybank's committee working files concerning the repeal of the Chinese Exclusion Acts. Included are copies of the hearings before the Committee on Immigration and Naturalization.



    "Inflation," 1943   box 13 | folder 9

    Correspondence primarily concerned with the Bankhead farm bill to exclude government benefit payments from the calculation of parity prices for price ceiling purposes. The bill was vetoed by President Roosevelt.



    "Insurance," 1943   box 14 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 1362) to affirm the believed intent of Congress that Federal Anti-Trust Laws are not applicable to insurance.



    "Judiciary," 1943   box 14 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning judiciary legislation including the appointment of court reporters for the United States District Courts, the appointment of an additional district judge for the district of North Dakota, the uniform marriage and divorce law, and Federal Corrections Act.



    "Labor," 1943   box 14 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerned with labor legislation including the Railway Labor Act, Equal Rights Amendment, "Company Unions," and the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO).



    "Labor-strike," 1943   box 14 | folder 4-5

    Correspondence concerning legislation to outlaw labor strikes in defense industries. Senator Maybank vigorously opposed John L. Lewis and strikes in the defense industry during war time.



    "Lend-Lease Program," 1943   box 14 | folder 6

    A letter from Senator Bailey, Chairman of the Senate Committee on Commerce, in response to a letter sent by Senator Maybank concerning an investigation of the Lend-Lease Program.



    "Mines and mining," 1943   box 14 | folder 7

    Correspondence and material concerning legislation brought before the Mines and Mining Committee including an amendment to the Federal Explosives Act and the stockpiling of strategic, war essential, minerals. Senator Maybank served on the committee. Correspondents include Senators Joseph F. Guffey (Chairman of the Senate Committee on Mines and Mining) and James G. Scrugham (Senate Committee on Mines and Mining).



    "Navy Mothers Club," 1943   box 14 | folder 8

    Two letters requesting support for legislation (S. 1031) to grant a congressional charter to the Navy Mothers Clubs of America.



    "Panama Canal," 1943   box 14 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning legislation to provide for the recognition of the services of the civilian officials and employees engaged in and about the construction of the Panama Canal.



    "Peace," 1943   box 14 | folder 10-11

    Correspondence concerning how the United States should make peace at the conclusion of the war.



    "Personal relief-Bishopville Milling Company," 1943   box 15 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 1247) for the relief of the Bishopville Milling Company for property damages sustained when a company truck and trailer collided with a United States Army truck.



    "Personal relief-Finley, Ervin S.," 1943   box 15 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 1246) for the relief of Ervin S. Finley for injuries sustained when he was struck by a Government-owned truck operated by a civilian employee of the Army Air Corps at Shaw Field, South Carolina, on September 15, 1942.



    "Personal relief-Tooley, H.G.," 1943   box 15 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 2880) for the relief of H.G. Tooley for injuries suffered while supervising mosquito control work at the Columbia Air Base.



    "Postal rates," 1943   box 15 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning proposed legislation to increase postage rates.



    "Price control," 1943   box 15 | folder 5

    Correspondence primarily concerned with the price control placed on the sale of new and used automobiles and trucks.



    "Prisoners of war," 1943   box 15 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 1374) to provide promotions for certain prisoners of war.



    "Public lands," 1943   box 15 | folder 7

    Two letters requesting support for legislation to provide for the conservation of wildlife on public lands and reservations of the United States.



    "Racketeering," 1943   box 15 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 653) to protect trade and commerce against interference by violence, threats, coercion, or intimidation.



    "Railroad employees," 1943   box 15 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning a Joint Resolution (H.J. 91) to provide an eight cent per-hour increase of wages to the non-operating employees of the railroads.



    "Rivers and harbors," 1943   box 15 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning rivers and harbors legislation including the suspension for the duration of the war plus 12 months the provisions of the Public Vessel Act, improvements for the Wateree-Catawba River, Florida Ship Canal, and dredging of the Shipyard River in Charleston, South Carolina.



    "Science," 1943   box 15 | folder 11

    Three letters written in opposition to legislation (S. 702) known as the "Scientific Mobilization Act" to provide for government control over research and scientific developments.



    "Small business," 1943   box 15 | folder 12

    Hearings, reports, and correspondence concerning the Senate Committee on Small Business including the production of strategic and critical minerals for the war effort. Correspondents include Senators James G. Scrugham (Senate Special Committee to Study Problems of American Small Business), Tom Stewart, and James E. Murray (Chairman of the Senate Special Committee to Study Problems of American Small Business).



    "Social security," 1943   box 15 | folder 13-16

    Correspondence concerning legislation proposed by the South Carolina Old Age Association to provide additional funds for the elderly and legislation (S. 1161) to institute National Health Insurance.



    "Subsidies," 1943   box 16 | folder 1

    Correspondence primarily concerning agricultural subsidies.



    "Tax," 1943   box 16 | folder 2-3

    Correspondence concerning tax legislation including the excess profits tax, the Ruml Tax Plan, the withholding tax, taxes on religious institutions, $25,000 salary limitation, tax on soft drinks, tax on telephones, increased postage, theater admission tax, and insurance premium deductions.



    "Tax-income tax plan-bills," 1943   box 16 | folder 4

    Legislation (H.R. 2570) to provide for the payment of the individual income tax and the inclusion of a pay-as-you-go measure.



    "Tax-income tax plan-correspondence," 1943   box 16 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning opposing plans for how to amend income tax.



    "Tax-oleomargarine," 1943   box 17 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 3687 and S. 1426) proposed by Senator Maybank to repeal the tax on oleomargarine.



    "Tax-poll tax," 1943   box 17 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning the abolition of poll taxes. Senator Maybank opposed a constitutional amendment to abolish the poll tax but he had stated that he had no problem with South Carolina voluntarily voting to repeal the poll tax.



    "Tax-renegotiation," 1943   box 17 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning the renegotiation of war contracts.



    "Tax-social security," 1943   box 17 | folder 4-5

    Correspondence concerning legislation to freeze social security tax rates.



    "Tire bill," 1943   box 17 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 1122) to provide for the distribution of motor-vehicle tires solely by independent tire dealers.



    "Trade agreements," 1943   box 17 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerned with the renewal of the Trade Agreements Act of 1934. The Act provided for the negotiation of tariff agreements between the United States and separate nations. The Act served as an institutional reform intended to authorize the president to negotiate with foreign nations to reduce tariffs in return for reciprocal reductions in tariffs in the United States.



    "Veterans," 1943   box 17 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning veterans' legislation including the provision of annuities for the wives of Consuls and General Consuls, Spanish-American War Veterans pensions, the appointment of honorably discharged veterans of the armed forces to positions in the Government service without regard to the civil-service laws, and vocational rehabilitation for disabled World War Veterans. Correspondents include Senator Robert R. Reynolds (Chairman of the Senate Committee on Military Affairs).


    1944



    "Administrative procedures," 1944   box 18 | folder 1

    A letter from Representative Howard W. Smith, Chairman of the House Special Committee to Investigate Executive Agencies, containing a report concerning legislation (H.R. 102) to improve the administration of justice by prescribing fair administrative procedures.



    "Agriculture," 1944   box 18 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning agriculture and forestry legislation including the regulation of fertilizer, railroad land grants, Commodity Credit Corporation, agricultural price parity, crop damages, tobacco, the abolishment of the Emergency Crop Loan Office, surplus war machinery and equipment for the Soil Conservation Division of the Department of Agriculture, and timber.



    "Alcoholic beverages," 1944   box 18 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 860) to prohibit the sale of alcohol at military camps and reservations and legislation to bring back prohibition for the duration of the war.



    "Appropriations-Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)," 1944   box 18 | folder 4

    Correspondence primarily concerning the creation of a National Board of Fertilizer Control.



    "Appropriations-agriculture," 1944   box 18 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning agriculture and forestry appropriations including the 1945 Census of Agriculture, meat inspection, and reforestation.



    "Appropriations-archive," 1944   box 18 | folder 6

    Reports and statements from members of the National Archives concerning the need for additional appropriations.



    "Appropriations-banking," 1944   box 18 | folder 7

    A copy of legislation (S. 1642) to amend the Federal Reserve Act, as amended, to provide that the absorption of exchange and collection charges shall not be deemed the payment of interest on deposits.



    "Appropriations-Bethesda Hospital," 1944   box 18 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning a proposed appropriation to build an addition to a hospital in Bethesda, Maryland for use in vivisection experiments.



    "Appropriations-civilian pilot training," 1944   box 18 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning the extension of the Civilian Pilot Training Act of 1939.



    "Appropriations-Congested Production Areas Committee," 1944   box 18 | folder 10

    Reports from the Committee for Congested Production Areas which was established to assist and supplement the work of Federal agencies, and local and State governments, in providing community facilities and services in war-congested production areas.



    "Appropriations-Department of Commerce," 1944   box 18 | folder 11

    A letter on behalf of the employees of the Section of Customs Statistics requesting support for appropriations to allow for the collecting and compiling of foreign trade statistics and the compiling of census reports.



    "Appropriations-equipment for the blind," 1944   box 18 | folder 12

    A letter requesting support for an increase in appropriations to provide for talking books recorders and for the maintenance and replacement of talking book machines.



    "Appropriations-Fair Employment Practice Committee (FEPC)," 1944   box 18 | folder 13

    Correspondence concerning continued appropriations for the Fair Employment Practice Committee (FEPC). Originally created during wartime to combat racial discrimination in defense industries, the FEPC met strong opposition, particularly in the South, when legislation was proposed after the war to enact a permanent FEPC. Senator Maybank voted for its abolishment. Correspondents include Senator Kenneth McKellar.



    "Appropriations-Federal Communications Commission (FCC)," 1944   box 18 | folder 14

    Senator Maybank's correspondence and working file detailing the various divisions and activities within the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) including the Radio Intelligence Division and Foreign Broadcast Intelligence Service.



    "Appropriations-Federal Security Agency (FSA)," 1944   box 18 | folder 15

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the Federal Security Agency (FSA).



    "Appropriations-government cars," 1944   box 18 | folder 16

    Correspondence concerning legislation that would require government vehicles to be clearly marked as being on "Official Business" and displaying a sign that designates the agency which operates the vehicle.



    "Appropriations-Government Printing Office," 1944   box 18 | folder 17

    Copies of Senator Maybank's responses to a letter requesting support for the appropriation for the Government Printing Office.



    "Appropriations-highways," 1944   box 18 | folder 18

    A letter requesting support for the early passage of the highway bill.



    "Appropriations-interior," 1944   box 18 | folder 19

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the National Capital Park and Planning Commission and wildlife restoration.



    "Appropriations-judiciary," 1944   box 18 | folder 20

    A detailed letter from Henry P. Chandler, Director of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts, concerning changes in the appropriation bill for the Judiciary for the fiscal year of 1945.



    "Appropriations-labor," 1944   box 18 | folder 21

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the Department of Labor including the use of domestic wool for foreign consumption, the Working Conditions Service of the Division of Labor Standards, and housing facilities for laborers harvesting the 1944 peach crop.



    "Appropriations-Office of War Information (OWI)," 1944   box 18 | folder 22

    Correspondence concerning the various activities of the Office of War Information (OWI) including publications, films, and the Domestic Branch.



    "Appropriations-Production Credit Associations (PCA)," 1944   box 18 | folder 23

    A letter written in opposition to the abolishment of Production Credit Associations (PCA).



    "Appropriations-Rural Electrification Administration (REA)," 1944   box 18 | folder 24

    Correspondence concerning legislation to re-establish the Rural Electrification Administration (REA) as an agency independent of the Department of Agriculture.



    "Appropriations-school lunch program," 1944   box 19 | folder 1-4

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for a federally assisted meal program to provide low-cost or free lunches to school children. Though the program began long before, President Truman officially signed the National School Lunch Act in 1946. Senator Maybank was one of the primary sponsors of the program.



    "Appropriations-smaller war plants," 1944   box 19 | folder 5

    A letter requesting support for additional appropriations for the Smaller War Plants Corporation.



    "Appropriations-tuberculosis control," 1944   box 20 | folder 1

    Correspondence requesting support for appropriations for the Tuberculosis Control Division of the United States Public Health Service.



    "Appropriations-Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA)," 1944   box 20 | folder 2

    A letter requesting support for the continuation of the Emergency Maternal and Infant Care program.



    "Army and Navy names," 1944   box 20 | folder 3

    Two letters requesting support for legislation (H.R. 5080) to prohibit the use of the words "Army" or "Navy" in the name of mercantile establishments.



    "Banking and currency-Regulation Q," 1944   box 20 | folder 4-8

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 1642) introduced by Senator Maybank to amend the Federal Reserve Act to permit banks to absorb exchange charges.



    "Bill numbers only," 1944   box 21 | folder 1

    Correspondence only listing bill numbers including H.R. 324, 3984, 4918, 1882, 1744, and the "Wright-Compton Bill."



    "Bills introduced by Senator Maybank," 1944   box 21 | folder 2

    Copies of legislation introduced by Senator Maybank in 1944.



    "Committee," 1944   box 21 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning committees including Senator Maybank's desire to be placed on the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry and a letter requesting Senator Maybank's presence at a meeting for the Senate Committee on Mines and Mining. Correspondents include Senators Alben W. Barkley, Walter F. George, Millar E. Tydings, Kenneth McKellar, Joseph C. O'Mahoney, John H. Bankhead, and Joseph F. Guffey.



    "Cotton," 1944   box 21 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning the Office of Price Administration's (O.P.A) price ceilings placed on the cotton and textiles industry. Senator Maybank introduced a resolution to investigate the reasons for the decline in cotton consumption.



    "Demobilization," 1944   box 21 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning the handover to the States of surplus government property after the war.



    "Draft," 1944   box 21 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning draft legislation including deferments and the National Service Act.



    "Education," 1944   box 21 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning education legislation including teacher's salaries, vocational rehabilitation, and the Federal Aid to Education Bill.



    "Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)," 1944   box 21 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA). A proposed amendment to the United States Constitution designed to guarantee equal rights for women.



    "Federal employees," 1944   box 21 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning federal employee legislation including a pay increase for postal workers, equipment maintenance for rural postal carriers, and civil service retirement.



    "Federal expenditures," 1944   box 22 | folder 1

    A letter containing a report from the Joint Committee on Reduction of Nonessential Federal Expenditures from Senator Harry F. Byrd and a letter concerning a resolution to investigate bureaucracy introduced by Representative Louis Ludlow.



    "Finance Committee-loans to veterans," 1944   box 22 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning legislation to amend the G.I. Bill of Rights to enable banks in South Carolina to make loans to veterans. Correspondents include Senator Walter F. George, Chairman of the Senate Committee on Finance.



    "Food For allies," 1944   box 22 | folder 3

    A letter and a postcard requesting support for proposed legislation to provide aid for the feeding of children in allied nations.



    "Health," 1944   box 22 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning health legislation including hospitalization for veterans wives and infants, control of the industrial health and hygiene activities of State Health Departments transferred to the Department of Labor, and the appointment of x-ray technicians as commissioned officers of the Army and Medical corps of the Navy.



    "Highways," 1944   box 22 | folder 5

    Correspondence and reports concerning highway finances and the Postwar Federal Highway Bill.



    "Housing," 1944   box 22 | folder 6

    A letter written in opposition to the continued existence of the Home Owners' Loan Corporation (HOLC).



    "Immigration," 1944   box 22 | folder 7

    Correspondence and Senator Maybank's committee working files concerning immigration legislation including the naturalization of natives of India, civilian women who lost citizenship through marriage, and the deportation of illegal immigrants and persons refusing service during the war.



    "Insurance," 1944   box 22 | folder 8

    Correspondence primarily concerning legislation (H.R. 3270) affecting State and Federal Regulation of insurance companies.



    "Interstate Commerce Committee (ICC)," 1944   box 22 | folder 9

    Correspondence primarily concerning legislation (H.R. 4184) to repeal the use of land grant rates on Government traffic.



    "Judiciary," 1944   box 22 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning judiciary legislation including appropriations for war agencies, an act to provide a civil government for Puerto Rico, runaway children, executive orders, the appointment of bailiffs, messengers, or court criers, revision to the system of fixing criminal punishment, and an amendment to the Judicial Code in respect to the original jurisdiction of the district courts of the United States in certain cases. Correspondents include Senator Henrik Shipstead.



    "Labor," 1944   box 22 | folder 11

    Correspondence concerning labor legislation including the outlaw of labor strikes in defense industries during wartime, conscription of labor, continuation of the Federal Works Agency Community Facilities Services, scientific research, government control of disability insurance, and minimum wage rates.



    "Memorial to motherhood," 1944   box 22 | folder 12

    A letter requesting support for legislation to establish a "Memorial to Motherhood".



    "Merchant Marine," 1944   box 22 | folder 13

    A letter requesting support for a Merchant Marine Bill of Rights and two telegrams requesting support for legislation to assist the readjustment in civilian life of those in the Merchant Marine.



    "Military," 1944   box 22 | folder 14

    Correspondence concerning military legislation including compulsory military training, the Army Bandmasters Act, restrictions on the appointment of retired commissioned officers to civilian positions, mineral stockpiles, transfer of functions of marine inspection, Navy pilot training, uniforms for patrolmen and guards, commissions for pre-flight instructors, the Navy Dental Corps, Women's Air force Service Pilots (WASPs), and the commissioning of optometrists.



    "Multi-Bill," 1944   box 23 | folder 1

    Correspondence from South Carolina constituents voicing their opinions on a number of pieces of legislation including President Roosevelt's "Five Point Program" and the Federal Manufacturers sales tax.



    "Panama Canal," 1944   box 23 | folder 2

    A letter requesting support for legislation to provide for relief for workers that helped construct the Panama Canal.



    "Peace," 1944   box 23 | folder 3-4

    Correspondence concerning how the United States should make peace at the conclusion of World War II.



    "Personal relief-Bishopville Milling Company," 1944   box 23 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 1247) for the relief of the Bishopville Milling Company for property damages sustained when a company truck and trailer collided with a United States Army truck.



    "Personal relief-Boland, Broadus D.," 1944   box 23 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 1755) for the relief of Broadus D. Boland for injuries sustained as the result of a collision with a United States Army truck.



    "Personal relief-Brown, Sandy," 1944   box 23 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning legislation for the relief of Sandy Brown for injuries suffered from being hit by a United States Army truck.



    "Personal relief-Cannon, Ira," 1944   box 23 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 4105) for the relief of Ira Cannon for injuries sustained when he was accidentally shot by a guard at the Greenville Army Base.



    "Personal relief-Cathcart, John H.," 1944   box 23 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 1062) for the relief of John H. Cathcart for damages to lands and crops resulting from the activities of First Army maneuvers in Fairfield County, South Carolina, in the fall of 1941.



    "Personal relief-Power, J. G. and L. D.," 1944   box 23 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 4458) for the relief of J. G. Power and L. D. Power for funds withheld from them by a conservation program.



    "Petroleum Committee," 1944   box 23 | folder 11

    Correspondence, reports, and other material concerning Senator Maybank's work on the Senate Special Committee Investigating Petroleum Resources. Included is a book by Wallace E. Pratt, Vice-President of the Standard Oil Company, entitled Oil in the Earth. Correspondents include Senator Francis Maloney, Chairman of the Senate Special Committee Investigating Petroleum Resources.



    "Price control," 1944   box 23 | folder 12

    Correspondence primarily concerned with the price ceilings placed on commercial rents, pharmacy prices, cotton, oil, and other products.



    "Prisoners of war," 1944   box 23 | folder 13

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 1374) to provide promotions for certain prisoners of war.



    "Railroad retirement," 1944   box 23 | folder 14

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 1911) to amend the Railroad Retirement Act to provide annuities for permanently disabled railroad men who have completed fifteen years of service.



    "Red Cross," 1944   box 23 | folder 15

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 469) to reserve to the Army and Navy sanitary and hospital authorities and the American Red Cross the use of the Red Cross name and emblem.



    "Rivers and harbors," 1944   box 24 | folder 1-2

    Correspondence concerning rivers and harbors legislation including a South Carolina River Basin Act (introduced by Senator Maybank), the Broad River project, anchorage project for Charleston, water treaty between the United States and Mexico, Santee-Congaree project, the St. Lawrence Seaway, Beacer-Mahoning River project, Buckingham Landing Dam, repair of the Charleston Navy Yard, the Edisto River, and Yadkin Pee Dee.



    "Saunders Memorial Hospital," 1944   box 24 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning legislation for the relief of the Saunders Memorial Hospital in Florence, South Carolina, in compensation for losses sustained as a result of the failure of the United States Army Engineer Corps to carry out the terms of an option to lease the hospital to the United States for the duration of the war.



    "Securities," 1944   box 24 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning legislation to regulate the power of the Securities Exchange Commission (SEC).



    "Small businesses," 1944   box 24 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning small business legislation including the promotion of small business to support the war effort and facilitate their adjustment to civilian and peacetime operations. Correspondents include Senator James E. Murray, Chairman of the Senate Special Committee to Study Problems of American Small Business.



    "Social security," 1944   box 24 | folder 6

    Correspondence primarily concerned with legislation (the Murray-Wagner-Dingle Bill) to institute government health insurance. Constituents on the whole vigorously opposed the measure.



    "Soldier's vote," 1944   box 24 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerned with amendments to a Federal ballot for soldiers serving overseas.



    "Subsidies," 1944   box 24 | folder 8

    Correspondence primarily concerned with subsidies provided to certain industries.



    "Tax," 1944   box 24 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning tax legislation including a tax on the transportation of food products, deductions for the blind, the requiring labor unions, farm cooperatives, and other non-profits to file financial reports, the tax on cosmetics, sales tax, an extension for filing taxes, exemptions for rural electric cooperatives, the Federal Tax Commission, and a general need for the simplification of income tax returns.



    "Tax-oleomargarine," 1944   box 24 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 3687 and S. 1426) proposed by Senator Maybank to repeal the tax on oleomargarine.



    "Tax-poll tax," 1944   box 25 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning the abolition of poll taxes. Senator Maybank opposed a constitutional amendment to abolish the poll tax but he had stated that he had no problem with South Carolina voluntarily voting to repeal the poll tax.



    "Tax-renegotiation," 1944   box 25 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning regulations for the renegotiation of war contracts.



    "Tax-social security," 1944   box 25 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning a proposed increase in social security tax rates.



    "Tax-veto," 1944   box 25 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning Senator Maybank's participation in the effort to override the President's veto of the 1943 Tax Revenue Bill.



    "Time," 1944   box 25 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning legislation to eliminate day-light savings time.



    "Tire bill," 1944   box 25 | folder 6

    A letter requesting support for legislation (S. 1122) to provide for the distribution of motor-vehicle tires solely by independent tire dealers.



