Mailing Address:
Special Collections
College of Charleston Library
66 George Street
Charleston, SC 29424

(843) 953-8016

Title: Keyserling family papers. Part I

Collection #: Mss 1049a

Dates: 1890-1980 (bulk 1910-1951)

Size: 9 linear ft.

Biographical Note:

Born in Lithuania, William Keyserling immigrated (1888) to the U.S. and settled in Beaufort, SC. He established himself with the Macdonald, Wilkins Co., a cotton ginnery and wholesale warehouse, and became a leader in the Sea Island cotton industry. Keyserling married New Yorker, Jennie Hyman, in 1907. The couple lived on St. Helena Island and later moved to Beaufort. The Keyserlings had four children. Leon Keyserling attended Columbia University and Harvard Law School.

He worked as Senator Robert F. Wagner's chief legislative aide (1933-1937) and helped draft major New Deal legislation. Keyserling also served as Chairman of President Truman's Council of Economic Advisors. Beth Keyserling Rosenfarb (1909-1978) settled in New York and worked in the comptroller's office at Columbia University; Rosalyn (b. 1910) died of Leukemia at 34. Herbert Keyserling was a medical officer in the Navy (World War II) and later became a general practitioner in Beaufort. He married Harriet Hirschfeld, the first woman to serve on the Beaufort County Council and sixteen year member of the SC House of Representatives.

Scope and Content Note:

Part I (Mss 1049a) is the first accession of the Keyserling family papers. It includes Keyserling genealogical information, ephemera and family news clippings; material related to Leon Keyserling's political career (essays, clippings, speeches.) Correspondence includes letters between William Keyserling (WK) and Jennie H. Keyserling (JK) 1903-1935; WK and Leon Keyserling, 1908-1949; WK and Beth Keyserling Rosenfarb, 1911-1951; WK and Rosalyn Keyserling Schreiber, 1911-1944; WK and Herbert Keyserling, 1930-1944; WK and other relatives, 1919-1951.

Correspondence between William Keyserling and European relatives who escaped World War II. Letters between Jennie H. Keyserling and Leon Keyserling, 1920-1926; JK and Beth Keyserling Rosenfarb, 1921-1925; JK and Rosalyn Keyserling Schreiber, 1922-1933; JK and Herbert Keyserling, 1926-1935; JK and other relatives and friends, 1903-1935. Misc. includes letters (1961) to Harriet Keyserling from Nahum Astar, which detail the Adolf Eichmann trial.

Family photographs (1910s-70s) include images (1920s-30s) of Keyserling home and farms; candid shots from family outings; formal portraits; images of Leon Keyserling at political and economic events and Herbert and Harriet Keyserling's children; friends and relatives (including Hyman and Hirschfeld families); several photo albums (disassembled) contain images of 1930s Beaufort.

Jennie Keyserling civic material (1920s-30s) includes records of Beaufort Parent Teacher Association, South Carolina Federation of Temple Sisterhoods, Civic League and Better Homes Campaign. William Keyserling civic material (1919-1951) includes correspondence re. United Jewish Appeal, Beth Israel and Beaufort Rural Rehabilitation program. Financial and business records (1902-1951) include tax documents, property deeds (1899-1937,) Rosa Keyserling estate records, Macdonald Wilkins, Co. documents; correspondence re. farming legislation.

Six account ledgers (1910s-1940s) detail farm finances and store credit accounts. Miscellaneous material (1917-1961) includes B'nai Meyer Levit, Inc. information and news clippings re. Adolf Eichmann trial (from Jerusalem Post).

Finding aid for second accession:










Keyserling Family-Misc.


Box 1



Biographical Information/Family History: Keyserling family tree (several versions) beginning with Benjamin and Bethsheba Keyserling (parents of William Keyserling); biographical sketch of Jennie Hyman Keyserling with specific emphasis on civic associations and accomplishments; autobiographical poem written (1978) by Leon Keyserling; six page narrative (1994), "The Jews of Beaufort: Recollections of Herbert Keyserling," which details William Keyserling's immigration to the United States, his many business ventures and the family he raised in Beaufort, SC.





Ephemera (1900s-1970s): Includes misc. wedding invitations; Jennie Hyman's calling card (pre. 1907); William Keyserling family New Year card, (ca. 1910s); programs (1920s-1930s) from Keyserling children plays, confirmations and graduations; misc. pamphlets outlining practices for good health (includes, "Pointers for Patients," possibly from the sanitarium where Jennie Keyserling stayed during the 1920s; guest list created by Jennie Keyserling (possibly for a Clover Club event); Rosalyn Keyserling's meal ticket (ca. 1930s) from the University of South Carolina (USC); Herbert Keyserling's invitation ("bid") to join Tau Epsilon Phi fraternity at College of Charleston; photocopy of citation (1944) from Secretary of the Navy awarding Herbert Keyserling the Silver Star Medal; bumper sticker promoting Harriet Keyserling for South Carolina House of Representatives.





News Clippings (1922-1996): [most from Beaufort Gazette] Includes article (1922) re. William Keyserling's observations on farming; several articles (1920s) re. "Mrs. William Keyserling Entertains" and other family social activities; article (1931) re. William Keyserling's election to Beaufort City Council; articles/mentions of Rosalyn Keyserling from USC Gamecock (1930s); Jennie Keyserling's obituary (1935); article about Joe Rosenfarb's career (1940s); William Keyserling obituaries and tributes (1951); article re. history of Beth Israel cemetery, Beaufort (1976); Mary Dublin Keyserling's obituary (1997)





Medical Information (1919, 1944): list of foods which could be digested if one had "hypohydrochloria"; prescription (1919) for Jennie Keyserling; letter (1944) re. examination of Rosalyn Keyserling's blood






Keyserling Children's Report Cards (1926-1933): Leon Keyserling's report card (ca. 1926) from Columbia University; Rosalyn Keyserling's report cards (1928-1932) from University of South Carolina; Herbert Keyserling's report cards (1931, 1933) from College of Charleston.





Leon Keyserling School Projects (1910s-1930s): original essays (typed and handwritten) include "Benevenuto and His Father"; book review of "A Tale of Two Cities"; "The History of the Class of 1928" [of Columbia University]-possibly a speech?; "If Denied a College Training How Can One Become Educated?"; "On the Mortality of the Soul"; [love?] poem by Leon Keyserling "Come Back"; "Project for Study of Social Objectives in Education"





Columbia Law Review (March 1933) with Leon Keyserling Essay: essay titled, "Social Objectives in Legal Education"; signed, "To Mother from Leon" at top of front cover.





Beth Keyserling School Copy Books (1920s, 1930s): two copy books, both signed, "Beth Keyserling" on cover; first contains notes on American literature and the Napoleonic Wars (possibly written or copied by Jennie Keyserling?); second contains remainder of essay on Napoleon (?) started in first notebook and signed "Jennie Keyserling, 1934" at end; [perhaps reused by Jennie after Beth was finished with it during schooling?]





Beth Keyserling School Copy Book (1910s-1920s): contains notes/essay (?) on Russia





Keyserling Children-Misc School Related Material (1930s): handwritten note cards for speech given by Rosalyn Keyserling at a USC sorority banquet; charts drawn by Rosalyn Keyserling of the blood and circulation systems; Herbert Keyserling's final examination (1938) in Physical Diagnosis; typed essays, "The Magic Castle" and "If I Were Rich" by Keyserling cousin, Elaine Wein [when she was in 2nd grade]; typed article (newspaper style) possibly written by Beth Keyserling and edited by Leon Keyserling; misc. notes for medical classes (taken by Herbert Keyserling or Rosalyn?)





Herbert Keyserling-"Doctor K" (1994), Awards and Eulogy: Book jacket and order information re. book written by Dr. Herbert Keyserling about his family and life as a country doctor in Beaufort, SC; material re. professional awards; includes eulogy for Dr. Keyserling written by Pat Conroy. See also Herbert Keyserling's physician's log books in Box 29 folders 7-8





Herbert Keyserling-Original Writings (1930s-1990s): includes articles and poetry





Herbert Keyserling-News Clippings (1940s-2000s): articles about Dr. Keyserling's life and work; includes obituaries





Harriet Keyserling-News Clippings (1992-1999): re. Harriet Keyserling's political career and publication (1998) of her book, "Against the Tide: One Woman's Political Struggle."





Leon Keyserling-News Clippings (1920s-1940s): from newspapers in Beaufort, SC and New York City; re. awards Keyserling won while at Columbia University; announcement that he passed the New York Bar; articles re. his political career and work with Senator Robert Wagener.





Leon Keyserling Political Career-Speech re. Russia (1933): handwritten, "The Contribution of Russia to International Fellowship"





Leon Keyserling Political Career-Material re. Sen. Robert Wagner (1930s): typescripts and pamphlets of speeches given by Sen. Robert Wagner (includes typescripts of radio addresses) re. foreign trade and tariff policies, a plea for tolerance and freedom, new housing programs, Supreme Court nominations, Hatfield-Wagner Railway Retirement bill, measures for safety at sea, national industrial adjustment bill, economic security bill, discouraging lynching; press release re. Leon Keyserling earmarking funds for slum clearance (as acting U.S. Housing Authority Administrator); chart that outlines, "How Housing Has Been Done" in terms of federal government involvement





Leon Keyserling Political Career-Misc. Ephemera (1930s-1950s): Leon Keyserling's White House pass (1951); photocopy of letter (1951) from President Harry Truman offering condolences on the death of his father.






William Keyserling Personal Papers


Box 2



Documents: includes copy of WK's death certificate





Misc. speeches/letters to the editor (1930s-1950s): Speech (typescript) on Rural Resettlement Program in Beaufort County; handwritten address in support of the 4th Liberty Loan Drive (also contains a warning to audience about Spanish Influenza); speech (March 1951) about the "Palestinian Question"; letter (May 1951) to the editor of the Beaufort Gazette re. facts on the history of Palestine (an attempt to "awaken men's conscience" to situation in the Holy Land); fundraising speech for United Jewish Appeal (April 1951).





W.K.'s address book and personal planner (1950-1951): includes notes on crop prices, lists of birthdays and anniversaries, notes on Keyserling children's' achievements, etc.





W.K's address lists for holiday greetings (1930s): includes "list of people to receive pecans"; "New Year's mailing list"; "mailing list for Rosh Hashanah cards"; list of addresses for extended Keyserling family





News Clippings (1920s-1950s): many are editorials WK wrote for the Beaufort Gazette





List of pall bearers at William Keyserling's funeral (1951): active and honorary pall bearers for funeral of William Keyserling held at Beth Israel Synagogue, Beaufort, SC, Oct. 30, 1951





News Clippings (1951)-William Keyserling's obituaries





Memoriam and contributions in memory of William Keyserling (1951): includes certificates for trees planted in honor of WK through the Jewish National Fund; memorial resolutions remembering WK's efforts on behalf of the Beaufort County Welfare Board and Charleston Jewish Welfare Fund; list of contributions made to United Jewish Appeal in memory of WK.





Condolence cards re. death of William Keyserling (1951): from friends, family and business associates





Condolence telegrams re. death of William Keyserling (1951): from friends, family and business associates





Condolence telegrams sent to Leon Keyserling re. death of William Keyserling (1951): many from politicians and diplomats





Condolence letters re. death of William Keyserling (1951): from friends, family and business associations





Condolence letters sent to Leon Keyserling re. death of William Keyserling (1951): many from famous politicians and dignitaries





William Keyserling-Misc.: WK's (?) recipe for preparing venison; poem, "A Jew" by Damon Runyon" which hung over WK's desk at his Beaufort home.




Keyserling Family Personal Correspondence




Letters to William Keyserling




From Jennie Hyman Keyserling (Wife)


Box 3


1905-1915: Several letters, written to William before marriage, contain general updates on life in New York, mention Jennie's position with "the firm"; description of a New York conference commemorating the 150th anniversary of Jews in America; letters written after marriage convey news about the accomplishments and daily changes of the Keyserling's four young children, including description of Herbert's birth and weeks following; Jennie inquires about state of farm business (in South Carolina), wonders how the hurricane (1911) affected the Sea Island cotton crop and what damage occurred on Ladies and St. Helena islands; mentions her excitement over construction of the new family home in Beaufort; concern about the lack of a proper school or teacher on St. Helena and wonders if Leon's "country education" will deter him in the future; misc. includes descriptions of New York relatives and social life; several letters pertaining to upcoming nuptials of Rosa Segel and Charles Hyman.




