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Inventory of the Drayton Papers, 1701-2004
Inventory of the Drayton Papers, 1701-2004
|Abstract:||Diaries, ledgers, correspondence, inventories, plats, sketches, architectural drawings of John Drayton, Charles Drayton I-III, James Glen, Charlotta Drayton, Mary Middleton Drayton and others, relating mainly to affairs at Drayton Hall and other family plantations. Collection also includes artwork, reflections on eighteenth century literature, deeds, newspaper clippings and photographs.|
|Physical Description:||17 linear feet
(2 cartons, 9 document boxes, 3 slim document boxes, 11 flat boxes, 6 oversize flat boxes, 1 oversize flat file, 1 rolled chart)
|Repository:||Special Collections, College of Charleston Libraries
66 George Street
Charleston, SC 29424
Phone: (843) 953-8016
Fax: (843) 953-6319
|Call Number:||Mss 0152|
|Language of Material:||Materials predominantly in English; receipts in Portuguese; book and newspaper clippings in Spanish; medical thesis in Latin.|
Biographical and Historical Note
The Draytons were one of South Carolina's foremost families during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The branch referred to herein established a plantation home named Drayton Hall, around 1738, fourteen miles from Charleston. The mansion is considered one of the finest examples of Palladian architecture in the United States and has the rare distinction in South Carolina of surviving both the Revolutionary War and the Civil War.
John Drayton (1715-1779), the builder of Drayton Hall, married four times. His second marriage produced William Henry Drayton (1742-1779), an outspoken patriot and member of the Second Continental Congress (1778-1779). In 1784, another son, Charles Drayton I (1743-1820), acquired Drayton Hall. Charles I was succeeded by two further generations of "Charles Draytons": Charles II (1785-1844) and Charles III (1814-1852). By the Civil War (1861-1865), Dr. John Drayton (1831-1912) and his brother Thomas Drayton (1828-1867) were Drayton Hall's tenants-in-common. In 1883, Drayton Hall passed to their nephew, Charles H. Drayton (1847-1915). At Charles' death, the estate was divided between his wife and three heirs. Charles' daughter Charlotta Drayton (1884-1969) outlived her fellow inheritors and shortly after her own death, ownership of Drayton Hall devolved to her nephews Charles Drayton and Francis Drayton. In 1974, they transferred the property to The National Trust for Historic Preservation.
Drayton Hall was the centerpiece of the Drayton's vast network of estates stretching well beyond Charleston County to the Edisto and Wateree Rivers, and also into Georgia, Kentucky, and Texas. On these plantations, slaves cultivated rice, indigo, cotton and other crops. John Drayton's extensive holdings - in land and slaves - diminished gradually over subsequent generations and by the Civil War most of the plantations had been sold. Beginning in the 1870s, Drayton Hall was extensively strip mined for phosphates and by the early twentieth century Drayton Hall ceased to be a working plantation. Today, The National Trust for Historic Preservation owns, operates and preserves the site, and also interprets the grounds for visitors.
The vast majority of the collection concerns the Drayton family and South Carolina, for instance, the Proprietary and Royal Land Grants to Thomas and John Drayton (1701-1765). The collection includes medical journals (1777-1781) and diaries (1784-1820) of Charles Drayton I ("Carolus"), as well as correspondence (1721-1883) of John Drayton, Charles Drayton I, II and III, Mary Middleton Drayton, Thomas Henry Middleton Drayton, and Dr. John Drayton on plantation affairs, politics, bills, debts and family news. Included are plats (1755-1882) from surveys of Drayton Hall, Drayton's Cowpen, Bob Savannah, Jehossee, and Tuxpan, Mexico. The Notes sub-series (1755-1885) includes plantation matters (crop cultivation, slave inventories and "plantation rules,") horticulture, education, literature and medicine. Also included are plantation log books (1844 and 1850) for Drayton Hall. There are 21 watercolors by George Edwards (circa 1733) and sketches of Drayton Hall and Charleston Custom's House. Included are stereoviews (1870-1879) and photographs (1890-1874) of Drayton Hall and family members. Among the family deeds (1762-1969) is William Henry Drayton and Dorothy Golightly's marriage settlement (1764). The collection's newspapers (1791-1885) include Civil War and family news from the Charleston Evening News,Charleston Mercury, and Charleston Courier. There are genealogical records including two extensive Drayton family charts. The collection also includes the National Trust's administrative papers since it began ownership of Drayton Hall in 1975.
Arranged in three series by request of the National Trust for Historic Preservation:
|1.||Drayton family papers, accessioned before 1970|
|2.||Drayton family papers, accessioned after 1970|
|3.||Drayton Hall administrative archives|
Series 1 and Series 2 are distinguished by accession date (before or after 1970). Both relate to eighteenth to twentieth century affairs at Drayton Hall and have somewhat similar content, for example, land grants, plats, and correspondence. Series 3 includes only materials created or collected by the National Trust relating to Drayton Hall.
Series 1 encompasses family papers accessioned before 1970. This series forms the bulk of the collection and relates to matters on Drayton plantations and elsewhere from 1701. This series is ordered by sub-series: diaries; correspondence; notes; artwork; oversize.
Series 2 encompasses family papers accessioned after 1970. This series is ordered by sub-series: land and legal; correspondence; artwork; visual materials; genealogy; miscellaneous publications; miscellaneous.
Series 3 encompasses Drayton Hall's administrative papers, as well as media reports and research studies of the site. It is ordered by sub-series: National Trust lease records, lease correspondence, and media reports; minutes, reports, and memoranda; maps, plats, and design drawings; miscellaneous Drayton family research materials; promotional material and miscellaneous newspaper clippings; Drayton Hall property research.
Search TermsThe following terms have been used to index this collection in the Library's online catalog. They are grouped by name of person, family, or organization, by topical subject, by place, and by types of material.
- Drayton family
- Drayton, John, ca. 1715-1779
- Glen, James, 1701-1777
- Drayton, Carolus
- Drayton, William Henry, 1742-1779
- Manigault, Charlotte Drayton, 1781-1855
- Drayton, Charles, 1785-1844
- Drayton, Mary Middleton Shoolbred, 1794-1855
- Drayton, Charles, 1814-1852
- Drayton, James Shoolbred, 1820-1867
- Drayton, Thomas Henry Middleton, 1828-1867
- Drayton, John, 1831-1912
- Drayton, Charles Henry, 1847-1915
- Drayton, Charlotta D., 1884-1969
- Drayton Hall (Organization)
- National Trust for Historic Preservation in the United States
- Plantation life--South Carolina--Drayton Hall--History
- Plantation life--South Carolina--Charleston County--History--18th century
- Plantation life--South Carolina--Charleston County--History--19th century
- Plantations--South Carolina--Charleston County--History
- Slavery--South Carolina--Charleston County--History
- African Americans--South Carolina--Drayton Hall--History
- Rice--South Carolina--Charleston County--History
- Drayton Hall (S.C.)--History
- Charleston District (S.C.)--History
- Charleston County (S.C.)--History
Types of Material
- Journals (accounts)
- Letters (correspondence)
- Ledgers (account books)
- Works of art
- Watercolors (paintings)
- Architectural drawings (visual works)
- Land grants
- Plats (maps)
- Manuscript maps
- Legal documents
- Clippings (information artifacts)
- Stereographic photographs
- Slides (photographs)
- Genealogical tables
- Administrative records
See also: Drayton family papers, 1837-1869, South Carolina Historical Society, Charleston, S.C.