    "Trademark," 1944   box 25 | folder 7

    Two letters written in opposition to legislation (H.R. 82) to protect registered trade-marks used in such commerce from interference by state or territorial legislation.



    "Veterans," 1944   box 25 | folder 8-10

    Correspondence concerning veterans legislation including an increase in pensions, the rotation of troops, mustering out pay, government automobiles for veterans medically discharged from the armed services, pension for Spanish-American War veterans, officer's retirement, increased pensions for World War I veterans, a "Bill of Rights" for World War II veterans, and a pay increase for soldiers engaged in combat.



    "Veterans-nurses," 1944   box 25 | folder 11

    Correspondence concerning a proposal for permanent commission status for members of the Army Nurse Corps.



    "Victory celebrations," 1944   box 25 | folder 12

    A letter requesting support for a resolution that would condemn the celebration of a German defeat until the victory over Japan was achieved.


    1945



    "Administrative procedure," 1945   box 25 | folder 13

    Correspondence concerning proposed legislation to reform the practices of administrative agencies.



    "Agriculture," 1945   box 26 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning agriculture and forestry legislation including restrictions on margarine, appropriations for further development of cooperative agricultural extension work, price parity, the distribution of forest tree nursery stock, and tobacco and cotton prices.



    "Agriculture-fertilizer," 1945   box 26 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning the National Fertilizer Policy Bill.



    "Airports and aviation," 1945   box 26 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning aviation legislation including State and Federal control of airport funding and aviation safety. Senator Maybank stated that Federal Control of airports was sufficient and was opposed to handing over that power to the States.



    "Alcoholic beverages," 1945   box 26 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 2082) to prohibit the sale of alcohol at military camps and reservations and to bring back prohibition for the duration of the war.



    "Animal," 1945   box 26 | folder 5

    Two letters urging support for legislation to prohibit the vivisection of dogs in the District of Columbia and a letter protesting legislation to decree wholesale compulsory inoculation against rabies anywhere in the United States.



    "Appropriations-agriculture," 1945   box 26 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for agriculture and forestry programs including the Agriculture Extension Service, soil building program, lime and terracing, the Forest Farmers Association Cooperation Research Program, construction of twenty additional forestry experimental stations in the South, and state parks.



    "Appropriations-church organization," 1945   box 26 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning the eligibility of organized church bodies to apply for loans and grants as part of the government's post-war planning and engineering program.



    "Appropriations-committee," 1945   box 26 | folder 8

    A list of membership on subcommittees for the Senate Committee on Appropriations. Senator Maybank served on the Department of Agriculture, Independent Offices, Legislative Branch, Treasury and Post Office Departments, and War Department subcommittees. Also included is correspondence concerning the Meade Manpower Appropriations Bill.



    "Appropriations-defense," 1945   box 26 | folder 9

    Contains a copy of a statement made by Paul A. Porter, Chairman of the Federal Communications Commission (F.C.C.), before the Senate Appropriations Committee concerning a restitution of funds removed from the Commission's National Defense Appropriations.



    "Appropriations-education," 1945   box 26 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning education appropriations including vocational education training programs.



    "Appropriations-health," 1945   box 26 | folder 11

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for health programs including hospitals in rural areas and rapid treatment centers for venereal disease.



    "Appropriations-labor," 1945   box 26 | folder 12

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for labor programs including those of the War Manpower Commission, War Labor Board, National Labor Relations Board (NLRB), and the Women's Bureau of the Department of Labor.



    "Appropriations-lime," 1945   box 26 | folder 13

    Correspondence concerning the over-purchase of lime by the Agricultural Adjustment Administration and its effects on a plant in Holly Hill, South Carolina.



    "Appropriations-nursery schools," 1945   box 26 | folder 14

    Correspondence concerning the Lanham Act which provides federal funding to nursery schools. Senator Maybank supported the Lanham Act and voted for increased appropriations for the program.



    "Appropriations-nurses," 1945   box 26 | folder 15

    Correspondence concerning legislation to provide for the training of nurses for the armed forces, governmental and civilian hospitals, health agencies, and war industries, through grants to institutions providing such training.



    "Appropriations-Office of War Information (OWI)," 1945   box 26 | folder 16

    A report and letter requesting support for appropriations for the Office of War Information (OWI).



    "Appropriations-post-war projects," 1945   box 26 | folder 17

    Correspondence primarily concerning appropriations for the Federal Works Agency (FWA) and its post-war projects.



    "Appropriations-Public Works Administration (PWA)," 1945   box 26 | folder 18

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the Public Works Administration (PWA).



    "Appropriations-rubber," 1945   box 26 | folder 19

    A letter concerning appropriations for guayule rubber.



    "Appropriations-Rural Electrification Administration (REA)," 1945   box 26 | folder 20

    Correspondence concerning legislation to establish the Rural Electrification Administration (REA) as an agency independent of the Department of Agriculture.



    "Appropriations-school lunch program," 1945   box 26 | folder 21

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for a federally assisted meal program to provide low-cost or free lunches to school children. Though the program began long before, President Truman officially signed the National School Lunch Act in 1946. Senator Maybank was one of the primary sponsors of the program.



    "Appropriations-securities and exchange," 1945   box 26 | folder 22

    Two letters concerning legislation to increase the amount for the right of securities to be sold without registration.



    "Appropriations-United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA)," 1945   box 27 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA).



    "Army pensions," 1945   box 27 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 5475) to provide a pension after 20 years' service in the Army, the same as the Navy.



    "Audit and Control Committee," 1945   box 27 | folder 3

    Reports, memos, bills, and correspondence concerning the Committee to Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate.



    "Banking and currency," 1945   box 27 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning legislation brought before the Banking and Currency Committee including the regulation of government corporations by Congress, the Bretton Woods International Monetary Agreement, Regulation Q, government assistance in financing the college education of children of men and women enlisted in the armed forces of the United States, the establishment of a uniform system of bankruptcy, and the reduction of interest rates on bonds held by the Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC).



    "Bill numbers only," 1945   box 27 | folder 5

    Correspondence only listing bill numbers including Senate Bills 1222 and 236 and House Bill 2232.



    "Bills introduced by Senator Maybank," 1945   box 27 | folder 6

    Copies of legislation introduced by Senator Maybank in 1945.



    "Children's Museum," 1945   box 27 | folder 7

    A letter requesting support for legislation (H.R. 311) to support the continuation of the Children's Museum of Washington. Senator Maybank supported the museum.



    "Committee-assignments," 1945   box 27 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning Senator Maybank's desire to be placed on the Military Affairs Committee and a letter from Senator Elbert D. Thomas, Chairman of the Senate Committee on Military Affairs, notifying Senator Maybank of his appointment as a member of a subcommittee to investigate the treatment of civilians and prisoners of war held by the Japanese in the Philippines.



    "Committee-organization of congress," 1945   box 27 | folder 9

    Correspondence from the Joint Committee on the Organization of Congress requesting Senator Maybank's input for a study to improve congressional operation.



    "Cotton," 1945   box 27 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 1587) to require each bale of cotton to be classed and tagged by the federal government. Senator Maybank opposed the legislation.



    "Death and death certificates," 1945   box 27 | folder 11

    Correspondence concerning burial rights and insurance records of those killed in the armed services.



    "Draft," 1945   box 27 | folder 12

    Correspondence concerning draft legislation including conscription during peacetime and amendments to the Selective Service Act.



    "Draft-Deferment Committee," 1945   box 27 | folder 13

    Correspondence and reports concerning Senator Maybank's work as Chairman of the Joint Committee for the Deferment of Legislative Employees.



    "Education," 1945   box 27 | folder 14

    Correspondence concerning education legislation including teacher's salaries, vocational rehabilitation, and Federal aid to education.



    "Employment," 1945   box 27 | folder 15

    Correspondence concerning employment legislation including full employment and the return of the Employment Service to the States.



    "Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)," 1945   box 27 | folder 16

    Correspondence concerning the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA). A proposed amendment to the United States Constitution designed to guarantee equal rights for women.



    "Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC)," 1945   box 27 | folder 17-19

    Correspondence from constituents proclaiming vigorous opposition to the Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC). Originally created during wartime to combat racial discrimination in defense industries, the FEPC met strong opposition, particularly in the South, when legislation was proposed to enact a permanent FEPC. Senator Maybank vigorously opposed the FEPC and voiced his opposition in several speeches.



    "Federal employees," 1945   box 28 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning federal employee legislation including a salary increase and civil service retirement.



    "Federal employees-postal," 1945   box 28 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning postal legislation including a pay increase for postal workers and equipment maintenance for rural postal carriers.



    "Federal expenditures," 1945   box 28 | folder 3

    Correspondence from Senator Harry F. Byrd concerning a report made by the Joint Committee on Reduction of Nonessential Federal Expenditures.



    "Food," 1945   box 28 | folder 4

    A letter concerning the National Food Allotment Bill and a petition to share surplus food with those in liberated countries.



    "Health and hospital," 1945   box 28 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning amendments to the Public Service Health Act, establishment of a Department of National Health, dental schools, and the creation of a rural health center.



    "Immigration," 1945   box 28 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning legislation brought before the Senate Committee on Immigration including legislation for the naturalization of people from India residing in the United States, naturalization of Filipinos, war-time visa and alien travel control regulations, the facilitation of admission to the United States of husbands, wives ("war brides"), and children of United States citizens that served in the armed forces, and amendments to the Nationality Act of 1940. Correspondents include Senator Richard B. Russell, Chairman of the Senate Committee on Immigration.



    "Immigration-refugees," 1945   box 28 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning legislation proposed by Senator Maybank to compel all alien refugees to return to their native countries. Senator Maybank stated that naturalization laws should be tightened rather than loosened.



    "Indians," 1945   box 28 | folder 8

    A letter from the Society for the Preservation of Indian Lore written in opposition to the passage of legislation (S. 1311) because they felt it transgressed upon the rights of the Indian in the United States.



    "Insurance," 1945   box 28 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning insurance legislation including State control of insurance.



    "Interstate Commerce Committee (ICC)," 1945   box 28 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning legislation brought before the Interstate Commerce Committee (ICC) including the shipment of fertilizer, regulation of freight rates, airport construction, issuance of certificates of standards to corporations and trade associations engaged in commerce, the prohibition of mails or instrumentalities of interstate commerce for the sale or delivery of fabrics or materials containing explosive substances, extension of the date within which the Foreign Economics Administration regulates the exportation of commodities, and the regulation of railroads. Correspondents include Dr. R. F. Poole, President of the Clemson Agricultural College, and John M. Rivers, President of WCSC.



    "Jews," 1945   box 28 | folder 11

    Correspondence requesting support for the migration of Jews to Palestine in order to establish a Jewish State.



    "Labor," 1945   box 29 | folder 1-3

    Correspondence concerning labor legislation including minimum wage and hour law, textile workers, unemployment, and the Fair Labor Standards Act.



    "Labor-prisoners of war," 1945   box 29 | folder 4

    Correspondence requesting for the continued use of German prisoners for labor in the Southern States until the labor shortage ended.



    "Labor-strikes," 1945   box 29 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning legislation to outlaw labor strikes in defense industries.



    "Medical technology," 1945   box 29 | folder 6

    Correspondence and reports from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) on the effects of allocating certain short-wave radio frequency bands for high frequency medical equipment such as diathermy apparatus. Also included is a letter in support of the creation of a National Neuropsychiatric Institute.



    "Memorial to motherhood," 1945   box 29 | folder 7

    A letter requesting support for legislation (H.R. 1966) to establish a "Memorial to Motherhood."



    "Merging of armed forces," 1945   box 29 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning a proposed merger of the United States Army and Navy into a single entity. Some in Charleston are opposed to the plan due to concern for the effects on the Charleston Navy Yard.



    "Military Affairs Committee," 1945   box 29 | folder 9

    Correspondence and reports concerning meetings and legislation brought before the Senate Military Affairs Committee including the induction of nurses into the armed forces by the Selective Service, the military government of occupied Germany, American prisoners of war in Germany, war plants disposal, surplus property, reorganization of the military medical services and their coordination into civilian medicine, and strategic stockpiling. Also included is a catalog of courses for the Army Education Program for after the war produced by the European Theater of Operations Information and Education Division of the Education Branch. Correspondents include Senator Elbert D. Thomas, (Chairman of the Senate Committee on Military Affairs), Senator Edwin C. Johnson (Senate Committee on Military Affairs), Senator Joseph C. O'Mahoney (Senate Committee on Military Affairs), and Senator Sheridan Downey (Senate Committee on Military Affairs).



    "Military training," 1945   box 30 | folder 1-9

    A substantial amount of constituent correspondence concerning military training legislation including the National War Service Act, nurse training, peace-time conscription, military training for all youth, the point system for demobilizing troops, and insufficient training for newly drafted combat soldiers.



    "Mines and mining," 1945   box 31 | folder 1

    Correspondence and reports concerning mines and mining including legislation related to magnesium and the stockpiling of strategic mineral resources.



    "Multi-Bill," 1945   box 31 | folder 2

    Correspondence from South Carolina constituents voicing their opinions on a number of pieces of legislation including the reciprocal trade agreement pact, the United Nations, anti-strike legislation, price control, full employment, federal aid to education, the Federal Works Administration (FWA), atomic bomb, and peace-time conscription.



    "National Cemeteries," 1945   box 31 | folder 3

    Correspondence protesting legislation to expand and create additional National Cemeteries. Constituents reasoned that there was already sufficient space because most families preferred burial in family, church, community, or privately owned plots.



    "Optometry," 1945   box 31 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 1699) to create an Optometry Corps in the Medical Department of the United States Army and provide optometrists with commissions.



    "Panama Canal," 1945   box 31 | folder 5

    A letter requesting support for legislation (H.R. 84) to lower the eligibility requirement for retirement annuities for Panama Canal workers.



    "Patents," 1945   box 31 | folder 6

    A letter requesting support for legislation (H.R. 97) affecting the United States patent system.



    "Peace-United Nations Charter-correspondence," 1945   box 31 | folder 7-8

    Correspondence concerning the charter for the creation of the United Nations which was supported by Senator Maybank.



    "Peace-United Nations Charter-hearings and report," 1945   box 31 | folder 9

    A booklet on the Hearings before the Committee on Foreign Relations for the charter to create the United Nations and the Report to the President on the Results of the San Francisco Conference.



    "Peace-United Nations Charter-senate proceedings," 1945   box 32 | folder 1

    Three booklets covering the Senate proceedings of the charter for the creation of the United Nations covering July 10-12th, 1945.



    "Personal relief-Boylston, Mrs. Glenn T.," 1945   box 32 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 2186) for the relief of Mrs. Glenn T. Boylston, of North Charleston, South Carolina, for compensation on account of the death of her husband, who died as a result of injuries sustained by him when he was struck by a United States Army truck in Charleston, South Carolina, on July 2, 1944.



    "Personal relief-Riddle, F. Louis," 1945   box 32 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 1218) for the relief of F. Louis Riddle, for damages to his dairy farm when the nearby Greenville Army Air Base emptied its sewage into the nearby creek, which supplied his dairy with fresh water for his cattle.



    "Personal relief-Sanders, William M.," 1945   box 32 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning legislation for the relief of William M. Sanders, a former lieutenant in the United States Naval Reserve, for an extension of time to file an application for benefits under the World War Adjusted Compensation Act.



    "Petrillo, James Caesar," 1945   box 32 | folder 5

    Two letters opposing the actions of James Caesar Petrillo, President of the American Federation of Musicians. Petrillo was best known for banning all commercial recordings by union members from 1942-1944 to pressure record companies to give better royalty deals to musicians. One piece of correspondence refers to a letter sent by Mrs. G.F. Patton, Chairman of Legislation of the South Carolina Federation of Music Clubs.



    "Petroleum Committee," 1945   box 32 | folder 6

    Correspondence, reports, and hearings concerning the Special Committee Investigating Petroleum Resources on which Senator Maybank served.



    "Petroleum Committee-literature," 1945   box 32 | folder 7

    A book titled Oil in the Earth by Wallace E. Pratt, the Vice-President of the Standard Oil Company. A symposium conducted by the Research Committee of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists titled "Possible Future Oil Provinces of the United States and Canada" edited by A.I. Levorsen. A statement of M.G. Cheney before the Senate Special Committee Investigating Petroleum Reserves in June of 1945.



    "Philippines," 1945   box 32 | folder 8

    A letter from Senator Millard E. Tydings requesting Senator Maybank's presence for a report to the Senate on conditions and problems in the Philippines. It is answered by Senator Maybank's secretary informing Senator Tydlings that Maybank would be in the European theater of war with the Senate Committee on Military Affairs.



    "Postal rate," 1945   box 32 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning legislation affecting postal rates on books and catalogs.



    "Price control," 1945   box 32 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerned with price control legislation including tent control on commercial buildings and the continuation of the present price control legislation and price ceilings.



    "Privileges and Elections Committee," 1945   box 32 | folder 11

    A letter from Senator Theodore Francis Green, the Chairman of the Senate Committee on Privileges and Elections, notifying Senator Maybank of a meeting to consider a communication by Osceola McKaine, of South Carolina, who desired to present charges to the Committee in connection with the election of a United States Senator from South Carolina. Senator Maybank was requested to be present and give comment. The Progressive Democratic party of South Carolina sponsored Osceola McKaine, an African-American, as a candidate for the United States Senate against Democrat Senator Olin Johnston.



    "Puerto Rico," 1945   box 32 | folder 12

    A letter, from Mr. J. Albaues of Puerto Rico, regarding legislation for Puerto Rican independence.



    "Pyle, Ernie," 1945   box 32 | folder 13

    Correspondence concerning a Joint Resolution (72) to posthumously award a special medal of honor to Ernie Pyle.



    "Radio," 1945   box 32 | folder 14

    A letter requesting support for legislation (S. 1957) to prohibit interference with the broadcasting of noncommercial cultural or educational programs.



    "Railroad retirement," 1945   box 32 | folder 15

    Correspondence concerning legislation amending Railroad Retirement and Unemployment Insurance Acts.



    "Recreation," 1945   box 32 | folder 16

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 5) known as the Community Recreation Service Act which would establish an Office of Community Recreation Services in the office of the Federal Security Administration (FSA) and turn over government controlled recreation facilities to municipalities.



    "Religion," 1945   box 33 | folder 1

    Correspondence primarily concerned with the federal government's involvement with the Vatican. Particularly the presence of a representative there and violation of the separation of church and state. Also included is a letter favoring legislation to bring leaders together to pray for divine guidance.



    "Reorganization," 1945   box 33 | folder 2

    Correspondence and reports on the proposed reorganization of government agencies. Primarily concerning the impact on the United States Army Corps of Engineers.



    "Rivers and harbors," 1945   box 33 | folder 3-4

    Correspondence concerning legislation brought before the Committee on Rivers and Harbors including the Buckingham Landing Dam, Santee-Congaree Rivers, Cooper River, Missouri River Valley Authority, Yadkin-Pee Dee River, Clarks Hill, the establishment of the Savannah Valley Authority, Savannah River, Cape Fear River, Edisto River, and pollution.



    "Rivers and harbors-water treaty," 1945   box 33 | folder 5

    Correspondence, hearings, and reports concerning a water treaty between the United States and Mexico for the division of waters of the Rio Grande and Colorado Rivers.



    "Roads and highways," 1945   box 33 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning an amendment to the Federal-Air Road Act to authorize appropriations for the post-war construction of highways and bridges, to eliminate hazards at railroad-grade crossings, and to provide for the immediate preparation of plans.



    "Rules Committee," 1945   box 33 | folder 7

    A letter from Senator Pat McCarran of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary regarding two pieces of legislation that would be considered by the Senate Rules Committee on which Senator Maybank served. S. Res. 40 would adjust the rules of the Senate to empower standing committees of the Senate to make their own investigations and conduct studies without the need of special or select committees and S. Res. 41 would provide estimated expenses for the standing committees.



    "Scientific research," 1945   box 33 | folder 8

    Correspondence from college and university faculty in support of legislation to provide federal aid for scientific research and education.



    "Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)," 1945   box 33 | folder 9

    A letter from Senator Charles O. Andrews, Chairman of the Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds, requesting that Senator Maybank, as a member of the Committee on Audit and Control, support funding of an investigation by the Senate Judiciary Committee on the activities of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and Post Office Department and their interference with the Municipal Bankruptcy Act or undermining the credit of taxing units in Florida.



    "Small business," 1945   box 33 | folder 10

    A letter from a constituent asking for Senator Maybank's support of small business legislation and a letter from Senator James E. Murray, Chairman of the Special Committee to Study Problems of American Small Business, inviting Senator Maybank to be present for a public hearing concerning the post-war expansion and development of the construction industry.



    "Social security," 1945   box 33 | folder 11

    Correspondence primarily concerned with legislation (the Murray-Wagner-Dingle Bill) to institute government health insurance. Constituents on the whole vigorously opposed the measure.



    "Statute of limitations," 1945   box 33 | folder 12

    A letter requesting support for legislation (H.R. 2788) to extend the statute of limitation that an employee would have the right to bring action against an employer for alleged back wages due under the Fair Labor Standards Act.



    "Steamship service," 1945   box 33 | folder 13

    A letter from Fred D. Marshall, Mayor of Columbia, requesting Senator Maybank's support of a Resolution on the Restoration of Coastwise and Inter-coastal Steamship Services.



    "Subsidies," 1945   box 33 | folder 14

    Correspondence concerning subsidies on wheat and government subsidization of air transportation.



    "Surplus property," 1945   box 33 | folder 15

    Correspondence concerning the handover to the States of surplus government property after the war.



    "Tax," 1945   box 33 | folder 16-17

    Correspondence concerning assorted tax legislation including cosmetics, toiletries, jewelry, inheritance, income, and the Federal Revenue Act.



    "Tax-cooperatives," 1945   box 34 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning legislation to repeal the tax exemption applied to cooperatives.



    "Tax-excess profit," 1945   box 34 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning legislation to increase the exemption from excess profits tax of $10,000 to $25,000 for small corporations.



    "Tax-oleomargarine," 1945   box 34 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning legislation for the repeal of a tax placed on oleomargarine.



    "Tax-poll tax," 1945   box 34 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning the abolition of poll taxes. Included is an article quoting statements made by Senator Maybank concerning his opposition to a constitutional amendment to abolish the poll tax and his proposal that South Carolina voluntarily repeal the poll tax.



    "Tax-renegotiation," 1945   box 34 | folder 5

    A letter of protest from a stockholder of the Spindale Mills, company of Spindale, North Carolina. Attached is a letter from the president of the company to the Price Adjustment District Office in Greeneville, South Carolina. The letter protests wartime demands placed upon the company as part of its contract.