1919-1924: (Most letters written from New York, several from Beaufort and Charleston); General description of her travels in New York and updates on the children's health and accomplishments (as well as Jennie's occasional parental frustrations); her thoughts on family finances and the concept of "organized charity"; descriptions of New York social life and entertainment (plays on Broadway and the Yiddish Theater); re. an instance of discrimination (?) in Beaufort; mention of a visit (April, 1923) with Dr. Jacob Raisin in Charleston; letters sent home while she recovered in New York from ill health; mentions of Jewish holidays and celebrations; details of her stay at a New York sanitarium and concern over another hurricane (1924) in Beaufort; inquiries about business and the farms; re. Leon's progress at Columbia University and concern about the possibility that he will join a non-Jewish fraternity; re. Beaufort's new high school; musing about whether she should return to Beaufort as an invalid or remain at the sanitarium.




1925-1926: Continued correspondence sent from a sanitarium in White Plains, New York where she recovered from ill health; inquiries about health and general well being of her children in Beaufort; reports about her visits with Leon (who was at Columbia University); updates on her health; mentions Leon's involvement with Beta Sigma Roe fraternity; responds to news about family farms and WK's business ventures with Macdonald Wilkins and Co.; musings on what direction Leon's career will take; questions what Beth will do after high school (as she was refused acceptance to Barnard College); re. preparing the children for Camp Scholarie in Hunter, NY; Jennie went also and describes camp activities; comments on financial crisis (1926) in Beaufort.




1927-1930: Sent from New York; updates on children (Leon and Beth are in school in New York); continued accounts of her failing health; mentions the activities of New York relatives; sends encouragement to William re. natural disasters plaguing his farming business; re. an essay Leon published; Jennie asks William not to publish Leon's personal letters in the Beaufort Gazette (no matter how well written); mentions correspondence from Leon who is traveling around Europe (1928); re. a cross-country automobile trip taken by Herbert and Leon; re. Beth's plans to take teaching courses at Columbia and her teacher-in-training position in NY; re. Rosalyn's many boyfriends and active social life.




1931-1935: Written from New York, Connecticut and Pennsylvania; mentions visiting her cousin Charlie Rose and the Hirschfeld family in CT and other travels in the Northeast; discussion re. expense of "white" help in the north as compared to "colored" workers in Beaufort; discusses the careers and futures of all four children; mentions Charlie and Rosa Hyman's new apartment in New York; updates about various New York relatives; descriptions of travel in the PA mountains with her brother and sister-in-law; updates on Leon's progress (his research on economics for the Rockefeller Foundation, teaching at Columbia, etc); mentions Milton Schreiber, Rosalyn's boyfriend (and future husband) and his parents; inquiries about the state of business in Beaufort and house matters; re. news of Rosalyn's official engagement in1933; mentions Leon's work with Sen. Wagner and New Deal legislation; Beth's new job in Washington, DC; frequent mentions of "hard times" of the Depression and how they affected her family and friends; mentions family gatherings for Passover (in NY); describes the National Council of Jewish Women conference in Washington, DC (March 1935) and mentions meeting Mrs. Hennig of Columbia, SC.





From Leon Keyserling (Oldest son)


Box 4


1918: From Hendersonville, NC; Leon is with his siblings at a school; description of his activities and an essay he wrote; mentions that his mother was "improving" (health wise)




1920: From Highmount, NY; description of a Literary Society debate on who was greater, Washington or Lincoln?; description of daily activities; second letter written from Jackson, Wyoming describing the small Western towns he visited.




1923: From Long Island; mentions his father's car accident; inquires about Ku Klux Klan activities in Beaufort (as described in the Beaufort Gazette); descriptions of books he read; inquires if William has read anything in the papers about "[Henry] Ford's latest attacks upon the Jews"; musing about deficiency of the electoral college system; mentions his grandmother; Leon's commentary on Pres. Harding and Woodrow Wilson




1924: From New York; descriptions of entrance exams and class work [at Columbia University]; mentions visiting his mother (at the NY sanitarium); discussion of the Democratic convention in NY and fight to denounce the KKK; writes about his mother's ailing health; his impressions of the book, You Gentiles and differences between gentiles and Jews; description of a vacation in the New York countryside; mentions "the children" (his siblings) attending school in Beaufort and advises his father about what they should study; discusses the threat (to Judaism) of men who convert from Judaism to Christianity; his views on evolution; descriptions of college life; questions whether he should join a fraternity and mentions applying to work at the college newspaper; describes fraternities and the unwritten rule the Jews and gentiles did not join the same frat (however he does not sense anti-Semitism at Columbia); discusses the art of debating.




1925: From Columbia University; description of exams and his roommate (who is an art student); commentary on current politicians and the art of speech writing; brief history of railroad strike of 1894 (on which he was preparing an essay); his new opinions about WWI (which are different from what he was taught in high school,) and his high esteem for Woodrow Wilson; description of how his Jewish fraternity identified and rushed new Jewish students.




1926: From Columbia University; descriptions of his exams, mentions visits with his ailing mother at sanitarium; deciding what he should do with his life after graduation (return south and go into business or law school,) asks his father's advice; musings on capitalism and Karl Marx; mentions ice skating with friends as a diversion from study; he admits that there is a marked segregation of Jews and gentiles at Columbia (Jews could not be on student boards nor editors of campus literary endeavors, etc.,) although he claims the professors are impartial; advises that Beth should apply for a scholarship to Barnard College; mentions his friends and how he was almost expelled from his fraternity for not attending meetings; details about a hitch hiking trip to Canada and the Midwest; re. Beth's rejection from Barnard (which only accepted 29 Jews); reflection on his first two years of college.




1927: From Columbia University; further description of college life and school work including his process for preparing/writing essays; mentions visits with his mother and sister (Beth) in New York; describes hitch hiking to Beaufort; the $300 prize he won in a NY Historical Society essay contest; tries to persuade his father to travel north by boat rather than auto; mentions essay he is working on which criticizes Japanese imperialism and nationalism; his views on execution of Saco and Vanzetti; his feelings about being a college senior; fraternity rush and how Leon is constantly amazed at the antics of fraternity life; describes his friends (several at Harvard); offers advice on where Rosalyn should attend college.




1928: From Columbia University; offers his unfavorable opinion of Winthrop College as a suitable university for Rosalyn; claims Winthrop affords few social opportunities and lacks culture, calls it "provincial"; he has applied to Harvard Law School and is hoping for free tuition; re. work on new essays (for publication); his election to Phi Beta Kappa; discussion of European travel plans with a friend, Bob Goldwater; reflections on his final weeks at college and plans for graduation; re. winning another essay contest; series of letters from different European locations (France, Germany, Italy) with descriptions of places visited, adventures undertaken and knowledge gained, particularly an appreciation for Christianity through religious art; descriptions of his first year at Harvard Law School include many details about class work and mock legal trials; his feelings of disappointment on the election (1928) of Herbert Hoover as president and a general commentary on southern politics with regard to democrats and republicans.




1929: From Cambridge, MA; further discussion related to both academic and social life at Harvard Law School; musings on type of law he might practice and which political party would be most beneficial to be affiliated with; his views on capitalism and the role of economics in law; descriptions of his housemates; mentions dating and making an effort to find time to be more social; explains to his father what "law club" contests are and how they work.




1930: From Harvard Law School; Leon expounds on his socialistic views and the stock market crash; he mentions his suspicions that there is an undercurrent of discrimination against Jews at Harvard and his feelings on such matters; letter written during a cross country automobile trip taken with a friend and Herbert (details of their car and the drive); discusses second year law classes; his strong feelings about the depravity of West Point and why Herbert should not be encouraged to attend; re. plans to interview with New York law firms.




1931: Written from Harvard Law School; muses that he cannot find a girl with brains, looks and manners; speaks of how difficult it will be to find work during Depression; re. passing the New York bar exam and potential of a clerkship in the office of Solomon Guggenheim; discusses Rosalyn, her popularity and decision to attend University of South Carolina, and Beth's work as a teacher (as well as her social life); claims that although he is quiet, he is ambitious and has a social life (apparently William needed some reassurance about this matter); more discussion of depression-era problems and lack of work; possibility of a fellowship in economics at Columbia and Oxford working with Prof. Rex Tugwell; dilemma of whether to accept the position or hold out for a job in a "first rate" law office.




Box 5


1932: From NY/Columbia University; he has accepted the fellowship teaching at Columbia and provides details of what it entails; suggests activities for his parent's 25th wedding anniversary; assures his father that Beth is happy and doing well financially (despite William's suspicions); weighs in on Rosalyn's plan to work in New York as a medical technician and Herbert's failure to gain admission to Annapolis; discusses his financial status and future job opportunities with Columbia vs. other career alternatives; re. his mother's poor health and hard times for his father's businesses; his thoughts on wealth; discussion of a law essay he wrote and possible opportunities in Washington, DC with Rex Tugwell; gives his father legal and financial advice re. selling parts of his business; renewal of his grant from the Rockefeller foundation to continue teaching economics at Columbia; re. report on feasibility of an Institute of Economic Research at Columbia; commentary on the 1932 presidential election; clarification (for his father) of the various projects he worked on; mentions publication of a book of his essays; updates on his sisters (who are both in NY).




1933: From Columbia University (where he is teaching); updates on his sisters; discusses work with Rex Tugwell on the Domestic Allotment Plan; deciding whether to teach at Columbia again or take a job as an Assistant District Attorney in NY; mentions the banks in NY are closed; discusses the new presidential administration and financial matters; lectures his father for writing to Rex Tugwell and criticizing his farm plan; he moved (1933) to Washington DC to work on economic bills with Tugwell (and Frankforter) for the U.S. Dept of Agriculture; his opinion on Rosalyn's intended fiancé Milton Schreiber-advises that William should not get involved in their relationship; (letterhead is now "US Senate" as Leon is working with Sen. Robert Wagner); discusses Beaufort and the Agricultural Relief Administration; predictions about the "tumultuous events" that may occur in Europe in the future; reveals that he writes articles and speeches for Sen. Wagner; re. Sen. Wagner's work on National Labor Board




1934: From Washington, DC; discusses Sen. Wagner and his work; Leon's opinion that the Depression was ending too soon; he felt the country did not get to a state which would have caused real reform; reveals that a book by Rex Tugwell, Our Economic Society and its Problems, was written almost entirely by him (Leon); re. Sen. Wagner's work (and Leon's) on an anti-lynching bill; approval of the Wagner Bill; confession that he does not know much about the country's agricultural problems as his focus was more on industry; details the many projects and bills he worked on in Washington.



1935: From Washington, DC; advises his parents not to discuss various aspects of his work with Sen. Wagner with their friends (esp. the fact that Leon writes speeches for Wagner); description of several legislative quarrels involving "Mr. Frank"; re. passage of the Labor Relations Bill; mulling over the idea of accepting a position as General Council for the National Labor Board; re. his research on low cost housing; letters cease during period surrounding his mother's death (Sept. 29, 1935); mentions his delight over Rosalyn's marriage to Milton Schreiber (Nov. 1935)


1936: From Washington DC and New York City; discussion and advice to William re. Herbert's desire to leave medical school; discussion and advice on other family matters and finances; his personal opinions about Washington politics (as an insider); mentions working night and day to draft the housing bill; some discussion about his social life; mentions visits with Rosalyn and her new husband, Milton Schreiber; speculates about Sen. Wagner running for Governor of New York; commentary on upcoming presidential election; mention that Sen. Wagner has been appointed chairman of the banking and currency committee; suggestions as to appropriate headstone for his mother's grave.


1937: From Washington DC; urges his father to take better care of himself and not work so hard on the farm; discussion of property in Beaufort (buying, selling, etc); reports about his government work and on his sisters who (now both married) are in Washington DC and New York; he as been appointed a General Council (the youngest ever) to a banking committee in Washington; mentions conversations he had with President Roosevelt re. financial provisions of the housing bill; describes an address he gave (on housing issues) to the US Conference of Mayors in NY; comments about difficulty getting the housing bill passed due to "obstructionist" tactics of the Treasury; mentions State Labor Relations Act in New York and success of the National Labor Relations Act; discusses labor relations and union problems; writes about FDR's Supreme Court initiatives; speculates on the growing unrest in Europe; details of New York mayoral race.


