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Inventory of the Sandra Garfinkel and Morton Henry Shapiro Papers, 1901-2014

Descriptive Summary

Abstract: The collection consists of photographs, photograph albums, diaries, scrapbooks, High School of Charleston and university materials, correspondence, travel souvenirs, oral histories, and family interviews of Sandra Garfinkel and Morton Henry Shapiro. The majority of materials document Sandra Garfinkel Shapiro's youth, from her teenage years through her graduation from University of North Carolina in 1957, with the largest portion of the collection consisting of photographs of Sandra and her family and friends, including albums documenting her travel to Israel in 1952 and Mexico in 1954, and participation in Young Judaea events and conventions throughout her high school years. Also included is an oral history interview with Morton H. Shapiro in which he discusses his career working with labor unions, and several interviews he recorded with members of the Shapiro family.
Title: Sandra Garfinkel and Morton Henry Shapiro papers
Creator: Shapiro, Sandra Garfinkel, 1935- ; Shapiro, Morton Henry, 1928-2007
Date(s): 1901-2014  (bulk 1935-2002)  
Extent: 12.0 linear feet
(5 document boxes, 9 flat boxes, 1 oversize flat box, 2 oversize folders, 9 compact discs, and 12 audiocassettes)
Repository: Special Collections, College of Charleston Libraries
66 George Street
Charleston, SC 29424
Phone: (843) 953-8016
Fax: (843) 953-6319
URL: http://archives.library.cofc.edu
Call Number: Mss 1120
Language of Material: Materials in English, Hebrew, Polish, and Yiddish

Biographical Note

Sandra Garfinkel Shapiro (1935- ) was born to Annie and Sam Garfinkel in Charleston, South Carolina. Both of her parents were born in Divin, Belarus, and both had the last name of Garfinkel before they married. Throughout her youth and adolescence, Sandra was active in Young Judaea, a Zionist youth organization. In 1952, she received a scholarship through Young Judaea to spend six weeks in Israel, traveling with a group organized by the World Zionist Organization. After high school, Sandra attended the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. While in college, she met Morton Henry Shapiro and the couple married in 1955. Following her wedding, Sandra transferred to the University of South Carolina, where she completed her bachelor's degree in history in 1957. Morton and Sandra then moved to Greensboro, North Carolina, and had two children, Rachel and Eric. In 1966, the family relocated to Atlanta, Georgia, where Sandra earned a degree in interior design from Georgia State. The Shapiros settled in Portland, Oregon, in 1977 and Sandra began working at Ethan Allen, a furniture and home décor company, where she remained until her retirement in 2000. In the 1980s, she became interested in genealogy and began researching her family, authoring several articles on her research in the newsletters of the Jewish Genealogical Society of Oregon and the Jewish Historical Society of South Carolina, and eventually becoming president of the Jewish Genealogical Society of Oregon.

Sandra's husband, Morton Henry Shapiro (1928-2007), was born to Rega Kaizen and Jacob Shapiro in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. After graduating from Temple University in 1950 with a bachelor's degree in psychology, he began working for the International Ladies Garment Workers Union (ILGWU). He was drafted into the United States Army in 1951 and served until 1953, returning to the ILGWU upon completing his service. After almost two decades, he left the ILGWU and pursued a number of jobs with labor unions across the United States. He worked as a labor consultant, the Director of the Oregon State Employees' Association, and with the Service Employees International Union (SEIU), before retiring in 1996. In addition to his career working with labor unions, he was also involved with the civil rights movement in the South.


Collection Overview

The majority of materials document Sandra Garfinkel Shapiro's youth, from her teenage years through her graduation from University of North Carolina in 1957, with the largest portion of the collection consisting of photographs of Sandra and her family and friends, including albums documenting her travel to Israel in 1952 and Mexico in 1954, and participation in Young Judaea events and conventions throughout her high school years. The collection also contains correspondence, mainly from Sandra to various family members and friends, diaries spanning 1949-1955, and high school yearbooks. Also included are extensive genealogical research files compiled by Sandra between the 1980s and early 2000s, containing family trees, passenger lists, family history forms, and handwritten notes. Also included are a number of materials documenting Morton Shapiro's family and his genealogical research, including extensive oral history interviews conducted by Shapiro with members of his family. Of particular note is an oral history interview with Morton himself, in which he discusses his work with labor unions, his involvement in the civil rights movement, and relations between Jews and African Americans in the South.