    "Tax-social security," 1945   box 34 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning legislation to maintain a 1% tax rate for social security and not raise it. Senator Maybank supported the legislation.



    "Tax-stamp," 1945   box 34 | folder 7

    A letter from a constituent asking for support of legislation introduced by Senator Olin D. Johnston to repeal the $5.00 automobile use stamp tax.



    "Telephones," 1945   box 34 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning legislation to create a Rural Telephone Administration.



    "Time," 1945   box 34 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning daylight savings time legislation including its effects on radio networks.



    "Trade agreements," 1945   box 34 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerned with the abolishment of the Trade Agreements Act of 1934. The Act provided for the negotiation of tariff agreements between the United States and separate nations. The Act served as an institutional reform intended to authorize the president to negotiate with foreign nations to reduce tariffs in return for reciprocal reductions in tariffs in the United States.



    "Trademarks," 1945   box 34 | folder 11

    A letter written in opposition to legislation (H.R. 1654) known as the "Lanham Trademark Bill."



    "Unemployment compensation," 1945   box 34 | folder 12

    Correspondence concerning legislation regulating unemployment compensation at $25 per week and the Full Employment Bill.



    "Voting," 1945   box 34 | folder 13

    A letter requesting support for an amendment to the United States Constitution to permit 18 year olds the right to vote.



    "Veterans," 1945   box 34 | folder 14-16

    Correspondence concerning veterans legislation including an honorary retired list for the reserve components of the Army, National Service Life Insurance Act, Merchant Marine "Bill of Rights," promotion of officers on the retired list for duty in actual combat, the points system of demobilization, and the Veterans Employment Service.



    "Wildlife and fish," 1945   box 34 | folder 17

    Correspondence concerning wildlife and fish legislation including the pollution of fishing streams and Federal encroachment on the State management of wildlife lands.


    1946



    "Administrative Procedure Act (APA)," 1946   box 35 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning the Administrative Procedure Act (APA), an important federal statute governing the way in which administrative agencies of the Federal Government propose and establish regulations. The statute also set up a procedure for the United States federal courts to directly review agency decisions.



    "Agriculture," 1946   box 35 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning agriculture and forestry legislation including the Plant Quarantine Act, federal aid to sportsmen, the Soil Conservation Service, Production and Marketing Administration, farm parity, farm credit bill, cotton, tobacco, pulpwood, state parks, free fertilizer, food for other nations, wildlife restoration, and Angora rabbit wool.



    "Agriculture-school lunch," 1946   box 35 | folder 3-4

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for a federally assisted meal program to provide low-cost or free lunches to school children. Though the program began long before, President Truman officially signed the National School Lunch Act in 1946. Senator Maybank was one of the primary sponsors of the program.



    "Airport," 1946   box 35 | folder 5

    A letter from Senator Pat McCarran urging Senator Maybank to support legislation to provide for the transfer of certain federally owned aircraft, available as surplus, to State aviation authorities. The bill was brought before the Surplus Property subcommittee of the Committee on Military Affairs, of which Senator Maybank was a member.



    "Alcoholic beverages," 1946   box 35 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning legislation to prohibit the sale of alcohol at military camps and reservations.



    "Appropriations-agriculture and forestry," 1946   box 35 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the Agriculture and Forestry Department including appropriations for tree planting in Southern States, fire protection, forest service research (including a field research laboratory in South Carolina), and control of insects and pests. Also included is a detailed memorandum on amendments submitted to H.R. 5605, the Department of Agriculture Appropriation Bill, 1947, for use of the subcommittee.



    "Appropriations-aircraft bases," 1946   box 35 | folder 8

    Correspondence protesting legislation to permit the Civil Aeronautics Administration to do all repairs on CAA owned aircraft except those where the costs of parts not in surplus stocks would be over $100. The general feeling was that this would lead to the Federal Government harming small business.



    "Appropriations-budget," 1946   box 35 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning the need to reduce federal expenditures and balance the budget.



    "Appropriations-civil functions," 1946   box 35 | folder 10

    A memorandum from Senator Joseph F. Guffey requesting Senator Maybank work to eliminate items appropriating funds for the Eagle Creek Reservoir and the Shenange Reservoir that are "pork barrel" projects for the Youngstown Sheet and Tool Company of Ohio and a letter written in opposition to appropriations of federal funds for use in the construction of hydroelectric plants.



    "Appropriations-committee and subcommittee," 1946   box 35 | folder 11

    Material listing subcommittee assignments for Senators serving on the Senate Committee on Appropriations. Senator Maybank is listed on the Department of Agriculture, Independent Offices, Legislative Branch, Treasury and Post Office, and War Department subcommittees. Also included is a letter notifying Senator Maybank that Senator McKellar appointed Senator Maybank as a member of a subcommittee to consider Senate Joint Resolution 8 which proposed an amendment to the Constitution of the United States relating to fiscal matters.



    "Appropriations-equipment for the blind," 1946   box 35 | folder 12

    A letter requesting support for legislation (S. 2430) to provide money for the printing of new books to be used by the blind and the supplying of talking book machines and records for use by the blind.



    "Appropriations-fertilizer plants," 1946   box 35 | folder 13

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the construction of a government operated Superphosphate Plant in Mobile, Alabama. The feeling is generally opposed due to the effect it would have on privately run fertilizer businesses.



    "Appropriations-flood control," 1946   box 35 | folder 14

    A letter concerning the need for an increase in appropriations for flood control projects allotted to Los Angeles County.



    "Appropriations-hospital," 1946   box 36 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the Federal Government to match funds with the state of South Carolina to erect hospitals or health centers for several counties in South Carolina. Including funds appropriated to the Medical College in Charleston. Also included is correspondence concerning general hospital construction, science education, and the creation of a National Medical Library.



    "Appropriations-library," 1946   box 36 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning increased appropriations for public libraries in South Carolina under the Public Library Demonstration Bill.



    "Appropriations-Library of Congress," 1946   box 36 | folder 3

    A letter from Senator James. E. Murray concerning appropriations for the Library of Congress to set up an Education Reference section in the Reference Department to acquire basic educational materials and make them widely available to Educational Institutions, Government Agencies, and members of Congress. Senator Murray requests that Senator Maybank support the appropriation when it comes before the subcommittee on Legislative Branch Appropriations of which Senator Maybank was a member.



    "Appropriations-loan to England," 1946   box 36 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning legislation to appropriate a loan to support British industry. Senator Maybank opposed the loan as he felt it would be primarily supporting Britain's interests over the United States.



    "Appropriations-mental health," 1946   box 36 | folder 5

    A letter from Maude Massey Rogers, chairman of the Division of Mental Hygiene for the South Carolina Federation of Women's Clubs, requesting Senator Maybank's support for the Mental Health Bill amending the Public Health Services law to make its provisions regarding public health, venereal disease, and cancer, also applicable to mental health.



    "Appropriations-National Gallery," 1946   box 36 | folder 6

    Memorandum concerning the elimination of $22,210 for ten positions from the budget of the National Gallery of Art.



    "Appropriations-Naval Yard," 1946   box 36 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the Charleston Naval Yard and legislation to provide for the liquidation of the Office of Defense Transportation.



    "Appropriations-Office of Price Administration (OPA)," 1946   box 36 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning legislation for price controls placed by the Office of Price Administration (OPA).



    "Appropriations-poultry," 1946   box 36 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning legislation to provide emergency appropriations to combat "Newcastle" poultry disease.



    "Appropriations-small business," 1946   box 36 | folder 10

    A report from the Bureau of the Budget to the Special Committee to study problems of American Small Business.



    "Appropriations-State Department," 1946   box 36 | folder 11

    An extract from Hearings before the subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations in the House of Representatives on the Department of State Appropriation Bill for 1947 and a letter concerning the proposed organization within the Department of State of an Office of International Information and Cultural Affairs.



    "Appropriations-United States Employment Service (USES)," 1946   box 36 | folder 12

    Correspondence concerning legislation safeguarding employment rights of United States Employment Service (USES) personnel when the USES was to be transferred from the Federal Government to State Governments.



    "Appropriations-venereal diseases," 1946   box 36 | folder 13

    A telegram from Dr. Ben F. Wyman, a State Health Officer on the South Carolina State Board of Health, requesting Senator Maybank support funds for venereal disease rapid treatment hospital centers.



    "Appropriations-veterans employment," 1946   box 36 | folder 14

    A letter from Jess J. Bullard, Department Adjutant for the American Legion of South Carolina, requesting increased funding of the Veterans Employment Service and United States Employment Service in order to better serve returning veterans seeking employment.



    "Appropriations-wildlife," 1946   box 36 | folder 15

    Correspondence from the South Carolina Department of Game and Fish requesting an increase in appropriations to support wildlife projects including Belmont Place and those centered around the Santee-Cooper area.



    "Armed services," 1946   box 37 | folder 1-2

    Correspondence concerning armed services legislation including retirement, the annual physical examination of disabled retirees, and universal military training.



    "Atomic bomb," 1946   box 37 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning the atomic bomb including atomic bomb testing and civilian control of atomic energy.



    "Banking and currency," 1946   box 37 | folder 4

    Correspondence primarily concerning legislation (S. 1508) to authorize the use by industry of silver held by the United States.



    "Bill numbers only," 1946   box 37 | folder 5

    Correspondence only listing bill numbers including House Resolution 2536, 4982, 4873, 4991, 1458, 7037, 5686, 6777, 5059, 5452, and 4779 and Senate Bill 962, 1507, 2033, 1974, and 1253.



    "Bills introduced by Senator Maybank," 1946   box 37 | folder 6

    Copies of legislation introduced by Senator Maybank in 1946.



    "Booker T. Washington Memorial," 1946   box 37 | folder 7

    A letter requesting support for legislation (S. 2242) to establish a memorial for Booker T. Washington in Franklin County, Virginia, for his lifelong interest in industrial training. Senator Maybank supported the legislation.



    "Committee-Audit and Control," 1946   box 37 | folder 8

    Correspondence from Senator Scott W. Lucas, chairman of the Committee to Audit and Control Contingent Expenses of the Senate.



    "Committee-Campaign and Expense," 1946   box 37 | folder 9

    Correspondence and reports concerning issues brought before the Special Committee to Investigate Senatorial Campaign Expenditures on which Senator Maybank served. Including issues concerning senatorial campaigns in Mississippi, Montana, and Tennessee.



    "Committee-Insular Affairs," 1946   box 37 | folder 10

    A letter from Ashley L. Totten, President of the American Virgin Islands Civic Association, requesting support for funding to benefit natives of the American Virgin Islands as part of Senator Maybank's work on the Senate Insular Affairs Committee.



    "Committee-Military Affairs," 1946   box 37 | folder 11

    Memos and correspondence concerning legislation brought before the Committee on Military Affairs including annual physical examinations for military personnel retired due to disability, retirement benefits for military personnel, nomination of Robert McGowan Littlejohn, of South Carolina, for War Assets Administrator, actions of the 36th Division at the Rapido River in January of 1944, increased pay of military personnel and naval forces while on duty outside the continental United States or in Alaska, prohibiting payment to members of the armed services serving overseas in currency other than legal tender of the United States, and the establishment of a National Science Foundation.



    "Committee-Petroleum," 1946   box 37 | folder 12

    Correspondence and material concerning the Special Committee Investigating Petroleum Resources including the Anglo-American Petroleum Treaty, the National Council of Independent Petroleum Associations, and a statement relating to the post-war disposal of government owned oil transportation facilities: pipe lines, barges, tug boats, tow boats, and tank trucks that was prepared by the Committee on Post-War Disposal of Pipe Lines, Refineries and Tanks and presented to the Special Committee Investigating Petroleum Resources.



    "Cotton," 1946   box 37 | folder 13

    A letter from the Atlantic Cotton Association requesting Senator Maybank's support for legislation to provide for agricultural research. The letter is especially interested in efforts to improve farming methods and discover new uses for cotton.



    "Draft," 1946   box 38 | folder 1-2

    Correspondence concerning the extension of the draft. Senator Maybank supported the extension of the draft in order to bring home servicemen already stationed overseas.



    "Education," 1946   box 38 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning education including nursery schools, vocational education, federal aid for education, and Navajo Reservation schools.



    "Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)," 1946   box 38 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA). A proposed amendment to the United States Constitution designed to guarantee equal rights for women. Senator Maybank opposed the amendment.



    "Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC)," 1946   box 38 | folder 5-6

    Correspondence from constituents proclaiming vigorous opposition to the Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC). Originally created during wartime to combat racial discrimination in defense industries, the FEPC met strong opposition, particularly in the South, when legislation was proposed to establish a permanent FEPC. Senator Maybank vigorously opposed the FEPC and voiced his opposition in several speeches.



    "Federal employees," 1946   box 39 | folder 1-2

    Correspondence concerning legislation related to federal employees including a pay increase and civil service retirement.



    "Firearm registration," 1946   box 39 | folder 3

    Correspondence written in opposition to legislation (S. 1678) to require the registration of all firearms over .25 caliber.



    "Greeks," 1946   box 39 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning Senate Resolution 82 to provide aid to Greece. Senator Maybank supported the resolution.



    "Housing," 1946   box 39 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning housing legislation including increased federal controls and increased insuring authorization of the Federal Housing Administration on Title 6 Loans.



    "Immigration and naturalization," 1946   box 39 | folder 6-7

    Correspondence concerning immigration legislation including the recovery of American citizenship by former citizens of the United States who lost citizenship through voting in a political election in a country not at war with the United States during World War II, provisions for the entry of fiancees of armed service personnel under a visitors via non-quota status from countries whose immigration quotas are oversubscribed, for the purpose of marriage, an increase in immigration quotas for displaced persons (particularly Jews), the relief of Ann Maureen Bell, Filipino naturalization in the United States, the suspension of all immigration for a period of five years, and the authorization of admission into the United States of persons of races indigenous to India, to make them racially eligible for naturalization. Also included is the Annual Report of the Immigration and Naturalization Service of the United States Department of Justice and Immigration and Nationality Laws and Regulations Supplement II. Senator Maybank was a member of the Senate Committee on Immigration. Correspondents include Senator J. W. Fulbright and Senator Richard B. Russell (Chairman of the Senate Committee on Immigration).



    "Interstate commerce," 1946   box 39 | folder 8

    Correspondence primarily concerned with legislation to amend the Interstate Commerce Act with respect to certain agreements between carriers.



    "Judiciary," 1946   box 39 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning legislation to increase the salaries of federal judges and an anti-racketeering bill.



    "Labor," 1946   box 40 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning labor legislation including labor union regulation and automotive workers for General Motors.



    "Labor-prisoners of war," 1946   box 40 | folder 2

    Correspondence requesting for the continued use of German prisoners for labor in the Southern States until the labor shortage ends.



    "Labor-strike," 1946   box 40 | folder 3-8

    A large volume of correspondence concerning anti-strike legislation. In the wake of World War II the largest series of strikes in United States history occurred including oil, steel, automotive, coal, electric, meatpackers, and railroad workers. Senator Maybank was not opposed to strikes in private industry but he was against any form of strikes against the United States Government. He felt if individual groups or industry could strike against the government, then members of the armed services could do so as well.



    "Labor-strike," 1946   box 41 | folder 1-8


    "Labor-strike," 1946   box 42 | folder 1


    "Labor-strike-Case Bill," 1946   box 42 | folder 2-6

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 4908) known as the "Case Bill." An Act to provide additional facilities for the mediation of labor disputes. The bill also included a variety of other aspects related to labor law. Senator Maybank supported the legislation. President Truman vetoed the bill.



    "Labor-wage and hour," 1946   box 43 | folder 1-7

    Correspondence concerning wage and hour legislation including an increase in minimum wage and overtime exemptions.



    "Mediterranean fruit fly," 1946   box 44 | folder 1

    A letter concerning legislation (S. 1250) to compensate claimants who suffered losses and sustained damages as the result of the campaign carried out by the Federal Government for the eradication of the Mediterranean fruit fly in the State of Florida.



    "Merging of armed forces," 1946   box 44 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning a proposed merger of the United States Army and Navy into a single entity.



    "Mines and mining," 1946   box 44 | folder 3

    A Brief History of the War Minerals Relief Commission and correspondence concerning an amendment related to the War Minerals Relief Act.



    "Multi-Bill," 1946   box 44 | folder 4

    Correspondence from South Carolina constituents voicing their opinions on a number of pieces of legislation including labor, the Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC), minimum wage, housing, price control, federal aid to education, liquor advertising, the national lottery, the school lunch program, compulsory military training, the Case Bill, loan to Great Britain, the Office of Price Administration (OPA), labor strikes, government expenditures, and veterans legislation.



    "Office of Price Administration (OPA)," 1946   box 44 | folder 5-8

    A substantial volume of correspondence primarily concerning the dissolution of the Office of Price Administration (OPA).



    "Office of Price Administration (OPA)," 1946   box 45 | folder 1-5


    "Office of Price Administration (OPA)," 1946   box 46 | folder 1-8


    "Office of Price Administration (OPA)," 1946   box 47 | folder 1-5


    "Optometric Corps," 1946   box 48 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 3755) to establish a United States Army Corps of Optometrists.



    "Peace," 1946   box 48 | folder 2

    Two letters requesting support for legislation (S.R. 219) to propose world-wide disarmament.



    "Personal relief-Alford, T. Brooks," 1946   box 48 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning legislation for the relief of T. Brooks Alford, of Charleston, South Carolina, for reimbursement of extraordinary expenses incurred by him in the performance of his duties as a consular officer of the Department of State in Russia during World War I, and for reimbursement of medical, hospital, and other expenses incurred by him because of disabilities resulting from injuries sustained or illness contracted in the performance of such duties. Correspondence dates back to 1943 and continues to 1946 with bills being introduced each year.



    "Personal relief-Massey, William H.," 1946   box 48 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 1878) for the relief of William H. Massey, of Greenville, South Carolina, for personal injuries sustained while engaged in giving flight instruction to a naval aviation cadet at Auburn, Alabama, and while in the employ of the Alabama Air Service which was under contract with the Civil Aeronautics Administration to train navy personnel for flying.



    "Personal relief-Reeves, Stanley B.," 1946   box 48 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 4832) for the relief of Stanley B. Reeves and his wife, for personal injuries, hospital bills, and property damage, suffered when they were struck, in the town of Heath Springs, South Carolina, by an Army truck driven by an employee of the Columbia, South Carolina, Army air base.



    "Personal relief-Smith, Charles Marvin," 1946   box 48 | folder 6

    A letter concerning a claim for the relief of Charles Marvin Smith.



    "Petrillo, James Caesar," 1946   box 48 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning legislation to curb the power of James Caesar Petrillo, President of the American Federation of Musicians. Petrillo was best known for banning all commercial recordings by union members from 1942-1944 to pressure record companies to give better royalty deals to musicians. Correspondents include John M. Rivers, the President of WCSC.



    "Philippine independence," 1946   box 48 | folder 8

    A letter from Lieutenant John V. Cathcart, requesting support for a Philippine Relief Bill and to urge a delay in independence due to the serious damage inflicted upon the country by the war. He fears that the country needs time to rebuild and stabilize before independence is to be considered.



    "Plymouth Manufacturing Company," 1946   box 48 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 2252) for the relief of the Plymouth Manufacturing Company, of McColl, South Carolina, for reimbursement of moneys lost due to representatives of the United States Army Quartermaster Corps incorrectly determining that its looms were suitable for the manufacture of certain cotton cloth to be used by the military and naval forces.



    "Ports authority," 1946   box 48 | folder 10

    Extensive correspondence concerning the removal of surplus rails from the Port of Embarkation in North Charleston by the Army Corps of Engineers for construction of an access railroad at the Clarks Hill Flood Control Project.



    "Postal," 1946   box 48 | folder 11

    Correspondence concerning postal legislation primarily related to a reduction in domestic air mail postage.



    "Postmaster," 1946   box 48 | folder 12

    Correspondence concerning the filling of postmaster in Charleston, Dalzell, Andrews, Sellars, Pelion, Kingstree, Wagner, Fort Motte, and Yonges Island, South Carolina.



    "Potato crop," 1946   box 48 | folder 13

    Correspondence concerning the use of ice for South Carolina potato shipments.



    "Projects approved," 1946   box 48 | folder 14

    Correspondence containing reports on South Carolina projects approved by the Federal Works Agency.



    "Puerto Rico," 1946   box 48 | folder 15

    Two letters concerning the political status of Puerto Rico.



    "Railroad retirement," 1946   box 48 | folder 16-17

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 1362) to increase the railroad retirement pension. Some constituents expressed concern that this would also lead to an increase in freight rates.



    "Reorganization of Congress," 1946   box 48 | folder 18

    Correspondence concerning the President's Reorganization Plans including the creation of a National Housing Agency.



    "Retirement," 1946   box 48 | folder 19

    Correspondence concerning legislation to provide for the retirement of National Guard and Reserve members.



    "Rivers and harbors," 1946   box 49 | folder 1-2

    Correspondence concerning legislation brought before the Committee on Rivers and Harbors including the Bear River Dam, Winyah Bay Project, Shem Creek, Congaree River Navigation Project, Edisto River, Buckingham Landing Dam, National Rivers and Harbors Congress, Yadkin Pee Dee flood control, Jefferys Creek, boat basin in Beaufort, Santee-Congaree project, Cooper River improvements, Kennewick Irrigation Project, Murrell's Inlet, Savannah River Soil Conservation District, Neches River (Texas), North Concho River (Texas), St. Johns River project, and Whittier Narrows Dam (Los Angeles, CA).



    "Rivers and harbors-hearings," 1946   box 49 | folder 3

    Senate hearings concerning the Santee-Congaree, War Department Civil Functions Appropriations Bill 1947, and the Shipyard River.



    "Rural Electrification Authority (REA)," 1946   box 49 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning rural electrification and the creation of transmission lines.



    "Science," 1946   box 49 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 1850) to establish a National Science Foundation.



    "Social security," 1946   box 49 | folder 6-7

    Correspondence primarily concerned with legislation (the Murray-Wagner-Dingle Bill) to institute government health insurance. Constituents on the whole vigorously opposed the measure.



    "Statute of limitations," 1946   box 49 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning legislation that would provide for a Federal two-year statute of limitations on suits.



    "Surplus property," 1946   box 49 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning surplus federal property legislation including army equipment to support the school lunch program, the designation of the State Department as the disposal agency for surplus property outside the continental United States, reclamation of land, equipment for the coast guard, and providing veterans with the highest priority for the purchase of surplus properties.



    "Tax," 1946   box 49 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning assorted tax legislation including tariffs, life insurance premiums, exemptions, oleomargarine, co-operatives, income tax, and annuities.



