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Inventory of the Baruch and Lennox Families Photographs and Papers, 1889-1976

Descriptive Summary

Abstract: The collection consists of family photographs and photograph albums, scrapbooks, and assorted papers of the Baruch family of Camden, South Carolina, and New York City, and the Lennox family of Rocky Hill, Connecticut. Materials primarily relate to Hartwig Nathaniel Baruch Sr., stage actor and member of the New York stock exchange, his wife, Arline Lennox Baruch, and their son, Hartwig Nathaniel Baruch Jr.
Title: Baruch and Lennox families photographs and papers
Creator: Baruch family
Date(s): 1889-1976  
Extent: 5.0 linear feet
(2 document boxes, 4 flat boxes)
Repository: Jewish Heritage Collection, Special Collections, College of Charleston Libraries
66 George Street
Charleston, SC 29424
Phone: (843) 953-8016
Fax: (843) 953-6319
URL: http://archives.library.cofc.edu
Call Number: Mss 1110
Language of Material: Materials in English

Biographical Note

Prussian born Simon Baruch (1840-1921) immigrated to America in 1855. Upon his arrival he made his way to Camden, South Carolina, where his sponsor, Mannes Baum, operated a general merchandise store. Simon started work as a bookkeeper in the Baum store but his interest in medicine soon led him to enter the South Carolina Medical College and continue his studies at the Medical College of Virginia, from which he graduated in 1862. During the Civil War Simon served as a surgeon for the Confederate army. Returning to Camden after the war, he established a country practice and married Isabelle Wolfe (1850-1921). Together they had four boys: Hartwig Nathaniel Baruch (1868-1953); Bernard Mannes Baruch (1870-1965); Herman Benjamin Baruch (1872-1953); and Sailing W. Baruch (1874-1962). In 1881 the family moved to New York where Simon campaigned for better hygiene and established the first public baths for the poor. Simon's eldest son, Hartwig N. Baruch, aspired to become an actor and in the 1890s acted with the Boston Stock Company and on Broadway under the stage name of Nathaniel Hartwig. His mother persuaded him to follow his younger brothers Bernard and Sailing to Wall Street. (Bernard would become a successful American financier, presidential advisor, and elder statesman, and Sailing would become a prominent banker and stockbroker.) In 1899 Bernard bought Hartwig a seat on the New York Stock exchange. From 1903 to 1918 Hartwig worked as a partner in the firm of Baruch Brothers and when it merged with Henry Hentz & Co. he became a partner in the new firm. In 1917 he married his second wife, Arline Lennox, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William Henry Lennox of Rocky Hill, Connecticut. They had one son, Hartwig Nathaniel Baruch Jr. (1918-1997).


Collection Overview

The collection consists of family photographs and photograph albums, scrapbooks, and assorted papers of the Baruch family of Camden, South Carolina, and New York City, and the Lennox family of Rocky Hill, Connecticut. Materials primarily relate to Hartwig Nathaniel Baruch Sr., stage actor and member of the New York stock exchange, his wife, Arline Lennox Baruch, and their son, Hartwig Nathaniel Baruch Jr. Photographs include images of members of the Baruch family, including Simon and Isabelle W. Baruch; Hartwig Nathaniel Baruch Sr.; Arline Lennox Baruch; Hartwig Nathaniel Baruch Jr.; and Sailing W. Baruch. There are images of Simon Baruch's summer home, the Anchorage, located in Long Branch, New Jersey; Hartwig N. Baruch Jr. with various family members and nurses at the Eagle Point house in Naxera, Virginia, where he was born; Arline L. Baruch with assorted Lennox family members and friends; unidentified Lennox family members at Niagara Falls; and Hartwig N. Baruch Jr. and family at their summerhouse in Elberon, New Jersey, at the Eagle Point plantation in Naxera, Virginia, and wintering in Palm Beach, Florida. Also included in the collection are two scrapbooks, one containing materials relating to Hartwig N. Baruch Sr.'s stage career and the other containing assorted newspaper clippings and ephemera relating to the Baruch and Lennox families. The collection also includes miscellaneous papers and print materials consisting of correspondence; clippings; and Arline L. Baruch's Oxford prayer book and hymnal.

Collection Arrangement

1.  Photographs and photograph albums, 1890s-1960s
2.  Scrapbooks, 1889-1938
3.  Assorted papers and printed material, 1889-1976, undated


Search Terms

The following terms have been used to index this collection in the Library's online catalog. They are grouped by name of person, family, or organization, by topical subject, by place, and by types of material.

    Names

    • Baruch, Hartwig Nathaniel, Sr., 1868-1953
    • Baruch, Arline Lennox, 1893-1995
    • Baruch, Hartwig Nathaniel, Jr., 1918-1997
    • Baruch family
    • Lennox family

    Subjects

    • Jewish families--United States
    • Jewish capitalists and financiers--United States

    Places

    • Camden (S.C.)
    • New York (N.Y.)
    • Rocky Hill (Conn.)

    Types of Material

    • Scrapbooks
    • Black-and-white photographs
    • Correspondence
    • Prayer books
    • Hymnals
    • Clippings (information artifacts)
    • Certificates

    Related Resources

    Related Material

    Related materials in Special Collections include the Levenson and Baruch family papers, 1910-1960s (Mss 1034-017), an oral history interview with Sam Levenson, Carolyn Baruch Levenson, and Ella Levenson Schlosburg (Mss 1035-023), and an oral history interview with Carolyne Baruch Levenson and Deborah Baruch Abrams (Mss 1035-195).