Detailed Description of the CollectionClose All | Open All
1. Drayton family papers, accessioned before 1970, 1701-1885
Encompassing materials accessioned before 1970, this series forms the bulk of the Drayton Papers and relates to matters on Drayton plantations and elsewhere from 1701. This series is ordered by sub-series: diaries; correspondence; notes; artwork; oversize.
Handwritten notes concerning travel from Pennsylvania, overland to Charleston, South Carolina. Notes written on the pages of the Pennsylvania Almanac.
Includes day-to-day management of Drayton plantations, (particularly Drayton Hall, Jehossee and Bob Savannah), focusing on crops, livestock, labor, and the movement of these between estates. The birth of Charles Drayton II, and the death of Hester Middleton Drayton are mentioned. References are made to runaway slaves and incidents of overseers being drunk and abusive to the enslaved. Includes record of journey to Columbia to attend the South Carolina Constitution Convention. No entries, circa 1786-1788.
Includes day-to-day management of Drayton plantations, (particularly Drayton Hall, Jehossee and Long Savannah), focusing on crops, livestock, labor, and the movement of these between estates. Charles describes (in brief) meeting and dining with President George Washington, receiving plant specimens from Thomas Jefferson, a visit from Andre Michaux, the winding up of Bob Savannah plantation, lease of plantation on the Wateree River, abuse of slaves, sending slaves from Drayton Hall to reside at Jehossee, family deaths, division of the deceased's estates and family acrimony.
Includes day-to-day management of Drayton plantations, (particularly Drayton Hall and Jehossee), focusing on crops, livestock, labor, and the movement of these between estates. Includes details on the unsatisfactory work of overseers, marriage of Charlotte Drayton, building of a new barn and slave houses, slave deaths from snake/spider bites and lightning strikes.
Includes descriptions of towns including: Baltimore MD, Wilmington DE, Albany N.Y., Washington D.C., Raleigh and Fayetteville, N.C. Information is also given on countryside, roads, buildings, bridges, agriculture, and flora. Attention is given to architectural features throughout. Included are occasional sketches and descriptions of estates, including William Hamilton's The Woodlands and the "Palace of the President" [White House] (especially the interior), and the Capitol buildings. Drayton travels part-way with Eli Whitney (1765-1825), creator of the cotton gin.
Includes day-to-day management of Drayton plantations, (particularly Drayton Hall and Jehossee), focusing on crops, livestock, labor, and the movement of these between estates. Included are details on inland rice cultivation; various cotton gins (occasionally with sketches); other local plantations; problems with poachers, overseers, and slaves (who are running away and attacking whites).
Account of a journey through South Carolina, travelling from Drayton Hall to the north western portion of the State. Included are descriptions of plantations, crop production, agricultural implements, towns, lodgings and the University of South Carolina.
Concerns day-to-day management of Drayton plantations, (particularly Drayton Hall and Jehossee), focusing on crops, livestock, labor, and the movement of these between estates.
Concerns day-to-day management of Drayton plantations, (particularly Drayton Hall, Jehossee, Bob Savannah), focusing on crops, livestock, labor, and the movement of these between estates. Occasional references to abuse of slaves, runaway slaves, renovations to Drayton Hall mansion and problems with overseers.
Includes details of ailments, treatments and outcomes. Indexed by patient.
Correspondence of John Drayton, James Glen, Charles Drayton I, II and III, Mary Middleton Drayton, and many others, organized chronologically.
Regarding Sheppard's attempts to sell Ann's produce in Charles Town; salt purchased by Dr Hutchinson; the transportation of Ann's leather.
Three bonds belonging to the recently deceased Ann Drayton, found by John Drayton amongst the papers of his father Thomas Drayton, d. 1724 (Ann's husband). Bonds relate to passage of foreign Protestants.
Regarding John Drayton's account and bill for 1757. Expenses include buckles, rice delivery, and buttons.
Advising Wright (Lieutenant Governor of Georgia) that William Drayton had called recently asking to whom Wright had left a recent payment of 360 pounds and conveying that John Drayton wishes to apply for the money so that he can pay his bill to Mr. Guerard, Mr. Nutt being unwilling to "advance any money."
Regarding an unpaid bill sent to him from John Watson on behalf of Mr. Izzard. The bill was originally enclosed but not found here. Wright is confused by the charge.
Concerning a charge of fifty pounds sterling for the use of His Majesty's Ship Scarborough.
Marked "Lamblons Affair," this concerns a payment made by Geo. Johnston to John Drayton.
Calculation of Stewart's bills, first protested at Glasgow, Scotland, January 8, 1762 and paid June 8, 1762.
Morris requesting that Drayton send him money to pay Charles Stedman who is expecting to collect the balance on his account.
Regarding Margaret's illness; a request she come home to the healthier air of England along with Charles; discussion of Glen's education in England; James's health.
Regarding the Stamp Act (1765), "the sole subject of conversation" in London; hearing William Pitt in the House of Commons and outlining Pitt's doctrine, "that as the colonies had no persons in Parliament" therefore, "parliament had no right to tax them"; his agreement with Pitt that the Act should be repealed though his different of opinion in regard to internal and external taxation; prediction of the Act's nullification, albeit with strong opposition in the House of Lords; the departure of the Colony's new Governor from Portsmouth.
Receipt for one hundred pounds, delivered by Captain Edward Blake. The payment was for a "new negro man," sold to Drayton on April 16, 1765.
Promissory note acknowledging the receipt of 1400 pounds from James Bullock, which will be repaid forty days later at 1600 pounds.
Discussing pursuing payment from a man in Georgia; enclosing a receipt and promissory note of Mr. Smith (enclosure not found).
Detailing his complex rice and credit dealings which he believes will enable him to pay off his outstanding debt to the recipient.
Detailing the division of Drayton's estate; his anticipation of his sons' complaints; explanation of cutting short William Henry who had proved "undutiful" and had "behaved extremely amiss"; blaming his sons for his recent illnesses; a denial his wife (Rebecca) can be blamed either for the Will or for his sons' poor behavior.
Regarding financial arrangements, particularly James Bullock's protests and non payment of bills (enclosed but not found); Glen's desire to make it easier for Bullock to pay his debts and related suggestions; complaint (underlined) that he has "not got one farthing from Billy Drayton for some years" and promises to "take proper steps" for obtaining payment; discussion of Margaret, Charles and Glen who are all in England and Scotland at this time.
Notice of meeting of St. Luke's Lodge, Edinburgh. Architectural sketches on back.
Announcing Margaret and Thomas' forthcoming voyage to England; James Bullock's imprisonment; Drayton's hopes he will pay what he owes, likely through the sale of his slaves.
Regarding Margaret's improved health and praise for John's generosity which led to her recovery; cautioning William Henry Drayton for going to Bath; praise for Charles as a man of "truth and virtue"; unease at Glen's excessive spending; promise to leave, on his death, "seven hundred pounds and all [his] negroes"; his financial concerns; appreciation for Drayton's assistance in the James Bullock affair (see other correspondence); his relief that payment was obtained eventually; list of his nephews' expenses for which he wishes to be reimbursed.
Reply to March 16, 1771 letter, thanking James for kindness to his family; sharing James' concerns about his "spendthrift" sons, William and Glen; concurs that Thomas should be sent to the Carolinas to enter the planting business soon; highlights some errors in James' list of expenses from correspondence March 16, 1771.