1938-1939: From Washington DC; most letters typed on Dept. of the Interior, United States Housing Authority letterhead; commentary in support of FDR; mentions trying to get his brother-in-law, Joe Rosenfarb, a better job within the government (in labor relations?); details of his work with U.S. Housing Authority; urges his father to give up a few activities and take it easy (as William has now taken up cotton ginning on top of farming)


1941: From Washington, DC; many typed on letterhead from Federal Works Agency, United States Housing Authority; mentions that he has been remiss in writing, but the telephone has taken the place of letters to some extent; comments on family happening; Beth and Joe have had a baby and Leon has married (1940) Mary Dublin; discusses Herbert's entrance into the U.S. Naval Medical Corps; most letters implore William to visit Washington, DC.


1942: Sent from Washington DC; writes that Mr. Straus has resigned as Administrator of US Housing Authority and Leon is now the Acting Administrator; "confidential" disclosure that he is working with those closest to FDR, "on the whole matter of housing reorganization"; mentions/counsels his father on how to handle (or stay out of) problems his sisters are having with their health and marriages; refers to Herbert who is in the Navy Medical Corps; discusses his views about enlisting (Leon was deferred as a public servant); urges his father to slow down the pace of his life and activities.


1943: Letters this year provide fewer details about Leon's career and focus more on a variety of family problems; counsels WK on financial matters and possible ways to retire (or at least slow down); advice on managing properties tied to the estate of Rosa Keyserling; advises his father not to send letters of advice or admonishment to Milton Schreiber re. his marital problems with Rosalyn; discusses Rosalyn's physical condition; suggests ways WK can liquidate parts of his estate, and improve investments; wonders where Herbert has been shipped in light of the "new offensive in the South Pacific"; informs WK that he requested his deferment [from military draft] be curtailed as he feels he should be in the war (also believes it would be a political "mis-step" not to enlist)


1944: From Washington DC; major topic is Rosalyn Keyserling Schreiber who is suffering from Leukemia; counsels his father how to handle relations with the Schreiber family; urges WK to withdraw from his ice business; describes Rosalyn's three month stay at his home during her illness; discusses Rosalyn's move from Providence Hospital in Columbia, SC to a hospital in New York; writes about financial matters and Rosalyn and Herbert's shares of family estate; provides WK with details about Rosalyn's illness; reports that he was one of 17 prize winners (2nd place) in the Pabst Brewing Company Postwar Employment essay contest; after her death, Leon writes to WK re. distribution of Rosalyn's personal effects (among the family); his views/advice on Herbert and his new wife Harriet (Hirschfeld) settling down in Beaufort; discusses best way to communicate with Milton Schreiber (after Rosalyn's death).


1945-1946: From Washington, DC; advises his father to sell the ice plant; discusses the settlement of financial matters with Milton Schreiber, rights he has to Keyserling property, accounts held jointly with Rosalyn, the involvement of other lawyers, etc.; investment advice; mentions Pauline Hirschfeld's illness and Herbert's baby daughter, Judy; discusses WK's plan to create recreation facilities for African Americans in Beaufort County and what Leon could do to help; his opinion on WK's plan to acquire surplus facilities at the US Naval Air station for such a purpose. NOTE: Some material from this folder has been restricted until 2010


1947-1949: From Washington, DC; advice on WK's stocks and estate transactions; his thoughts and advice re. Beth's marital and financial difficulties; discusses his work as an economic advisor to President Truman (letterhead from "Executive Office of the President/Council of Economic Advisors"); mentions he is Chairman of United Jewish Appeal for all government workers in Washington; comments on the international situation (cold war?) with Russia; mentions vacations in Bermuda and New England; comments on William's health; states his opinion about Joe Rosenfarb's difficulties obtaining a job and his involvement in the matter.


1950-1951: most correspondence re. family and financial matters with update on Leon's political work


Undated (ca. 1930s): letter written from New York, possibly the summer before he left for college describes Leon's work at a mechanical job and the other boys he meets; several undated letters written from Columbia University and misc. letters from his trip abroad (ca. 1928); undated letters written from Washington DC updating WK on his career accomplishments.


Box 6



From Beth Keyserling Rosenfarb (Oldest daughter)


1928-1943: Written from New York while Beth was taking college courses at NYU; updates on New York relatives and her social activities; discusses her job search and informs WK she has a job teaching Civics and Economics at a Long Island High School; details her adjustment to teaching and life in general (in NY); mentions she will take summer classes at Columbia and ponders whether or not to pursue a Masters in Economics; she also considers taking a secretarial course; updates on Leon and Rosalyn; mentions her mother (who is in NY) and inquires about people and places in Beaufort; letters from Washington DC (where she moved); describes her social life in DC and mentions dates with her future husband, Joe Rosenfarb; occasional mentions of attending synagogue; writes about her finances and stocks; first mentions of her infant daughter, Rachel and details about her growth and progress; discusses sale of the family home; inquires about her father's health and urges him to give up some of his work; wonders how Herbert is doing overseas (WWII); discusses Rosalyn and her marital and health problems; Beth's general observations about Leon as a person.




1944-1951: Continued correspondence about Rosalyn's health; discussion of her husband and his book; thoughts and descriptions about her daughter; correspondence as to Rosalyn's belongings (after her death); mentions seeing Harriet and Herbert in New York and visits with the Hirschfeld's; writes about Rachel's school and Joe's job search; expresses discontent with her clerical job (at Columbia University); inquires about Beaufort; commentary on "witch hunting" going on in Washington (McCarthy trials); writes about tough financial times for her family; her views on Leon and his lifestyle; discusses her husband's heart attack; mentions family meetings held in NY; re. her daughter's Hebrew lessons; critique of Leon's economic policies.




Undated: Misc. letters sent from NY; discussion of her studies; letters from her early years of marriage; misc. updates on her family; discussion of her husband's career troubles.





From Rosalyn Keyserling Schreiber (Youngest daughter)


1928-1935: Letters written from University of South Carolina, inform her father about classes, social life; mentions spending religious holidays with friends and attending temple; writes of her engagement to Milton Schreiber (while she is living in NY, 1933); inquiries about Beaufort; mentions her mother's ill health; re. odd jobs she takes in NY while she is looking for a medical technician position.




1936-1944: Details her early years of marriage (in NY); discussion re. Herbert and his schooling; news of Milton's progress in the medical field; mentions visits with Leon and Beth and their activities; discussion of social activities; re. visits with her in-laws; asks her father to relax more; some comments on Leon's work with the US Housing Authority; mentions her work at the Civilian Defense Volunteer Office in NY (1941); asks her father about family history; mid 1943 she is writing from a sanitarium where she is recovering from an illness; writes that she is upset because she is not able to do her part for the war effort; series of letters written from Beth and Leon's homes during her illness and estrangement from Milton; letters written from hospitals in Columbia, SC and New York during the final months of her illness (and life); occasional mentions of her relationship with Milton; she died in a NY hospital in June 1944.




Undated: letters from college, most discuss her social life; from Washington DC when she was living with Beth; mentions New York relatives and details of her early years of marriage.





From Herbert Keyserling (Youngest son)


1930-1937: Details of summer vacations in New York; letters written while at College of Charleston discuss his classes, grades and social activities; inquiries about his father's business; comments on a vacation with his mother near Lake Placid and her general state of health; discusses preparing for admission to South Carolina Medical College; letter to William (shortly after Jennie died) expressing his dis-interest in medical school and desire to leave; [he leaves and returns the following year] and writes re. his progress and classes




1941-1943: From New York; description of his work at Lutheran Hospital in Manhattan; letters written while in the military, (during training, from New River, NC, Company C, First Medical Battalion); comments about his father's decision to sell the Bay St. house in Beaufort; discusses financial matters (estate inheritance, taxes, etc); letters from San Francisco (where he is stationed after returning from the Pacific); several v-mail letters.




1944: Correspondence from San Francisco military base; mentions an argument with a major over the medicinal uses of alcohol; inquiries about Rosalyn's illness and the state of her marriage; mentions plans to be in New York City (to see Rosalyn); details of his life with his wife, Harriet Hirschfeld, in the months after his discharge.




Undated: misc. letters written while in college





Postcards to William from Keyserling children (1920s-1930s): majority sent by Leon from various places in the US and Canada during college road trips; also from Rosalyn and Milton Schreiber and Beth.




Box 7



From Joseph Keyserling (1919-1933): Brother; From NY re. business matters (farms); mentions their other brothers; re. health problems and hospital stays; discusses relatives in Lithuania and William's financial troubles during the Depression.





From Charles Hyman (1916-1944): Brother-in-law; From NY; re. the death of his (and Jennie Hyman Keyserling's) father; re. Jennie's health; describes taking Jennie to a New York sanitarium and advises how best to care for her; updates on other New York relatives; descriptions of the Keyserling children who visit the Hyman's often; concern over Leon's health; change of address announcement for his medical practice; report on Rosalyn's physical condition (1943-1944.)





From Rosa Segel Hyman (Niece/sister-in-law)


1910-1929: (all from New York): re. financial matters; her teaching certificate courses; correspondence re. Jennie Hyman's health and recovery; asks William to send her north to recover; mentions her daughter Doris's growth and progress; descriptions of private hospitals and sanitariums Jennie went to; describes how Leon spent his time (while living with them) the summer before entering Columbia; inquires about business in Beaufort and other relatives; reports about Leon (at Columbia); discussion of upcoming wedding of Mary Hyman; discussion of Beth and her future.




1930-1951: From NY; details about her trip to Palestine; discusses Leon and Beth's careers; how her family is coping with the Depression; mentions she and her husband cannot limit their social life (even though they need to) because it would affect his medical practice; assures William that Beth is successful as a substitute teacher; inquires about Jennie's health; discusses Rosalyn's engagement to Milton Schreiber; mentions Rebecca Hyman's health; description of "the family organization" meetings; discusses Leon and his political career; informs William that she and her husband will be moving (with grandma) into Doris's home so Doris can return to her studies and Rosa can help her keep house; mentions the persecution of "their people" and ways to help; describes hearing Eleanor Roosevelt speak at a Women's League of Palestine luncheon; comments on Herbert's appointment to the Navy and her new grandson (Ralph); writes about Rosalyn's failing health and Beth's return to NY; re. birth of her second grand child, Cecilia; describes seeing Harriet and Judy Keyserling (in NY) and a second trip to Palestine to survey a youth hostel (Hostel for Halutzoth); discusses clothing she shipped to relatives in Russia.





From Dena Keyserling (1935-1951): Niece; most letters from NY; updates about her life and other Keyserling relatives; describes her job (social work?) teaching inner city NY children character training; correspondence re. financial matters tied to her mother's estate (of which William is executor); mentions visits with Beth and Herbert and her volunteer work during World War II; postcard from Mexico City (late 1930s); discusses her health and asks William to send her money (from her mother's estate).





From Mary H. Keyserling (1930, 1950-51): Niece; From New York; asks her uncle for a loan; updates on other members of the Keyserling family in NY; describes her job in New York at a Welfare Office.





From Harold H. Keyserling (1950-1951): Nephew; News about NY relatives; discusses donating money for a Jewish Center (at Beth Israel) in Beaufort; mentions Leon and his televised speeches.





From Harry Segel (1934-1937): Nephew; From NY; mentions visiting Leon in Washington; talks about his farm and his son Ralph; offers congratulations on Rosalyn's marriage.





From Leonard Keyserling (1950-1951): Nephew; re. matters of his mother's estate; asks William to withdraw funds (from the estate) for various expenditures.





From Mary Dublin Keyserling (1941-1951): Daughter-in-law; discusses her work with a congressional committee investigating problems stemming from the migration of several million people to defense jobs (1941); writes about discrimination against African Americans in industry; mentions Leon and his work and a London conference she attended on international affairs (Aug. 1945); describes war damage in London and means of relief.





From Joe Rosenfarb (1937-1951): Son-in-law; discusses his work with unions in Pittsburgh; thanks William for a loan and gives an opinion on the impeding war (WWII); correspondence about his book, The National Labor Policy; news about Rachel's scholastic progress and his relationship with William.