    "Tax-poll tax," 1946   box 50 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning legislation to repeal the poll tax.



    "Tax-social security," 1946   box 50 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning legislation to maintain a 1% tax rate for social security. Senator Maybank supported the legislation.



    "Veterans," 1946   box 50 | folder 3-5

    Correspondence concerning veterans legislation including the retirement program, veteran's income tax, veteran's unemployment compensation, subsistence allowance for veterans, terminal pay bill, veteran's re-enlistment allowance, comrades and widows pension bill for the Spanish-American War, and the merchant marine "bill of rights".



    "Veterans-terminal leave," 1946   box 50 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning legislation to provide benefits for leave accumulated by enlisted members who served during World War II. Constituents were opposed to the payment of bonds in place of cash payment.



    "World calendar," 1946   box 50 | folder 7

    A letter requesting support for legislation to create a new world calendar.


    1947



    "Agriculture," 1947   box 51 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning agriculture and forestry legislation including livestock, the creation of a game refuge in Francis Marion National Forest, the Soil Conservation Service, cotton, the management of state lands, the Plant Quarantine Act, and appropriations for the development and operation of state parks. Correspondents include Dr. R. F. Poole (President of the Clemson Agricultural College) and James G. Patton (President of the National Farmers Union).



    "Agriculture-school lunch program," 1947   box 51 | folder 2-3

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for a federally assisted meal program to provide low-cost or free lunches to school children. Though the program began long before, President Truman officially signed the National School Lunch Act in 1946. Senator Maybank was one of the primary sponsors of the program.



    "Airport and aviation," 1947   box 51 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning airport and aviation legislation including funding for the Army Air Reserve Unit at the Columbia Army Air Base, the inclusion of enlisted pilots for full pilot status, and government control of the control tower in Charleston, South Carolina. Also included is a report to require federal departments and agencies to operate through duly-constituted state aviation agencies and a report from Allen M. Shinn, Commander of the United States Navy Carrier Air Groups in Hampton Roads, Virginia, entitled A Discussion of Some Important Factors which make an All-Inclusive United States Air Force a Necessity to National Security.



    "Alcoholic beverages," 1947   box 51 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 265) to prohibit interstate transportation of advertisements of alcoholic beverages by newspapers, radio, television, film, periodical, or other means.



    "Appropriations-agriculture," 1947   box 51 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning reductions in appropriations for the Agriculture and Forestry Department including forest products research, Farmers Home Administration, Division of Insect Identification of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, the Soil Conservation Service, and forest surveys.



    "Appropriations-armed services," 1947   box 52 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning a proposed budget cut to federal appropriations for the Armed Services. Senator Maybank assured constituents that he would not "vote for one single dime cut to the Armed Forces."



    "Appropriations-Bureau of Mines," 1947   box 52 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for a field office in Raleigh, North Carolina, serving Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. The office was engaged in exploring the mineral resources of the district and conducting research studies and experiments for commercial possibilities of those resources.



    "Appropriations-business census," 1947   box 52 | folder 3

    A letter requesting support for legislation (S. 554) to provide for a Census of Business.



    "Appropriations-child welfare," 1947   box 52 | folder 4

    Correspondence, from Greenville, South Carolina, requesting support for similar appropriations for foster care that match the existing funding provided for dependent children.



    "Appropriations-Corps of Army Engineers," 1947   box 52 | folder 5

    Two letters expressing concern for the possible dissolution of the Corps of Army Engineers including a letter from Dr. R. F. Poole, President of the Clemson Agricultural College.



    "Appropriations-education," 1947   box 52 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for education programs including support for additional federal aid to schools, vocational rehabilitation programs, Indian education, and laboratory equipment in classrooms.



    "Appropriations-equipment for blind," 1947   box 52 | folder 7

    A letter from a constituent requesting support for appropriations for the manufacture of audio-books and books written in Braille for the blind.



    "Appropriations-health," 1947   box 52 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for health related programs including automobiles for amputees, the National Mental Health Act, and the Public Health Service.



    "Appropriations-independent offices," 1947   box 52 | folder 9

    A letter written in opposition to reductions in appropriations for the Bureau of Internal Revenue and a letter requesting support for an extension of the Public Works Administration (PWA) to complete unfinished projects for that agency.



    "Appropriations-labor," 1947   box 52 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for labor programs including the Division of Labor Standards, the National Labor Relations Board, and Women's Bureau of the Department of Labor.



    "Appropriations-naval and maritime," 1947   box 52 | folder 11

    Correspondence concerning naval and maritime legislation including the retention of women in Naval Service, maritime and navy training appropriations, and navy procurement.



    "Appropriations-reclamation projects," 1947   box 52 | folder 12

    A letter concerning the reduction in appropriations for land reclamation projects in the Western United States.



    "Appropriations-Rural Electrification Authority (REA)," 1947   box 52 | folder 13

    Correspondence concerning cuts in appropriations to the Rural Electrification Authority (REA).



    "Armed services," 1947   box 52 | folder 14-15

    A substantial amount of correspondence, memos, and reports concerning the Committee on Armed Services, on which Senator Maybank served. Including government owned pipe lines, the Second War Powers Act, promotion of retired officers, the 30th Infantry Division investigation, navy cruise demonstration on the USS Randolph, the harbor facility at Port Hueneme (California), inspection of military establishments in the Pacific, the Officers Retirement Bill, Annapolis Airbase, unification of the armed services, fleet maneuvers, stockpiling of resources, army doctor compensation, the Navy Nurse Corps, a schedule for Senator Maybank and Representative Robert Hale to conduct a bi-partisan speaking tour for the United Nations Association, and a transcript of a radio talk given by Senator Maybank and Representative Robert Hale at Boston in August of 1943. Correspondents include Senator Chan Gurney and Admiral C.W. Nimitz.



    "Armed services-bills," 1947   box 52 | folder 16

    Senator Maybank's index of legislation reported by the Senate Committee on armed services for the first session of the 80th Congress containing copies of a number of armed services bills.



    "Armed services-Naval Department," 1947   box 52 | folder 17

    Lists of Navy Department real estate projects and disposals submitted to the Armed Services Committee for approval.



    "Armed services-newspaper clippings," 1947   box 53 | folder 1

    Assorted clippings from a variety of South Carolina newspapers concerning military matters.



    "Armed services-nominations," 1947   box 53 | folder 2

    Lists of armed services members nominated for promotion referred to the Senate Committee on Armed Services of which Senator Maybank was a member. Correspondents include Senator Chan Gurney.



    "Armed services-reports," 1947   box 53 | folder 3-4

    Reports including Government-Owned Pipe Lines, a report of the War Assets Administration to Congress, a special report from the Military Governor of Germany entitled Economic Data on Potsdam, Germany, a report written by German naval officers after the war entitled Aspects of the German Naval War, a report concerning the newly created British Central Organization for Defense that paralleled a plan for National Security proposed by the United States Navy Department, an address delivered during the graduation ceremony of the United States Naval Submarine Base in New London, Connecticut, on December 20, 1946 by Major General Maxwell D. Taylor, and a report compiled by the Office of Naval Intelligence entitled Documents Related to the Resignation of the German Commander in Chief, Navy, Grand Admiral Raeder, and to the Decommissioning of the German High Seas Fleet.



    "Atomic energy," 1947   box 53 | folder 5

    Correspondence and reports from Senator Elbert D. Thomas concerning efforts in the United Nations Security Council to promote disarmament and the control of atomic energy. In particular the differences between the United States and Soviet Union.



    "Banking and currency," 1947   box 53 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning legislation brought before the Senate Banking and Currency Committee, of which Senator Maybank was a member, including the nomination of Harley Hise, an amendment to the Federal Reserve Act, legislation to control the creation and expansion of Bank Holding Companies, and Savings and Loan bills. Senator Maybank served on the Currency and Coinage and Small Business subcommittees.



    "Banking and currency-coinage," 1947   box 53 | folder 7

    A transcript of hearings before the Committee on Banking and Currency on the coinage of commemorative coins, a number of reports and correspondence concerning assorted bills to create commemorative coins, and the weight regulation of silver coins.



    "Banking and currency-consumer credit control," 1947   box 53 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning legislation proposing the end of the regulation of consumer credit by the Federal Reserve System.



    "Banking and currency-Export-Import Bank," 1947   box 53 | folder 9

    A report to Congress on the operations of the Export-Import Bank and correspondence concerning the bank's action on credits to Italy, legislation for the reincorporation of the Export-Import Bank of Washington, and the Export Insurance Act.



    "Banking and currency-housing," 1947   box 53 | folder 10

    The annual report for 1946 from the National Capital Housing Authority, and correspondence concerning housing legislation brought before the Committee of Banking and Currency, of which Senator Maybank was a member, including the Federal Public Housing Authority, Federal Savings and Loan Association, disposition of federally-owned permanent war housing, and low income housing projects.



    "Banking and currency-Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC)," 1947   box 53 | folder 11

    Correspondence primarily concerning legislation to reinstate the Reconstruction Finance Corporation's (RFC) power to purchase G.I. Loans.



    "Banking and currency-Reconstruction Finance Corporation (R.F.C.)-Baltimore and Ohio," 1947   box 54 | folder 1-2

    Correspondence and reports concerning the Senate Banking and Currency Committee's investigation of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation's (RFC) loans to the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company.



    "Banking and currency-rent control," 1947   box 54 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning legislation to temporarily extend federal rent control.



    "Banking and currency-Rent control-hearings," 1947   box 54 | folder 4

    Hearings before the Committee on Banking and Currency on rent control.



    "Banking and currency-sugar," 1947   box 54 | folder 5

    A letter from Senator Joseph R. McCarthy concerning proposed legislation to eliminate sugar rationing, and a response from James H. Marshall, Director of the Sugar Branch of the Production and Marketing Administration of the United States Department of Agriculture, and a report by the Food Industry Council Sugar Committee entitled Analysis of World Situation on Sugar and United States Supplies and Requirements.



    "Banking and currency-war powers," 1947   box 54 | folder 6

    A letter from Senator Charles W. Tobey and material concerning a study to be conducted by each standing committee concerning temporary and permanent wartime legislation with the purpose of determining if the legislation should be repealed, permitted to lapse, or made permanent.



    "Bill numbers only," 1947   box 54 | folder 7

    Correspondence only listing bill numbers including H.R. 6345, S. 866, S. 332, S. 670, and S.J. 150 and H.J. 239.



    "Bills introduced by Senator Maybank," 1947   box 54 | folder 8

    Copies of legislation introduced by Senator Maybank in 1947.



    "Campaign Expenditures Committee," 1947   box 54 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning the Special Committee to Investigate Senatorial Campaign Expenditures including a copy of the minutes for the December 31st meeting, issues surrounding the publication of the book, The Plot Against America, and copies of Federal Government expenditure material prepared by the staff of the Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments for possible use in the preparation of speeches.



    "Cancer research," 1947   box 54 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for cancer research. Including a letter from South Carolina Governor J. Strom Thurmond requesting for support on behalf of the President of the National Cancer Foundation.



    "Census," 1947   box 54 | folder 11

    Correspondence concerning legislation to amend a bill to provide for the legal right of Christian Scientists to decline to number their memberships on government censuses and the creation of a permanent Census Office.



    "Chemical fertilizer," 1947   box 55 | folder 1

    A letter from Dr. Louis Long, a Naturopathic Physician, requesting that Senator Maybank oppose legislation for government-operated Chemical Fertilizer plants.



    "Civil rights," 1947   box 55 | folder 2

    A letter from a Democratic South Carolina State Senator R. M. Kennedy Jr. opposing a report of President Truman's Committee on Civil Rights that advocates a permanent Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC) Bill, removal of all segregation between races, an anti-poll tax law, and other provisions. In the letter, he expressed his opinion that the South was being abandoned by the Democratic party.



    "Coast Guard," 1947   box 55 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning United States Coast Guard legislation including retirement and veterans' preference.



    "Community Property tax," 1947   box 55 | folder 4

    Correspondence urging Senator Maybank's support of a Community Property Tax Law permitting husbands and wives to divide their income for tax purposes in all states. Senator Maybank helped to introduce the legislation and spoke on the floor.



    "Copper," 1947   box 55 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning legislation to remedy the nation's copper shortage.



    "Cowpens National Park," 1947   box 55 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning legislation to establish the Cowpens Battleground National Military Park introduced by Senator Maybank. Also included is a prospectus of the proposed Cowpens Battleground National Military Park.



    "Dental Corps," 1947   box 55 | folder 7

    Correspondence requesting support for the separation of the Army Dental Corps from the Medical Corps.



    "Displaced persons," 1947   box 55 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning emergency legislation to temporarily adjust the United States immigration laws to allow for the influx of displaced persons as a result of the war. Correspondents include Governor J. Strom Thurmond.



    "Draft," 1947   box 55 | folder 9

    A five page letter requesting the introduction of draft legislation in preparation for a future war with the Soviet Union.



    "Education," 1947   box 55 | folder 10-12

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 472) to authorize the appropriation of funds to assist the States and Territories in financing a minimum foundation education program of public elementary and secondary schools, and in reducing the inequalities of educational opportunities through public elementary and secondary schools, for the general welfare. Senator Maybank indicated that he supported funds for education but would "not vote for any law where there would be an intermingling of races."



    "Employee's Liability Act," 1947   box 55 | folder 13

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 1639) to amend the Employees Liability Act. The bill would amend the law relating to the liability of common carriers by rail so that suits could only be brought to court in the State in which the accident occurred.



    "Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)," 1947   box 55 | folder 14

    A letter and postcard requesting support for the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA). A proposed amendment to the United States Constitution designed to guarantee equal rights for women.



    "Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC)," 1947   box 55 | folder 15

    A letter from a constituent regarding newspaper clippings sent to Senator Maybank in opposition to the Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC) and a letter from the Beth Israel Sisterhood requesting support for the National Act Against Discrimination in Employment. Originally created during wartime to combat racial discrimination in defense industries, the FEPC met strong opposition, particularly in the South, when legislation was proposed to regulate the private sector. Senator Maybank vigorously opposed the FEPC and voiced his opposition in several speeches.



    "Federal employees," 1947   box 55 | folder 16

    Correspondence concerning legislation to increase retirement annuities for Federal Employees.



    "Folly Beach," 1947   box 55 | folder 17

    A letter from the Retail Merchants Association of Folly Beach requesting Senator Maybank support appropriations for repairs to breaks in jetties causing the washing of areas around Folly Beach.



    "Foreign Affairs Committee," 1947   box 55 | folder 18

    A letter containing a preliminary report of the Subcommittee on Foreign Economic Policy of the Committee on Foreign Affairs on the Needs, Limits, and Sources of American Aid to Foreign Countries; Supplementary Sources from Self-Help and Other Countries.



    "Foreign relations," 1947   box 55 | folder 19

    A letter from Senator Elbert D. Thomas, of the Committee on Foreign Relations, containing a proposed disarmament agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union.



    "Fort Sumter," 1947   box 56 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning legislation to transfer Fort Sumter from the War Department to the Interior Department as a National Monument. Senator Maybank supported this effort. Also included is a report of work accomplished at Fort Moultrie by the Civil Works Administration.



    "Francis Marion Forest," 1947   box 56 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning legislation to authorizes the creation of a game refuge in the Francis Marion National Forest in the State of South Carolina. The bill was proposed by Senator Maybank with the desire for the forest to serve as a refuge for wild turkeys.



    "Freight rates," 1947   box 56 | folder 3

    A copy of the resolutions adopted at the Sectional Meeting of Southern Commissioners of Agriculture in Columbia, South Carolina, September 17-18, 1947, concerning the increase in railroad freight rates.



    "Greek loan," 1947   box 56 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning legislation to provide for a loan to Greece and Turkey to combat the influence of communism in those countries. Correspondents include Senator Ralph E. Flanders.



    "Home loan," 1947   box 56 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning legislation and appropriations related to the Home Owners Loan Act.



    "Hospital-Columbia Hospital of Richland County," 1947   box 56 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning legislation, introduced by Senator Maybank, for the relief of the Columbia Hospital of Richland County, South Carolina, in settlement of claims against the United States for hospital care provided to Halsford V. Sharpe. Mr. Sharpe was shot during a struggle with police and taken to the hospital for recovery and his care was given over to the Department of Justice.



    "Housing," 1947   box 56 | folder 7

    Correspondence primarily concerning legislation including the National Housing Commission Bill and the National Veteran Housing Program.



    "Information," 1947   box 56 | folder 8

    Copies of the Legislative Daily Government Affairs, for December and November, a newsletter providing information on bills and actions taken in congress.



    "Insurance," 1947   box 56 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning legislation to amend the existing law to provide privileges of renewing the expiring five year level premium term insurance of United States Government life insurance policies for another five years and Federal insurance placed on housing projects.



    "Interstate Commerce Committee (ICC)," 1947   box 56 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 110) to amend the Interstate Commerce Act with respect to certain agreements between carriers. Senator Maybank was opposed to the bill due to his view that it would perpetuate the unfair freight rates long suffered by the South.



    "Jews," 1947   box 56 | folder 11

    Correspondence, primarily from Jewish groups in Charleston, South Carolina, concerning the United Nations' efforts to divide Palestine and the creation of a Jewish State.



    "Judiciary," 1947   box 56 | folder 12

    A letter requesting support for legislation for the improvement of the jury system in Federal Courts.


    "Labor-Taft-Hartley Bill," 1947   box 57

    Correspondence primarily concerning the Taft-Hartley Labor Bill. The Taft-Hartley Act (Labor Management Relations Act of 1947) was a law to restrict the activities and power of labor unions. Senator Maybank voted for the final passage of the Labor Bill.


    "Labor-Taft-Hartley Bill," 1947   box 58


    "Labor-Taft-Hartley Bill-against," 1947   box 59 | folder 1

    Unanswered correspondence, from outside South Carolina, opposing the override of the President's veto of the Taft-Hartley Labor Bill.



    "Labor-Taft-Hartley Bill-pro," 1947   box 59 | folder 2

    Unanswered correspondence, from outside South Carolina, supporting the override of the President's veto of the Taft-Hartley Labor Bill.



    "Labor-Taft-Hartley Bill-congratulations," 1947   box 59 | folder 3-4

    Correspondence from constituents expressing their congratulations on Senator Maybank's vote to override the President's veto of the Taft-Hartley Labor Bill.



    "Lands-submerged," 1947   box 59 | folder 5

    Letter from South Carolina Governor, J. Strom Thurmond, concerning a resolution passed at the Governors' Conference, July 16, 1947, in Salt Lake City to support Congressional action recognizing State ownership of lands beneath navigable waters within their respective boundaries.



    "Libraries," 1947   box 59 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning increased appropriations for public libraries in South Carolina.



    "Marshall Plan," 1947   box 59 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning legislation to promote the general welfare, national interest, and foreign policy of the United States by providing supplies to certain European countries on an emergency basis.



    "Merger of armed forces," 1947   box 59 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning legislation to unify the Armed Forces of the United States under a single command. In particular there is concern for the elimination of the Marine Corps.



    "Minerals and metals," 1947   box 59 | folder 9

    A letter from the M. H. McKnight Company requesting support for a claim for the payment of fair compensation for furnishing strategic or critical minerals and metals for the prosecution of the war and a letter from the Dixie Clay Company of Bath, South Carolina, requesting support for legislation to include china clay among the minerals subject to percentage depletion.



    "Military training," 1947   box 59 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning legislation to implement compulsory universal military training in the United States including a letter and petition by Governor J. Strom Thurmond urging Senator Maybank's support. Senator Maybank, however, opposed Universal Military Training and instead advocated more appropriations to funding the development of the Armed Services instead.



    "Multi-Bill," 1947   box 59 | folder 11

    Correspondence from South Carolina constituents voicing their opinions on a number of pieces of legislation including taxation, federal aid to education, federal expenditures, old age assistance, vocational rehabilitation, Universal Military Training, displaced persons, liquor advertising, European Aid, the tax on oleomargarine, and taxing of cooperatives.



    "Office of Price Administration (OPA)," 1947   box 59 | folder 12

    Correspondence concerning Office of Price Administration (OPA) legislation including the continuation of appropriations for the OPA and controls on lumber, rent, sugar, cotton, and paper.



    "Panama Canal," 1947   box 59 | folder 13

    A letter requesting support for legislation to provide for retired civilian workers, who helped construct the Panama Canal, previously overlooked by a bill to provide recompense for their services and a letter to Senator Chan Gurney requesting support for legislation to amend the Canal Zone Code to provide for a minimum wage.



    "Partnerships," 1947   box 59 | folder 14

    Correspondence from South Carolina state congressmen, urging support for legislation to validate all partnerships that were formed between December 31, 1940 and January 1, 1946 and which complied with the laws of the State in which the partnership was organized.



    "Peace treaties," 1947   box 59 | folder 15

    A letter from Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg, Chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, offering to provide an advanced copy of the Report to the Committee on Foreign Relations concerning peace treaties with Italy, Rumania, Bulgaria, and Hungary.



    "Personal relief-Alford, T. Brooks," 1947   box 59 | folder 16

    Correspondence concerning legislation for the relief of T. Brooks Alford, of Charleston, South Carolina, for reimbursement of extraordinary expenses incurred by him in the performance of his duties as a consular officer of the Department of State in Russia during World War I, and for reimbursement of medical, hospital, and other expenses incurred by him because of disabilities resulting from injuries sustained or illness contracted in the performance of such duties.



    "Personal relief-Brown, W.S.," 1947   box 59 | folder 17

    Extended correspondence with W. S. Brown, of Greenville, South Carolina, regarding a claim for monetary compensation from the Federal Government. The correspondence covers the years 1945 to 1947.



    "Personal relief-Hunter, Ruth H.," 1947   box 59 | folder 18

    A copy of a bill (H.R. 769) for the relief of the estate of Ruth Horton Hunter of Lancaster County, South Carolina, for settlement of claims against the United States on account of the death of Ruth Horton Hunter from injuries sustained by her when she was struck in Heath Springs, by an Army truck, driven by an employee of the Columbia, South Carolina, Army air base.



    "Personal relief-Johnson, Margaret J.," 1947   box 60 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning legislation for the relief of Margaret J. Johnson, who suffered the loss of her left leg due to cancer of her foot induced by an accidental injury incurred in the course of her employment at the Charleston Ordnance Depot. Mrs. Johnson filed a claim for compensation under the United States Employees Liability Act but her compensation was disallowed for the reason that no record was made of her injuries by the medical department at the Charleston Ordinance Depot (changed to the Charleston Port of Embarkation).