Regarding John's financial support of Margaret and his "unworthy," spendthrift sons, particularly Glen; fierce criticism of Margaret and James for not supervising Glen correctly; an admission he has little money to keep up his estate and his determination to sell everything and come to England; pledge to pay Margaret's remittances but warning she should not cross the Atlantic lest he will "quit all" and "run from you all."
Regarding his sons' continued spending, a reiteration (see July 30) that Margaret must not return to Carolina; a directive that Glen is to return by Christmas or he will be disowned.
Imploring his son to be more studious.
Regarding his debt/account with Glen; Bullock's annuity; John's bills he had sent for his late wife, Margaret Glen; an unnamed but serious charge made in James's previous correspondence; Drayton's insistence he was right in recalling Glen Drayton and reminding James of the great costs of "furnishing" his "four sons"; his fury James did not encourage a possible and lucrative marriage opportunity for Glen ("you can never make up this loss"); posts James could fill in Carolina; complaints about his sons Charles (not writing) and Thomas (not being studious); extended discussion of his finances/accounts with Glen.
Received from Josiah Perry, drawn by Roger Smith on John Nutt of London, for half years annuity due to Glen.
Record of account May - June 1773, detailing costs accrued by John Drayton's sons and Margaret (funeral); request for immediate reimbursement; his own inability to keep up with the payments, noting his embarrassment at being arrested for an outstanding payment to the hat maker.
Concerning the sale of 3,100 dollars worth of slaves to John Grimball.
Includes outline of the enclosed correspondence (correspondence not found), including: Bullock's annuity, money owed by William Henry; other financial matters.
Regarding annuity from Nicholas to Mr. Glen.
Drayton's annuity payments are in arrears.
Regarding money owed to Glen by Drayton; threat of legal action if outstanding debts are not cleared; praise for Charles; criticism of Glen; advising Drayton to find good employment for Glen (who is unwilling to become a planter); criticizes Drayton that he has "cast off" William.
Regarding account of John Drayton.
Regarding being detained; subpoena ticket for Robert Rose.
Regarding the division of Mr. Nicholl's estate and the securing of James Glen's annuity, under advice by John Rutledge.
Acknowledging receipt of Drayton's correspondence and its directives (March 6).
Offering a new deal for settlement of the account in the hopes it will be paid and preserve "us in peace and friendship." "J[ames] G[len] died June 12, 1777" marked on back.
Committing to getting a bill to Drayton for James Glen's annuity.
Regarding Nicholes debt to Drayton which he claims he cannot pay; Drayton responds urging him to find the money.
Expressing his inability to "procure bills of exchange in order to discharge Mr Glen's annuity." "12 June 1777, Mr Glen dyed" marked on back.
Regarding James Glen's annuity.
Regarding James Glen's annuity; accusing them of ignoring his correspondence.
Regarding delivery of Drayton's correspondence (May 29) to James and Henry Nicholes; promising they will visit Drayton during the current week; does not believe his is liable for James Glen's annuity.
Regarding James Glen annuity; Nicholes' ignoring Draytons previous correspondence; Drayton's threat to apply to the "Committy" to compel them to pay; warning them "you will find you are in the wrong box if you contend." Two copies.
Bond of 3553 pounds sterling to William to James Carson (note is badly damaged).
Regarding money sent for provisions.
Regarding livestock and slaves.
Regarding Postell's spending, including the transportation of John Drayton's enslaved carpenters to his Wateree plantation.
Regarding cash received from and paid by John Drayton; Wateree plantation.
Regarding their account; Wateree plantation.
Concerning James Postell's account and how he spent the money.
Regarding duties payable at various trench ports.
Confirming the settlement of their business dispute. Deas also included a note (not found) for Mr. Middleton (of Middleton Place), offering the sale of his lot in town. Deas offers Drayton the second chance if Middleton turns him down.
Regarding his agreeing to act as Charles suggests; meeting Colonel Postell and inquiring about Mrs. D[rayton]'s visit to Drayton Hall; coming to Drayton Hall himself.
Regarding Kentucky lands.
Regarding Charles II's proposed movement from physician to pharmacist. Includes a business plan which Charles II "submits for [his father's] opinion."
From Jehossee plantation; complaining about his father's millwright; the refusal of leave for "Ned"; disappointment at not seeing Caesar; problems for lodging for overseer at plantation; a potential visit from his father in the New Year; greetings to his sister and birthday wishes to Charles.
Regarding arrival of cloth; disappointing yields of rice and cotton; unimpressed by "Carolina"; Christmas greetings.
Requiring Drayton or a substitute to ride on patrol on November 8.
Regarding transport of horses and rice with Mr. Sharp; progress of rice and cotton planting.
Regarding (7th) his travels on horseback; Hughes (overseer) leaving Charles I's employ; (8th) a great sale of property and slaves at Edisto; regrets having already sold slave Jack since he witnesses the sale of a "man and a wife ... at the great price of $2,250"; possibility of buying a house at "the bay"; (9th) his delay; (10th) further delay; disappointment in planting cotton seed; (11th), notes, "I have not the disposition to deal with the negroes in the manner they ought to be dealt with"; has been "disappointed" in putting cotton seed at Jehossee, and will be "obliged to resort to [MMD's] father" for seed; (12th) a slave, Nelle "has taken herself off. Artful huzzy"; forthcoming trip to Georgia; "the garden is finished and the yard will be done tomorrow."
Regarding his attendance to Charles I's business matters; discussion of weather; Charles II's possible purchase of property in Georgia and movement there; his reluctance to go but his complaint the section of land Charles I has given him at Jehossee plantation "is decidedly bad" and has "nearly been [his] ruin"; request that Charles Sr. provides access to the better Jehossee land (makes clear "I do not ask you to give"); or, since Charles I plans to advertise Savannah plantation, Charles II requests it be sold to him, though he can offer no cash at present.
Regarding transport of cowpeas and fish; balance on his account.
Regarding transport of corn and peas to his father via William.
Regarding transport of 48 bags of corn to his father via schooner.
Regarding transport of rice; stocktaking of storehouse revealing eight barrels of oats; apology for not sending flour.
Regarding the division of their deceased father's slaves; the splitting up of enslaved families and the slaves' opposition to it.
Communicating that he cannot perform due to a prior engagement; construction notes on back.
Regarding the sale of slaves, in particular one named Charles who though "one of the most valuable" was not sold; however, Patty's daughter, "one of the number mortgaged to Parker was sold in his stead"; old Adam's family are with Mr Gibbes' slaves.
Enclosing a plat of the Charles Drayton II's property (Camden County, Georgia). Plat not found though there are sketches on reverse.
Sent care of G. C. Swift (Falmouth, Massachusetts), wishing him well on his stay at Falmouth; encouraging him "to acquire information on every subject that presents itself"; to see paintings in Boston; to keep a diary, etc.
Inquiring about Charles' stay in Falmouth; reminding him to employ his manners; updates on the family.
Writing to Charles at Falmouth, regarding setting off fireworks with friends; July 4th celebrations; Drayton horses; parties attended.
Sent care of G. C. Swift, writing to Charles at Falmouth, warning him not to be an inconvenience to his hosts; correcting his spelling; imploring him to use his dictionary.
Regarding James going North to school and John falling ill; a proposed "East India Voyage" has fallen through; slavery: "The great slave question as started in England if realized, will transfer a great bearing on the United States ... already does great though secret anxiety cloud our atmosphere!"; warning to be mindful of possible slave emancipation as he considers his future as a planter; James getting into a fight with other boys.