From Rachel Rosenfarb (1940s-1950s): Granddaughter; written between the ages of 4-10; describes her daily activities and inquires about relatives in Beaufort; includes an original short story and several poems (written by Rachel)





From Milton J. Schreiber (1934-1943): Son-in-law; informs William about his work and financial situations and how they will impact/delay his upcoming marriage to Rosalyn; describes his growing medical practice, their new apartment and car, and visits with Keyserling relatives in NY; gives an opinion on Herbert's decision to leave medical school.





From Herman and Mildred Marks (1942, 1944): Friends of family; Describe their housing accommodations at the Naval Air Station in Pensacola, FL; condolences re. Rosalyn's death; mention a hurricane that hit Jacksonville, FL





From Misc. Relatives (1927-1948): All letters sent from NY; from Harold Keyserling re. a visit with Leon and his dental practice; from cousin L. Lippman re. B'nai Meyer Levit Organization; from niece, Doris Hyman; from Charles Wein re. health of Rebecca Hyman; from nephew, Bertram Keyserling re. financial matters; from Mrs. Dublin (Leon's mother-in-law) re. Rosalyn's failing health; from niece, Josephine Keyserling; from a nephew, Julius, updating William about his life.




From Dick Pollitzer (1944-1945): re. business matters





From Misc. People (1919-1951): 1919 postcard from Greenville, SC; from Jennie Peltz; letter (1920) from the Battle Creek Sanitarium in Battle Creek, MI, updating William on Jennie's condition; from Hue Thomas (1921) re. death of Michael Keyserling; thank you notes from various friends (Beaufort and NY) for gifts William sent; letter from a P.H. Sonnichsen re. a car accident he and Rosalyn were in; from a woman wishing to rent property in Savannah (from the estate of Rosa Keyserling); from a friend of Leon's considering retirement in Beaufort; letter from W. Cyril O'Driscoll of the Medical College of South Carolina offering condolences re. Jennie's death; misc. condolence letters; letters from Burnet R. Maybank and James F. Byrnes thanking William for his support; letter (1949) from Mordenai and Willard Hirsch thanking William for a gift of candlesticks; letter written to "papa" from Miss Zanor Harrell of Canton, OH inquiring about William's family?






Letters from William Keyserling


Box 8



To Leon Keyserling (Oldest son)


1908-1940: Letters written to Leon when he was a baby and staying with his mother in NY; writes how much he loves him, etc.; asks Leon (and Beth) to stop sucking thumbs and reprimands him for disobeying his mother; praises Leon (at age 4) for this athletic abilities and warns him not to be a bully; advises him to look out for his sisters and explains why his work in Beaufort prevents him from traveling to New York; compliments Leon on his scholastic achievements (1915) and encourages him to do well in school; letters pick up again in 1933 with letter asking Leon for opinion on the Agricultural Act; describes the farming situation in Beaufort; telegrams of congratulations for literary and political success during the 1930s; correspondence re. William's finances and business decisions regarding Macdonald Wilkins and Co; commentary on politics (national and international)




1942-1943: correspondence re. Rosalyn's marital and health problems; asks Leon's advice as to whether he should get involved; discusses Leon's situation with regard to the draft




1944: Continued correspondence re. Rosalyn and Milton's marriage and her health; updates Leon on Rosalyn's physical condition (when she was in Beaufort); wonders about Herbert who is in the South Pacific; first mention of Rosalyn's Leukemia diagnosis; discusses financial and estate matters; describes visits with Rosalyn (at a Columbia, SC hospital) and speculates about how she is coping with her diagnosis; informs Leon (April, 1943) that Rosalyn's condition is at a "hopeless" state; discusses Rosalyn's transfer to a hospital in NY; after Rosalyn's death (June 16th) there is a series of correspondence concerning distribution of her personal effects (among family members) and legal issues regarding her estate and Milton's involvement; discussion about Herbert's marriage to Harriet Hirschfeld, the possibility of a Naval hospital in Beaufort, and his Silver Star award.




1945: Discussion of Herbert's new baby, Judy; mention of Joe Rosenfarb's employment situation, troubles at Macdonald Wilkins & Co. and general correspondence about his business ventures; correspondence re. possible construction of an African American community center on St. Helena Island; comments on "the congressional and capitalistic attack on housing" in Washington. NOTE: Some material from this folder has been restricted until 2010




1946: Discusses Beth and Joe Rosenfarb's marriage; mentions financial matters; re. William's efforts to erect a community center at the Port Royal Industrial School using abandoned buildings at the Beaufort Naval Airport; mentions Herbert is looking for new office space and larger living quarters in Beaufort; congratulates Leon on his political accomplishments; describes attending Beth Israel synagogue and his projects there; description of Beth and her daughter Rachel's activities (who were living in Beaufort for a time).




1947-1949: re. project to erect a fence around Beth Israel cemetery and Herbert's private medical practice; William's reactions to the idea of Communist subversion in the US (he thinks it is ridiculous); discussion of Leon's work on behalf of the United Jewish Appeal; William's involvement with erection of a Memorial Library for the Alumni Association of the Port Royal Industrial School; mention of health problems and upcoming visits with Leon in Washington; comments on the relationship between Leon and Beth.




1950-1951: most letters re. business and family matters; also his work with the United Jewish Appeal





To Beth Keyserling Rosenfarb (1911-1951): Oldest daughter; Letters written to Beth during her summers in New York when she was a toddler; [skips from 1915 to 1935]; letter of encouragement re. her teaching career; discussion of her relationship with Leon and his wife Mary; updates on Rosalyn (who is in a Columbia, SC hospital); mentions he is bored in retirement; updates on Beaufort relatives; discusses Beth's marital problems and her husbands career crisis; inquiries about granddaughter, Rachel; updates on Herbert, his medical practice and family; describes his own health problems and an auto accident he was in; discusses his work with the United Jewish Appeal and reports on Rachel who is spending summer with him (1948); property matters and disposal of his brother, Mark's, estate; mentions upcoming plans to attend a United Jewish Appeal conference in NY (where he had a heart attack and died, Oct. 1951)





To Rosalyn Keyserling Schreiber (1911-1944): Youngest daughter; discusses Herbert Hoover and political issues as ideas for Rosalyn's school papers(1928); letters of encouragement and support while she is in college; describes Herbert's hazing at the College of Charleston.





To Herbert Keyserling (1915, 1931-1932, 1935, 1941, 1945): Youngest son; letters sent to Herbert while at the College of Charleston; discusses his possible admittance to US Naval Academy at Annapolis and preparation for the entrance exam; opinions on hazing, financial matters and Herbert's grades; letter re. Dr. Dricsoll's (MUSC) kind condolence letter re. Jennie's death; letter (1945) re. Herbert's desire to be with Harriet for the birth of their first child.





To Charles Hyman (1944): Brother-in-law; updates about Rosalyn's health and her diagnosis of having Myelogenous Leukemia (Feb-March); treatments Rosalyn received in Columbia.





To Rosa Segal Hyman (1922, 1945-1951): Niece/Sister-in-law; legal advice about a workers compensation matter (?); comments about Herbert, Beth and other family members in NY (1945); discusses her upcoming trip to Palestine (1947) and information about Beaufort relatives





To Mary D. Keyserling (1945-1951): Daughter-in-law; his views (in response to something Mary wrote) on communism in the US and the post war situation in Europe, China, Russia; extends congratulations to Leon on his nomination as USHA Administrator; comments on both Leon and Mary's professional achievements.





To Dena Keyserling (1950): Niece; general correspondence about the family; comments on how Dena's brother, Leonard, spends money





To Joe Rosenfarb (1942-1950): Son-in-law; discusses Joe's treatment of Beth and advice on how to change his behavior; updates on Beth's health (as she recuperates in Beaufort); comments on Beth's relationship with her daughter Rachel; advice on securing employment; mentions his renewed relationship with Joe.





To Rachel Rosenfarb (1947-1951): Granddaughter; general inquiries as to her schooling, camp, health; birthdays, etc.; updates about Beaufort friends and her cousins.





To Milton J. Schreiber (1943): Son-in-law; letter to Milton re. his deteriorating relationship with Rosalyn, her illness and the decision for her to recover in the south; includes letter sent (by William to Milton Schreiber's parents re. same topics)





To Richard Pollitzer (1943-1944): re. property and business matters





To Misc. Friends and Relatives (1944-1945): letter sent to Harriet and Herbert while they were living in Columbia, SC asking them to write more; letter to Harriet Keyserling re. Herbert's battle with malaria.





To Misc. People (1916-1950): letters to the editor of Beaufort Gazette; inquiries about finances and real estate; letters of congratulations to various politicians.






Letters Between William Keyserling and European Relatives


Box 9



To William Keyserling from Lillian Rapkin (1943-1951): Her cousin is married to William's cousin, Israel Ivenetsky; from New York; informs William that the Ivenetsky family are refugees in Spain and suffered the horrors of people fleeing war countries (they escaped from France); inquires if William can help the Ivenetsky's; describes the family's escape and loss (all were in concentration camps); asks William to write the family frequently as they need moral support; mentions the family is trying to get back to France (they are eventually successful) and describes their ruined village; mentions Israel's mother who is in Siberia.





To William Keyserling from Israel Ivenetsky (1944-1951): Cousin of William Keyserling; he and his wife (Tamara) and brother-in-law have escaped from Verberie, France during World War II; he is writing from Barcelona (letters in English); thanks William for monetary donations and provides updates on the family's situation in Spain; expresses concern for family in Russia and France; thanks William for gathering information about his mother and asks for help getting information and goods to her in Siberia; mentions his brother-in-law, Victor Guinsbourg, who lives in NY; explains his health problems; expresses desire to return to France; asks for information about his mother; describes his return to France where they will live with his father-in-law; mentions his mother in Odessa (1946) and Uncle Mones; laments the fact that he did not take advantage of the Joint Jews Distribution Committee proposal to travel to the US (when he was in Spain); describes France's dismal economic situation and his views on the Arab situation in Palestine(1948); ask William to send clothes; mentions the cold war and "Russian Sovietism"





To William Keyserling from Uncle Mones (1945-1949): Mones is Israel Ivenetsky's maternal uncle; correspondence to William written in Russian; not yet translated to English





To William Keyserling from Lucy Zilberman (1948-1949): A cousin to William Keyserling; written from San Paulo, Brazil; updates about her family; condolences re. death of Mark Keyserling; Most letters written in Yiddish; not yet translated.





To William Keyserling from Victor Ginsbourg (1945, 1947): Brother-in-law of Israel Ivenetsky; introduces himself and updates William on the Ivenetsky family; explains why it is unwise to send American currency to France or Russia.





To Lillian Rapkin from William Keyserling (1943-1950): informs Mrs. Rapkin about type of aid he can provide for the Israel Ivenetsky family; discusses his own business troubles and how they affect the aid he sends to relatives; details his success getting information to Israel's mother in Russia.





To Israel Ivenetsky from William Keyserling (1944-1951): Informs Israel about the type of aid he and his brothers could provide; updates on members of the Keyserling family; information about Israel's mother and William's efforts to forward Israel's letters; mentions Russian mail censors and problems they have caused in terms of sending letters and packages; discusses Uncle Mones's financial troubles; mentions the plight of other family in Lithuania; comments on the situation in Palestine (1948) and claims England is at the root of all the Palestinian trouble; comments on the murder of Count Folke Bernadotte and Ernest Bevin (of England); describes his own financial situation; mentions the Cold War.





To Mones Ivenetsky or Yoffe (?) from William Keyserling (1947-1948): Sent to Kharkoff, Russia; describes his family (Leon, Herbert, Rosalyn's death, etc.); provides information about Israel Ivenetsky and Mones's sister, Pece (Israel's mother?); inquires about his health and acknowledges the fact that neither can write freely due to Russian mail censors; writes about Leon's accomplishments and Mark Keyserling's death.





To Lucy Zilberman from William Keyserling (1948-1949): expresses his joy that she was saved from Hitler's wrath; explains how to efficiently send things to Russia; mentions it is fine for her to write in Yiddish as he can still read it (although writing and speaking it have become difficult); explains his relation to her; provides information on other family members in Europe;





To Nadya Levit from William Keyserling (1947-1948): Inquires as to how exactly they are related; update about the his life and his brothers; inquires as to how he can help her and writes that he will send clothing; asks her to describe her son's illness in writing so he can send her medicine (which he ships despite lacking the proper paperwork)





To Pese Ivenetsky from William Keyserling (1945-1948): (Israel's mother and Mones's sister); update about his life and family; expresses joy that she survived the war; mentions Russian mail censors; discusses her son, Israel, and how he forwards him letters; inquires about Mones; (all letters are short and to the point due to Russian mail censors?); most relate information about William's children and mention other relatives that escaped Hitler.