    "Personal relief-Jones, Mabel and Mildred Wells," 1947   box 60 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 116) for the relief of Mabel Jones and Mildred Wells of Camden, South Carolina, for personal injuries and property damage sustained as a result of a collision with a United States Army truck on United States Highway 521 about eight miles south of Camden, South Carolina.



    "Personal relief-Kelly, Mary E.," 1947   box 60 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 1166) for the relief of Mary E. Kelly, a resident of New York, for insurance compensation for the death of her husband.



    "Personal relief-Lee, Carrie M.," 1947   box 60 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 2062) for the relief of Carrie M. Lee for injuries sustained in a truck-automobile collision.



    "Personal relief-McRitchie, D.G.," 1947   box 60 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning legislation for the relief of Captain D. G. McRitchie. The Charleston Navy Yard Disbursing Office erroneously paid out funds to Lieutenant William Walton Knight and was unable to obtain a refund.



    "Petrillo, James Caesar," 1947   box 60 | folder 6

    A letter written in opposition to the withdrawing of a high school band from marching in a Thanksgiving Day parade due to union control by James Caesar Petrillo, President of the American Federation of Musicians. Petrillo was best known for banning all commercial recordings by union members from 1942-1944 to pressure record companies to give better royalty deals to musicians.



    "Petroleum Committee," 1947   box 60 | folder 7

    A letter from Senator Joseph C. O'Mahoney, Chairman of the Special Committee Investigating Petroleum Resources, containing a copy of an additional concurring report prepared by Senator Moore and a telegram requesting support for the investigations.



    "Postal," 1947   box 60 | folder 8-10

    Correspondence primarily concerning an amendment to the Civil Service Retirement Act of 1930. Also included is legislation related to rural mail carriers and increased postal rates.



    "Public works," 1947   box 60 | folder 11

    Correspondence concerning public works legislation including the removal of restrictions upon loans by Federal Agencies to finance the construction of certain public works, the elimination of the control of water rights by the Federal Power Commission, the construction of state armories, and a bill to enable States and their agencies and political subdivisions to plan for the construction of public works. Correspondents include Senator W. Lee O'Daniel.



    "Puerto Rico," 1947   box 60 | folder 12

    A letter requesting support for legislation (H.R. 3309 and S. 1184) to broaden the powers of self-government for the people of Puerto Rico.



    "Quinine," 1947   box 60 | folder 13

    A telegram from the South Carolina State Board of Health urging support for the continuation of governmental allocation controls of quinine for the alleviation of malaria.



    "Railroad retirement," 1947   box 60 | folder 14-15

    Correspondence primarily concerning legislation (S. 670) to repeal the "Crosser" amendments to the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act.



    "Reserve Officer's Training Corps (ROTC)," 1947   box 61 | folder 1

    A letter from General Charles Pelot Summerall, President of the Citadel, concerning legislation affecting post-war ROTC programs.



    "Reorganization plan," 1947   box 61 | folder 2

    A letter written in opposition to President Truman's Reorganization Plan Number 3 to consolidate some of the federal agencies concerned with housing into a Housing and Home Finance Agency.



    "Rivers and harbors," 1947   box 61 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning legislation brought before the Committee on Rivers and Harbors including the Yadkin River, Santee-Cooper Dams, Buckingham Dam, Cooper River, Winyah Bay Project, National Rivers and Harbors Congress, Little Pee Dee River, Waccamaw River, Lyles Ford public power project, Murrells Inlet, and Clarks-Hill.



    "Rivers and harbors-hearings," 1947   box 61 | folder 4

    Hearings and letters concerning the Santee River, Shipyard River, Savannah River, and Edisto River.



    "Roads," 1947   box 61 | folder 5

    A booklet of laws relating to federal aid in the construction of roads.



    "Science," 1947   box 61 | folder 6

    Correspondence primarily concerning the creation of the National Science Foundation.



    "Social security," 1947   box 61 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning social security legislation including coverage for Production Credit Association and National Farm Loan Association employees, lowering the age limit to receive social security benefits, socialized medical care, and the further extension of coverage for all Americans.



    "Statehood," 1947   box 61 | folder 8

    A letter requesting support for Hawaii's statehood. Hawaii eventually obtained statehood in 1959.



    "Surplus property," 1947   box 61 | folder 9

    A letter containing a copy of Surplus Property Subcommittee Print No. 14 which contains a staff report entitled The First Three Years of Surplus Disposal. Senator Maybank was a member of this subcommittee.



    "Tariff," 1947   box 61 | folder 10

    A digest put together by the American Glassware Association concerning United States Tariffs and a letter from the General Manager of the North Carolina Cotton Growers Cooperative Association concerning fears that a newly approved charter for the International Trade Organization might harm American cotton farmer's interests.



    "Tax," 1947   box 61 | folder 11-12

    Correspondence concerning tax legislation including a stamp tax on ammunition, copper import, organs and instruments sold to charitable organizations, social security, telephones, freight, light bulbs and tubes, barber supplies, property, and the Tax Relief Bill.



    "Tax-cooperatives," 1947   box 62 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning legislation to repeal the tax exemption applied to cooperatives.



    "Tax-oil and fuel," 1947   box 62 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning the removal of the emergency taxes placed on oil during the war.



    "Tax-oleomargarine," 1947   box 62 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning legislation for a tax placed on oleomargarine.



    "Tax-poll tax," 1947   box 62 | folder 4-5

    Correspondence and newspaper clippings primarily concerning the lynching of Willie Earl near Pickens, South Carolina, and the subsequent trial that produced a verdict of "not guilty" for the lynch mob. Also included is correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 29) making unlawful the requirement for the payment of a poll tax as a prerequisite to voting in a primary or other election for national officers.



    "Tax-reduction," 1947   box 62 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning legislation to provide for a reduction in income taxes. Senator Maybank opposed the Tax Reduction bill and President Truman vetoed the bill after its passing.



    "Term limit," 1947   box 62 | folder 7

    A letter requesting support for legislation to limit the president to a single term.



    "Time," 1947   box 62 | folder 8

    Correspondence primarily concerning legislation to place all interstate commerce, including radio on standard time. Anger is expressed by constituents who had to adjust to New York City's control of the "radio time." New York operated on daylight savings time.



    "Trade agreements," 1947   box 62 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning legislation for the extension of trade agreements through the International Trade Organizations.



    "United Nations," 1947   box 62 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning a resolution to strengthen the power of the United Nations.



    "United States Employment Service (USES)," 1947   box 62 | folder 11

    Correspondence protesting cuts in appropriations to the United States Employment Service and Veterans Employment Service. Senator Maybank indicated that he was "absolutely opposed to such cuts" and was in favor of restoring funding. However, he also stated that due to the majority Republican Congress he did not think it possible.



    "Veterans," 1947   box 62 | folder 12-14

    Correspondence concerning veterans legislation including national cemeteries, retirement benefits, Spanish-American War pensions, the Paraplegic Housing Bill, Officers Personnel Act, promotion of retired officers, reserve officers, a guest house at the Oteen Veterans Hospital, the Merchant Seaman's Wartime Service Act, World War I pension, peace-time veteran benefits increase, Civil War pension, veteran's on the job training allowance, terminal leave bonds, G.I. housing loan, and veterans who were prisoners of war held by Japan.



    "Veterans-job training," 1947   box 63 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning legislation to provide for an increase in veterans' on the job training allowance.



    "Veterans-subsistence," 1947   box 63 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning legislation to provide an increase in veterans' subsistence allowances.



    "Wildlife," 1947   box 63 | folder 3

    Two letters requesting support for legislation (S. 1155) to authorize the transfer of certain real property for wild life purposes.



    "Women's Army Corps (WAC)," 1947   box 63 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning legislation to create a permanent Women's Army Corps (WAC) as part of the Regular Army. Including a request by Chan Gurney, Chairman of the Committee on Armed Services, for Senator Maybank to serve on a subcommittee to consider the legislation.



    "World calendar," 1947   box 63 | folder 5

    A letter requesting support for legislation (S. 1755) to create a new world calendar.


    1948



    "Administrative procedure," 1948   box 63 | folder 6

    Memo regarding a document detailing the legislative history of the Administrative Procedure Act. Mr. L. Boykin of the Federal Power Commission requested six copies but the document was out of print.



    "Agriculture," 1948   box 63 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning agriculture and forestry legislation including the consolidation of the Soil Conservation Service with the Extension Service, marketing of canned citrus products, crop control, regulation of commodity markets farm-to-market road program, liquidation of trusts under the state Rural Rehabilitation Corporation, crop insurance, and 90% price parity.



    "Agriculture-school lunch program," 1948   box 63 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for a federally assisted meal program to provide low-cost or free lunches to school children. Though the program began long before, President Truman officially signed the National School Lunch Act in 1946. Senator Maybank was one of the primary sponsors of the program.



    "Alcoholic beverages," 1948   box 63 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning legislation to prohibit the paid advertising of alcoholic beverages by radio in certain circumstances and legislation to prohibit the sale of alcoholic beverages at military camps.



    "Animal cruelty," 1948   box 63 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning legislation for the prevention of animal cruelty including the banning of vivisection in laboratory experiments and to prohibit the importation of wild animals and birds under inhumane conditions.



    "Appropriations," 1948   box 63 | folder 11

    A listing of subcommittee assignments for the Senate Appropriations Committee. Senator Maybank did not serve on the committee for this Congress. Also included is a listing of appropriations and contract authorizations for the year and prints concerning legislation to establish a ceiling for expenditures for 1948.



    "Appropriations-agriculture," 1948   box 63 | folder 12

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the Agriculture and Forestry Department including the Soil Conservation Fund, Production and Marketing Administration Program, Forest Service Research, farm to market road program, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, tree seeding, and forest service fire fighting. Also included is a statement made by Senator Maybank as part of the hearings by the Subcommittee of the House Agriculture Committee endorsing appropriations to aid forest fire prevention and the protection of forest and water resources.



    "Appropriations-airport and aviation," 1948   box 63 | folder 13

    A letter from Rear Admiral W. Mack Angas requesting information on government appropriations for the installation of air safety devices for an article he was writing.



    "Appropriations-Army Civil Functions," 1948   box 63 | folder 14

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for Army Civil Functions.



    "Appropriations-China," 1948   box 63 | folder 15

    A letter requesting aid for Nationalist China against Communist forces.



    "Appropriations-court crier," 1948   box 63 | folder 16

    Correspondence concerning the removal of appropriation funds for the position of Court Crier for District Judges.



    "Appropriations-court diem," 1948   box 63 | folder 17

    Correspondence requesting support for legislation (S. 692) to increase the per diem allotment for employees of the Deputy Marshall's Office.



    "Appropriations-Economic Cooperation Administration (ECA)," 1948   box 63 | folder 18

    A letter requesting for the elimination of an amendment concerning the purchase of non-fat dry milk solids by the Economic Cooperation Administration (ECA).



    "Appropriations-Federal Security Agency (FSA)," 1948   box 63 | folder 19

    Copies of an Act making supplemental appropriations for the Federal Security Agency (FSA) for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1949.



    "Appropriations-handicapped," 1948   box 63 | folder 20

    A letter requesting support for legislation to establish a National Employ the Physically Handicapped Week.



    "Appropriations-income tax returns," 1948   box 63 | folder 21

    A letter from a North Charleston Pastor requesting support for sufficient appropriations given to the Internal Revenue Department to handle income tax returns.



    "Appropriations-Indians," 1948   box 63 | folder 22

    A letter from a South Carolina constituent first expressing dislike for the President's Civil Rights statement and then urging for appropriations to assist with poor living conditions among Native Americans. Senator Maybank expressed his desire to assist with the living conditions of Native Americans and stated "the majority of the negroes are perfectly satisfied with the treatment accorded them by the people of the South."



    "Appropriations-Rural Electrification Administration (REA)," 1948   box 63 | folder 23

    Two letters concerning legislation to restrict Rural Electrification Administration (REA) funds from use in connecting power lines between public power dams and the construction of power houses.



    "Appropriations-schools," 1948   box 63 | folder 24

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the maintenance and operation of schools.



    "Appropriations-social security," 1948   box 63 | folder 25

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the Social Security Administration.



    "Appropriations-surplus property," 1948   box 63 | folder 26

    Correspondence concerning legislation to allocate surplus property to state educational agencies.



    "Appropriations-Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)," 1948   box 63 | folder 27

    Correspondence requesting support for a proposed steam plant in New Johnsonville, Tennessee, that would contribute to rural electrification in the area.



    "Appropriations-United States Employment Service (USES)," 1948   box 63 | folder 28

    Correspondence concerning an appropriations deficiency bill for the United States Employment Service (USES) and legislation for the consolidation of the Employment Service and Unemployment Compensation divisions of the Federal Security Agency.



    "Appropriations-university extension education," 1948   box 63 | folder 29

    A letter requesting support for legislation to authorize the appropriation of funds to assist in the further development of State programs for University and College education.



    "Appropriations-veterans," 1948   box 63 | folder 30

    A letter from the director of the Division of Vocational Rehabilitation of the South Carolina Department of Education requesting support for appropriations for the National Vocational Rehabilitation Association.



    "Armed services," 1948   box 64 | folder 1-4

    A substantial amount of correspondence, memos, and reports concerning the Committee on Armed Services, on which Senator Maybank served. Including the Marshall Plan, military promotions, Army remount service, enlistments, Army Reserve members, the Inter-Allied Reparation Agency, naval petroleum reserves, the Christian Science Church, universal military training, civil air patrol, court martials, the ownership of captured horses, selective service, increase in air group numbers, memorial for unknown soldiers of WW2, an itinerary for a trip to Europe and the Middle East, amendments to the articles of war concerning military justice, and the return of German paintings. Correspondence also includes Senator Maybank's appointments to Armed Services Subcommittees including those concerning the Congressional Aviation Policy Board, pay and allowances for aviation cadets, active duty status for all United States property and disbursing officers, appointment of additional major generals and brigadier generals, and the crediting of service to United States Armed Service members prior to reaching 18 years old. Correspondents include Chairman of the Armed Services Committee, Senator Chan Gurney.



    "Armed services-Naval Department," 1948   box 65 | folder 1-2

    Lists of Navy Department real estate projects and disposals submitted to the Armed Services Committee for approval.



    "Aviation policy," 1948   box 65 | folder 3

    Copies of reports concerning a brief summary of the activities of the Congressional Aviation Policy Board of which Senator Maybank was a member.



    "Banking and currency," 1948   box 65 | folder 4-6

    Correspondence concerning legislation brought before the Senate Banking and Currency Committee, of which Senator Maybank was a member, including Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC) loans, a $5,000 ceiling on bank deposit insurance, the United States Marine Corps Band, a tariff on Canadian plywood, commemorative coins, a listing of banks in South Carolina that were not members of the Federal Reserve System, an anti-banking inflation bill, G.I. Loans, bank holding companies, federal credit unions, credit regulation, control of oil commodities, and the President's Reorganization Plan. Also included is a letter containing two German 1,000 Mark Notes issued in 1910. Correspondents include Senator Charles W. Tobey (Chairman of the Committee on Banking and Currency) and Senator Joseph McCarthy (Committee on Banking and Currency).



    "Bill number only," 1948   box 65 | folder 7

    Correspondence only listing bill numbers including H.R. 5040 and the "Miller Bill and Moore Amendment."



    "Bills introduced by Senator Maybank," 1948   box 65 | folder 8

    Copies of legislation introduced by Senator Maybank in 1948.



    "Bird shipping interstate," 1948   box 65 | folder 9

    Correspondence protesting legislation to place an embargo on all psittacine (parrot family) birds due to the danger of psittacosis, a disease that could be transmitted to humans.



    "Civil rights," 1948   box 66 | folder 1-3

    Correspondence primarily expressing opposition to President Truman's Civil Rights Program that includes efforts to abolish the poll tax, implement anti-lynching legislation, prohibit racial segregation of the armed forces, and prohibit discrimination in employment. Senator Maybank vigorously opposed the Civil Rights legislation and gave several speeches, including a nationwide radio address, to that effect. Also included is a copy of a statewide radio address from South Carolina Governor J. Strom Thurmond entitled "President Truman's So-Called Civil Rights Program."



    "Civil service retirement," 1948   box 66 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning legislation to amend the Civil Service Retirement Act of 1930 to provide for increased benefits.



    "Committees," 1948   box 66 | folder 5

    A list of all the committees Senator Maybank served on from 1942-1948. Also included is correspondence with Senator Alben W. Barkley concerning Senator Maybank's desire to return to the Appropriations Committee in exchange for his position on the Armed Services or Banking and Currency Committees.



    "Community property tax," 1948   box 66 | folder 6

    Correspondence urging Senator Maybank's support of a Community Property Tax Law permitting husbands and wives to divide their income for tax purposes in all states. Senator Maybank helped introduce community property tax legislation in 1947 but it did not pass. Correspondents include South Carolina Governor J. Strom Thurmond.



    "Cowpens National Park," 1948   box 66 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning legislation to establish the Cowpens Battleground National Military Park introduced by Senator Maybank. Also included is a prospectus of the proposed Cowpens Battleground National Military Park.



    "Defense," 1948   box 66 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning defense legislation including a peace-time draft, future war with the Soviet Union, and the construction of ships.



    "Dental research," 1948   box 66 | folder 9

    A letter requesting support for legislation (S. 176) to establish a National Institute for Dental Research.



    "Displaced persons," 1948   box 66 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning displaced person legislation including reports by the Displaced Persons Commission and requests by constituents to hire families of displaced persons to work for them. Senator Maybank opposed any legislation to increase immigration quotas.



    "Draft," 1948   box 66 | folder 11

    Correspondence concerning legislation to establish a new draft law known as the Selective Service Act of 1948. Senator Maybank supported the draft legislation but opposed any amendments proposing to desegregate the Army.



    "Education," 1948   box 67 | folder 1-5

    Correspondence concerning the Federal Aid to Education Bill. Senator Maybank expressed his support for the bill in a speech before the Senate.



    "Electoral College," 1948   box 67 | folder 6

    Correspondence requesting support for the Gossett-Lodge Bill to abolish the electoral college system and implement a proportional electoral system.



    "Equal Rights," 1948   box 67 | folder 7

    Two letters requesting support for the "Equal Pay for Equal Work" Bills to combat discrimination of women in the workplace.



    "Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC)," 1948   box 67 | folder 8

    Correspondence, reports, and statements concerning the Fair Employment Practices Committee Act (FEPC) and anti-lynching legislation. Senator Maybank vigorously opposed the Fair Employment Practices Committee Act (FEPC) stating that "It will be my purpose to oppose every amendment to every bill as recommended by the President."



    "Federal employees," 1948   box 68 | folder 1-2

    Correspondence concerning federal employee legislation including an increase in benefits and compensation, pensions for widows and orphans of foreign service officers, Works Progress Administration (WPA) credit for retention or retirement benefits, salaries for the Legislative Branch, and an amendment to the Hatch Act to permit Government Employees to participate in Local and State Politics.



    "Federal Recreation Service," 1948   box 68 | folder 3

    A letter from the Department of Parks and Playgrounds for the City of Charleston requesting support for legislation (H.R. 5723) to create a Federal Recreation Service.



    "Food and drug laws," 1948   box 68 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning amendments to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.



    "Francis Marion National Park," 1948   box 68 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning legislation to authorizes the creation of a game refuge in the Francis Marion National Forest in the State of South Carolina. The bill was proposed by Senator Maybank with the desire for the forest to serve as a refuge for wild turkeys.



    "Freight rates," 1948   box 68 | folder 6

    A letter requesting support for legislation to offset a decision by the Supreme Court affecting freight absorption.



    "Health," 1948   box 68 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning health legislation including an amendment to the Public Service Health Act, a survey of physically handicapped citizens, and the Mental Health Bill.



    "Home rule," 1948   box 68 | folder 8

    A letter, from South Carolina Representative John L. McMillan, in opposition to the Home Rule Bill and a letter, from a South Carolina constituent, requesting support for its passage. The Home Rule Bill was intended to provide more autonomy for the District of Columbia.



    "Housing-bills and reports," 1948   box 68 | folder 9-11

    Bills and reports concerning housing legislation including amendments to the United States Housing Act of 1937, the housing shortage, and a temporary extension of title IV of the National Housing Act.



    "Housing-correspondence," 1948   box 69 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning housing legislation including a housing shortage in Atlantic City, New Jersey, the removal of the duty on hardwood plywood, disabled veterans housing, transfer of title of temporary housing to educational institutions and local agencies, Lucy Diggs Slowe Hall (government dormitory for colored women), and G.I. loans. Correspondents include Senator Joseph McCarthy (Committee on Banking and Currency).



    "Immigration," 1948   box 69 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning emergency legislation to temporarily adjust the United States immigration laws to allow for the influx of displaced persons as a result of the war. Senator Maybank was opposed to this legislation.



    "Interior," 1948   box 69 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning interior legislation including the conservation of soil, forests, and wildlife, public lands, studies of soft-shell and hard-shell clams, and relief for Navajo Indians.



    "Interstate commerce-Employees Liability Act," 1948   box 69 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning legislation to amend the Employees Liability Act. The bill would amend the law relating to the liability of common carriers by rail so that suits could only be brought to court in the State in which the accident occurred. Senator Maybank supported the legislation.



    "Jews," 1948   box 69 | folder 5

    A telegram requesting Senator Maybank's presence on a reception committee to welcome Menachem Begin (future Prime Minister of Israel) on a campaign visit to the United States.



    "Judiciary," 1948   box 69 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning judiciary legislation including an increase in the mileage allowance for United States Marshalls, changes in the times for holding federal court in the Eastern and Western Districts of South Carolina, and limitations on the appointment of judges.



    "Labor," 1948   box 69 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning labor legislation including the forty-hour law, transfer of Unemployment Compensation Reserve Funds to the Labor Department, industrial training for black youth, an amendment to the Fair Labor Standards Act, overtime pay, coal strike, repeal of the Taft-Hartley Labor Act, minimum wage act, wage rates for employees in naval yards, and union membership. Also included is a copy of Time Magazine from August 25, 1947.



    "Maritime," 1948   box 69 | folder 8

    A letter requesting support for legislation that would bring about the construction of new vessels.



    "Marshall Plan," 1948   box 70 | folder 1-3

    Correspondence concerning the passage of the European Recovery Plan (Marshall Plan). Senator Maybank opposed the initial plan due to the long term agreements that might entangle the United States with Governments that might change. He eventually supported later versions of the plan. Correspondents include Senator Homer E. Capehart.



    "Medals for minors," 1948   box 70 | folder 4

    A telegram requesting support for legislation (H.R. 5434) authorizing the Attorney General of the United States to recognize and to award to outstanding courageous young Americans a medal for heroism known as the Young American Medal for Bravery.