Collection Arrangement

1.  Sandra Garfinkel Shapiro, 1901-2014, undated
2.  Morton Henry Shapiro, 1926-2007, undated


Search Terms

The following terms have been used to index this collection in the Library's online catalog. They are grouped by name of person, family, or organization, by topical subject, by place, and by types of material.

    Names

    • Shapiro, Sandra Garfinkel, 1935-
    • Shapiro, Morton Henry, 1928-2007
    • Garfinkel family
    • Shapiro family
    • Young Judaea, Inc.
    • International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union--Interviews
    • Service Employees International Union--Interviews

    Subjects

    • Jews--South Carolina--Charleston
    • Jews--Social life and customs
    • Jewish youth--South Carolina--Charleston--Societies and clubs
    • Jewish camps
    • Zionism
    • Labor unions--United States--Officials and employees--Interviews
    • African Americans--Relations with Jews

    Places

    • Charleston (S.C.)--Genealogy
    • Portland (Or.)
    • Israel--Description and travel
    • Mexico--Description and travel

    Types of Material

    • Black-and-white photographs
    • Color photographs
    • Black-and-white negatives
    • Photograph albums
    • Diaries
    • Correspondence
    • School yearbooks
    • Scrapbooks
    • Autograph albums
    • Ships' passenger lists
    • Genealogical tables
    • Research notes
    • Oral histories (document genres)
    • Interviews
    • Songbooks
    • Jewelry
    • Textile materials

    Related Resources

    Related Material

    Related materials in Special Collections include oral history interviews with Sandra Garfinkel Shapiro (Mss 1035-164), Nathan and Frances Garfinkle (Mss 1035-75), Alex Garfinkel (Mss 1035-127), Max and Jennie Kaufman Garfinkel (Mss 1035-176), and Phillip W. Garfinkel (Mss 1035-103).


    Detailed Description of the Collection

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    1. Sandra Garfinkel Shapiro, 1926-2014, undated   

    Photographs and photograph albums, 1926-2011, undated 

    Photographs,1926-2011, undated

    The majority of photographs document the Garfinkel family during Sandra Garfinkel Shapiro's childhood and high school years. Includes images of several of her five siblings, notably Helen "Elkie" Garfinkel and Nathan "Niske" Garfinkel, as well as Sandra's trips to Israel, Mexico, Belarus, and Poland.



    Garfinkel and Shapiro families, 1926-1927   box 1 | folder 1

    Images of Morton Shapiro as a child, Freida Shapiro, Rose Shapiro, Albert Kohn (husband of Miriam Garfinkel), and Albert Kaufman (brother of Jenny Kaufman Garfinkel).



    Garfinkel family and friends, 1931-1940   box 1 | folder 2

    Images of Sandra as a young child, Helen "Elkie" Garfinkel with Eleanor Garfinkel and family friends.



    Garfinkel family and friends, 1942-1949   box 1 | folder 3

    Images of Annie Garfinkel, Nathan "Niske" Garfinkel and his wife, Francis Solomon Garfinkel, Helen "Elkie" Garfinkel, Sandra Garfinkel Shapiro, and friends and classmates.



    Beth Israel Sunday School class outing, 1946   box 1 | folder 4

    Images of Sandra and her classmates on a trip to Hampton Park.



    Mildred "Matie" Garfinkel at the Gibbes Art Gallery, 1949   box 1 | folder 5

    Images of Mildred "Matie" Garfinkel and friends at the Gibbes Art Gallery in December 1949, attending the play Three Men and a Horse.



    Azalea Parade, 1950   box 1 | folder 6

    Images of floats and bands taken from the window of Sokol's furniture store on King Street in Charleston, S.C.



    Garfinkel family and friends, 1950-1963   box 1 | folder 7

    Images of Sandra with high school friends, at her confirmation, high school graduation, a Valentine's dance at the Jewish Community Center, and cheerleading at a school basketball game. Also includes Garfinkel family events.



    Young Judaea conventions and Cecile Rubin Chapter, 1950-1953   box 1 | folder 8

    Group photos featuring Sandra Garfinkel Shapiro.