To Victor Ginsbourg from William Keyserling (1946-1951): Discusses funds and packages he is sending to Russia (through Ginsbourg)





To William Keyserling from Misc. European Relatives (1947-1950): Written in Yiddish: not yet translated to English





To William Keyserling from Financial Aid Institutions re. Israel Ivenetsky (1943-1944): Includes letters from American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee and American Friends Service Committee; correspondence pertains to transfer of funds and communication with relatives abroad and assistance locating the Ivenetsky family





To Financial Aid Institutions from William Keyserling re. Israel Ivenetsky (1943-1944): re. how can he transmit funds to Spain?





Correspondence /Information re. aid to Jewish Refugees in Europe (1948-1950): Receipts for goods sent (through third parties) Russian relatives; includes information and invoices, standard shipment lists, instructions from companies including Hearn Dept. Stores, Inc/U.S.S.R. Overseas Sales Service; Parcels to Russia; American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee; American Friends Service Committee; Seymart Food Shops.





Misc. Correspondence re. Israel Ivenetsky from William Keyserling






Letters to Jennie Keyserling


Box 10


Summaries of Correspondence Between William and Jennie Keyserling





From William Keyserling


1903-1909: Letters written to Jennie (in New York) while she and William were courting; several mention her family's misgivings about their marriage due to his religious practices and remote SC location; discusses religious barriers between them and says he will not change to appease her family; mentions his family and business ventures in Beaufort; frequently asks Jennie to visit; (most correspondence on WK's personal stationary and some on Coosaw Farms letterhead); mentions helping a cousin, Abel Abelesky, immigrate to America; describes the cotton ginning process; comments on his mother's illness and his niece Rosa; describes country living and writes that Jennie should spend time in the mountains to improve her health; his opinion that Rosa should be exposed to the Jewish religion and at least know its history; his views on success and his immigration to the US, a "stranger in a strange land"; describes his land in Beaufort; during their engagement he alludes to the fact that Jennie is postponing the wedding; writes that he is being teased (by friends) because she will not set a wedding date; mentions his Uncle Levy, the postmaster of Walterboro; letters begin again after they are married (1907) with the birth of Leon (1908); Jennie has taken Leon to NY and WK inquires about his health; mentions dedication of Beaufort synagogue by Rabbi Solomon of Savannah (1908); his views on the condition of people in the north vs. south and on philanthropy; mentions drought conditions hurting his crops; inquires about Leon and Jennie's health (second pregnancy) after Beth's birth; comments on Leon's bronchial pneumonia.




1910-1915: Most letters sent from Frogmore or Beaufort to New York; description of WK's taxing work schedule and his physical exhaustion; discusses the cotton business; mentions a new plant, store and boat for MacDonald, Wilkins, and Co.; describes lot he purchased for a new home; re. construction of his ginnery on the wharf; talks about his boat, "The Beth" and relatives in Beaufort (and surrounding islands); discusses marriage of Charlie Hyman and Rosa Segel; comments about inclement weather that is ruining his cotton crops; discusses Leon's schooling in the Beaufort area; mentions his cook joining a union; discusses his involvement in a court case involving a delinquent parent with children needing a home; frequent comments about his heavy workload and how it prevents him from being with his family; advises Jennie to hire someone to help with the children; updates on construction of the new home in Beaufort; mentions his apprehensions about the war in Europe; expresses concern for Jennie's health; comments on problems among the farming community/industry in Beaufort, plans for a bridge between Beaufort and St. Helena and Beaufort's political problems; first mentions of Herbert (born in NY, 1915)




1917-1919: WK is considering starting a stock company; mentions railroad is planning to put a spur through Coosaw farm; description of his businesses; letter re. St. Helena Relief Fund Committee (Red Cross letterhead-William Keyserling, Chairman); mentions the "small house" is almost ready for family to move in, but "palace" (1705 Bay St.) will take some time; describes his exhaustion from work and efforts to consolidate some of his projects; describes an automobile ride from Columbia to Walterboro (1919); information about Beaufort relatives and other local people; problems at the gin mill and with store managers; responds to news about Jennie's health problems and medical treatments; anecdotes about WK's employees; describes rooms in the new house; reassures Jennie that Leon's antics are normal and she should not worry.




1920-1923: Description of train travel from Washington DC to SC; expresses concern over Jennie's health (she is in a sanitarium); correspondence about Leon's schooling and updates on the other children; comments on the League of Nations and national politics; mentions his businesses and that the KKK are making their presence known in Beaufort; news about Beaufort friends and relatives; mentions possibility of a post office in Frogmore; discusses family finances and excursions with the children; reassures Jennie that Rosa (his niece) is caring for the children in Jennie's absence; re. Beth's appendix operation; mentions the children are traveling by water (to NY or back to Beaufort) due to railroad strikes; comments on success with his cotton gin; traded his Coupe for a Sedan; writes he is adding a tennis court to the house; comments on Leon's accelerated rate of learning and prediction that he will be a great man.




1926-1929: Jennie is in a sanitarium (1926) for health problems; correspondence re. continuing education of the Keyserling children; mentions that Coosaw and Dale farms are being used to test new fertilizer from the American Agricultural Company; discusses Leon's lack of involvement with his fraternity (at Columbia); speculates that perhaps the "peculiarly Jewish traits" of other boys in the frat may jar upon Leon; worries Leon is a bit of a loner and not very communicative; inquires about Jennie's health and medical expenses; mentions Rosalyn has taken on many household responsibilities; updates on Beaufort relatives; mentions being elected Beaufort City Councilman and Leon's essay (that won a NY Historical Society contest) about government, law and justice in New York; accounts of the children's social activities in Beaufort (dances, parties, car rides, etc); discusses farming and crop prices and the possibility of publishing Leon's letters (from Europe) in the Beaufort Gazette (Jennie advises against it); mentions that "agriculture is in the dumps and it will take more than Herbert Hoover to pull it out" (1928) and the unstable political climate was not helping depressing business conditions; writes that some of his farms are experimenting with tomatoes and okra for canning; discusses where Rosalyn should go to college ; describes taking his daughters to Kingstree Tobacco market; mentions the Farm Relief Commission and hopes it will change tobacco selling process.




1930-1935: Updates Jennie (who is in Bartonsville, PA) about the children, farms, cotton crops and Beaufort relatives; mentions Leon and Herbert's cross country automobile trip; discusses Beth's future; talks about his house servants and contemplates having a live-in cook; informs Jennie that business will once again make it impossible for him to join her in NY; description of Herbert's life as a teenager in Beaufort (boat races, boxing bouts and street dances); discusses Herbert preparation for College of Charleston; Williams views on national politics (1932); descriptions of the children's visits and comments on Leon's career and possible work with the Rockefeller Foundation; discusses plight of the farmers and blames the government; discusses his brother Joe's death and decision to be buried in NY; describes installation of a telephone line to Sam's Point; mentions Leon's work with Sen. Wagner and correspondence from Milton Schreiber re. his upcoming wedding with Rosalyn; discusses the weather and its effect on crops; describes visits with Rosalyn in New York and Beth and Leon in Washington, DC; mentions his election as President of SC Produce Association; comments on rehabilitation work at St. Helena and discussion of problems with the rural rehabilitation program; writes that he cannot stay long up north because he is concerned something bad will happen to his farm; Jennie Keyserling died in Sept., 1935




Undated: Misc. news about the farm, crops and inquiries about her health




Box 11



From Leon Keyserling


1920-1925: Letters to Jennie (who is most likely in New York); re. his desire to return to Beaufort for school; describes his school work, mentions his cousins, and what he does on weekends; discusses plays he's seen; inquires about Herbert (who is with Jennie); reviews a book, The Melting Pot, and gives his opinion on the difference between religion and nationality; writes from Long Island where he is spending time with his grandmother and other relatives; describes a Broadway play and mentions he will be ready for "longies" [pants] soon (1923); correspondence during his years at Columbia University includes descriptions of class work and social life (he assures his mother he is not as anti-social); describes what happiness means to him and role of education; mentions a good relationship with his roommate.




1926-1929: Describes a family wedding (in NY) and that he will watch out for Beth (who is also in NY); describes college courses and comments on NY relatives; mentions that Beaufort pecans cause a mild sensation in his dorm; discusses the works of Oscar Wilde and mentions an interest in learning about NY as perceived by foreigners during the early 1800s; his opinions on immigration; describes an essay he is working on for a NY Historical Society contest; his opinion of college life in general; observes that Beth (who is at NYU) has attended sorority rush parties although he advises she not join as a freshman; describes how he spends a typical day; details about what was discussed at honors meetings; considers a law career; mentions what friends have told him about Harvard Law School; discuses his religious studies; informs his mother he was accepted at Harvard Law; letters begin again during first semester at Harvard Law; detailed descriptions of classes, people, the campus, etc; assures his mother that he has a social life and describes friends and outings; asks for Beaufort news and comments that he is still interested in small towns, which he claims are "probably the most interesting phenomenon of modern society"; description of the antics of an exchange student from the Philippines at Harvard Law.




1930-1935: Sent from Cambridge, MA; thoughts about what direction he wants his career to take; describes his involvement with Harvard Law Club; describes social activities and outings; writes about Beth and gives an opinion about what she should do with her life; comments on national politics and the Supreme Court; writes during his cross country automobile trip with Herbert; discusses foreign affairs, with special regard to the far East, Europe and Russia; supports Herbert's desire to attend the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis; explains his project with Professor Tugwell at the Rockefeller foundation and mentions other jobs he was offered; describes co-workers and a book they are planning (on the economics of education in America?); occasionally mentions dating; describes visiting universities across the country to gather information for the book; discusses other articles he is writing; describes work on the Labor Board bill with Senator Robert Wagner and other duties; asks his mother not to circulate his letters around Beaufort; describes his house in Washington DC.




Undated: Letter concerning Leon's views on friendship, making friends, keeping friends, reasons for friends, etc (most likely from early days at Columbia); general correspondence about school and family in New York; letters from Beaufort during a summer vacation (during college) description of his job making tomato field crates and hitchhiking trips; advises his mother not to fly in airplanes.





From Beth Keyserling Rosenfarb:


1921-1935: Updates her mother on life in Beaufort; mentions Leon's letters from Paris; letters sent from NY inquire about Beaufort and provide details on her studies at NYU; describes her job as a substitute teacher and mentions dating and social life; describes her job, apartment and roommate in Washington, DC and mentions visits with Leon; informs her mother she has joined the American Federation of Government Workers and ask her mother to visit.




Undated: General correspondence describes relatives and activities in Beaufort; letters from camp and later from Washington DC mention social activities.





From Rosalyn Keyserling Schreiber (1927-1933): describes graduation exercises in Beaufort and teaching her brother and a friend to dance; updates on Beaufort relatives and social events; letters from college (USC) discuss her social engagements; mentions membership in the Jewish Council club; several letters written on "Pre Medical Fraternity" stationary list Rosalyn as Treasurer; mentions going to the temple in Columbia and meeting Mrs. Helen Hennig; letters from New York (after college) describe her attempts to find work; mentions Milton Schreiber and his parents.





From Herbert Keyserling (1926-1935): Describes his activities in Beaufort; mentions the Beaufort-St. Helena bridge celebration (1926); inquires about relatives in New York; several letters sent during his cross country automobile journey with Leon; discusses sailing adventures and details his days at College of Charleston.




Box 12



From Rebecca and Elias Hyman (1909-1934): Parents of Jennie Keyserling; all letters written in Yiddish except for two typed letters from Rebecca Hyman (probably dictated) wishing love and happiness to William and Jennie and the grandchildren (1932, 1934) praise for Leon's accomplishments; all letters sent from New York.





From Mary Hyman Wein (1913-1933): Jennie Keyserling's sister; from New York; updates Jennie about her children (while Jennie is in a sanatorium) and the activities of other New York relatives; describes her baby daughter, Elaine and comments on the health of their mother; writes about her husband, Charley.