General worries and advice about her son at Falmouth, more particularly, encouraging him to visit large northern cities; make associations; avoid "wild scheme[s]"; spelling corrections.
Warning his son not to become "a common sailor" as he has suggested; he is reminded: "it is one of our duties to endeavour to maintain the rank of life in which it has been the will of heaven to place us: & we should rather look up above that line than below."
Desiring to know his precise location; dissuading him from becoming a sailor; the sale of "Sam" to Governor Robert Hayne; possible sale of "Juba" and her child for $1000; financial hardships; election day - Mary's prediction that "the States Rights party will carry it"; promises not to stand in his way regarding his future.
Regarding her concern that Charles had become a sailor; James going to school in New York; chastising Charles for his poor spelling of short words; complaining about a "gentlemen in our society" who is given to lying; wishing to hear of Charles' plans.
Writing from New York, Charles Sr., instructs his son to return home, surmising he has outstayed his welcome with the Swifts at Falmouth.
Regarding ill health of Charles III and Charles II; her inability to acquire items Charles has asked for; poor crop of 1833; reminding Charles when he "get[s] the house" he will need to furnish it and acquire a few slaves; chastises Charles for not reporting Halveston's (a Georgia overseer) movements to his father; greetings to the slaves.
Confirming the sale of a portions of the family's slaves; visit of James Gibbes and his friend Moffit; discovery of a new game called "Solitaire"; James' last letter lost by the carrier; reveals two of their hogs have been shot by the Grimkes prompting the outburst: "they are the most wretched and disagreeable neighbours, I wish they were a hundred miles distance from us."
Fifteen year-old James discussing their duty to each other and their parents.
Regarding Charles' inability to visit due to leg pain and his profitless rice (it is "small grained, red, & brittle"); removal of the ineffective Mr. Halveston as overseer; how to work the plantation, divide labor etc; rejecting the enslaved requests for tobacco; threatening to withhold land traditionally used for private slave cultivation; encourages Charles to let Hughes manage the plantation freely (despite his detailed instructions to Charles); and also to "share and share alike" with Hughes; warns Charles not to "interfere with or cross" Hughes in field work; list of items sent with letter; figures for rice production.
Writing to Charles at Jefferson, Camden County, Georgia, Charles discusses the dispute with his overseer, Mr. Halveston; his decision to dispense of his services; directs Charles to plant early this year.
Regarding cold weather; James in Troy, New York; spelling; Henry Middleton has bought "Scheveling" plantation; Ralph Izard (owner of Vaucluse plantation) is travelling in Egypt; remarks that Charles II is "between two devils - the John [Grimke Drayton of Magnolia?] and the Ralph [Izard of Vaucluse]" (his neighbors on both sides); sickness; poor rice harvest despite the assurances of the overseer; hopes Charles III can make a good crop.
Regarding (7th), a letter they had sent recommended a Mr. Hughes as overseer; their fears Charles III is unwell; Charles II's leg pain; (8th), the cold weather; food preparation; keeping warm; to be vary of Mr. Milliken and Mr. Caldwell; chastising Charles for not writing.
Chastising Charles for not writing; advice on food preparation; a letter from James; lack of money to pay bills; description of an extensive fire in downtown Charleston which destroys St. Philip's Church; advises Charles to communicate with neighbors but not to show "any suddeness"; their correspondence must not be seen by others.
Referring to a "revengeful act of that pitiful fellow Halveston"; sending the "needful to release the boy Peter from the Sheriff"; various messages to Hughes regarding his wife and what he is owed by Mr. Lynah.
Regarding a storm; his proposed travels to Charleston (from Savannah); instructs Charles not to have "any more little strifes [sic] with Mr. Hughes," to wait until Hughes "cools down" and then remind him that Charles III is "master on the place," to allow Hughes to manage the plantation but not to "treat him as an equal"; details what crops and quantities are to be sent to him; instructs Charles III to survey land around the existing plantation (for possible future purchase); inquires about his taxes.
Writing to Charles at Jefferson, regarding the departure of Mr. Hughes' family from Charleston; purchasing timber; Dr Cohen's (agent) help with purchasing boards and shingles; asking Charles to ask Mrs. Hughes to encourage her husband to curtail his drinking and to keep away from Caldwell who is a negative influence in this regard; Caldwell, who is forbidden from Drayton's property.
Regarding his arrival at Troy, New York, where he is visiting James; instructs Charles not to displease his mother and to follow her directions on "home affairs."
Notice requesting Drayton's attendance at meeting designed to organize a Cavalry Company for Camden County.
Both Charles II and III are at Jefferson. Mary writes about not trusting Caesar to make the slaves work hard enough; carrying out her own inspections, twice daily, much to the annoyance of the slaves; complaining about "Old May"; possible drivers for Charles III, - Hercules, Thomas, Cyeus; asking if two slaves (perhaps runaways) have been "caught yet" and their punishment; the sale of "Dia my famous old friend ... and her two children," as well as her "mistress," Mrs. Waggoner; James' troubles with his professor; his indebtedness to friends; her hopes Charles II, will hire a good white man.
Regarding Charles' horse; "ingratitude" of the "rogue" Mr. Hughes who has used Drayton II, to hitch a free ride to Georgia; sending him shirts; announcing various marriages including that of Grace Parker "who is said to be worth 100,000 dollars"; death of one of the Drayton's dogs; her belief some animals should be sold.
Regarding her distress because of Charles' lack of communication; a sick slave, Jibi, who apparently, cannot be replaced; insists "the place had better be sold & negroes too, year after year & no rice enough to break any man"; believes "that scoundrel Hughes ought to have been hung"; MMD is "clear for selling" the slaves, especially since prices are good; warns Charles to be wary of "Indians" at St Augustine who "may extend their depredations a little nearer" to him; news of Charles' brothers at Drayton Hall (they have just "all gone upstairs"); the slaves at Springfield plantation have been sold.
Regarding her severe distress at not having had correspondence from Charles II nor Charles III; her fears about Indians at St. Augustine; desires Charles to "tell the people ... keep in safety and do not be foolish enough to leave their master to join such tyrants"; description of death of Thomas Grimke Drayton from a gunshot wound; "Jibbi" continues to be sick; Caesar has brought in wild game.
Regarding "Indian war" - drafting of troops in Charleston, asks his son to keep his slaves "quiet"; warns not to have the slaves ditching in cold weather; proposes a scheme to keep the "necessitous carpenters" working, whereby small sums are offered according to output (this way "we may soon get enough to build our house"); instruction on paying some debts; plans to cultivate cotton on forty acres and to sell four gins; warns Charles not to associate with those "below [his] standing"; instructs the slaves are not to plant corn this year, but instead, white rice.
This dispatch listed and accompanied a number of plantation implements sent by schooner for Drayton.
Regarding plantation instructions: to keep the slaves from working in ditches or banks during inclement weather, taking care of the older slaves, death of Jibi at Drayton Hall, division of land to cotton/rice cultivation at Georgia plantation, finding a "man" to leave at the plantation during the summer when Charles III will leave, having the slaves make baskets with rushes and oak, to gather the cut cedar logs, to acquire potatoes root and good cotton seed (the later, by begging if necessary), planting "a few hills of sugar cane", death of Mr. John North.
Regarding affairs at Jeffersonton: slothful carpenters; ill slaves; death of Mr. McIntosh; rejection of a "good offer" by slaves; Hughes' debt (instructs Charles III to hold onto his cow and calf).
Regarding Drayton's request for cotton seed.