    High School of Charleston, 1950-1953   box 1 | folder 9

    Images of sports teams, cheerleaders, groups of friends, classroom scenes, students in a lunchroom, and a band.



    Summer camp, circa 1951-1953   box 1 | folder 10

    Images of Sandra with friends at various Jewish Summer camps, including Camp Bel Aire in Tennessee.



    Summer abroad, 1952   box 1 | folder 11


    Sandra Garfinkel Shapiro, 1955, circa 1970   box 1 | folder 12

    Images of Sandra's wedding, her engagement photograph, and a studio portrait.



    High School of Charleston ten-year reunion, 1963   box 1 | folder 13

    Images of Sandra and former classmates.



    Memphis Sanitation Workers' Strike march, Memphis, Tennessee, 1968   box 1 | folder 14

    Images of Morton Shapiro attending a march through Memphis, Tennessee, in honor of the recently assassinated Martin Luther King Jr. as part of the Memphis Sanitation Workers' strike, which King had supported.



    Garfinkel family and friends, 1978-2011   box 1 | folder 15

    Images of Sandra at weddings, bar mitzvahs, and on trips with friends.



    Garfinkel family and friends, undated   box 1 | folder 16

    Images of Sandra Garfinkel Shapiro, Francis Solomon Garfinkel, Nathan "Niskie" Garfinkel, and various friends and family members.



    Miscellaneous, 1938-1952, undated   box 1 | folder 17

    Photographs of Charleston after a tornado in 1938, Jerusalem in 1952, movie stars on South Battery in Charleston, and unidentified individuals.


    Photograph albums, 1952-1954, 1992-2000



    London, Israel, and France, 1952   box 1 | folder 19

    Images of Sandra's trip to London, Israel, and France in the summer of 1952. The album corresponds to 1952 diaries which describe the trip.


    "The Story of Our Wedding," 1955   box 2

    Images of Sandra's marriage to Morton Shapiro in 1955, including the ceremony, bridal party, and reception.


    Israel, 1994   box 3

    Images of Sandra and Morton Shapiro's trip to Israel in late April-May 1994.


    Belarus and Poland, 2000   box 4

    Images from Sandra 's eight-day trip to Belarus and Poland with members of the Goldberg and Frankel families. Includes images of Holocaust-related sites, Jewish heritage and cultural sites, and Divin, Belarus, the hometown of Sandra's parents.



    Oversize loose photograph album pages, circa 1930-1940, 1955-1957   box 15 | folder 1

    Images of Sandra as an infant and small child on St. Philip Street and Morris Street in Charleston; Garfinkel family members; and Sandra and her husband, Morton Shapiro, after their marriage in 1955.



    Oversize loose photograph album pages, 1947-1952   box 15 | folder 2

    Images of Sandra with family and friends at Hampton Park in 1947 and Folly Beach and Sullivan's Island in 1949; an Aleph Zadik Aleph (AZA) convention in Savannah, Georgia, in 1951; a Young Judaea Convention in Hendersonville, North Carolina, in 1951; and a dance in the spring of 1952.



    Oversize loose photograph album pages, 1951-1953   box 15 | folder 3

    Images of Sandra at Camp Tel Yehuda in 1951; Camp Blue Star in 1952; Young Judaea conventions held at Camp Blue Star in 1952 and 1953; Junior Club at Magnolia Gardens; and the High School of Charleston.



    Oversize loose photograph album pages, 1954   box 15 | folder 4

    Images of Sandra's trip to Mexico as part of an American Friends Service Committee volunteer program in the summer of 1954. Includes scenes in Coatepec, Cuernavaca, and Toluca.



    Oversize loose photograph album pages, 1955-1956   box 15 | folder 5

    Images of Sandra and Morton Shapiro in Greensboro, North Carolina, in 1954; Sandra at the Women's College at UNC Greensboro; Sandra's wedding shower and rehearsal, honeymoon, and with family in summer 1956.



    Scrapbooks, 1935, 1955, 1994 



    Baby book, 1935   box 5 | folder 1

    An album with information about Sandra Garfinkel Shapiro's birth and first year of life.



    "The Bride's Keepsake Book," 1955   box 5 | folder 2

    A wedding scrapbook with photographs and notes on Sandra and Morton Shapiro's first date, engagement, wedding shower, wedding and guests, and the honeymoon. Also includes newspaper clippings and telegrams, and a booklet containing a wedding invitation list.