From Charles Hyman (1904-1933): Jennie's brother; from New York; informs Jennie that he and his wife, Mary, have a baby daughter, Doris; inquires about her health in the years following Herbert's birth; suggests she come to New York for medical treatment; updates on NY relatives and her children (when they are in NY); sends congratulations on Leon's accomplishments.





From Rosa Segel Hyman (1905, 1914-1935): Jennie's sister-in-law (and William's niece); from New York; first letter (1905) from St. Angela's Academy, Aiken, SC discusses how mild the South is in the winter (as compared to NY); details about life at St. Angela's; updates on the children when they visit NY; general correspondence re. Jennie's health and NY relatives; describes the children's activities at camp and summers spent in the Catskill mountains; informs her of the children's social outings as they get older; describes her family's new apartment which includes her husband's doctors office; her comments on Leon's accomplishments and Beth's search for a teaching job; mentions a revival of the family society; re. Doris's marriage and graduation from college; updates on Jennie's mother.





From Doris Hyman (1929, 1933): Jennie's Niece: from New York; general correspondence about her schoolwork, parents and social activities; expresses discouragement about the dismal job market and her decision to pursue graduate study in science; mentions social outings with Beth and Rosalyn and her young cousin, Elaine Wein; re. commencement at Barnard College.





From Charles Wein (1924-1934): Jennie's brother-in-law; general correspondence about his family and Jennie's mother ("ma"); describes his determination to enroll Elaine in an exclusive NY kindergarten (Ethical Culture School) despite financial difficulties; mention of their social activities.





From Eva and Jules Wein (1927, 1935): Cousins; thanks Jennie for a gift; describes a cruise; updates on New York relatives; mentions taking driving lessons in New York city.





From Miriam Segel (1919): Maybe wife of William's nephew Harry Segel; sent from Los Angeles, CA; describes her life in California and laments that she is estranged from east coast relatives.





Postcards (1905-1934): From Leon, sent from various U.S. cities during hitchhiking and automobile adventures; from a friend on a European cruise (1905); from William and Rosalyn in Washington, DC; from Pauline Hirschfeld; from "Annie" in Bermuda and Beth in Chicago.





From Mary Keyserling (1920s-1930s): Jennie's niece (child of Joseph and Theresa Keyserling); general correspondence about social activities and Keyserling relatives in New York; describes her family's apartment and mentions plays she has written for Jennie's "program"





From Rose L. Keyserling (1905-1935): Jennie's sister-in-law; wife of Michael Keyserling: general correspondence; informs Jennie that her children are well; one letter is written on M. Keyserling/General Merchandise/Sea Island Cotton and Truck Farming letterhead.





From Leonard Keyserling (1928): Jennie's nephew, son of Rose and Michael Keyserling; letter (from Clemson) informing Jennie he cannot get her USC bookends.




Box 13



From Pauline Hirschfield (1903-1935): Friend; several letters written before Jennie was married; reminiscing about time spent in the mountains; comments on social engagements and a cancelled trip South (after Jennie had children); updates on friends and relatives in NY; mentions her daughter, Harriet and son, Lennie; sends congratulations re. Leon's accomplishments and inquires about the other children; writes from various east coast vacation spots; mentions her father's failing health.





From Leelah Kerr (1903-1908): Friend; describes her life as a teacher-in-training in upstate New York and how much she misses Jennie; comments that she wants to be a nurse but her parents will not allow it because the strain would be to much; wonders what kind of man William Keyserling is and wishes Jennie the best in her married life.





From Esther (1903-1922): Friend; thanks Jennie for condolences re. a death in the family; describes her travels and life as a new bride




From Olga Barnes (1914, 1916, 1920-1923): Friend; ask Jennie to visit her in upstate Georgia; updates on activities of mutual friends; inquires about the children; comments on Jennie's frequent illnesses; general correspondence about her social life and travels; talks about psychology classes she is taking and encloses remedy, "a sure way to remove a tape worm."





From Nellie Abelson (1934-1935): Friend; comments on Jennie's health; describes attending the American Jewish Congress (at which Eleanor Roosevelt was the guest speaker); mentions Leon's accomplishments and those of her son, Paul; talks about her daughter Miriam, who had scarlet fever.





From Irene G. Smith (1935): Friend; expresses appreciation for hospitality shown during a visit; mentions taking Herbert back to Charleston.





From Ida (1905-1909): Friend (s); letters from two different Ida's; comments on Jennie's relationship with William and discussion of summer vacation (from Ida K.); mentions mutual friends (including Ida M.); congratulates her on births of Leon and Beth; discusses her social life.





From Misc. people (1903-1935): letters from male friends (before her marriage); from misc. girl friends in New York inquiring about Beaufort and wondering when she will come back to the city; comments from friends on her marriage to William Keyserling; correspondence from misc. friends describing vacations; letters of encouragement when she was in the sanitarium; letter from William's cousins, B. Levy in Walterboro; letter from Rev. Hirschman thanking Jennie for agreeing to help Mrs. Hennig on a National Federation of Temple Sisterhoods committee; letters of congratulations re. Leon's accomplishments; thank you notes from various people for her hospitality in Beaufort; Dr. Jacob Raisin inquires if Beaufort is in need of his rabbinical services.





From Misc. people (no date): Letters re. Sisterhood work; poems to Jennie, "Goodbye Jennie" and " Last Night"; poem from friend, Caroline Loeb; general correspondence from other friends.






Letters from Jennie Keyserling


Box 14



To Leon Keyserling (1920, 1924, 1926): inquires if election day was exciting in Beaufort and if the ladies turned out to vote; asks about school and how he likes having a different teacher for each subject; literary discussion; congratulates Leon on his historical essay about New York and comments about his visit with Dr. Jacob Raisin; discusses his college choices and financial ramifications.





To Beth Keyserling Rosenfarb (1924-1934): updates on her health situation; compliments on Beth's good marks in school; discusses books she is reading; inquires about Beth's health after having her tonsils removed; wonders about her college plans; details of life in both the NY sanitarium and the Prince Albert Hotel; comments on Rosalyn's health, work and relationship problems.





To Rosalyn Keyserling Schreiber (1922-1932): re. efforts to interest Beaufort women in voting; inquires about the girls' social life in Beaufort; letters sent to Rosalyn at USC provide updates on Beaufort and inquire about life in Columbia; describes airplane ride she took around Beaufort and Ladies Island (1930); mentions the family forgot William's birthday; updates on New York relatives and Beth's teaching assignments; discusses clothing and a visit with Leon in Cambridge; description of Beaufort's May Day celebration; mentions her work with the Clover Club; congratulates Rosalyn on her acceptance to medical college.





To Herbert Keyserling (1926-1935): Inquires about his activities in Beaufort and comments on books he has read; asks about his activities at camp; mentions her work with the Parent-Teacher Association in Beaufort and various lectures on health and nutrition she attended; discusses Herbert's upcoming admission examinations for Annapolis; mentions the Hirschfeld's spent ten days in Beaufort; comments on Leon and Beth's careers; discusses his acceptance to MUSC and a visit with Leon in Washington DC (shortly before she died)





To all Keyserling Children (1923-1930): General correspondence sent to Beaufort during her many absences; inquiries about the children's activities and motherly advice and encouragement; some mention of her health condition.





To Mary Hyman Wein (1908-1929): congratulations on engagement to Charlie Wein; more congratulations and name suggestions for her sister's baby daughter; descriptions of the Keyserling relatives in Beaufort; mentions that William is constantly working and she had no other woman around (on St. Helena) to confide in; comments that St. Helena will finally have a country school with six pupils (Leon included) and one teacher; asks her mother and sister to send down "homemade fat" so she can add it to the "inferior beef" in the south; general complaints about poor quality of southern food; expresses sorrow about their father's death; mentions her hope that Leon will someday be a Supreme Court Justice; talks about teaching Sunday school in Beaufort and discusses her meeting with and respect for Mrs. Hennig.





To Pauline Hirschfield (1914-1931): Informs Pauline that she is one of the few friends that withstood the test of time; mentions her fear that William works so much and does not spend enough time with his growing children; expresses pleasure and surprise about Pauline's marriage; describes how a painter left all the windows open while painting the exterior of the Bay Street house; mentions Clover Club is studying Russia and its history, literature, music, etc; mentions a child, "Alfred" who she and William took care of for a year; offers condolences on death of Pauline's father.






Misc. Family Correspondence


Box 15



To Leon Keyserling from misc. people (1908-1953): From a friend of Jennie's on the occasion of his birth; from Rosalyn; correspondence re. Leon's involvement with the Enterprise Ice and Manufacturing Company; letter re. his invitation to the Pabst Postwar Employment Awards.





From Leon Keyserling to misc. Keyserling relatives (1918-1958): to his Aunt Mary Hyman Wein, re. events in Beaufort, their new house, his cousins, marines at dinner, etc; to his Uncle Israel and Aunt Celia thanking them for a binoculars they sent for his upcoming trip to Europe; letter to his niece Judy offering congratulations on her scholastic record.





From Leon Keyserling-Response to condolence letters re. William Keyserling's death (1951)





To Beth Keyserling Rosenfarb from Leon Keyserling (1925-1946): description of his history class at Columbia; comments that the greatest men in US history never became President; writes from Italy and describes his time in Florence; letter sent from France (written in French) describes a bicycle trip in the French countryside; observations about Joe Rosenfarb's job situation.





To Beth Keyserling Rosenfarb from Rosalyn Keyserling Schreiber (no date): written while Rosalyn was in the hospital (ca. 1943-1944); asks Beth to take a rest and vacation in Beaufort; mentions she hates the hospital.





To Beth Keyserling Rosenfarb from Rosa Segel Hyman (1926, 1943): informs Beth that Jennie's health has improved she will be back in Beaufort soon; discusses a ring that is to be set in NY; updates on Rosalyn's health; congratulations on Joe (Rosenfarb's) successful book.





To Rosalyn Keyserling Schreiber from Leon Keyserling (1920s-1930s): Letter from France during his European travels describes a bicycle trip through the countryside; letter concerning Rosalyn's studies and Leon's views on education.





To Rosalyn Keyserling Schreiber from Herbert Keyserling (1943-1944): Two letters from Herbert express his desire to return to the east coast from his military duty in San Francisco.





To Rosalyn Keyserling Schreiber from Milton Schreiber (1930): He encourages her to go to medical school in the north and describes his experiences as a medical student at Lehigh University





To Rosalyn Keyserling Schreiber from misc. friends and relatives (1928-1932, 1943): letters of congratulations on her high school graduation from various people; correspondence from several male friends (in college) who describe their experiences at school and desire to see her; from other misc. admirers; from Rosa Segel Hyman writing from Cairo, Egypt; other letters from Rosa mention her family was hit hard by the depression; invitation to join Alpha Kappa Gamma, a national honorary leadership and service fraternity; letter from her mother-in-law, Rose Schreiber, informs her she kept Rosalyn's engagement ring (originally Rose Schreiber's) while Rosalyn was in the hospital.





To Rosalyn Keyserling Schreiber from misc. schools (1928-1932): Acceptance letter from USC; letter form Alpha Epsilon Delta, a pre-medical fraternity informing her she was selected to join; acceptance letter from MUSC; letter from MUSC expressing regret that Rosalyn declined admission for the first year; 1932 letter (from MUSC) informing Rosalyn her reservation would be withdrawn if she could not attend once again.





From Rosalyn Keyserling Schreiber to Milton Schreiber (1943): Letters written while she was hospital; inform Milton of her medical condition and inquire about money and insurance; she wonders why Milton has refused to help her.





From Rosalyn Keyserling Schreiber to misc. (1934, 1944): telegram to her grandmother; letter to her cousin Harold informing him of her activities in Washington DC.





To Herbert Keyserling from Leon Keyserling (1926-1948): describes college life and inquires about Herbert's activities in Beaufort; update about his life as a Harvard law student and comments on Herbert's football and tennis abilities and dance lessons; describes the many things to do in Washington DC; mentions his work with the Senate; writes how much he and Mary enjoyed their (Herbert and Harriet's) visit to Washington DC; congratulations on birth of Herbert's second child; offers his opinion that the boy should be named William (after their father) and tells him not to follow an Orthodox tradition of only naming a boy for deceased relatives.