    Detailed Description of Collection

    Close All | Open All

    Photographs and photograph albums, 1890s-1960s



    Simon and Isabelle W. Baruch, 1890s   box 1 | folder 1


    Simon and Isabelle W. Baruch, undated   box 6 | folder 1

    Simon Baruch and Hartwig Nathaniel Baruch Jr., 1920   box 4


    Hartwig Nathaniel Baruch Sr., 1890s   box 1 | folder 2


    Arline Lennox Baruch, circa 1900s-1940s   box 1 | folder 3


    Hartwig Nathaniel Baruch Jr., 1919-1936   box 1 | folder 4


    Sailing W. Baruch, 1940s-1960s   box 1 | folder 5


    Miscellaneous, 1951, undated   box 1 | folder 6

    Contains two interior photographs of the Nahmeoka, owned by Hartwig N. Baruch Sr.; a portrait of George A. Long, president of the Gray Telephone Pay Station Co.; and assorted photographs of unidentified individuals.



    Photograph album, circa 1860s   box 1 | folder 7

    Album consists of cartes de visite and tintype portraits of family members of the Hodges and Henshaw families and a single image of James Lennox. Images of other Lennox family members are missing. Album contains handwritten annotations identifying particular individuals.



    Photograph album, circa 1900s   box 1 | folder 8

    Album consists of photographs of Simon Baruch's summer home, the Anchorage, located in Long Branch, New Jersey, and includes assorted exterior images of the Anchorage house and its grounds.



    Photograph album, 1918-1920   box 3 | folder 1

    Album consists of photographs of Hartwig N. Baruch Jr. with various family members and nurses at the Eagle Point house in Naxera, Virginia, where he was born. Photographs include images of Hartwig Jr. at eighteen days old, thirteen weeks old, fifteen weeks old, and a year old. Album contains handwritten annotations identifying family members.



    Photograph album, 1907-1935   box 3 | folder 2

    Album consists of candid photographs of Arline L. Baruch with various unidentified Lennox family members and friends and includes group shots taken during automobile outings, in costumes, boating, playing tennis, and with dogs.



    Photograph album, circa 1915   box 2 | folder 1

    Album contains a small number of photographs of unidentified Lennox family members at Niagara Falls and a family portrait including Arline L. Baruch.



    Photograph album, 1915-1932   box 5 | folder 1

    Album consists of photographs of Hartwig N. Baruch Jr. and family at their summer house in Elberon, New Jersey, at the Eagle Point plantation in Naxera, Virginia, and wintering in Palm Beach, Florida. Album also contains newspaper clippings regarding President Warren G. Harding's trip on the Baruch houseboat shortly before its wreck, and a handwritten document, adhered to cardboard, stating that Dr. Simon Baruch treated a Captain J. F. Withers at Fredericksburg, Virginia, in 1863.



    Photograph album, 1921   box 5 | folder 2

    Album consists of photographs of Hartwig N. Baruch Jr. and family in Palm Beach, Florida, and assorted clippings regarding the Baruch's social activities while there.


    Scrapbooks, 1889-1938



    Scrapbook, 1889-1897   box 2 | folder 2

    Scrapbook contains materials relating to Hartwig N. Baruch Sr.'s stage career and consists of clippings from Boston, Chicago, Washington D.C., Denver, and Minneapolis newspapers regarding his performances. Also included is a contract between Hartwig N. Baruch Sr. and Frank W. Sanger for Sanger's services as Baruch's stage manager.



    Scrapbook, 1908-1938   box 6 | folder 2

    Scrapbook consists of newspaper clippings and ephemera pertaining to the Baruch and Lennox families' business and social activities, as well as clippings relating to George A. Long, president of the Gray Telephone Pay Station Company. Also contains various published materials, including H. Heinz & Co., 1856-1931, a history of the H. Hentz & Co. cotton firm; Reminiscences of a Confederate Surgeon by Dr. Simon Baruch; and the program, Unveiling of the Bronze Tablet to Commemorate the Naming of the Dr. Simon Baruch Public Bath, New York City, 1917.


    Assorted papers, 1889-1976, undated



    Correspondence, 1897-1976, undated   box 2 | folder 3

    Family letters, postcards, and correspondence, including the wedding invitation of Arline Lennox and Hartwig N. Baruch; several letters to Hartwig N. Baruch Sr. regarding his stage career; and correspondence between Mrs. William H. Lennox, mother of Arline L. Baruch, and the New York Public Library, and between Arline L. Baruch and the U. S. War Department inquiring about Lennox family genealogical information and Revolutionary War service.



    Clippings, 1922, 1937, undated   box 2 | folder 4

    Assorted clippings regarding the Baruch and Lennox families.



    Arline L. Baruch's Oxford prayer book and hymnal, 1907   box 2 | folder 5


    Miscellaneous, 1889-1954, undated   box 2 | folder 6

    Includes a contract between F. A. Brown and Hartwig N. Baruch Sr. making Brown Baruch's manager; blank Department of Health forms; and the Honorable Discharge certificate of William H. Lennox, father of Arline L. Baruch, from the Connecticut National Guard.



    Administrative Information

    Access Restrictions

    This collection is open for research.

    Copyright Notice

    The nature of the College of Charleston's archival holdings means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible to determine despite reasonable efforts. Special Collections claims only physical ownership of most archival materials.

    The materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to U.S. copyright law. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Baruch and Lennox families photographs and papers, College of Charleston Libraries, Charleston, SC, USA.

    Acquisitions Information

    Materials were donated in 2012 by Albert Baruch Mercer.

    Processing Information

    Processed by Joshua Minor, September 2012.

    Encoded by Joshua Minor, September 2012.

    Reviewed and uploaded by Martha McTear, October 2012.

    Funding from the Council on Library and Information Resources supported the processing of this collection and encoding of the finding aid.

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