    Interior decorating portfolio, 1994   box 6

    Work portfolio from Sandra's time at Ethan Allen. Includes before and after photos and letters from clients.


    Correspondence, 1940-2013 

    Letters from Sandra Garfinkel Shapiro to family and friends, often during trips abroad she took during summers in high school and college.



    1945-1955   box 5 | folder 3

    Letters to and from Sandra during her childhood years, from Sandra to friends and family during her trip to Israel and during her summer in Mexico with the American Friends Service Committee. Also includes the invitation to Sandra and Morton's wedding.



    1961-1978   box 5 | folder 4

    Letters to Sandra from Eli Evans, a friend from Young Judaea conventions, and from friends at previous workplaces. Also includes materials sent from politicians regarding Morton Shapiro's support, and materials for the 1977 Presidential Inauguration.



    1983-2000   box 5 | folder 5

    Letters to Sandra from former coworkers, friends, and family in Israel. Also includes a letter to Morton Shapiro from Congressman Mike Kopetski and an invitation to the Inauguration of President Bill Clinton in 1993.



    2001-2013   box 5 | folder 6

    Letters from Sandra to family in Israel, an email from Sandra to author Daniel Hillel, and letters of thanks regarding donations of materials to several archives.


    Diaries, 1949-1955, 2000 

    Diaries of Sandra Garfinkel Shapiro, documenting her involvement in AZA, her trips abroad during high school, and a trip to Belarus and Poland in 2000.



    Diary, 1949   box 5 | folder 7

    Includes entries on Sandra's daily life at age 13. Also contains several pages of notes in Yiddish by Annie Garfinkel at the back of the diary.



    Diary, 1952   box 5 | folder 8

    Includes entries on attending AZA events, junior club, and a trip to England, Israel, and France in the summer of 1952. Contains entries related to Sandra's summer abroad photo album documenting the 1952 trip.



    Diary, 1952   box 5 | folder 9

    Includes entries from a trip abroad to England, Israel, and France, mainly focusing on Sandra's time in Israel. Contains some entries after her return to the United States, and entries related to her summer abroad photo album documenting the trip.



    Diary, 1953   box 5 | folder 10

    Includes entries from Sandra's senior year of at the High School of Charleston.



    Diary, 1954   box 5 | folder 11

    Includes entries from Sandra's summer trip to volunteer in Mexico with the American Friends Service Committee.



    Diary, 2000   box 7 | folder 1

    Includes entries on a trip to Belarus and Poland in July 2000.


    Diary and album access copy, undated   box 8

    Photocopies of the diary of Sandra's trip to England, Israel, and France in 1952, bound with a copy of the corresponding photograph album.



    Datebooks, 1950-1955   box 7 | folder 2

    Datebooks with detailed entries on significant events and trips.


    High School of Charleston and university materials, 1946-2009 

    Includes yearbooks and the student newspaper of the High School of Charleston, university identification cards, grade reports, alumni newsletters, and reunion materials. Garnet and Gold and The Charlestonian, yearbooks for the High School of Charleston, include signatures and notes from classmates.



    Autograph book, 1946   box 7 | folder 3

    Contains signatures and notes from classmates and teachers at the Mitchell School.



    Garnet and Gold, 1949   box 7 | folder 4


    The Charlestonian, 1950   box 7 | folder 5


    The Charlestonian, 1951   box 7 | folder 6


    The Charlestonian, 1952   box 7 | folder 7

    The Bantam, 1952-1953   Oversize Paper Folder 6

    Bound issues of The Bantam, the High School of Charleston's school newspaper.


    Garnet and Black, 1956   box 8

    Yearbook of the University of South Carolina.



    School records, 1956   box 7 | folder 8

    Report cards from University of North Carolina, and a poem from one of Sandra's classes.



    Class of 1957 Ten Years Later, and Class of 1953 50th anniversary, 1967, 2003   box 9 | folder 1

    The UNC Women's College's tenth-year reunion update and a booklet commemorating the 50th reunion of the High School of Charleston's class of 1953.



    The Bantam News, 1994-2009   box 9 | folder 2

    The newsletter of the Charleston High School Alumni Association.