Regarding attendance at Camden County Cavalry officer election meeting.
Regarding Turner, overseer, and his future employment; accusations from the white community that Turner is conniving with the slaves; Caldwell prohibited from entering the estate; a warning to protect the slaves from Caldwell when the work near his property.
Regarding Turner, the new overseer at Jeffersonton; Turner's possible return to Drayton Hall; instruction that Turner "must be circumspect in his conduct with the negroes so as not to raise the hue and cry of the Jefferson people against him"; Turner's prospects for obtaining credit in Jefferson; instructions for construction of the house at Jefferson; advice on basket making; suggestion he visits friends on Cumberland Island; reminders to send Charles Sr. some rice.
Regarding Charles III's inability to get "a white man" for the plantation; Charles II's unhappiness that Charles III plans to remain on the plantation through the summer; Turner, who has "quit" the plantation; suggestion that Stafford be hired if only "to mind the rice & corn"; Stafford should bring "his gun as we have none," "be bound not to leave the place" ... "to keep sober" and not "to be familiar with the negroes"; if not Stafford, then David Lang; instructs his son to be clearer in his descriptions of plantation business; any potential overseer must be "restricted from all intercourse & communication with Caldwell."
Regarding getting a "white man" for the (Jeffersonton) plantation; sickness amongst Jeffersonton slaves and progress on banks, dams etc.; his concerns about Charles III staying on the plantation during cold weather, if he does remain, Charles II gives him instructions on how to preserve his health; warns his son to "guard against" the "scoundrels" amongst his slaves; promises, in regard to the slaves, to "bring things to order"..."next winter"; demands a "stop to [the slaves] trading at Jefferson or elsewhere" and instructs Charles III to post a notice to prevent local whites from trading with the slaves (draft on back of letter, in pencil); his hopes the "Indians will not disturb St. Mary's"; a new slave who "only lived to get into the yard."
Regarding Drayton's survival of The Home boat disaster; a detailed description of his Gervais' elopement on October 15.
Inquiring if Drayton can recover a trunk of George H. Palmer, deceased. Palmer was passenger aboard the sunken steamer The Home.
Regarding transportation of a trunk to the recipient (front and back).
Inquiring if Drayton has a trunk belonging to Mr. Clock, passenger on sunken vessel Home.
Regarding the poor mail service; a sea disaster involving the steamer Home and Croom family; criticism of Captain White; business failures.
Regarding sale of two Drayton slaves, Peter and Sam (Donald is lowering his offer).
Mainly concerning Drayton's Jeffersonton slaves who were "not secured" and thus had been "allowed to slip off"; Dr. Cohen is blamed; Charles III has purchased handcuffs; if Charles III decides to sell the slaves, he is urged not to "give them away" but to sell at Charleston were he "can obtain eight, nine and ten hundred doll's."
Acknowledging receipt of payment and enclosing new bill (enclosure not found).
Requesting information about the deaths of his brother Hardy B. Croom and his family, of steamer The Home.
Regarding Charles II, completion of cotton planting; hoping to see James (son) soon.
Regarding attending a tea party at John Grimke's (Magnolia) with various local planters and wives; John being elusive and troublesome; attending the dedication of the "Jew synagogue" [K.K.B.E, Charleston], with description of interior.
Regarding his father's will of 1830 (Charles II, d. 1844); division of the estate, in particular, Jehossee, the Coosawatchie and Georgia lands.
Accepting Charles' right to choose a certain (though undisclosed) course of action.
Shoolbred writing about the cold weather and adding manure on his fields; Drayton about the weather, severe treatment of Mrs. Griffiths, "Daphne" and a mother and child.
Regarding having "very few hands" and not knowing "how to manage."
Writing from Eldorado plantation, Brazoria County, Texas, sympathizing with the difficulties of planting in the Carolinas and suggesting Drayton Hall slaves be sent to Texas after the War; his making a good crop of cotton (so plentiful he is lacking in bags and rope for it); speculating about prices for cotton after the war; John potentially being called up and his instruction to John to "fight like the devil" and to "kill every devil of a Yankee you can"; altering his Will to give the property to nephews Charles and Robert in case both Thomas and John are killed; urging John to do likewise; warning not to let any of "the Parker Tribe" [sister in law's family] become John's executors.
$1015 in interest from a bond bought by Mary Drayton for Sarah and her children, executed by Thomas and John Drayton.
Teacher's report about Robert who is "doing well" even in "these times" [federal occupation]. Notes Robert had an altercation with a "militia boy."
(John is in Tuxpan, Mexico); regarding the necessity of saving money; being unable to afford a visit to Drayton Hall; a lawsuit "for what is due me"; selling his property; being ill for four months with "rheumatism"; turning down a job for $100/month with a railroad company on account of illness; describing the boundaries of Drayton Hall, in words and sketch.
Accompanying "a copy of the journal containing a sketch of your ancestral estate on the Ashley."
Notes of John Drayton, Charles Drayton I, II and III on plantation affairs (including slave inventories and plantation books), horticulture, and education and instruction. Arranged firstly by content and secondly by chronology.
Plantation affairs, 1764-1865
Plantation books, 1775-1850
Education and instruction, 1780-1844
Handwritten notes in books, 1733-1839
Literature, medicine and other subjects, 1750-1863
Watercolors by George Edwards, sketches of Drayton Hall by Lewis R. Gibbes, and Drayton family art, mostly ink and graphite sketches by Charles Drayton III.
George Edwards' watercolors, 1694-1773
Assemblage of 21 watercolors by George Edwards depicting ornithological subjects, 1694-1773. Watercolor and ink on laid paper, various sizes. These works, rediscovered in 1969 as a portfolio labeled "1733" and their owner "John Drayton" (1715-1779), were originally part of a collection of 48 watercolors.
Lewis R. Gibbes' sketches, circa 1845
Drayton family art, 1835-1844
Architectural drawings, genealogical notes, land grants, plats, indentures, inventories, Parker family land and legal, newspaper clippings and miscellany. Organized first by content and second by chronology.
Architectural drawings, 1788-1895
Genealogical notes, 1760-1920
Land grants (Thomas Drayton and John Drayton), 1701-1765
146 acres on north side of the South Edisto River, in Colleton County. Signatures of Edmund Bellinger, James Moore, Joseph Morton. Includes plat and wax seal of Lords Proprietors of Carolina Province.
700 acres in Colleton County (commonly called Bob's Savanna). Signatures of Nicholas Trott, Nathaniel Johnson, James Moore, Job Howes. Includes plat and wax seal of Lords Proprietors of Carolina Province.
127 acres in Colleton County. Signatures of Nathaniel Johnson, James Moore, Nicholas Trott and Job Howes. Includes plat and wax seal of Lords Proprietors of Carolina Province.
100 acres in Colleton County. Signatures of Nathaniel Johnson, James Moore, Nicholas Trott. Includes plat and wax seal of Lords Proprietors of Carolina Province
1,085 acres in St. Paul's Parish, Colleton County (Drayton's Cowpen), adjoining land of David and Jacob Stevens, James Ladson and Charles Elliot, and another property belonging to John Drayton (Bob Savannah).
2,302 acres, surveyed by James McPherson, Deputy Surveyor. Bounds land belonging to David and Robert Stevens, James Ladson, Nicholas Land, Thomas Elliott, and Filbin and parsonage land. Plat requested by John Drayton. [This plat includes what became Drayton's Cowpen and Bob Savannah].
