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Inventory of the Mel Kraus Papers, 1944-1945

Descriptive Summary

Abstract: The collection consists of five photographs of Mel Kraus, a U.S. soldier who served in the Army Air Corps during World War II. Included is a photocopy of a two-page flight manifest detailing the August 1945 transport of Nazi prisoners to Nuremberg, Germany, in preparation for the war crimes trials held there later that year.
Title: Mel Kraus papers
Creator: Kraus, Mel
Date(s): 1944-1945  
Extent: 0.1 linear feet
(1 folder)
Repository: Jewish Heritage Collection, Special Collections, College of Charleston Libraries
66 George Street
Charleston, SC 29424
Phone: (843) 953-8016
Fax: (843) 953-6319
URL: http://archives.library.cofc.edu
Call Number: Mss 1065-033
Language of Material: Materials in English

Biographical Note

Mel Kraus was a Jewish airman who served in the U.S. Army Air Corps during World War II. He was a member of the 305th Squadron of the 442nd Troop Carrier Group and served as a crew chief on flights to resupply the front lines, evacuate the wounded, and provide other transportation as necessary.


Collection Overview

The collection consists of five photographs of Mel Kraus, a U.S. soldier who served in the Army Air Corps during World War II. Photographs show Kraus working in France, where his squadron was based. Included is a photocopy of a two-page flight manifest detailing the August 1945 transport of Nazi prisoners to Nuremberg, Germany, in preparation for the war crimes trials held there later that year.

Collection Arrangement

Materials are described at the folder level.


Search Terms

The following terms have been used to index this collection in the Library's online catalog. They are grouped by name of person, family, or organization, by topical subject, by place, and by types of material.

    Names

    • Kraus, Mel
    • United States. Army. Air Corps

    Subjects

    • Nuremberg Trial of Major German War Criminals, Nuremberg, Germany, 1945-1946
    • World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations, American
    • World War, 1939-1945--United States

    Types of Material

    • Black-and-white negatives
    • Black-and-white slides
    • Digital images
    • Photocopies
    • Photographs

    Inventory



    Photographs, 1944, undated   folder 1


    Flight manifest, 1945   folder 2

    Photocopy of a flight manifest written by Kraus in August 1945, listing eight Nazi prisoners his squadron transported to Nuremberg for the war crimes trials. A second page lists eight additional prisoners; it is unclear if these prisoners were transported on the same flight.


    Administrative Information

    Access Restrictions

    This collection is open for research.

    Copyright Notice

    The nature of the College of Charleston's archival holdings means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible to determine despite reasonable efforts. Special Collections claims only physical ownership of most archival materials.

    The materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to U.S. copyright law. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Mel Kraus papers, College of Charleston Libraries, Charleston, SC, USA.

    Acquisitions Information

    Materials were donated in 2005 by Herb Crews.

    Processing Information

    Processed by Rebecca McClure, February 2012.

    Encoded by Rebecca McClure, April 2012.

    Reviewed and uploaded by Martha McTear, May 2012.

    Funding from the Council on Library and Information Resources supported the processing of this collection and encoding of the finding aid.

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