    "Multi-Bill," 1948   box 70 | folder 5

    Correspondence from South Carolina constituents voicing their opinions on a number of pieces of legislation including the school lunch program, women's status bill, federal aid to education, world trade, the United Nations, Marshall Plan, Universal Military Training, social security, and the Soviet Union.



    "National security training," 1948   box 70 | folder 6

    A copy of the National Security Training Act of 1947 which would require every male citizen in the United States to undergo military training and provide for the creation of the National Security Training Corps.



    "National Science Foundation," 1948   box 70 | folder 7

    A letter requesting support for legislation (S.2385 and H.R. 6007) to establish a National Science Foundation.



    "Nurses retirement," 1948   box 70 | folder 8

    Report and copy of an act reported by Senator Maybank to equalize retirement benefits among members of the Nurse Corps of the Army and Navy.



    "Optometry," 1948   box 70 | folder 9

    A letter from a Charleston, South Carolina, jeweler in opposition to an optometry bill that would affect jewelry stores that have their own optical departments.



    "Palestine," 1948   box 70 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning the implementation of a decision by the United Nations to partition Palestine into Jewish and Arab States and the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. Senator Maybank supported the Jewish State and worked to remove the embargo on arms to Israel.



    "Panama Canal employees," 1948   box 70 | folder 11

    A letter requesting support for legislation to amend the Act of May 29, 1944, providing for the recognition of the services of civilian officials and employees engaged in and about the construction of the Panama Canal.



    "Peace," 1948   box 70 | folder 12

    Correspondence concerning methods to utilize the United Nations and prevent a future World War.



    "Personal relief-Adkins, J. W. and Mary," 1948   box 70 | folder 13

    A letter concerning legislation (H.R. 2489) for the relief of J. W. and Mary Adkins, based on the death of their son, Jervey Adkins, from a bullet wound inflicted by a gun in the hands of a United States Naval Officer on the Cooper River in Berkeley County.



    "Personal relief-Morris, T. L. (Estate)," 1948   box 70 | folder 14

    A letter concerning legislation (H.R. 1667) for the relief of the estate of T. L. Morris for the death of T. L. Morris when a plane owned by the United States Government and piloted by a student pilot, crashed into T. L. Morris while he was plowing his field in Cherokee County, South Carolina.



    "Personal relief-Pendleton, Elizabeth R.," 1948   box 70 | folder 15

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 2387) for the relief of Elizabeth R. Pendleton for the improper compensation and termination of her position in the Technical Services Library of the Naval Ordnance Laboratory in Washington, D.C.



    "Personal relief-Taylor, James E.," 1948   box 70 | folder 16

    A letter from James E. Taylor, of Marietta, South Carolina, requesting support for legislation (H.R. 1212) for his relief.



    "Pilot training," 1948   box 70 | folder 17

    Correspondence concerning President Truman's remarks that flight training be removed from veteran's training under the G.I. Bill of Rights.



    "Postal," 1948   box 71 | folder 1-4

    Correspondence concerning postal legislation including the Domestic Air Parcel Post Bill, pay increase for postal workers, increased postal worker retirement bill, postal rate adjustment, and increased equipment maintenance for rural mail carriers. Senator Maybank supported the pay increase for postal workers and gave a speech on the Senate Floor to that effect.



    "Price control," 1948   box 71 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning legislation to reinstate the Office of Price Administration (OPA) including a price ceiling on meat and lumber. Senator Maybank opposed the reinstatement of the Office of Price Administration (OPA). Also included is a statement by Senator Maybank condemning President Truman's attempts to enact Office of Price Administration (OPA) legislation and civil rights legislation.



    "Professional engineers," 1948   box 71 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 2031 and H.R. 4884) regulating the practice of the profession of engineering and creating a Board of Registration for Professional Engineers in the District of Columbia.



    "Radio," 1948   box 71 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning radio legislation including limitations on the power of radio broadcast stations and a radio frequencies bill's effects on police frequencies.



    "Railroad retirement," 1948   box 71 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning legislation to increase the retirement benefits of railroad employees.



    "Rent control," 1948   box 71 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning legislation for rent control including hotel rent control.



    "Reorganization plan," 1948   box 72 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning President Truman's Reorganization Plan No. 1 that would transfer the United States Employment Service (USES) to the Department of Labor. Most of the correspondence opposed the President's Reorganization Plan. Senator Maybank supported the plan and felt that a propaganda campaign was being waged to discredit the plan and involve the Fair Employment Practice Committee (FEPC).



    "Rivers and harbors," 1948   box 72 | folder 2-4

    Correspondence concerning river and harbor legislation including the Central Arizona project, stream pollution, the Buckingham Landing Dam, Lyles Ford Project, Clark Hill Project, Shem Creek Extension, dredging of the Port Royal Channel, Savannah River, Santee River, Jefferys Creek, Little Pee Dee River, Winyah Bay, Waccamaw River, Georgetown Harbor, Saluda River, Murrells Inlet, and the St. Lawrence Seaway. Including letters from Senators Carl A. Hatch, Tom Connally, and Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. (Committee on Foreign Relations) concerning their opposition to the St. Lawrence Seaway project.



    "Savings and loans," 1948   box 72 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S.2417) to authorize the reduction of an annual insurance premium for members of the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation.



    "Small business," 1948   box 72 | folder 6

    A letter including a report on the operations of the Office of Industry Cooperation (OIC) prepared for the Senate Special Committee to Study Problems of American Small Business and a telegram expressing opposition to a business transaction between the Cleveland Blast Furnace and Republic Steel Trucker Corporation.



    "Social security," 1948   box 72 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning social security legislation including the establishment of an executive department to handle health, education, and security, increased social security benefits, reduction in the minimum age to receive benefits, inclusion of non-profit organizations, and the inclusion of state and municipal employees.



    "Social security-national health insurance," 1948   box 72 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 1320) to provide a national health insurance and public health program.



    "Statehood," 1948   box 72 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning legislation for Hawaiian and Alaskan statehood. Hawaii and Alaska eventually obtained statehood in 1959. Correspondents include Senator Hugh Butler (Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs) and Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr.



    "Tax-accountants," 1948   box 72 | folder 10

    A number of petitions requesting support for an amendment to legislation (H.R. 3214) to continue the right, to taxpayers, to be represented by qualified accountants in the presentation of cases before the Tax Court.



    "Tax-cooperatives," 1948   box 72 | folder 11

    Correspondence concerning legislation to repeal the tax exemption applied to cooperatives.



    "Tax-corporations," 1948   box 73 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning tax legislation for corporations including tax deductions for gifts to educational institutions and the double taxing of corporations.



    "Tax-employment," 1948   box 73 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning legislation amending the Employment Tax Regulations that would require employers to become liable for social security taxes of employees of independent contractors. Senator Maybank vigorously opposed the amendment.



    "Tax-excise," 1948   box 73 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning excise tax legislation including musical instruments for churches, luxury taxes, gifts, beauty shop supplies, liquor, agricultural fair admissions, theater admissions, copper, toiletries, and telephones.



    "Tax-income," 1948   box 73 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 4790) to reduce individual income tax payments. Senator Maybank supported the reduction.



    "Tax-oleomargarine," 1948   box 73 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning legislation to repeal the tax on oleomargarine. Senator Maybank had been campaigning vigorously for the repeal since 1944.



    "Tax-payroll," 1948   box 73 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning requirements by the Federal Government to deduct income withholding taxes from employee payrolls.



    "Tax-poll tax," 1948   box 73 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning the repeal of the poll tax. Senator Maybank strongly opposed the repeal of the poll tax by the Congress of the United States and stated that it was up to the States to repeal the tax.



    "Tax-transportation," 1948   box 73 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning legislation to repeal a Federal tax on transportation. Senator Maybank supported the repeal.



    "Telephone rates," 1948   box 73 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 4709) to eliminate the exemption of small telephone exchanges from overtime hour minimum wage provisions of the Fair Labor Standard Act.



    "Tidelands," 1948   box 73 | folder 10

    A letter, from a board member of the Board of Soil Conservationists for the Charleston District, requesting support for legislation (H.R. 3538) to authorize the Department of Agriculture to investigate and report on projects for reclaiming lands by drainage and a letter requesting support for tidal legislation (S. 1988) that supports States' Rights.



    "Time," 1948   box 73 | folder 11

    A letter from Senator John H. Overton requesting support for legislation to provide that Standard Time should be used at all places of business engaged in interstate commerce and by all Federal Government officials.



    "Trade agreements," 1948   box 73 | folder 12

    Correspondence concerning the extension of the Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act for another three years. The act provided for the negotiation of tariff agreements between the United States and separate nations. The act served as an institutional reform intended to authorize the president to negotiate with foreign nations to reduce tariffs in return for reciprocal reductions in tariffs in the United States. Senator Maybank supported the legislation.



    "Un-American activities," 1948   box 73 | folder 13

    Correspondence concerning the "Mundt-Nixon Bill" which would require the registration of all Communist organizations in the United States.



    "Universal Military Training," 1948   box 74 | folder 1-3

    Correspondence and reports concerning legislation to implement a new Selective Service Act to replace the Selective Service Act of 1940 that expired in 1947. Senator Maybank served on the Senate Armed Forces Committee that reviewed proposals for Universal Military Training and a new Selective Service Act.



    "Veterans," 1948   box 74 | folder 4-5

    Correspondence concerning veterans legislation including disability retirement, veteran's subsistence allowance, medals awarded to veterans who began service aged 18 and under, World War I pensions, Spanish-American War widows, on the job training, prisoners of war in Japan, and veteran's insurance.



    "Veterans-flight training," 1948   box 74 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning the continuation of the G.I. Flight Training program. Senator Maybank supported its continuation.



    "Veterans-reserve officer retirement," 1948   box 75 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning legislation to provide retirement for Reserve Officers.



    "Wheat agreement," 1948   box 75 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning the ratification of the International Wheat Agreement to stabilize worldwide wheat prices. Senator Maybank supported its ratification.



    "World calendar," 1948   box 75 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 1755 and H. R. 1242) to create a new world calendar.



    "World War Two memorial," 1948   box 75 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning legislation to provide for a memorial to deceased servicemen of World War II whose bodies have not been recovered or identified or have been buried at sea. The memorial would provide for having their names inscribed on the walls of chapels and other memorial edifices erected by the Government.


    1949



    "Administrative Procedure Act," 1949   box 75 | folder 5

    A letter from Senator Pat McCarran, Chairman of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary, containing a copy of a report on trial examiners under the Administrative Procedure Act of 1946.



    "Agriculture," 1949   box 75 | folder 6-7

    Correspondence concerning agriculture and forestry legislation including crop control and price parity, farm price support, the cotton parity formula, turkey prices, fertilizer, the Farm Bureau's amendment to the Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) of 1938, livestock, school lunches, the revision of the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act, the Forest Practices Act regulating the cutting of timber on privately owned lands, the potato allotment, and Federal Aid from fishing tackle revenue.



    "Alcoholic beverages," 1949   box 75 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 2428) to prohibit interstate transportation of advertisements of alcoholic beverages by newspapers, radio, television, film, periodical, or other means.



    "Aluminum," 1949   box 75 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 179) to suspend for a year import duties on aluminum.



    "Anti-Trust-A&P," 1949   box 75 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning an anti-trust case against the Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company (A&P) to declare a monopoly and breakup the company into several divisions.



    "Anti-Trust-Sherman and Clayton Acts," 1949   box 75 | folder 11

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 1910) to amend the Sherman and Clayton Acts to provide a uniform period of limitations within which treble-damage actions may be instituted under the anti-trust laws.



    "Appropriations-agriculture," 1949   box 75 | folder 12

    Correspondence concerning agriculture and forestry appropriations including soil conservation, the Commodity Credit Corporation, agricultural research, expansion of the United States Market News Service to include poultry and eggs, the oriental fruit fly, forest disease research (little leaf disease), forest access roads, nitrogen plants in Texas and Ohio, and the Quetico Superior National Preserve in Minnesota. Correspondents include Dr. R. F. Poole, the President of the Clemson Agricultural College.



    "Appropriations-agriculture-soil conservation laboratory," 1949   box 75 | folder 13

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the construction of the Southeastern Tidewater Soil Conservation Experiment Station in Fleming, Georgia.



    "Appropriations-agriculture-tobacco research," 1949   box 75 | folder 14

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the tobacco research program at the Pee Dee Experiment Station in Florence, South Carolina.



    "Appropriations-armed services," 1949   box 75 | folder 15

    Correspondence concerning armed services appropriations including the selective service and reductions to military appropriations. Correspondents include Senator Elmer Thomas of the Senate Committee on Appropriations.



    "Appropriations-Atlantic Pact," 1949   box 76 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning the creation of the North Atlantic Pact or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Senator Maybank supported the pact.



    "Appropriations-atomic energy," 1949   box 76 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the Atomic Energy Commission.



    "Appropriations-aviation," 1949   box 76 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the air force, airline subsidies, G.I. flight training, airport construction, and additional wind tunnel facilities and the establishment of an Air Engineering Development Center.



    "Appropriations-Battle Monuments Commission," 1949   box 76 | folder 4

    A letter requesting appropriations for three additional automobiles for their offices in Manila, Rome, and Paris.



    "Appropriations-budget," 1949   box 76 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning the need to reduce federal expenditures.



    "Appropriations-cancer research," 1949   box 76 | folder 6

    A telegram requesting support for appropriations for the construction of additional cancer research facilities.



    "Appropriations-census of business," 1949   box 76 | folder 7

    Correspondence requesting appropriations for the Census of Business.



    "Appropriations-China," 1949   box 76 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning foreign aid to China. In particular aid provided to Chinese students. Senator Maybank opposed foreign aid to China as a result of the communist takeover of the country.



    "Appropriations-civil functions," 1949   box 76 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning civil functions appropriations including Panama Canal employees and Lyles Ford.



    "Appropriations-Coast Guard," 1949   box 76 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for Coast Guard Reserve training.



    "Appropriations-day care," 1949   box 76 | folder 11

    Correspondence concerning a reduction in appropriations for day care centers in the District of Columbia.



    "Appropriations-deficiency," 1949   box 76 | folder 12

    Correspondence concerning deficiency appropriations including the Employment Security Program in South Carolina, Bureau of Reclamation, housing, the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service, and the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB).



    "Appropriations-Economic Cooperation Authority (ECA)," 1949   box 76 | folder 13

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the Economic Cooperation Authority (ECA) with special concern for cotton exportation.



    "Appropriations-education," 1949   box 76 | folder 14

    Correspondence concerning education appropriations including surplus property used for education and the school lunch program.



    "Appropriations-Federal Communications Commission (FCC)," 1949   box 76 | folder 15

    A copy of a letter written by Senator Edwin C. Johnson, Chairman of the Senate Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, dealing with testimony before the Independent Offices Subcommittee of the Senate Committee on Appropriations.



    "Appropriations-federal employees," 1949   box 76 | folder 16

    Correspondence concerning federal employee appropriations including the cost of living in the territories and the Civil Service Commission.



    "Appropriations-Federal Security Administration (FSA)," 1949   box 76 | folder 17

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the Federal Security Administration (FSA)



    "Appropriations-fish and wildlife," 1949   box 76 | folder 18

    Correspondence concerning fish and wildlife appropriations including those to South Carolina fish hatcheries.



    "Appropriations-foreign aid," 1949   box 76 | folder 19

    Correspondence concerning foreign aid appropriations including arms to Europe, loans to Spain, and the anti-American campaign in Morocco.



    "Appropriations-heart disease," 1949   box 76 | folder 20

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the National Heart Institute.



    "Appropriations-hospital," 1949   box 76 | folder 21

    Correspondence concerning hospital appropriations including the construction of a state hospital for the treatment of cancer and the construction of veterans and general hospitals.



    "Appropriations-housing," 1949   box 76 | folder 22

    Correspondence concerning housing appropriations including those for the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), G.I. housing loans, slum clearance, and college housing.



    "Appropriations-interior," 1949   box 76 | folder 23

    Correspondence concerning Interior Department appropriations including the National Park Service, transfer of federal lands to the States, and rural electrification. Including a report on the Interior Department Appropriation Bill for 1950.



    "Appropriations-Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC)," 1949   box 76 | folder 24

    Correspondence concerning interstate commerce appropriations including the maintenance of railroad facilities for shipping.



    "Appropriations-judiciary," 1949   box 76 | folder 25

    Copies of a number of responses from Senator Maybank concerning court cases and the appointment of a stenographer in the Florence office of the District Attorney and the appointment of an additional United States Attorney in Columbia.



    "Appropriations-Library of Congress," 1949   box 76 | folder 26

    Correspondence concerning Library of Congress appropriations for the study room and card catalogs.



    "Appropriations-mental health," 1949   box 76 | folder 27

    Correspondence concerning mental health appropriations.



    "Appropriations-Navajo education," 1949   box 76 | folder 28

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for Navajo Children's Education.



    "Appropriations-navy and maritime," 1949   box 76 | folder 29

    Correspondence concerning navy and maritime appropriations.



    "Appropriations-passport offices," 1949   box 76 | folder 30

    A letter requesting support for appropriations to reopen three regional offices of the Passport Division of the State Department.



    "Appropriations-prisoners of war," 1949   box 76 | folder 31

    A letter requesting support for payments made to former prisoners of war.



    "Appropriations-public facilities repair," 1949   box 76 | folder 32

    A letter, written by the Director of Capital Airport in Columbia, South Carolina, requesting support for legislation (S. 371) to provide emergency aid for the repair, restoration, or reconstruction of public facilities damaged or destroyed by catastrophes. The author hoped the legislation would allow for funds to rehabilitate the terminal building at Capital Airport in Columbia, South Carolina, destroyed by a fire in 1947.



    "Appropriations-public health," 1949   box 76 | folder 33

    Correspondence concerning reductions in appropriations for the Public Health Service, children, accident prevention, and Multiple Sclerosis research.



    "Appropriations-rifle practice," 1949   box 76 | folder 34

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the National Board for the Promotion of Rifle Practice.



    "Appropriations-rivers and harbors," 1949   box 77 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning rivers and harbors appropriations including the deepening of the Port Royal Harbor near Beaufort, South Carolina, the Hartwell Dam project, Lyles Ford, Clarks Hill, the Roanoke Basin in Virginia and North Carolina, Jones Inlet, California flood control projects, Winyah Bay, St. Lawrence Seaway, Central Arizona project, and the Inland Waterways Corporation.



    "Appropriations-road," 1949   box 77 | folder 2

    Two letters requesting support for Federal aid to Counties for rural road construction.



    "Appropriations-Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)," 1949   box 77 | folder 3

    A letter from the Chairman of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission with an enclosed copy of the Chairman's supplemental statement commenting on the testimony of Mt. Cyrus S. Eaton before the Subcommittee on Independent Offices of the Senate Appropriations Committee.



    "Appropriations-shipyard river," 1949   box 77 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for channel improvements to the Shipyard River.



    "Appropriations-small businesses," 1949   box 77 | folder 5

    A letter and enclosure from Senator A. Willis Robertson of the Senate Committee on Appropriations requesting support for appropriations for the Small Business Subcommittee of the Senate Committee on Banking and Currency.



    "Appropriations-Southwest Power," 1949   box 77 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning legislation to provide appropriations for the Southwestern Power Administration to install and operate new transmission lines to inter-connect hydro-electric installations with flood control dams and to make power available primarily to Rural Electrification Administration (REA) cooperatives in various parts of Oklahoma and other states in the Southwest.



    "Appropriations-subcommittee assignments," 1949   box 77 | folder 7

    A listing of the subcommittees assigned to members of the Committee on Appropriations. Senator Maybank served on the Agriculture, Armed Services, Deficiencies and Army Civil Functions, District of Columbia, Independent Offices, and Treasury and Post Office (chairman) subcommittees. Also included is a letter from Senator Kenneth McKellar of the Senate Committee on Appropriations concerning Senator Maybank's request to be appointed to the War Department Civil Functions and Agricultural Appropriations Subcommittees.



    "Appropriations-Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)," 1949   box 77 | folder 8

    Correspondence requesting support for a proposed steam plant in New Johnsonville, Tennessee, that would contribute to rural electrification in the area. Senator Maybank supported the construction of the steam plant.



    "Appropriations-treasury and post office," 1949   box 77 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning treasury and post office appropriations including the Bureau of Internal Revenue, construction of post office buildings, the Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC), and typewriting machines. Also included is a report from the Senate Committee on Appropriations concerning the Treasury and Post Office Departments Appropriation Bill for 1949.



    "Appropriations-vocational education," 1949   box 77 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for vocational education and veteran's training.



    "Appropriations-veterans," 1949   box 77 | folder 11

    Correspondence concerning veterans' appropriations including those for the Veterans' Administration, readjustment allowances, and National Service Life Insurance.



    "Appropriations-veterans employment," 1949   box 77 | folder 12

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the Veterans Employment Service. Senator Maybank supported an increase.



    "Appropriations-White House repairs," 1949   box 77 | folder 13

    A letter from a South Carolina constituent protesting the approximated $5,400.00 to be appropriated for repairs to the White House.



    "Armed services," 1949   box 77 | folder 14

    Correspondence concerning armed services legislation including a pay increase, G. I. Bill of Rights, segregation in the military, disability compensation, National Security Act, free transportation for parents or wives on Government-owned ships and aircraft to the graves of veterans buried abroad, restrictions in Army Post Exchanges and Navy Ship's Service Stores, grave markers, the creation of a single supply catalog system for the National Military Establishment, drafting doctors into the medical corps, retirement, force reduction, and dentistry.



    "Armed services-Naval Department," 1949   box 77 | folder 15

    Lists of Navy Department real estate projects and disposals submitted to the Armed Services Committee for approval.



    "Armed services-nominations," 1949   box 78 | folder 1-3

    Lists of armed services members nominated for promotion referred to the Senate Committee on Armed Services of which Senator Maybank was a member. Correspondents include Senator Chan Gurney.



    "Atomic energy," 1949   box 78 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning an "open letter" printed in the News and Courier concerning Senator Maybank's position on the transfer of the atomic energy program from military to civilian control. Senator Maybank attempted to respond to the letter before eventually letting the matter drop.



    "Banking and currency," 1949   box 78 | folder 5-7

    Correspondence concerning legislation brought before the Senate Committee on Banking and Currency including building and loan leagues, the Housing Act of 1949, segregated housing, the Veterans Economic Development Corporation Act, rent control, military housing, the Federal Reserve, the abolishment of the Small Business Committee, Regulation W, the "Sound Money Bill," keeping the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation as an independent agency, additional bank reserves, export control, the Federal National Mortgage Association (FNMA), National Monetary Commission Bill, Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC), Home Owners' Loan Corporation (HOLC), devaluation of the British Pound, Federal Credit Union Act, and Securities Exchange Act.