Including "Bob Savanna" and bordered by land belonging to David & Jacob Stevens, Robert Stevens, James Ladson, Thomas Elliot, Filbin, and Melchior Garnor. Made for John Drayton. [This plat includes what became Drayton's Cowpen and Bob Savannah].
Adjoining land of David and Jacob Stevens, James Lawson, Charles Elliot, John Drayton [Bob Savannah] and parsonage lands. Plat made by John Troup, Deputy Surveyor General. Certified by John Bull Jr. [This plat includes what became Drayton's Cowpen but not Bob Savannah].
Bounding land of David and Jacob Stevens, James Ladson, Charles Elliott and John Drayton. Surveyed by John Bull Jr. [See plat immediately preceding this].
Includes note on reverse of grant of this land to Thomas Drayton, 1703 September 18.
Also shows adjoining land of Melchior Garner, Captain Saunders and Benjamin Stead, surveyed by Alexander McForster. Includes a note [added later] on other plats of this property.
Copy made by William Downes, requested by John Drayton.
Comprising 280 acres and bounding the lands of John Freazer and Ralph Izard Jr. Surveyed by John Diamond Jr., at the request of Ralph Izard Jr.
Includes "explanation" on details of land development and shows adjoining land of Col. William Washington, Jacob Stevens and James Pendarris deceased. Ink and some pencil.
Comprising 2,173 acres, with parcels of land marked leased to "Peter Taylor till 1742" and "William Elliott till Jan. 1740." Another portion is marked as sold to Arthur Smith.
The plantation contained 600 acres and adjoined Bixby's Woodbine plantation, Johnston Creek, Walkers Swamp and land claimed by "Hugh Rose and others."
Adjoining the "Pon Pon" or South Edisto River, and the "Daw haw" or Dawho River. Also shown are lands "granted to the heirs of Jennys," 62 acres granted to J. Molo and acreage marked as "vacant."
Signed by Joseph Glover showing all fields, pasture, woods and burying ground. On reverse are, "negroe gardens," "negroe house," and poultry ground.
Fields are gridded and numbered.
Possibly from Drayton Hall plantation.
Fields are gridded out and notations have been added. Banking for rice production is visible by the Ashley River.
Fields are gridded but are unnumbered.
Bounded by land of Robert Bowman and the State, surveyed by James Shoolbred Drayton.
Drawn and shaded in pencil with some ink markings. The plat shows locations of dwelling house, mined land, dredges, washer, and African American graveyard.
This plat shows 567 acres, land used by Charleston Mining Company, location of the mine's washer. Ink and pencil.
Noting the acreage and a record in the R.M.C. plat book: P., page 123. Anonymous invitation from Carolina Art Association on back.
Indentures (John Drayton and Thomas Drayton), 1759-1764
Drayton sells around 600 "black cattle" at the "Red-bank Cow-pen" for 2,050 in "current money."
Johanis Curnir[?], Verner Ulmer[?], John George Lapp, Michael Looser and George Gottlieb [Orangeburgh/Saxa Gotha planters] bond to Thomas Drayton for Atlantic passage. Bond for 359 pounds 1 shilling and 5 pence, made 1749 October 19; memorandum added 1764 May 29
Johanis Curnir[?], Verner Ulmer[?], John George Lapp, Michael Looser and George Gottlieb [Orangeburgh/Saxa Gotha planters] bond to Thomas Drayton for Atlantic passage. Bond for 423 pounds 7 shillings and 2 pence and half penny, made 1749 October 19; memorandum added 1764 May 29
Johanis Curnir[?], Verner Ulmer[?], John George Lapp, Michael Looser and George Gottlieb [Orangeburgh/Saxa Gotha planters] bond to Thomas Drayton for Atlantic passage. Bond for 454 pounds 14 shillings and 5 pence, made 1749 October 19; memorandum added 1764 May 29
Ripley Singleton inventory, 1790
Parker family land and legal, 1820-1872
Leaving much of his estate to his niece, Rachel V. Parker.
Slaves previously property of the deceased George Parker, sold at public auction on 1831 February 8.
Ann Lesesne conveys estate (85 Chapel Street) to Rachael V. Parker for $2,200. The plot had previously been conveyed to Lesesne through the will of Thomas Winstanley deceased.
Leaving much of his estate to wife, Maria Louisa.
Sarah Martha Parker and her sons Charles Henry and Robert, $2000 (total), the sons to be invested until 21; the remainder to be divided equally between Mary Parker and Sarah E. Parker (sisters) who are to be executrixes.
Providing: Sarah Martha Drayton (niece), $1000; Charles H. Drayton, $500; Robert D. P. Drayton, $500; Mary June Carlisle (niece), $500; Robert D. Parker, $500; Sarah E. Parker (sister), all the silver and all else. When Sarah E. Parker would die, half the slaves to Sarah Martha Drayton and half to her sons, Charles Henry and Robert when they become 21; Sarah E. Parker to be executrix.
Died 1862 April 15. Sarah Martha Drayton became executrix since Sarah E. Parker had died.
Died 1863 June 13. Sarah Martha Drayton became executrix since, Sarah E. Parker had died.
Also involving Peter G. Parker and Benjamin G. Colburn. In this settlement Sarah Martha Parker conveys to Peter G. Parker and Benjamin Coburn, her rights to fifty-one slaves (named), and all real and personal estate, entitled to her under the marriage settlement of her parents (Robert D. and Rachel Parker). The rights are sold for five dollars.
Newspaper clippings and miscellany, 1784-1885
Reprinted by Francis Bailey of Philadelphia, 1784. Day condemns slavery and the slave trade.
Regarding War news; meeting of South Commercial Convention; news from Court of Confederate States; Soldier's Relief Association; miscellaneous advertisements.
Regarding complaints against Reconstruction; relief for Mrs. Jefferson Davis; "General Orders, No. 1" from Department of the South, 1866 January 1, regarding Civil rights and responsibilities of freedmen; miscellaneous advertisements.
A newspaperman's account of visit to Magnolia plantation and Drayton Hall, offering details on the exterior and interior of Drayton Hall and some speculative history of the family and property.
2. Drayton family papers, accessioned after 1970, 1762-2004
Encompassing materials accessioned after 1970. This series is ordered by sub-series: land and legal; correspondence; artwork; visual materials; genealogy; miscellaneous publications; miscellaneous.
Land and legal, 1762-1969
Land adjoins that of Joseph Blake and Lawrence Sanders. Plat included. Seal of the Southern Province of Carolina is attached. Signed by Governor Thomas Boone.
Bounded by land belonging to Thomas Shubrick.
Certified by Geo. Johnston.
Opposite Drayton Hall on east bank of Ashley River. Surveyor, John Purcell. Ink and pencil. Very detailed.
For 700 pounds. Certified by John Faucheraud Grimke. Witnessed by John Splatt Cripps and Sarah E. Huger.
For trespassing on lease. Signed by Jacob Drayton.
In key is: "J. Drayton's Charte (1803)."
Signed by Governor John Drayton. Rough plat attached.
Made for Thomas Rhett Smith and William Price.
Enclosing note granting interest in property of the late Thomas Hutchin (at Fort Mechanic) to William Price. Note dated 1813 September 11.
Different lots from previous deeds.
For $22,000. Includes plat of property.
Lambasts the Federal troops who destroyed properties during the Civil War. Two copies
For all rights to phosphates and also mining machinery at Drayton Hall [$20,000].
With details on how John Drayton acquired the property. RMC references provided.
