College of Charleston Library
66 George Street
Charleston, SC 29424
Title: Charles Walker Carroll collection on the Wateree Indians
Collection #: Mss 0133
Size: 1 linear ft.
Biographical Note: Wes Taukchiray (a.k.a., Wes White) is an ethnohistorian and the author of numerous publications about the Indians of North America, including monographs on the Catawba, Natchez, and Kussoe.
Scope and Content Note: All known information about the Wateree Indians of South Carolina and North Carolina was assembled by Wes Taukchiray for Charles Walker Carroll. This collection includes Taukchiray's book-length manuscript summarizing his research (323 pages; available online), annotated photocopies of published information, and related correspondence. The Wateree were the first tribe of Indians in North America known to have had a Spanish mission established on their territory. The mission was located at Guatari (pronounced Waterée) from 1566 to 1572. Sources are included through 1770, when the Wateree were last mentioned as part of the Catawba Nation. Also included are all known references to the Wateree in secondary sources dating from 1924 to 2002. A series of reports deals primarily with the archaeology of the Wateree and Yadkin rivers and dissertations. Correspondents include Ives Goddard, Senior Linguist, Department of Anthropology, Smithsonian Institution.
Wateree Indians -- History.
Catawba Indians -- History.
Catawba Indian Nation -- History.
Missions, Spanish -- Southern States -- History.
Indians of North America -- South Carolina -- History.
Indians of North America -- North Carolina -- History.
1. Text for "A History of the Wateree... Indians, 1566-1770" by Wes White, May 1984 (with later additions and correction through 2006).
2. Footnotes and appendix for "A History of the Wateree...Indians, 1566-1770" by Wes White, May 1984, and Wes Taukchiray, 2006.
3. Correspondence file on Lawson's travels, 1701
4. Possible translations of Wateree
5. Serrano y Sanz 1912
6. Pepper 1924
7. Howell & Dearborn 1953
8. Ketcham 1954
9. Gannon 1965
10. Powell 1968
11. Baker 1975
12. De Pratter and Smith 1980
13. De Pratter, Hudson & Smith, 1983
14. Hudson, Smith & De Pratter 1984
15. De Pratter, Hudson & Smith 1985
16. Hudson, Smith, Halley, Polhemous & De Pratter 1985
17. Briceland 1987
18. Hudson, Smith, Halley, Polhemous & De Pratter 1987
19. Hudson, De Pratter & Smith 1988
20. De Pratter 1989
21. Hudson, Smith, De Pratter & Kelley 1989
22. Larson 1989
23-25. Hudson 1990 (folders A-C)
26. Hudson, Worth & De Pratter 1990
27. Booker, Hudson & Rankin 1992
28-29. Van Horne 1993 (folders A & B)
30. De Pratter 1994
31. Hicks 1998
32. Davis 2002
33. Richard Trauntner, 1698-1699 (manuscript edited by Alex Moore)
34. Swanton 1946 on Chalaque
35. Varner & Varner 1951 and 1962 on Chalaque
36. Indian Grave Hill, Walker Road, Lancaster, on the wrong track
37. Indian Grave Hill, Walker Road, Lancaster, on the right track
38-42. Wateree Indian artifacts (folders A-E)
43. "The Charles Walker Carroll Collection on the Waterrée Indians, 1566-1770 in the Camden Archives: an Overview of the Documents in the Collection" by Wes Taukchiray, August 2006 (online as Appendices I and II--pp. 289-323; see above, 2 H-I).
44. Ceramics from Wateree Creek formerly in the Heye Foundation's Museum of the American Indian, New York, that have been transferred to the National Museum of the American Indian (Smithsonian Institution), Washington, DC.
45. Location of the "Old Trading Ford"
46. Miscellaneous correspondence