    "Bill number only," 1949   box 79 | folder 1

    Correspondence only listing bill numbers including Senate Bills 2896, 2319, 56, and 58, and House Bills 157 and 2734.



    "Bills introduced by Senator Maybank," 1949   box 79 | folder 2-4

    Copies of legislation introduced by Senator Maybank in 1949.



    "Blind," 1949   box 79 | folder 5

    A letter requesting support for legislation (S. 2066) to aid the blind.



    "Budget reductions," 1949   box 79 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning the need for a balanced budget and reduction in government expenditures.



    "Campaign Expenditures Committee," 1949   box 79 | folder 7

    Report on the Special Committee on Campaign Expenditures to the House of Representatives.



    "Cardinal Mindszenty," 1949   box 79 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning the "farcical" trial of Cardinal Mindszenty by the Communist regime of Hungary.



    "Certified Public Accountants (CPA)," 1949   box 79 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning legislation that would curtail the activities of the accounting profession with respect to practice before the United States Tax Court and Treasury.



    "Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA)," 1949   box 79 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 636) to provide for the regulation of non-certificated air carriers and contract air carriers.



    "Civil rights," 1949   box 79 | folder 11

    Correspondence concerning civil rights legislation including anti-lynching, segregation in the armed forces, the Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC), and poll tax. Senator Maybank vigorously opposed any civil rights legislation as an attack on States' Rights.



    "Coast Guard," 1949   box 79 | folder 12

    A telegram from a Charleston constituent requesting support for legislation (H.R. 1824) to amend an act relating to the computation of Coast Guard service length.



    "Communism," 1949   box 79 | folder 13

    A report from the Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs concerning the coup in Prague.



    "Contract settlement," 1949   box 79 | folder 14

    Correspondence concerning legislation to amend the Contract Settlement Act of 1944 so as to authorize the payment of fair compensation to persons contracting to deliver certain strategic or critical minerals or metals in cases of failure to recover reasonable costs.



    "Cowpens Battleground Memorial," 1949   box 80 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning legislation to establish the Cowpens Battleground National Military Park introduced by Senator Maybank.



    "Displaced persons," 1949   box 80 | folder 2-3

    Correspondence concerning emergency legislation to temporarily adjust the United States immigration laws to allow for the influx of displaced persons as a result of the war.



    "Divorce law," 1949   box 80 | folder 4

    Correspondence requesting a copy of Senate Bill 3098 on proposed uniform Federal marriage and divorce laws for use in a sociology course at the University of South Carolina.



    "Economic Cooperation Administration (ECA)," 1949   box 80 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning amendments to the Economic Cooperation Act of 1948 including flour, wheat, lumber, typewriters, aluminum, mules, and French textiles and artificial fiber production. Senator Maybank supported cuts to the Economic Cooperation Administration (ECA).



    "Education," 1949   box 80 | folder 6-9

    Correspondence concerning the Education Financing Act (S. 246). Senator Maybank consistently supported Federal Aid to Education.



    "Electoral College," 1949   box 81 | folder 1

    A letter requesting support for the Gossett-Lodge Bill to abolish the electoral college system and implement a proportional electoral system.



    "Equal Rights," 1949   box 81 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA). A proposed amendment to the United States Constitution designed to guarantee equal rights for women.



    "Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC)," 1949   box 81 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning legislation to establish a permanent Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC). Originally established during World War II to combat racial discrimination in defense industries, the FEPC met strong opposition, particularly in the South, when legislation was proposed to create a permanent Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC). Senator Maybank vigorously opposed the FEPC and participated in filibusters on the Senate floor to combat the legislation. Also included is a statement made by Senator Maybank on the mutual broadcasting system on March 23, 1948.



    "Federal employees," 1949   box 81 | folder 4-6

    Correspondence concerning legislation for federal employees including increased benefits and pay, annual leave, an amendment to preserve the equities of permanent classified civil service employees, and the Veterans Preference Act of 1944.



    "Filibuster rule," 1949   box 81 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning an attempt to change Senate Rules regarding the use of the "filibuster." Senator Maybank, along with other Southern Senators, vigorously opposed the change and continued to utilize the filibuster to combat civil rights and other legislation.



    "Flag," 1949   box 81 | folder 8

    A letter requesting that the United States flag should hold a place of honor as close to the Speaker of the House as possible.



    "Foreign aid," 1949   box 81 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning foreign aid legislation including aid to Spain and Korea.



    "Genocide," 1949   box 81 | folder 10

    A letter requesting support for the ratification of the Genocide Treaty that was adopted by the United Nations.



    "Home rule," 1949   box 81 | folder 11

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 1527) to provide for home rule and reorganization in the District of Columbia.



    "Hoover Report," 1949   box 81 | folder 12

    Correspondence concerning the Hoover Commission Report. The Hoover Commission (Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government), chaired by former President Herbert Hoover, was appointed by President Truman in 1947 to recommend administrative changes in the Federal Government.



    "Housing," 1949   box 82 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning housing legislation including the extension of rent control, federal housing loans for low-income families, and the establishment of the National Housing Act of 1949.



    "Indian patents," 1949   box 82 | folder 2

    A letter from the Tribal Council of the Catawba Indian Tribe of Rock Hill, South Carolina, requesting Senator Maybank's support in opposing legislation (S. 17) concerning Indian land patents.



    "Interstate commerce," 1949   box 82 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning interstate commerce legislation including freight rates, a two-year moratorium on the application of antitrust laws to individual, good faith delivered price systems and freight-absorption practices, rules for carriers, railroad regulation, and the investigation of "subversive" textbooks and teaching material.



    "Judiciary," 1949   box 82 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning legislation to increase the salary of federal judges and legislation (S.1681) to prohibit picketing outside Federal Courts.



    "Labor," 1949   box 82 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning labor legislation including unemployment compensation, communist infiltration of labor unions, coal strikes, labor disputes obstructing interstate and foreign commerce, overtime pay, and the meat packing industry.



    "Labor-minimum wage," 1949   box 82 | folder 6-10

    A substantial amount of correspondence primarily concerned with an amendment to the Fair Labor Standards Act to provide for an increase in the minimum wage to 75 cents.



    "Labor-minimum wage," 1949   box 83 | folder 1-4


    "Labor-minimum wage-Chamber of Commerce," 1949   box 83 | folder 5

    Correspondence from members of the South Carolina Chamber of Commerce concerning the amendment to the Fair Labor Standards Act to provide for an increase in the minimum wage to 75 cents.



    "Labor-minimum wage-dry cleaners and laundry," 1949   box 83 | folder 6

    Correspondence from South Carolina laundry and dry cleaner operators requesting an exemption from the amendment to the Fair Labor Standards Act to provide for an increase in the minimum wage to 75 cents.



    "Labor-minimum wage-farmers," 1949   box 83 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning an amendment to the Fair Labor Standards Act to provide for an increase in the minimum wage to 75 cents and its impact on farmers.



    "Labor-minimum wage-hotels," 1949   box 83 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning an amendment to the Fair Labor Standards Act to provide for an increase in the minimum wage to 75 cents and its impact on hotel operators.



    "Labor-minimum wage-lumber," 1949   box 83 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning an amendment to the Fair Labor Standards Act to provide for an increase in the minimum wage to 75 cents and its impact on the lumber industry.



    "Labor-Taft Hartley Act," 1949   box 84 | folder 1-6

    A substantial amount of correspondence primarily concerning the Taft-Hartley Labor Act. The Taft-Hartley Act (Labor Management Relations Act of 1947) was a law to restrict the activities and power of labor unions. The Taft-Hartley Labor Act was vetoed by President Truman in 1947. However, Congress then voted to override the President's veto. Senator Maybank supported the labor bill. Legislation was then introduced in 1949 to repeal the Labor-Management Relations Act of 1947 and reenact the National Labor Relations act of 1935.


    "Labor-Taft Hartley Act," 1949   box 85


    "Labor-Taft Hartley Act," 1949   box 86 | folder 1-8


    "Legislative," 1949   box 86 | folder 9

    A copy of the regulations for the United States House of Representatives and the summary of the legislative record for the Eighty-First Congress' first session.



    "Library," 1949   box 86 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning increased appropriations (S. 130) for public libraries in South Carolina under the Public Library Demonstration Bill.



    "Lighthouse keepers," 1949   box 86 | folder 11

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 5305) to increase pensions for retired United States Lighthouse Service Employees.



    "Lobbying," 1949   box 87 | folder 1

    A letter from Representative Frank Buchanan, Chairman of the House Select Committee on Lobbying Activities, requesting Senator Maybank's suggestions regarding a study being conducted to investigate lobbying activities intended to influence, encourage, promote, or retard legislation.



    "Maritime," 1949   box 87 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning maritime legislation including funding for the United States Merchant Marine Academy at Kings Point, New York and to provide for United States flag shipping participation in Government-financed cargoes.



    "Marshall Plan," 1949   box 87 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning the European Recovery Program. Also included is a letter containing the report Knowledge of the Marshall Plan in Europe: France, sent by Senator Pat McCarran, Chairman of the Joint Committee on Foreign Economic Cooperation.



    "Medals for minors," 1949   box 87 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 157) authorizing the Attorney General of the United States to recognize and to award to outstanding courageous young Americans a medal for heroism known as the Young American Medal for Bravery.



    "Migratory birds," 1949   box 87 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning the need for better protection for migratory birds.



    "Minerals," 1949   box 87 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning mining and mineral legislation including mineral research and fair payment to contractors extracting strategic mineral resources.



    "Multi-Bill," 1949   box 87 | folder 7

    Correspondence from South Carolina constituents voicing their opinions on a number of pieces of legislation including social security, housing, education, the Taft-Hartley Act, civil rights, the minimum wage, Cowpens Battlefield, socialized medicine, the Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC), rural electrification, and the North Atlantic Pact.



    "National Science Foundation," 1949   box 87 | folder 8

    A letter from Dr. R. F. Poole, President of the Clemson Agricultural College requesting support for the National Science Foundation Bill.



    "Nurses," 1949   box 87 | folder 9

    Correspondence primarily concerning legislation to provide Federal Aid for the education of nurses and other healthcare personnel. Also included are copies of bills concerning hospitals and healthcare.



    "Palestine," 1949   box 87 | folder 10

    A telegram urging support for the partition of Palestine and the creation of a Jewish State.



    "Patents," 1949   box 87 | folder 11

    Correspondence concerning special legislation, introduced by Senator Maybank, to renew and extend a patent for a loom tape selvage motion hanger and bearing granted to Reginald P. Rearden, of Warrenville, South Carolina.



    "Personal relief-Busche, Fritz," 1949   box 87 | folder 12

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 602) for the relief of Fritz Busche for funds confiscated by the United States Government that were frozen due to the advent of a state of war between the United States and Germany.



    "Personal relief-Calcutt, Dolan," 1949   box 87 | folder 13

    Correspondence concerning legislation for the relief of Dolan Calcutt for injuries received by him in an automobile accident in 1943 which involved a Coast Guard truck.



    "Personal relief-Crenshaw, Fred J.," 1949   box 87 | folder 14

    Correspondence concerning legislation for the relief of Fred J. Crenshaw, a private of the Capital Police Force, for expenses and allowances on account of injuries suffered by him in the discharge of his official duties.



    "Personal relief-Foxworth, Oteenin," 1949   box 87 | folder 15

    Correspondence concerning legislation, introduced by Senator Maybank, for the relief of Mrs. Oteein Foxworth, of Marion, South Carolina, for compensation paid to widows of Government enforcement officers who lost their lives as a result of the injuries received in the performance of their duties.



    "Personal relief-Giles, Hazel L.," 1949   box 87 | folder 16

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 1105) for the relief of Hazel L. Giles, of Monroe, North Carolina, for the waiver of an application limitation placed on enlisted members of the armed forces for settlement of and compensation of leave.



    "Personal relief-Lott, Jesse A.," 1949   box 87 | folder 17

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 3234) for the relief of Jesse A. Lott for alleged injuries incurred at the United States Maritime Shipyard in Brunswick, Georgia, on or about May 16. 1918.



    "Personal relief-Massey, Waymon H.," 1949   box 87 | folder 18

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 1025) for the relief of Waymon H. Massey authorizing Mr. Massey to bring suit against the United States in the district court for the Western District of South Carolina for extremely serious injuries received by him while instructing naval aviation cadets under the Students Flight Training Plan of the Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA).



    "Personal relief-Metts, Harry C.," 1949   box 87 | folder 19

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 1075) for the relief of Harry C. Metts, of Summerville, South Carolina, for personal injuries, medical and hospital expenses, and loss of earnings sustained as a result of an accident involving a United States Army vehicle near Summerville, South Carolina on September 15, 1941.



    "Personal relief-Pinkerson, Jack Getty," 1949   box 87 | folder 20

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 2077) for the relief of Jack Getty Pinkerson, of Atlanta, Georgia, who was permanently crippled on November 25, 1942 while carrying a fellow trainee during physical exercises conducted under the Navy V-1 training program. For the purposes of veterans benefits Jack Getty Pinkerson should be considered to have been serving on active duty as a member of the Navy at the time of injury.



    "Personal relief-Shaw, Cole M. and M. M. Hendrix," 1949   box 87 | folder 21

    Correspondence concerning legislation for the relief of Cole M. Shaw and M. M. Hendrix for personal injuries received when a United States Army automobile, being used by two soldiers without permission, was negligently driven into the car in which he was riding on September 30, 1945 about three miles south of Winnsboro, South Carolina and for damage to the automobile of M. M. Hendrix.



    "Personal relief-Stallworth, Margaret McLendon," 1949   box 87 | folder 22

    Correspondence concerning a personal interest in amending the Military Pay Bill so that Reserve Officers, who served less than 8 years active duty (and who were retired not for combat wounds) would continue to receive their retirement pay.



    "Personal relief-Weiner, Goldie," 1949   box 87 | folder 23

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 2061), introduced by Senator Maybank, for the relief of Goldie Weiner, of Columbia, South Carolina, for property damage sustained as a result of an accident involving a United States Army vehicle on February 1, 1944.



    "Postal," 1949   box 87 | folder 24-25

    Correspondence concerning postal legislation including the simplification of procurement, utilization, and disposal of Government property, longevity pay for postmasters, postal rates, the reclassification of postal employees, Federal Works Agency, increased salaries for postal workers, and veteran's preference. Correspondents include Senator Olin D. Johnston (Chairman of the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service).



    "Postal," 1949   box 88 | folder 1-3


    "Price control," 1949   box 88 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning an amendment to authorize the Office of Price Stabilization to intervene in rate increase proposals on behalf of public owned utilities as part of the Defense Production Act of 1950.



    "Public works," 1949   box 88 | folder 5

    A letter requesting support for public works legislation (S. 707) and legislation (S. 64) concerning the Savannah Valley Authority.



    "Questionnaires," 1949   box 88 | folder 6

    A large number of questionnaires concerning South Carolina constituent's views concerning reductions in federal expenditures, the Secretary of Agriculture's farm plan, the National Health Plan, the Federal Housing Program, Federal Aid to Education, the Economic Cooperation Administration (ECA), the North Atlantic Pact, and increased income and pay-roll taxes.



    "Radio," 1949   box 88 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 1973) dealing with reorganizational procedure and practices of the Federal Communication Commission (FCC).



    "Railroad retirement," 1949   box 88 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning legislation to increase the pensions of retired railroad workers.



    "Reorganization plans," 1949   box 88 | folder 9-11

    Correspondence concerning Reorganization Plans 1 and 2. The Hoover Commission (Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government), chaired by former President Herbert Hoover, was appointed by President Truman in 1947 to recommend administrative changes in the Federal Government. Senator Maybank opposed Reorganization Plan 1.



    "Rivers and harbors," 1949   box 89 | folder 1-2

    Correspondence concerning river and harbor legislation including the establishment of a commission to study Arkansas' White and Red River Basin, the Central Arizona project, Waccamaw River, Little River Inlet, Garrison Dam (North Dakota), Winyah Bay, Florida flood control, Ice Harbor Dam (Washington), Yadkin-Pee Dee River, Savannah Valley, Savannah River, Santee River, Missouri River Basin, Edisto River, Lyles-Ford, Mississippi Flood Control, St. Lawrence Seaway project, Oswego Harbor (New York), and Ohio Valley Flood Control.



    "Rivers and harbors-Hartwell Dam," 1949   box 89 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning the Hartwell Dam project on the Savannah River in South Carolina and Georgia. Senator Maybank introduced legislation (S. 64) to establish the Savannah Valley Authority.



    "Rivers and harbors-Port Royal," 1949   box 89 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning an effort to construct a channel from the Atlantic Ocean through Saint Helena Sound or through Port Royal Sound to Beaufort, South Carolina.



    "Rivers and harbors-Shipyard River," 1949   box 89 | folder 5-6

    Correspondence concerning the dredging of the Shipyard Creek in Charleston, South Carolina.



    "Rural Electrification Administration (REA)," 1949   box 90 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 113) to amend the Rural Electrification Act to provide for rural telephones.



    "Selective service," 1949   box 90 | folder 2

    A letter from Senator Leverett Saltonstall, of the Committee on Armed Services, containing a copy of the Interim Study on the Operation of Selective Service and Unification Acts, and a personal letter regarding the drafting of a South Carolina man's son.



    "Small business," 1949   box 90 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 1008) to define the application of the Federal Trade Commission Act and the Clayton Act to certain pricing practices.



    "Socialism," 1949   box 90 | folder 4

    Correspondence in opposition to what correspondents felt was a trend in Federal legislation toward socialist policies.



    "Socialized medicine," 1949   box 90 | folder 5-6

    Correspondence concerning National Health Insurance legislation.



    "Social security," 1949   box 90 | folder 7-8

    Correspondence concerning legislation to expand social security to include self-employed persons and increase benefits.



    "Stamps-Confederate Commemoration," 1949   box 90 | folder 9

    A Resolution introduced by Senator Maybank to authorize the issuance of a special series of stamps commemorative of the Confederate veterans of the War Between the States.



    "Statehood," 1949   box 90 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning legislation for Hawaiian statehood. Hawaii eventually obtained statehood in 1959.



    "States' rights," 1949   box 90 | folder 11

    An article from The News and Courier entitled "Not Sectional But National."



    "Submerged lands," 1949   box 90 | folder 12

    Correspondence concerning a suit pending against the State of Louisiana in the United States Supreme Court involving the title to submerged lands on the coast. Correspondents include Senator Russell B. Long and Senator Allen J. Ellender.



    "Surplus property," 1949   box 90 | folder 13

    Two letters concerning legislation to allow for the donation of excess or surplus Federal Government property to educational and other institutions.



    "Tax," 1949   box 90 | folder 14

    Correspondence concerning tax legislation including social security, income, double taxation of dividends, Federal property, community property tax, and District of Columbia tax.



    "Tax-cooperatives," 1949   box 90 | folder 15

    Correspondence concerning legislation to repeal the tax exemption applied to cooperatives.



    "Tax-excise," 1949   box 91 | folder 1-4

    Correspondence concerning legislation to reduce war-time excise taxes including taxes on amusement, telegrams, telephones, transportation, copper imports, light bulbs, and jewelry. Senator Maybank supported the reduction.



    "Tax-income," 1949   box 91 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning income tax legislation including exemptions for members of the armed services.



    "Tax-oleomargarine," 1949   box 91 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning legislation to repeal the tax on oleomargarine. Senator Maybank had been campaigning vigorously for the repeal since 1944.



    "Tax-poll tax," 1949   box 91 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning legislation to repeal the poll tax. Senator Maybank vigorously opposed the legislation on the basis of States' Rights. Correspondents include Senator Spessard L. Holland of the Senate Committee on Public Works.



    "Trade agreements," 1949   box 92 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning the extension of the Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act for another three years. The Act provided for the negotiation of tariff agreements between the United States and separate nations. The Act served as an institutional reform intended to authorize the president to negotiate with foreign nations to reduce tariffs in return for reciprocal reductions in tariffs in the United States. Senator Maybank supported the legislation.



    "Uniform Code of Military Justice," 1949   box 92 | folder 2

    A copy of legislation (H.R. 4080) to unify, consolidate, revise, and codify the Articles of War, the Articles for the Government of the Navy, and the disciplinary laws of the Coast Guard, and to enact and establish a Uniform Code of Military Justice.



    "United Nations," 1949   box 92 | folder 3

    Correspondence from the Charleston chapter of United World Federalists requesting support of a Senate Resolution favoring the strengthening of the United Nations and its development into a world federation.



    "United States Employment Service (USES)," 1949   box 92 | folder 4

    A letter containing a resolution from the South Carolina Chapter of the International Association for Public Employment Services opposing the transfer of the United States Employment Service (USES) from the United States Department of Labor to the Federal Security Agency.



    "Universal Declaration of Human Rights," 1949   box 92 | folder 5

    A letter requesting support for the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as adopted by the United Nations General Assembly.



    "Veterans," 1949   box 92 | folder 6-7

    Correspondence concerning veterans' legislation including officer's pay, G.I. Bill, pension bonus, World War I veterans' pension, educational benefits for children of veterans, the veterans administration expansion program, veterans hospitals, automobiles for blind World War II veterans, amputees of World War I, veterans insurance, veterans credit bill, the creation of a World Wars Memorial, veterans preference act, creation of a Spanish-American War Memorial, and increased pension for Spanish-American War veterans.



    "Veterans-flight training," 1949   box 92 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 2596) to include aviation training as a part of the Servicemen's Act. Senator Maybank supported the legislation.



    "Vivisection," 1949   box 92 | folder 9

    Correspondence written in opposition to vivisection and legislation (S. 1703) to allow for the use of unclaimed dogs at pounds in the District of Columbia to be made available to laboratories for scientific purposes.



    "War Claims Commission," 1949   box 92 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning legislation to include Filipino citizens in the War Claims Act.



    "Wheat agreement," 1949   box 92 | folder 11

    A letter from the President of the South Carolina Farm Bureau requesting support for the ratification of a new International Wheat Agreement.



    "World calendar," 1949   box 92 | folder 12

    Correspondence written in opposition to legislation (S. 1415) (known as the Blank-Day Bill) to standardize the calendar.


    1950



    "Alcoholic beverages," 1950   box 92 | folder 13-15

    Correspondence concerning legislation (S. 1837) to prohibit interstate transportation of advertisements of alcoholic beverages by newspapers, radio, television, film, periodical, or other means.



    "Antitrust," 1950   box 93 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning an anti-trust case against the Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company (A&P) to declare a monopoly and breakup the company into several divisions.