To Herbert Keyserling from Rosalyn Keyserling (1929, ca. 1937): General letter of congratulation on his 14th birthday; completion of his first year of medical school.





To Herbert Keyserling from misc. friends and relatives (1921-1944): From his Aunt Mascha; birthday letter from Uncle Charlie Hyman; from friends in Beaufort while he is studying for entrance exams at Annapolis; from cousin Bertram; letter from Milton Schreiber after death of Rosalyn.





To Herbert Keyserling from College of Charleston and other schools (1931): Acceptance letter to the College of Charleston; letter from U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis letting him know that "his certificate has been recommended to the Academic board for acceptance"





To Herbert and Harriet Keyserling from misc. relatives (1951-1952): letter from Beaufort friend, " Bruce" writing from Korea, where he is a naval doctor-asks if Leon could be of any assistance in getting his resignation passed through; letters from misc. aunts and uncles congratulating them on birth of twins, Paul and Mary.





To Keyserling Children (postcards) from misc. relatives (1920s-1930s): postcards from Europe to various Keyserlings; from Beth at Winthrop College to Leon (1922)





To Rachel Rosenfarb from Joe and Beth (Keyserling) Rosenfarb (1948): Letters to Rachel during an extended stay with Grandpa William in Beaufort.





Correspondence re. recommendations for Leon Keyserling (1930): letters from William Keyserling to Mr. Paul Sanders outline Leon's accomplishments so Mr. Sanders could recommend Leon to Mr. Sol R. Guggenheim (of NY); return letter from Paul Sanders informs William that Guggenheim was interested in helping Leon.





Misc.-To Harriet Hirschfield Keyserling from Nahum Astar (1961): re. Adolf Eichmann trial in Israel and his involvement; courtroom details





Misc,-From Pauline Hirschfield to Isadore Hirschfield (1932): Letters written to her husband while she and her children (Lennie and Harriet) visit Jennie Keyserling in Beaufort; details of daily activity; letter from steamer that took Pauline and children back to New York.





Misc. Correspondence (1905, 1930s, 1994): letter from Joe Keyserling offering condolences on the death of a Beaufort school teacher; two postcards sent from Russia (1905) to Elias Hyman (Jennie Keyserling's father) written in Yiddish; letter from Sol R. Guggenheim (1933) to Cleveland Sanders (of Ritter, SC) commenting on the appointment of Leon as economic and legal adviser to the Dept. of Agriculture; correspondence re. purchase of Jennie Keyserling's gravestone; letter from Rachel Rosenfarb McClung stating she has no claim to the estate of William Keyserling (1994)




Keyserling Family Photographs






Box 16



Keyserling Family Home, Beaufort, SC (1920s-1930s): various views of family home at 1705 Bay Street, built in 1917 for the Keyserling family





Keyserling Family Pets (ca. 1930s): photographs of Herbert's dog, Hans; Rosalyn's dog, Bumpy; Mark Keyserling's dog, Bruno.





Keyserling Family Farms (1920s-1930s): William and Herbert Keyserling in a tomato field (ca. 1932); William displaying his wares (tomatoes) to R.R. Hayward; misc. images of horses on one of family farms; photograph of African Americans working a field on one of the farms.





William Keyserling Family (1910s): Candid photographs of members of the William Keyserling family and other relatives in Beaufort, SC; includes images of Rebecca Hyman as well as extended family in rowboats on a lake in NY.




William Keyserling Family (1920)s: Candid photographs of members of the William Keyserling family and other relatives in Beaufort; includes photographs taken at the beach, a costume contest, sporting events, formal photos of Beth and Rosalyn; formal photograph of Rosalyn and Beth's confirmation class at Beth Israel, Beaufort (1926)




William Keyserling Family (1930s): Candid photographs of members of the William Keyserling family and other relatives in Beaufort and New York; Leon and Beth in NY; formal photo of Jennie H. Keyserling with Mary Keyserling Rosenstein and Katie Levin; Leon with Joe Rosenfarb (?); several beach photographs; Herbert and Leon and William and Leon in NY, ca. 1935; Beth, Leon, Rosalyn and Herbert Keyserling in NY, ca.1935





William Keyserling Family (1940s): Candid photographs of members of the William Keyserling family and other relatives in Beaufort; Leon with wife Mary Dublin in Beaufort; Leon with Rachel Rosenfarb; family picnics in Beaufort and day at the beach on Hunting Island; Rebecca Hyman in her mid 90s; William Keyserling with Beth, Harriet Hirschfeld Keyserling and Doris Hyman(?); William with Billy Keyserling; William Keyserling's 80th birthday celebration in Beaufort (1949); Leon Keyserling on a diving board with unidentified woman (a cousin?); professional photograph of William, Harriet and Herbert Keyserling as Herbert receives Silver Star from the Navy (1944).




William Keyserling Family (1950s): Candid photographs of members of the William Keyserling family and other relatives in Beaufort; Leon with Herbert; Judy and Billy Keyserling at the beach; William Keyserling with his brother Israel and sister-in-law Celia (ca. 1950-may be earlier)




William Keyserling Family (1907-1920s): PHOTOCOPIES only; original photographs still with donor; Candid images of members of the William Keyserling family and other relatives in Beaufort; includes many images of Keyserling children in Beaufort; in the mountains with their mother and aunts; baby pictures of Leon Keyserling; scenes from Schroon Lake in New York; of Jennie Keyserling at Camp Scholarie with the children; in the family car in Beaufort; on porch of Frogmore residence (pre-Bay street residence); family group shot from St. Helena Island (ca. 1915); images of Jennie Hyman's sisters and brother; Keyserling cousins; images of a young William Keyserling; image of The Corner Store (main store and headquarters for Macdonald Wilkins and Company)




William Keyserling (1910s-1950s): Formal portrait of William Keyserling (possibly his wedding portrait, ca. 1907); other formal portraits ca. 1920s, 1930s, 1949, ca. 1950-1951; misc. candid (yet posed) images of Keyserling outside his home in Beaufort and in front of the "little house" he moved to later in life (ca. 1945); photocopy of image of William with his brothers on the occasion of Michael Keyserling's 50th Birthday (ca. 1910s) at Seabrook Island.





William Keyserling with his brothers (1920s-1950): formal and candid shots





Jennie Hyman Keyserling (1910s-1930s): Formal portrait of Jennie Hyman Keyserling (possibly her wedding portrait, ca.1907); Jennie Keyserling with either Rose Segel Hyman or Mary Hyman Wein, ca. 1915; formal portrait (with some overdrawing) ca. 1930s;





Leon Keyserling (1910s): Formal portrait of Leon ca. 1910; Leon with group at camp (ca. 1918)-names of those pictured handwritten (by Leon) on reverse.




Leon Keyserling (1920s): Leon with his baseball team (White Athletic and Baseball Club, Beaufort, SC?) the Weingarts, 1920-names of those pictured handwritten on reverse (by Leon); portrait (high school or college graduation); misc. candid shots of Leon, ca. late 1920s.




Leon Keyserling (1930s): Leon in his office (at Columbia?); photo shoot images of Leon in animated positions; Leon with Rosalyn's dog in NY; press photo, Leon "inspecting the site of the USHA-assisted project in Pittsburgh with members of the Pittsburgh Housing Authority (March 13, 1939); press photo, Leon "just before speaking at a meeting on housing for a section of the American Bar Association (March 6, 1939); press photo, Leon "at speakers table at the 1939 Annual Meeting of the National Public Housing Conference (Jan. 27, 1939).




Leon Keyserling (1940s): Press photo, Leon speaking at cornerstone laying of Vladeck Houses, project developed by NYCHA (April 17, 1941); misc. press photos featuring Leon engaged in work for the United States Housing Authority; press photo, Leon with other national politicians at meeting on "the economic situation" October 10, 1947, seated outside the White House (Pres. Truman front, center); Leon with others who won the Pabst contest; with Jewish leader, D. Ben Gurion; color Kodachrome print (candid image of Leon),1949.




Leon Keyserling (1950s): press photos, Leon Keyserling as Chairman of Council of Economic Advisors (1950); press photo, Leon Keyserling on a panel for American Forum of the Air (pictured with Granik, Pettengil, and Steinkraus); Keyserling with Norris, Clark and President Truman; Leon Keyserling (and others) on television talk shows, "The Big Issue", "Meet the Press" and "People's Platform"; portrait (1955); Keyserling at misc. political dinners and events (featured with politicians and dignitaries.)




Leon Keyserling (1960s): misc. candid snapshots; Leon and Mary Keyserling at the beach; LK at various dinners and events supporting the state of Israel; being interviewed on "Washington Spotlight"; pictured in economic meetings (majority are press photos); Keyserling and other economic advisors (?) with President Lyndon B. Johnson (with original LBJ signature and "To Leon Keyserling with appreciation for a memorable occasion" )1964; press photo, Keyserling with August Schomburg, USA Commandant, Industrial College of the Armed Forces and Col. Desloge Brown, Director, Resident School, Industrial College of the Armed Forces; Keyserling at the Industrial College of Armed Forces Alumni Association Luncheon (1969)




Leon Keyserling (1970s): Keyserling at misc. unidentified Washington DC political banquets and events; press photos of LK at Atlanta conference on a Housing Bill (?) held at Martin Luther King Center for Social Change (August 1976), Mrs. Coretta Scott King pictured; image of President Jimmy Carter signing the bill.




Leon Keyserling (1980s): Color photographs of LK (and extended family) at a Hall of Fame dinner; Leon with his niece's children; misc. images of Keyserling being interviewed.





Beth Keyserling Rosenfarb (1920s-1940s): Beth with a sports team (girls in bloomers) ca. 1920; candid and formal photographs of BK as a teenager; with her class at Beaufort High School graduation, 1927; photocopy image of Beth K. Rosenfarb, middle age.





Rosalyn Keyserling Schreiber (1910s-1940s): formal and candid photographs of Rosalyn as a teenager and young woman (in 1920s period clothing); RK with six other ladies and members of Tau Epsilon Phi fraternity at University of South Carolina (ca. 1930); Rosalyn at the beach with a dog; on front porch of Bay Street home (also with a dog); high school (or college?) graduation portrait; Rosalyn with husband, Milton Schreiber (ca. early 1940s)





Herbert Keyserling (1915, 1930s-1970s): formal and candid photographs of Herbert as a young boy, teenager and adult; HK with large group of boys (1925); in doctor's uniform, ca. 1950s; college portrait (1934); formal military portraits (1940s); photographs of HK receiving the Silver Star in dress uniform; 8X10 of Herbert Keyserling in London, 1965.





Mary Dublin Keyserling (1940s-1960s): Wife of Leon Keyserling; several formal portraits (1940s) and color image of MDK (with her parents?) ca. 1960s.





Harriet Hirschfield Keyserling (1925, 1940s, 1970s): Formal portrait of HHK as a toddler (ca. 1925); candid and formal photos ca. 1940s; publicity photographs of Harriet Keyserling (taken by son, Paul Keyserling) used during campaign for the South Carolina legislature.





Herbert and Harriet Keyserling Family (1940s-1970s): Herbert and Harriet Keyserling's children as infants (Judy, Billy, Paul, Beth) and growing up; candid photographs and holiday cards featuring photos of the children; Herbert and Harriet Keyserling and other relatives visible in many photographs.





[Sarah] Dena Keyserling (1910s-1930s): Formal portraits as a young girl; candid and formal shots as a young woman and with a school class.





Harold L. Keyserling (son of Michael Keyserling) Family (ca. 1960s): Mark and Stephen Keyserling; Michael Keyserling (portrait); Harold and Thedie Keyserling (ca. 1950s)





Israel Keyserling and Levit Families (1920s, 1950s): Israel and Celia Keyserling with niece, Mary Keyserling Rosenstein (ca. 1952); William (King) Keyserling with school class at Beaufort Elementary, 1922; passport photo of Anna Levitt Meyer (Israel Keyserling's sister-in-law); portrait of Celia Levitt Keyserling, ca. 1920s; Israel, Celia, King and Polly Keyserling (1940s)





Segel/Hyman Family (1910s-1930s): Rose Segel Hyman with Rosalyn Keyserling on St. Helena Island, ca. 1912; military portraits of Harry Segel, 1918; baby portrait of Doris Hyman, ca. 1920s;





Wein Family (1910s-1920s): Arthur Wein (first cousin of Jennie Hyman) with wife, Gussie (wedding portrait) ca. 1919: Jules Wein as a toddler, ca. 1920s.