    Young Judaea, 1949-1952, 1969, 2004, undated 



    Song books, 1949-1952, undated   box 9 | folder 3

    Song books from Young Judaea, a Zionist youth group, and Songs of Many Nations, acquired during Sandra's service trip to Mexico with the American Friends Service Committee.



    Clippings, 1949-1952, 1969, 2004, undated   box 9 | folder 4

    Articles reporting on Sandra's scholarship from Young Judaea to visit Israel, the group trip to Israel organized by the World Zionist Organization, Young Judaea conventions, and Young Judaea activities.


    Genealogical files, 1901-1938, 1982-2014, undated 

    Genealogical research files of Sandra Garfinkel Shapiro.



    Family genealogy articles by Sandra Garfinkel Shapiro, 2005-2007   box 9 | folder 5

    "The Mysterious 1939 Yiddish Letters," in the Jewish Genealogical Society of Oregon's winter 2005 newsletter, and "The Adventures of Jewish Genealogy," in the Jewish Historical Society of South Carolina newsletter, volume XII, number 1.



    Genealogical research files, 1938, 1985-2014, undated   box 9 | folder 6-12

    Includes photocopies of census records, naturalization records, passenger lists, family trees, handwritten notes, and correspondence related to Sandra's research. Also includes a bound listing of Garfinkel family members by generation created in 1993 and photocopies of passenger lists.



    Genealogical research files, 1938, 1985-2014, undated   box 13 | folder 1

    Includes family trees and handwritten notes.


    Genealogical research binder, 1901-1936, 1982-1984, undated   box 10

    Includes a compilation of original documents, such as a birth certificate, marriage certificate, and records and correspondence in Hebrew and Polish, as well as photographs, handwritten notes, "stories," and family tree information.


    Genealogical research binders, 2000-2002, undated   box 11

    Two binders containing correspondence regarding research information from individuals assisting Sandra, printed information from the "JewishGen" website, lists of family members, an itinerary for a trip to Belarus and Poland, family trees, and an article on the changing borders in Eastern Europe.


    Genealogical research binders, undated   box 12

    Includes two binders of family history forms and family trees. The first binder contains sections of research dedicated to the following family members: Vevil Garfinkel, Lazar Garfinkel, Hyman Garfinkel, Sam Garfinkel, Rachel Tannenbaum, Leah Tannenbaum Saltzman, Hike Garfinkel Goldberg, and the Goldbergs in Brazil. The second binder contains additional notes in family history forms and family trees.


    Passenger lists (photocopies), undated   Oversize Paper Folder 7


    Miscellaneous genealogy files, undated   box 13 | folder 2

    Includes family trees, photocopies of a photograph of Rose Garfinkel Hoffman, letter in Yiddish, and passenger list with Sam Garfinkel marked.


    Travel Souvenirs, 1952, 2000, undated 



    Print, undated   box 13 | folder 3

    A framed print of a man praying in a tallit by Israeli artist Jacob Eisenberg (1897-1965), purchased in Israel in 1952.


    Textiles, circa 1952, 2000, undated   box 14

    A hat made by Sandra for her trip to Israel as a teen, a blouse from Yemen, and a commemorative T-shirt from her trip to Belarus.


    Miscellaneous, 1926, 1951-1965, 2001-2007, undated 



    Jewish marriage and ceremony books   box 13 | folder 4

    Marriage and Home: A Jewish Guide for Marital Happiness, given to Sandra by her rabbi before her wedding, and Jewish Symbolism and Ceremonies.



    Jewelry and pins   box 13 | folder 5

    Pins and charms from Israel, the Cecile Rubin Chapter of Young Judaea, High School of Charleston, and from a work camp in rural Mexico. Also includes Yemenite jewelry purchased in Israel.



    2. Morton H. Shapiro, 1926-2007, undated  

    Biographical materials, 1926, 1953, 2001- 2007 



    Unedited transcript of "Recollections," 1997   box 13 | folder 6

    Unedited transcript of an oral history interview of Morton Shapiro recorded by Joella Werin between January 31 and February 10 1997, including handwritten annotations and revisions.



    "Recollections," 1997   box 13 | folder 7

    Revised transcript of an oral history interview of Morton Shapiro recorded by Joella Werin between January 31 and February 10 1997.