By H.E. Rivers, T.C. Head, and S.F. Shackelford. Property valued at $92,000.
Henrietta has just returned to Drayton Hall but plans to deliver "little Charles" to Ashepoo to be with "his mama"; she discusses the making of the paper she has written on.
Reflecting on the character of her nephew, Joseph Manigault; the deaths of Mrs. Morton and Tom Mease[?]; Emma Drayton publicly humiliating a "partner"; the Count de Survilliers and his daughter.
On the heavy rains and poor prospects for planters; a party hosted by the local gentlemen.
Regarding the death of her sister/Lewis's wife, Maria Drayton Gibbes.
On Henrietta's money, which has been in Pete's care; the health of family members: Ann, her little boy, sister Mary, Charles, Emma and Julia.
On: the weather; Mrs. Dent's trip to Philadelphia; Mrs. Skirving's social life; Henry Cruger's marriage to the wealthy Miss Douglas of New York; the expected founding of an "Evangelic Church"; the Pinckneys at "P[awley']s Island"; a Literary and Philosophical Ball; Edward, hoping to go to College in Columbia.
On the mild winter; a fabulous wedding [the married are not named]; and inquiries about matrimonial engagements.
On the health of "Esther,""Lewis,""Aunt Parker,""Louisa"; the travels of "Mrs. Pringle" and Mrs. Henry Middleton "of Russia."
On the health and travels of "Mrs. Huger,""Emma,""Sabina," Mrs. Arthur Heyward, Mrs. Ferguson, Esther Drayton, Mrs. Daniel Blake, "Peter,""Henry" and "Ann."
Explaining that she cannot travel to Pendleton yet, as she is sick.
On a proposed trip to Cuba; Edward's preparation for college; that a marriage of an unnamed "friend" has gone ahead to Charlotte's dismay; announcing the birth of her third grand daughter.
On the colder weather; the health of Mr. and Mrs. B. Gibbes, the engagements of Lewis Morris and Amarinthia Lowndes, John Parker and "Mrs. Kirkland", John Huger's daughter and Mr. W. Elliot; the marriage of Drayton Dawson and "Miss Richardson"; the death of Mrs. Bull; the health of "Ann."
On "your Aunt and Charles" trip to Mobile; Mr. Taylor's offer of a church in New York; Mrs. Douglass Cruger; marriage of Dr. Dickson to Jane Robinson.
Regarding passage and accommodation at St. Augustine; Ann's distress; engagements and romances of J. Parker and Mrs. Kirk, Emily and Judge Gailliard's son, Margaret Manigault and Mrs. W. Barnwell's brother, Francis Parker and Miss Lance.
On the death of Emma Drayton, wife of Charles Drayton.
Regarding the trip of "your aunt, Louisa, Ann, Mani, Gabriel, and Peter" to New York; Mrs. B. Gibbes' illness; Mrs. Arthur Middleton's news from France; Mrs. Ferguson's health; a note that: "there has been much excitement here at the part that many have taken against us in the northern states - in the South there is but one voice, 'our rights respected or a disunion of the states.'"
On Lewis's studies and visits; the trips and health of Anna Coffin, "Ann," Sally Rutledge, Charlotte's three children.
Arthur cannot pay $1,000 due his Aunt.
Announcing his engagement to Elizabeth Thomas of Burlington, New Jersey, the opposition of Elizabeth's grandmother to the match and his determination to run away with Elizabeth if her grandmother cannot be placated.
Regarding her husband John's illness; son John's teething; her sister's traveling; waiting for news from the newspapers; date of birth for her children.
From Tuxpan, regarding receipt of $12 from Charles; May's health; possibility of coming to Charleston; "business is very dull," lots of work but "poor pay"; misdemeanors of Charles' son, Charles.
Regarding requesting information on the "Shoolbred" and "Middleton pedigree" of his grandmother [daughter of Mary Middleton Shoolbred]
Reminiscing about her husband, Arthur's father [Joseph Manigault] and grandfather.
Visual materials, 1780s-2004
Portraits, prints, and sketches, 1780-1869
Photographs, stereoviews, and slides, 1879-1975
Items listed are photographs unless otherwise indicated.
"Stolen from D.H." written on back.
Drawn on yellow paper at Drayton Family Reunion. Around 30 feet by 20 feet in size (in pieces).
Miscellaneous publications, 1770-1942
Charles Drayton I. Text is in Latin. Note opposite title page reads "Feb. 1927, From Sarah Peronneau Gibbes ... to Charles H. Drayton." Inside cover is newspaper clipping regarding birth of Mary Jervey.
"Francis Sibert's book" written inside cover, and also brief genealogy of the Siberts family (including "Beatty's").
Inscriptions on title pages of both volumes: "John Johnson, 1879" and "Henrietta Wragg Pogson." Inside vol. I is a newspaper clipping from June 22, 1947 giving a brief biography of William Henry Drayton.
Presented as a gift on Easter Sunday, from Charles H. Drayton to Eliza M. Drayton, 1878.
Gift from Henrietta A. Drayton to sister, Charlotte Manigault.
"Chas. H. Drayton, 1869" written on inside covers.
Peter Drayton[?] handwritten on inside cover.
Short section on Drayton Hall.
Magazines, booklets, and newspapers, 1821-1977
Includes Judge John Drayton's ruling on the case "The United States vs. The Brig Francis F. Johnson" which was libeled for not including two slaves on its manifest. He dismisses the libel.
Article has several columns on Drayton Hall, its history and its appearance. Includes sketch of Drayton Hall, overgrown at front and rear.
Entire issue including article, "Up the Ashley and the Cooper."
With sketches of Confederate Generals and Confederate flags and a "bird's eye view" of Charleston.
Compiled primary accounts and map.
Retreat from Fort Walker, South Carolina, November 1861.
Drayton died July 4, 1912.
With front and rear photographs of Drayton Hall.
Article on administrator Letitia Galbraith.
Includes multiple views of Middleton Place.
Texas and Mexico newspaper clippings, 1926-1936
Charles Drayton's acrobatic display at Laredo.
Deaths of three pilots of Brownsville, Texas.
Storm damage in southern Texas.
Article on pilot C. M. Drayton. Three copies.
C. M. Drayton's delayed flight from Brownsville to Tampico.
Plane piloted by C. M. Drayton. Three copies.
Regarding 'Bride Elect,' Margaret Wainwright's handkerchief shower, Charles M. Drayton attending.
Regarding murder of Dr. A. M. Clifford.
Regarding Charles M. Drayton's Houston Airways, Inc.; a reporter's flight with Drayton; opening of "New Flying Field" at Lake Charles, Louisiana; opening of Houston-Mexico city airmail route; Drayton's presidency of "Paramount Sandwich Shop."
Regarding Charles M. Drayton's pathfinding flight between Houston and Mexico City.
Regarding Charles Drayton's Houston to Mexico City route. Three copies.
Regarding expanding air routes in Mexico.
Regarding Charles Drayton and new route.
Regarding Charles Drayton piloting flight for V.P. of Pan-American Airways.
Regarding delegation of pilots, including Charles M. Drayton, gathering in Washington to fight a new aviation code.
Regarding delegation of pilots, including Charles M. Drayton, gathering in Washington to fight a new aviation code.
Notice of luncheon for Mrs. C. M. Drayton at Athens Athletic Club.
Notice of luncheon for Mrs. C. M. Drayton at Athens Athletic Club.
Including photograph of Charles Drayton.
Regarding adventures of pilot Joe Glass and airmail routes across the southern U.S.