    "Appropriations," 1950   box 93 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning the general appropriation of federal funds. Included is a breakdown of appropriations for Independent Offices.



    "Appropriations-agriculture," 1950   box 93 | folder 3-4

    Correspondence concerning agriculture and forestry legislation including terminal markets, cleaner corn meal for consumers, a federal charter for the Future Farmers of America, government timber services to the public, soybeans, surplus commodities for humanitarian aid, control of the Spruce Beetle, peanuts, and oat loans. Also included are general budgetary statements of the United States Department of Agriculture for 1951.



    "Appropriations-agriculture-acreage," 1950   box 93 | folder 5

    A telegram requesting support for legislation (S. 3399) to authorize the Secretary of Agriculture to cooperate with the States to enable them to provide technical services to private forest landowners.



    "Appropriations-agriculture-army meat," 1950   box 93 | folder 6

    A letter requesting support for an amendment to appropriations legislation under which meat supplies required by the United States Army would be required to be purchased in the United States.



    "Appropriations-agriculture-Brannan Plan," 1950   box 93 | folder 7

    A letter requesting support in opposing the "Brannan Plan" which was designed to lower prices by allowing prices to reach their natural level in the competitive market without Government support.



    "Appropriations-agriculture-commodity credit," 1950   box 93 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning amendments to the Commodity Credit Corporation Bill. Correspondents include Senator Edward J. Thye (Committee on Agriculture and Forestry) and Warren G. Magnuson (Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce).



    "Appropriations-agriculture-forestry," 1950   box 93 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for Forest Products Research investigations.



    "Appropriations-agriculture-generating plant," 1950   box 93 | folder 10

    A letter containing an application for loan funds to finance a generating plant to address the power shortage in Utah.



    "Appropriations-agriculture-livestock," 1950   box 93 | folder 11

    A letter from Senator J. W. Fulbright requesting support for legislation to appropriate funds for the Arkansas livestock Market News Service and two letters requesting support for legislation (S. 1821) to protect animals, in transit, from cruelty.



    "Appropriations-agriculture-Rural Electrification Administration (REA)," 1950   box 93 | folder 12

    Correspondence concerning the appropriation of funds for Rural Electrification Administration (REA) projects.



    "Appropriations-agriculture-school lunch," 1950   box 93 | folder 13

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for a federally assisted meal program to provide low-cost or free lunches to school children. Though the program began long before, President Truman officially signed the National School Lunch Act in 1946. Senator Maybank was one of the primary sponsors of the program.



    "Appropriations-agriculture-seed laboratory," 1950   box 93 | folder 14

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the construction of a seed laboratory at Clemson College. Correspondents include Dr. R. F. Poole, the President of the Clemson Agricultural College.



    "Appropriations-agriculture-subsidies," 1950   box 93 | folder 15

    Correspondence concerning legislation to provide agricultural subsidies for farmers.



    "Appropriations-air force," 1950   box 93 | folder 16

    A telegram requesting the consideration of civil contract overhaul facilities for air force appropriations.



    "Appropriations-Air National Guard," 1950   box 93 | folder 17

    Senator Maybank's acknowledgement of a letter received from Major General E. A. Walsh, the President of the National Guard Association of the United States.



    "Appropriations-air navigation," 1950   box 93 | folder 18

    A letter requesting support for appropriations for air navigation facilities in the 1951 budget.



    "Appropriations-airport extension," 1950   box 93 | folder 19

    A telegram and letter requesting support for the Airport Aid Extension Bill (S. 2875).



    "Appropriations-aliens in office," 1950   box 93 | folder 20

    A letter from Senators Theodore Francis Green and Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., of the Committee on Foreign Relations, requesting the consideration of a report recommending that alien employees in State Department installations abroad be replaced with American employees.



    "Appropriations-anti-deficiency," 1950   box 93 | folder 21

    A telegram requesting support for an appropriation bill to exempt grants for public assistance and for matching administrative funds from the anti-deficiency provisions of the bill.



    "Appropriations-beef purchase," 1950   box 93 | folder 22

    Correspondence written in opposition to an amendment to allow for the purchase of Mexican beef for procurement by the Quartermaster of the Army for United States troops.



    "Appropriations-Budget Bureau," 1950   box 93 | folder 23

    A letter from Representative Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr. requesting Senator Maybank's opinion on his experience with item veto in budget-making as a governor and a telegram requesting an estimate from the Bureau of Budget regarding Senate Bill 2317.



    "Appropriations-cancer research," 1950   box 93 | folder 24

    Correspondence requesting appropriations for the National Cancer Institute.



    "Appropriations-cerebral palsy," 1950   box 93 | folder 25

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for cerebral palsy research and the construction of a new Children's Rehabilitation Institute in Cockeysville, Maryland.



    "Appropriations-China," 1950   box 93 | folder 26

    Correspondence requesting appropriations to supply anti-communist guerillas on mainland China with jet planes and other military equipment and the recognition of Communist China by Great Britain.



    "Appropriations-Clarks Hill," 1950   box 93 | folder 27

    A letter concerning the reduction of appropriations for the Clarks Hill Dam project.



    "Appropriations-Coast Guard," 1950   box 93 | folder 28

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for Coast Guard Reserve training.



    "Appropriations-colleges," 1950   box 93 | folder 29

    A letter from the President of the Meharry Medical College of Nashville, Tennessee, requesting support for federal aid.



    "Appropriations-Columbia Valley," 1950   box 93 | folder 30

    A letter containing a pamphlet outlining the Congress of Industrial Organizations' (CIO) position on the development of the Columbia Valley and the Pacific Northwest.



    "Appropriations-Congaree River," 1950   box 93 | folder 31

    A copy of a forward and response from Senator Maybank concerning a constituent desiring to take part in a hearing concerning the Congaree Conservation District.



    "Appropriations-day care center," 1950   box 93 | folder 32

    A letter from a resident of Washington, D.C., requesting support for appropriations to Day Care Centers.



    "Appropriations-dealer participation plan," 1950   box 93 | folder 33

    A telegram from members of the Southeastern Lupine Processors Association requesting support for the Dealer Participation Plan.



    "Appropriations-defense," 1950   box 93 | folder 34

    A statement of the Retired Officers Association before the Department of Defense Subcommittee of the Senate Appropriations Committee on the Department of Defense Appropriation Bill for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1951.



    "Appropriations-dental," 1950   box 93 | folder 35

    A letter from a member of the South Carolina Dental Association requesting support for appropriations to fund the creation of a National Institute of Dental Research.



    "Appropriations-depreciation of war plants," 1950   box 93 | folder 36

    A letter from a constituent requesting Senator Maybank's opinion on legislation to provide for the rapid depreciation of war plants and equipment. The provision would permit taxpayers to write off for tax purposes the cost of war production facilities.



    "Appropriations-Dewey Reservoir," 1950   box 93 | folder 37

    An acknowledgement of the receipt of a letter from United States Representative Carl D. Perkins concerning appropriations for the Dewey Reservoir.



    "Appropriations-district school budget," 1950   box 93 | folder 38

    A letter from a member of a Washington, D.C., Elementary School's Parent Teacher Association (PTA) requesting support for the District Schools Budget for the 1951 fiscal year.



    "Appropriations-Drew Pearson article," 1950   box 93 | folder 39

    An acknowledgement of a letter concerning an article regarding the Appropriations Committee swearing Drew Pearson to secrecy and then Pearson disclosing what was said in the secret meeting.



    "Appropriations-Economic Cooperation Administration (ECA)," 1950   box 94 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning Federal appropriations sent to European countries. Also included are reports and documents concerning a Special Economic Cooperation Administration (ECA) mission to Greece including a report regarding vehicles operated by the Joint Administrative Services in Greece. Senator Maybank was vocal in his support of reductions to appropriations for the Economic Cooperation Administration (ECA).



    "Appropriations-education," 1950   box 94 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning education appropriations including vocational education, school construction and maintenance, education for children in European areas occupied by the United States, schools in war impacted areas, and support for local school programs.



    "Appropriations-far eastern trip," 1950   box 94 | folder 3

    A report concerning a late 1949 Committee on Appropriations trip to the Far East sponsored by the Secretary of Defense.



    "Appropriations-Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)," 1950   box 94 | folder 4

    A letter requesting support for additional appropriations for the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). The correspondent is stanchly anti-communist and urges the need to create internment camps for communists in the United States.



    "Appropriations-federal employees," 1950   box 94 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning a 10 percent reduction in force for federal employees, retirement for civil service employees, and an amendment to preserve the equities of permanent classified civil service employees.



    "Appropriations-federal employees-leave," 1950   box 94 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning appropriations legislation to reduce the annual and sick leave of Federal Employees.



    "Appropriations-federal employees-meat inspectors," 1950   box 95 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning a reduction in Federal meat inspection appropriations and personnel.



    "Appropriations-federal mediation and conciliation service," 1950   box 95 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning a reduction in appropriations for the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service.



    "Appropriations-fish and wildlife," 1950   box 95 | folder 3

    A letter from the National Fisheries Institute in Washington, D.C., in opposition to appropriations for the proposed Ice Harbor Dam on the Snake River (Washington) which the Institute believes will result in the destruction of salmon and other fisheries of the Columbia River System and a resolution passed by the Southeastern Association of Game and Fish Commissioners requesting support for legislation to provide Federal Aid to the States for fish restoration and management projects. Also included is a letter requesting support for the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission.



    "Appropriations-flood control," 1950   box 95 | folder 4

    A letter from Idaho Representative Compton I. White requesting support for the flood control program on the Clark Fork and Kootenai Rivers in Western Montana and Northern Idaho.



    "Appropriations-foot and mouth disease," 1950   box 95 | folder 5

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the construction of a foot and mouth disease laboratory on Prudence Island, Rhode Island.



    "Appropriations-forestry," 1950   box 95 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for forest products research and forest roads and trail maintenance.



    "Appropriations-Formosa," 1950   box 95 | folder 7

    A letter from the Chairman of the Maryland Committee for Representative Government requesting support for appropriations providing United States military and economic assistance to Formosa for defense purposes.



    "Appropriations-general services," 1950   box 95 | folder 8

    A letter from an attorney for the Alaska Native Brotherhood requesting the deletion from the General Services Administration section of the appropriations bill of the proviso limiting projects in Alaska to those which the Secretary of Defense certifies as being of value in connection with national defense. Alaska did not obtain statehood until 1959.



    "Appropriations-Hartwell Dam," 1950   box 95 | folder 9

    A response to a letter from former South Carolina Senator Wilton E. Hall regarding a clarification of the appropriations for the Hartwell Dam Project.



    "Appropriations-highways," 1950   box 95 | folder 10

    Correspondence concerning an amendment proposed by Senator Maybank to the Federal-Aid Road Act to expand the definition of "bridge" to accommodate for improvements made to the Johns Island Bridge.



    "Appropriations-hospital," 1950   box 95 | folder 11

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the Hospital Survey and Construction Program.



    "Appropriations-housing," 1950   box 95 | folder 12

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the Public Housing Administration (PHA).



    "Appropriations-Interstate Commerce Committee (ICC)," 1950   box 95 | folder 13

    A letter from the Traffic Manager of the Transportation Rate Service in Charleston, South Carolina, concerning reductions in the appropriations for the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC).



    "Appropriations-Indian affairs," 1950   box 95 | folder 14

    A letter from the Association on American Indian Affairs concerning the elimination of all appropriations for the Bureau of Indian Affairs' activities in the state of California and a letter written in opposition to the passage of any legislation that would violate Native American Treaty Rights.



    "Appropriations-interior," 1950   box 95 | folder 15

    Correspondence concerning Interior appropriations including watershed protection, White Pine Blister Rust Control, power plants, National Parks, protection of the Dwarf Key Deer of Florida, and the Bureau of Mines.



    "Appropriations-internal revenue," 1950   box 95 | folder 16

    A telegram requesting support in opposing reduction in force as it applies to the Bureau of Internal Revenue.



    "Appropriations-justice," 1950   box 95 | folder 17

    A letter requesting increased appropriations for the Bureau of Narcotics of the United States Department of Justice.



    "Appropriations-labor," 1950   box 95 | folder 18

    Correspondence requesting additional appropriations for the National Labor Relations Board and a telegram from the Congress of Industrial Organizations in the State of South Carolina requesting support for appropriations for the Senate subcommittee on Labor Management Relations.



    "Appropriations-Langley Field power supply," 1950   box 95 | folder 19

    A letter from Senator A. Willis Robertson, of the Committee on Appropriations, concerning appropriations for the construction of a transmission line from Buggs Island to Langley Field, Virginia.



    "Appropriations-maritime," 1950   box 95 | folder 20

    Correspondence concerning maritime appropriations including maritime training at the United States Merchant Marine Academy in King's Point, New York, shipping subsidies, and Merchant Marine cadet allowances.



    "Appropriations-Marshall Plan," 1950   box 95 | folder 21

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the Marshall Plan and the Four Point Program.



    "Appropriations-medical," 1950   box 95 | folder 22

    Correspondence concerning medical appropriations including the National Cancer Institute, the National Institute On Neurological Diseases and Blindness, mental health research and training, the United States Public Health Service, optometrists, water research, and grants to South Carolina health projects.



    "Appropriations-military," 1950   box 95 | folder 23

    Correspondence concerning military appropriations including Parris Island, airline subsidies, the Air Force, renegotiation of military contracts, rifle range practice, the United States Soldiers Home, and funding for reserve personnel.



    "Appropriations-National Gallery of Art," 1950   box 95 | folder 24

    A copy of a letter sent to Senator Joseph C. O'Mahoney concerning a request for additional appropriations on behalf of the Trustees of the National Gallery of Art.



    "Appropriations-National Guard," 1950   box 95 | folder 25

    Correspondence concerning an increase in appropriations for the National Guard.



    "Appropriations-navy," 1950   box 95 | folder 26

    Correspondence concerning navy appropriations including the Bureau of Ships, anti-submarine defense, and Navy sewage facilities in Newport, Rhode Island.



    "Appropriations-Patent Office," 1950   box 95 | folder 27

    Correspondence concerning a reduction in appropriations for the United States Patent Office.



    "Appropriations-Post Office and Treasury," 1950   box 96 | folder 1-2

    Correspondence primarily concerning the impact of the reduction in force on postal workers and the curtailment of postal services. Senator Maybank served as Chairman of the Post Office and Treasury Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations.



    "Appropriations-railroad subsidies," 1950   box 96 | folder 3

    A letter from B. M. Edwards, Chairman of the Board and President of the South Carolina National Bank, concerning comments made by Senator Maybank on Federal Government subsidies to Railroads. Also included is Senator Maybank's response and justification for his comments.



    "Appropriations-Science Foundation," 1950   box 96 | folder 4

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the National Science Foundation (NSF).



    "Appropriations-Secret Service," 1950   box 96 | folder 5

    A letter from a former Secret Service agent requesting support for appropriations for the Secret Service.



    "Appropriations-senate office space," 1950   box 96 | folder 6

    A letter from Senator Dennis Chavez, Chairman of the Senate Office Building Commission, concerning the construction of a new Senate Office building and Senator Maybank's current office situation.



    "Appropriations-Soil Conservation Service," 1950   box 96 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning additional appropriations for the Soil Conservation Service.



    "Appropriations-Southeastern Power Company," 1950   box 96 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning reductions in appropriations for the Southwestern and Southeastern Power Administrations.



    "Appropriations-Spain," 1950   box 96 | folder 9

    Correspondence concerning a United States loan to Spain. Senator Maybank supported the agreement, but the correspondence is in opposition due to the treatment of Spanish protestants by the Franco regime.



    "Appropriations-State Department," 1950   box 96 | folder 10

    A letter requesting support for appropriations to the State Department for the Voice of America and other informational programs promoting the "truth" about America in foreign lands.



    "Appropriations-subsidies," 1950   box 96 | folder 11

    A letter containing a copy of a statement made before the Senate Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce pursuant to Senate Resolution 50, Subsidized Commercial Air Transport Competition, by the Association of American Railroads on behalf of the railroad industry. Senator Maybank opposed widespread subsidies.



    "Appropriations-Tennessee," 1950   box 96 | folder 12

    Correspondence from Representative John E. Rankin concerning support for an amendment to the Civil Functions Appropriation Bill to provide funds for the construction of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Inland Waterway. The waterway would provide an extra route to strengthen traffic from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico. Representative Rankin viewed the waterway as vital for national defense.



    "Appropriations-unemployment," 1950   box 96 | folder 13

    A letter from Senator A. Willis Robertson, of the Committee on Appropriations, requesting Senator Maybank voice his objection to Senate Bill 3257 concerning a number of generous benefits to those receiving unemployment compensation. Senator Maybank indicated that he would object to the bill if it was brought up.



    "Appropriations-veteran's services," 1950   box 96 | folder 14

    Correspondence concerning appropriations for the Veterans Employment Service. Senator Maybank indicated that he would continue to make an effort to maintain the service.



    "Appropriations-war plants," 1950   box 96 | folder 15

    A letter from the Research, Planning and Development Board for the State of South Carolina requesting information on the possible construction of new war plants in South Carolina.



    "Armed services," 1950   box 96 | folder 16

    Correspondence concerning armed services legislation including the Uniform Code of Military Justice, the Investigation and Adjustment Board of the Military Services Act of 1948, leave credit, universal disarmament, draft increase, inclusion of an Air Reserve Officers Training Corps at colleges having Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) units, drafting trained physicians, servicemen's allotment, commissions for male nurses, enlistment periods, reserve officer training, and the creation of a Federal civil defense program. Also included is a copy of a report entitled Industrial Mobilization Program by the Munitions Board of the Department of Defense.



    "Atlantic Union," 1950   box 96 | folder 17

    Correspondence concerning the Atlantic Union Resolution which proposed to unite the world's leading democratic nations into a federal union.



    "Atomic weapons," 1950   box 96 | folder 18

    A letter from the Executive Secretary of the National Council for Prevention of War concerning speeches given by Senators Brien McMahon and Millard E. Tydings.



    "Banking and currency," 1950   box 97 | folder 1-3

    Correspondence concerning legislation brought before the Committee on Banking and Currency including the ownership and sale of gold, an amendment to the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, an amendment to the National Housing Act, the Home Loan Bank Board, income of small business corporations, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), the Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC), rent control, the Securities Exchange Act, bank holding companies, veteran housing, loan to Spain, housing conditions in the South, Bank Conversion Bill, the War Damage Corporation, Capital Bank Corporations, and the National Housing Act of 1949. Senator Maybank served as Chairman of the Senate Committee on Banking and Currency.



    "Bills-introduced by Senator Maybank," 1950   box 97 | folder 4

    Copies of legislation introduced by Senator Maybank in 1950.



    "Bills-number only," 1950   box 97 | folder 5

    A telegram requesting support for S. 1978 and a petition requesting support for Senate Resolution Number 260.



    "Bills-summary," 1950   box 97 | folder 6

    A summary of the Legislative Record for the Eighty-First Congress, Second Session. Also included is the Digest of Public General Bills introduced from August 1 to August 31, 1950. The summary and digest provide descriptions of bills introduced during that time.



    "Budget," 1950   box 97 | folder 7

    Correspondence concerning the President's 1951 budget and the need for a balanced budget. Included are several charts and reports.



    "Business colleges," 1950   box 97 | folder 8

    Correspondence concerning legislation providing for the training of veterans at business colleges under the G. I. Bill of Rights.



    "Calendar," 1950   box 97 | folder 9

    A list detailing the status of legislation appearing on the Senate Calendar as of July 5, 1950.



    "Civil rights and segregation," 1950   box 98 | folder 1

    Letters written in opposition to President Truman's Civil Rights Program and two letters written in opposition to the desegregation of the armed services. Also included is the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People's (NAACP) annual report for 1950 entitled Civil Rights at Mid-Century.



    "Committees," 1950   box 98 | folder 2

    A listing of Senate committee assignments and the subcommittee schedule for the House of Representatives Committee on Appropriations. Senator Maybank served on the Senate Banking and Currency (Chairman) and Appropriations Committees.



    "Communism," 1950   box 98 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning the "Mundt-Ferguson-Johnston Bill" which would require the registration of all Communist organizations in the United States. Also included is the Annual Report of the Committee on Un-American Activities for 1949. Senator Maybank was a strong supporter of the "Mundt" anti-communist bill, however, he disapproved of charges brought forth by people like Senator Joseph McCarthy.



    "Constitution Day," 1950   box 98 | folder 4

    A letter from General Charles P. Summerall, President of the Citadel, requesting support for legislation (H.R. 7132) to establish Constitution Day as a legal holiday on September 17th.



    "Cowpens Battleground," 1950   box 98 | folder 5

    Two letters requesting support for legislation to establish Cowpens Battleground into a National Military Park. Senator Maybank supported the legislation.



    "Customs," 1950   box 98 | folder 6

    Correspondence concerning the proposed Customs Simplification Act of 1950.



    "Defense," 1950   box 98 | folder 7

    Correspondence primarily concerning the Defense Production Act of 1950. Senator Maybank supported the act. The act was a response to the outbreak of the Korean War and the need to mobilize the countries defense infrastructure and the regulation of wage and price controls. Also included is a copy of a document entitled United States Civil Defense produced by the National Security Resources Board of the Executive Office of the President.



    "Displaced persons," 1950   box 98 | folder 8-9

    Correspondence concerning legislation (H.R. 4567) to amend the Displaced Persons Act of 1948 to increase the number admitted to the United States and remove discriminatory provisions.



    "Economy in government," 1950   box 98 | folder 10-11

    Correspondence concerning Federal Government expenditures and the need for a balanced budget. Senator Maybank assured constituents that he would use his best efforts to cut taxes while at the same time reduce expenditures.



    "Education," 1950   box 98 | folder 12

    Correspondence concerning Federal Aid to Education. Senator Maybank supported the legislation provided that the funds would be distributed by the State.



    "Electoral College," 1950   box 99 | folder 1

    Correspondence concerning a resolution to abolish the electoral college system and implement a proportional electoral system. Senator Mabank stated that it was "the first break the South had had since the two-thirds rule had been abolished in Philadelphia in 1936." Correspondents include Senator Homer Ferguson of the Senate Committee on Appropriations.



    "Equal Rights," 1950   box 99 | folder 2

    Correspondence concerning the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA). A proposed amendment to the United States Constitution designed to guarantee equal rights for women.



    "Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC)," 1950   box 99 | folder 3

    Correspondence concerning legislation to establish a permanent Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC). Originally established during World War II to combat racial discrimination in defense industries, the FEPC met strong opposition, particularly in the South, when legislation was proposed to create a permanent Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC). Senator Maybank vigorously opposed the FEPC and participated in filibusters on the Senate floor to combat the legislation. Also included is a copy of The Negro Journal of Industry for February 1950.


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