    Miscellaneous, 1926, 1953, 2001-2007   box 13 | folder 8

    Materials include Shapiro's honorable discharge from the United States Army, correspondence, his parents' marriage certificate, his death certificate and funeral memorial booklet, an award of distinction from the Oregon Genealogical Society, his resume, and clippings.


    Audiovisual Materials, 1982-1997, undated 

    Audiocassettes, 1982-1994, undated

    (Jewish Heritage Collection Audiocassettes Box 3 |12 Audiocassettes)

    Interviews conducted by Morton Shapiro with various family members.


    "Brochka 6/82," 1982 June   audiocassette 1120-A01

    "Brochka Senchuck 6/19/82," 1982 June 19   audiocassette 1120-A02

    "Aunt Rose Hoffman," 1984-1985   audiocassette 1120-A03

    "Letter from Y. Pipkin," 1984   audiocassette 1120-A04

    "Bruchka on phone, Sadie Osofsky, AEL, Mr. Ben Akiba, Tel Aviv," 1984   audiocassette 1120-A05

    "'Brochkie' Serchuck, Rose Serchuck, me & Sonia Sokol Feinberg Greenberg June 84, Brooklyn, N.Y," 1984 June   audiocassette 1120-A06

    "Jerusalem, Gazetteers & Maps of east Europe in Lib. of Congress, Matt Darish," 1984-1985   audiocassette 1120-A07

    "Aunt Rose Hoffman in Savannah 4/11/85," 1985 April 11   audiocassette 1120-A08

    "Eleanor G.A. Haas 4/8/87," 1987 April 8   audiocassette 1120-A09

    "A.Suzanne 11/30/89, side B 8/31/94," 1989-1994   audiocassette 1120-A10

    "Chas, 3/90,"1990 March   audiocassette 1120-A11

    "Mr. Ben- Akiba, Yaffa," undated   audiocassette 1120-A12

    CDs, 1997, undated

    (Jewish Heritage Collection CDs Box 1 | 9 CDs)

    Includes an approximately 6 hour long oral history interview with Morton Shapiro recorded by Joella Werin between January 31 and February 10 1997. Topics include his childhood, his education, and his career working with labor unions, notably the International Ladies Garment Workers Union and Service Employees Union, his role in the civil rights movement, the role of Jews in the civil rights movement, and relations between Jews and African Americans in the South.


    "Morton Shapiro Oral History, 1/31/1997, Disc #1a," 1997 January 31   CD 1120-CD01

    "Morton Shapiro Oral History, 1/31/1997, Disc #1b," 1997 January 31   CD 1120-CD02

    "Morton Shapiro Oral History, 2/5/1997, Disc #2a," 1997 February 5   CD 1120-CD03

    "Morton Shapiro Oral History, 2/5/1997, Disc #2b," 1997 February 5   CD 1120-CD04

    "Morton Shapiro Oral History, 2/5/1997, Disc #3a," 1997 February 5 and 7   CD 1120-CD05

    "Morton Shapiro Oral History, 2/7/1997, Disc #3b," 1997 February 7   CD 1120-CD06

    "Morton Shapiro Oral History, 2/7/1997, Disc #4a," 1997 February 7 and 10   CD 1120-CD07

    "Morton Shapiro Oral History, 2/10/1997, Disc #4b & 5a," 1997 February 10   CD 1120-CD08

    "Memphis, Tenn, April 8, 1968, MLK's Funeral," (mislabeled), undated   CD 1120-CD09

    Digital image of Morton Shapiro attending a march through Memphis, Tennessee, in honor of the recently assassinated Martin Luther King Jr. as part of the Memphis Sanitation Strike, which King had supported.





    Administrative Information

    Access Restrictions

    This collection is open for research.

    Copyright Notice

    The nature of the College of Charleston's archival holdings means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible to determine despite reasonable efforts. Special Collections claims only physical ownership of most archival materials.

    The materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to U.S. copyright law. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Sandra Garfinkel and Morton Henry Shapiro papers, College of Charleston Libraries, Charleston, SC, USA.

    Acquisitions Information

    Materials were donated in 2007, 2009, 2010, 2012, and 2014 by Sandra Garfinkel Shapiro.

    Processing Information

    Processed by Amy Lazarus, August 2015.

    Encoded by Amy Lazarus, September 2015.

    Reviewed and uploaded by Joshua Minor, November 2015.

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