With photograph of Charles Drayton and caption regarding his record setting flights to Mexico City from Brownsville (in Spanish).
Photograph and caption of Charles Drayton and other pilots. Two copies.
Regarding Brownsville hurricane and Mrs. C. Drayton's evasion of debris.
On front: Charles Drayton's Houston to Mexico City route. On back: his escape from burning plane (in English and Spanish).
Regarding Charles Drayton's plane wreck.
Photo and caption of a dog show.
Regarding Tampico Hurricane (in Spanish).
Regarding Tampico hurricane, Drayton being grounded (in Spanish).
Regarding Charles Drayton and Tampico hurricane (in Spanish).
Regarding Tampico hurricane.
Regarding effects of Tampico hurricane, including information of Charles Drayton (in Spanish).
C. M. Drayton's report of Tampico hurricane.
Regarding Tampico hurricane, mentioning Charles Drayton.
Regarding hunting expedition in northern Mexico, including Charles Drayton (in Spanish).
Regarding Charles Drayton's hunting expedition to Mexico.
Article and photograph on C. M. Drayton's hunting party in Mexico.
Regarding return of hunting expedition from northern Mexico, includes Charles Drayton.
Regarding scientific expedition to Mexico, including Charles Drayton. Two copies.
Regarding expedition to jungles of southern Tamaulipas, including Charles Drayton.
C. M. Drayton's discovery of Aztec Pyramid in Mexico. Two copies.
Regarding Charles Drayton's discovery of Aztec pyramid. Two copies.
Regarding Mae Drayton of Brownsville.
Regarding airmen who witnessed storm over Brownsville.
Regarding Charles Drayton hiring plane in Tampico to see his mother for Christmas in Tuxpan.
Probate Court notice of "application of administration of estate of Charles M. Drayton, deceased."
Death of pilot Lt. Lawrence R. Olmsted.
Invoice, Charles Drayton I, for nails and salts for Jehossee, 1799 March 23; accounts for Jehosse, Savannah and Long Savannah, Charles Drayton I, circa 1795-1796.
Listing ships and fees paid for use of wharf. Some of the last Trans-Atlantic slavers are listed with their owners, eg. Christian D'Wolf's "the Rambler."
Of Sarah M. Drayton, for $2,000, redeemable, 1868 July 1.
Set to the tune of "Dixie," this poem criticizes wealthy Southerners who during the Civil War, were allegedly unprepared to fight, preferring to "stay at home and send the trash."
On a history of playing cards.
Of Charleston Battery including 25 East Battery, to John Drayton, Jr. in Tuxpan, Mexico.
For World War I service. Description of Cross of Service on back.
Two have correspondence within; both arriving aboard the first airmail flight from Charleston on 1936 April 1.
Books are not numbered except 1-3 which contain transcriptions of a genealogical study of the Draytons from 1847, including genealogical charts and Drayton insignia; another book contains the same but in partial form; the other two contain transcriptions of correspondence from Charles Drayton II and Mary Middleton Drayton to son Charles.
Includes articles cut from newspapers, and thoughts on Adolf Hitler.
Text suggests author is Charlotta Drayton. Here she attributes Drayton Hall's survival of the Civil War to Dr. John Drayton.
Each with coat of arm (2 in blue, 1 in red).
Includes pencil and pen sketches of grand structures, residences and castles, Charles Drayton III[?] Includes introduction and note entitled "commencement."
With Confederate flag and on reverse "South Carolina" with palmetto tree.
Depicting Robert E. Lee[?], saber, and shield baring Confederate flag.
3. Drayton Hall administrative archives, 1959-1997
This series encompasses Drayton Hall's administrative papers, as well as media reports and research studies of the site. It is ordered by sub-series: National Trust lease records, lease correspondence, and media reports; minutes, reports, and memoranda; maps, plats, and design drawings; miscellaneous Drayton family research materials; promotional material and miscellaneous newspaper clippings; Drayton Hall property research.
National Trust lease records, lease correspondence, and media reports, 1973-1976
The lease agreement between the Draytons, Historic Charleston Foundation (HCF), and National Trust for Historic Preservation (NTHP).
Regarding lease option.
By the Architects Advisory Committee for Drayton Hall.
Regarding Site Council Charter; with copy of charter attached.
To reception at Russell House honoring dedication of Drayton Hall.
Different release from above.
Regarding lease ceremony; includes photo.
By Helena Zimmerman.
Remarks at the Ceremony Designating Drayton Hall a National Historic Landmark. Connally is Associate Director, Professional Services, National Park Service.
Minutes, reports, and memoranda, 1973-1996
Regarding 1875 Harper's article.
Regarding loan agreement.
Regarding value of delft tiles.
Regarding objects on loan to William Aiken House.
Regarding annexing property into City of Charleston.
Regarding IRS Form 8283.
Regarding premiums for friends renewals and corporate memberships.
Regarding meeting notice reminder.
Regarding 1994 Activities - NTHP Properties.
Maps, plats, and design drawings, 1959-1983
Scaled and color-coded.
Regarding Ashley River Area Property Map.
Includes notation: "Would it be reasonable and feasible to run a one-way parallel highway from about 1,000 feet West of S.C. Hwy #61; say from Dorchester fire-tower on down to the Savage Road; thence into Hwy #17-A SOUTH"
By Robert E. Marvin & Associates.
Miscellaneous Drayton family research materials, 1976-1977
Regarding "major recollections" of Richmond Bowens.
Regarding three items of research at Drayton Hall.
Promotional material and miscellaneous newspaper clippings, 1974-1984
By Historic Charleston Foundation, with Samuel Chamberlain photographs.
An outline of Drayton Hall's history and the plan for its purchase and use. Three copies.
Regarding HABS drawings. Two copies.
Includes handwritten note from Norwood Hastie to Charles Drayton.
Regarding 25 East Battery.
About Drayton Hall and Kevin Murphy, architectural historian at the National Trust for Historic Preservation.
Regarding Mr. Drayton Hawthorne, marble artist.
Includes photos of Drayton Hall.
Drayton Hall property research, 1976-1997
155 page report includes: introduction, regional analysis (with relations with commercial developments), design solutions (site access, traffic flows), scope (of site), master plan, architectural solutions, maps, appendix and bibliography. Two copies: one original, one photocopy
This extensive study includes title, genealogical, and documentary information and analysis. There is particularly extensive architectural research for Drayton Hall.
The volumes include comprehensive documentary and architectural research, as well as alterations and conservation measures. The Drayton family history in South Carolina is clearly set out. There are multiple appendices with copied maps, plats, titles, bills of sale, wills, and oral histories (circa 17th-20th centuries); and analyses of paintwork, mortar and hardware at Drayton Hall. Also included are extensive architectural drawings of Drayton Hall mansion house.
This collection has access restrictions. Advanced permission required. Contact Special Collections at the College of Charleston Libraries for more information.
The nature of the College of Charleston's archival holdings means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible to determine despite reasonable efforts. Special Collections claims only physical ownership of most archival materials.
The materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to U.S. copyright law. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source.
[Identification of item], Drayton papers, Drayton Hall, National Trust for Historic Preservation, housed at the College of Charleston Libraries, Charleston, SC, USA.
On permanent loan from the National Trust for Historic Preservation, May 20, 2009.
Alternate Form of Materials
Digital reproduction available online in the Lowcountry Digital Library.
Processed by John Harris, June 2011.
Edited and encoded by Martha McTear, June 2011.