Hirschfield Family (1920s-1950s): Portrait of Pauline Hirschfeld, ca. 1920s; portraits of Dr. Isadore Hirschfeld, ca. 1940s; candid image of Isadore and Pauline Hirschfeld with Judy and Billy, Leon and Harriet Keyserling.





Rosenfarb/Coren Family (1940s, 1980s): Portrait of Rachel Rosenfarb ca. 1940s; school photographs of Rebecca and Devra Coren, Rachel Rosenfarb Coren's children.





Extended Keyserling Family-Group photographs (1949-1950): Formal photographs of extended family at William Keyserling's 80th birthday celebration (1949) at Ocean View Café in Beaufort, SC; group photograph of William Keyserling's relatives (mainly his brother's children); most relatives are identified.





Misc. Keyserlings and relatives (1890s-1980s): Leroy Keyserling, ca. 1915; unidentified relatives (most are children); Uncle Bernard Levy (of Walterboro) ca. 1890s; cousins of William Keyserling in Europe (Yakov, Nadya and Senya), 1937; Mark Keyserling ca. 1900, 1946; candid of Mary and Abe Rosenstein, ca. 1940s-1950s; Leonard Keyserling, 1928; unidentified, possibly a Hyman? ca. 1920s





Misc. friends of Keyserling Family (1910s-1980s): Townsend family, ca. 1909; friends of Beth Keyserling (may include Doris Hyman) ca. 1915; David-----, co-worker of William Keyserling, 1926; Ganni Tarrano, Mary Dublin Keyserling's god son, 1948; two unidentified African Americans outside India G. Shanklin Library, Beaufort, SC, ca. 1940s; D. Ben Gurion, Pres. State of Israel (friend of Leon Keyserling); Margaret Sanders.





Keyserling Family Photo Album #1 (ca. 1930s): Civil War era churches in Beaufort; Beaufort High School building (before addition); Keyserling home (Bay St), Rosalyn and Milton Schreiber at Bay Street home; family dogs, street scenes of Beaufort,





Keyserling Family Photo Album #2A (ca. 1930s): Images of the Beaufort River; downtown Beaufort; boats on the water; first bridge to Lady's Island; photos of Keyserling's original home on St. Helena Island; Sam's Point Dock; landing with logs loaded.





Keyserling Family Photo Album #2B (ca. 1930s): Store at Sam's Point Dock; Rosalyn and Herbert feeding a deer; Bennie at Uncle Mark's; Uncle Mark.





Keyserling Family Photo Album #3A (ca. 1930s): African American women sitting on remains of railway rails, in or near Beaufort, SC, at gas station, ("Keyserling" sign in the background of several pictures); bull dog, Bumpy; African American girls leaning against log truck; two men hunting (Herbert ?).





Keyserling Family Photo Album #3B (ca. 1930s): Dogs; hunting dogs; puppies; river and plantation drive scenes.





Keyserling Family Photo Album #4 (ca. 1930s): Beaufort River; Keyserling family home; Sam's Point Oyster factory; bridge to Lady's Island; hay stacks in Beaufort countryside; Port Royal Savoy Ball Room; Rosalyn with puppies and with horse and cart.





Unidentified Men (1870s-1940s): four cabinet cards of unidentified men (1870s-1890s), one from a foreign country; three formal images (ca. 1900) of the same young man, portraits taken in Savannah and Boston; two photo postcard images sent to Joseph Keyserling of man, possibly Mayer Jaffe?; unidentified man in a Russian (?) military uniform, ca. 1900; other misc. unidentified men, ca. 1940s-1950s.





Unidentified Women (1880s-1940s): Five cartes-de-visites of unidentified women ca. 1880s-1890s, several from Russia (?); eight cabinet cards of unidentified women, 1890-1915, several from foreign countries (one may be Rosa Segel Hyman?); three cabinet cards depicting Blanche Wilkins, ca. 1905-1910; misc. women, ca. 1900-1920.





Unidentified Children (1870s-1930s): formal portraits (small) of unidentified girls, ca. 1910s; four cabinet cards depicting young boys, ca. 1870s-1905 (nice examples of period clothing, esp. Little Lord Fauntleroy look); boy on a horse (Herbert Keyserling?); portraits of unidentified babies (Keyserlings?) ca. 1910-1920.





Misc. Places (1900s-1930s): photos and postcards from misc. European locations (possibly from Leon ca. 1928); image of Macdonald Wilkins property on Helena Island; Oak tree lane at Timotly Place, Beaufort, SC (1937); image of Macdonald Wilkins & Co. Cotton Ginnery; prints of the Parthenon in Athens, Greece.






Oversize Photographs


Box 17



Hyman Family (ca. 1900): Formal portrait





Keyserling Family Home, Beaufort, SC (ca. 1930s): exterior view, probably taken shortly after construction was complete as there is little landscaping.





Leon Keyserling College Portrait (ca. late 1920s):




Leon Keyserling (1930s-1940s): series of formal portraits taken by Harris V. Ewing, Washington, DC.




Leon Keyserling (1946): Formal portrait of LK at his desk in Washington DC, signed "To Herbert, Harriet and Judy"




Leon Keyserling playing tennis (ca. 1950s)




Leon Keyserling in an Economic Meeting (ca. 1950s)




Leon Keyserling (1952):formal portraits, one inscribed, "To Beth, Joe and Rachel"; other inscribed "For Uncle Charlie and Aunt Rosa" with notes (in Leon's handwriting ) written on outside of mat, "1953 Recap"




Leon Keyserling (1955): Proofs from formal portraits taken by Miller of Washington.




Leon Keyserling at Washington, DC party (ca. 1970s): four photographs, color




Leon Keyserling Harvard Law School Class Reunion (1971): Class of 1931 40th Reunion, May 22, 1971 (with identifications)




Leon Keyserling (ca. 1970s): giving a speech; color





Mary Dublin Keyserling (ca. 1940s): portrait (proof) by Harris and Ewing.





William Keyserling (1949): Portrait inscribed "To Leonard Keyserling, July 1949"





Scenes of Beaufort, SC (ca. 1930s): farm, river, animals, African Americans (all are blow ups of images in the photo albums)





Phyllis Duskin Hirschfield (ca. 1950): photograph of a painting





Unidentified man: politician?





Unidentified man and girl: politician?




Keyserling Family Civic Work




Jennie Keyserling Civic Work


Box 18



Parent-Teacher Association-Financial (1920): two check registers with stubs intact; Financial Reports: Dec. 1919-June 1920, Jan. 1 1920 to June 3, 1920; receipts from purchases made for various Parent-Teacher Association events and other expenditures.




Parent-Teacher Association-Financial (1921): Receipts from expenditures; handwritten annual financial report for Parent-Teacher Association.




Parent-Teacher Association-Financial (1922): two check registers with check stubs; bond purchased from the Community Club; list of receipts and disbursements related to a dental clinic (sponsored by PTA); misc. receipts from other expenditures; typed financial report from March 17, 1921 to March 30, 1922 prepared by Jennie H. Keyserling, Treasurer.




Parent-Teacher Association-Financial Reports (1923): Pledge cards for Endowment Fund, 1922-1923; handwritten lists of PTA expenditures; misc. receipts and invoices.




Parent-Teacher Association-Clippings (1920s): Financial report of Beaufort Parent Teacher Association submitted to Beaufort Gazette by Jennie Keyserling (date?); article re. tonsil and adenoid clinic sponsored by the PTA (1922); summary PTA work (ca. 1923); minutes of annual PTA meeting (March 18, 1923).




Parent-Teacher Association-Correspondence (1921-1933): Letter re. PTA entertainment; from Jennie Keyserling to Beaufort teacher, Mr. Blanek (?) re. remarks made against Jews; re. committee work (from SC Dept. of Education) and JK's appointment to steering committee for South Carolina literacy; letter from JHK on behalf of PTA urging Beaufort County Education Delegation "not to curtail in any way the functioning of the elementary and the high school" in Beaufort (1929)




Parent-Teacher Association-Speeches (1928, 1930): JK's handwritten speech to the PTA (Feb. 1928) re. previous PTA accomplishments and hopes for the coming year; speech (presented Dec. 4, 1940) "Juvenile Delinquency and What Protections the Home Offers For The Child."





National Association of Audubon Societies (1921): Letter soliciting donations from the Civic League of Beaufort.





South Carolina Federation of Women's Clubs (1918-1931): Information (1918) re. programs about tuberculosis war problem from SC Board of Health; letter (1918) from Ann Moss, VP of Edisto District of SC Federation of Women's clubs informing Beaufort club to appoint a special "War Activities" chairman; letter to Jennie Keyserling, President, Beaufort Chapter, SC Federation of Women's Clubs, from Mrs. Rufus Fant, President of SCFWC re. standardization of club elections and Year Book; re. Walsh Bill (damming of Yellowstone Lake for commercial purposes, 1921); SC Federation of Women's Clubs constitution 1922-1923; invitation to 25th annual convention, Spartanburg, SC.





The Clover Club (1931-1935): Year Book 1931-1932; Year Book 1934-1935; (each lists discussions led by Jennie Keyserling)





Beaufort Female Benevolent Society (ca. 1930): Fundraising letter sent by Jennie Keyserling, Chairman, Beaufort Female Benevolent Society, soliciting funds for a second "poor house"; letter to Jennie Keyserling from Mary B. Waterhouse, Secretary of Cooperation Relief Committee re. rent for a woman living in the poor house on Boundary Street; requests JK attend a meeting of the Cooperation Relief Committee.





South Carolina Federation of Temple Sisterhoods (1929, 1931-1935): handkerchief (souvenir) from 1929 SC Federation of Temple Sisterhood convention, Greenville, SC (stored in box 29); participant ribbon from same convention; correspondence: re. upcoming SCFTS convention; informational letter re. programs of the National Committee on Peace; re. Jennie's nomination as Chairman of Scholarship and Dormitory; several letters form Rosa S. Hirschman of Charleston; re. possibility of a Union Museum devoted to Jewish ceremonials; re. divisional meeting in Beaufort and synopsis of past successes and failures drawing women from surrounding communities to Beaufort meetings; re. JK's work as Chairman of Religion; letter from Charleston section, Council of Jewish Women, re. project to fund the education and livelihood of Jewish children brought to the US to escape Hitler Germany (1935).





Civic League of Beaufort, SC (1913-1927): (JK was secretary of the Civic League); correspondence re. League's work to beautify grounds of the Charleston and Western Carolina Railway station; re. adult literacy in Beaufort County; letter to mayor of Beaufort re. "unsightly advertisements on telegraph poles" near water front residences; work with the War Camp Community Service (1919); aid for Beaufort's destitute; new playground equipment; letter re. League's commitment to enforce prohibition laws; notes from annual conference, Southern District, SC Federation of Women's Clubs meeting (1927); letter to Sen. J. Dial urging him to defeat the "Walsh" Bill (damming of Yellowstone Lake); list of League members and their civic donations; news clipping (1922) re. St. Helena Civic Club (submitted by Elizabeth Macdonald Wilkinson.)





Beth Israel Sisterhood of Beaufort, SC (1921-1933): solicitation letter from Near East Relief group; JK's handwritten annual report of the Beth Israel Sisterhood, April 2, 1929 (typed version also); letter from Helen Hennig re. committee work; suggestions from Dept. of Synagogue and School Extensions re. what children preparing for confirmation should study; re. JK's role as Chairman of Beaufort's Religious School Committee; report of Beth Israel Sisterhood presented at district meeting, Charleston, SC, Nov. 1930 (Jennie was president)





Union of American Hebrew Congregations (1930, 1933): Typescript, "Proceedings of the South Carolina State Conference of the Southeastern Conference on the Union of American Hebrew Congregations, Columbia, SC, Nov. 23, 1930"; JK's handwritten report from the Southeastern Conference of Union of American Hebrew Congregations, Feb. 19, 1933.





Beaufort County Council of Farm Women (ca. 1930): letter re. a Women's Camp sponsored by Cooperative Extension of the Agriculture and Home Economics group; handwritten report from Beaufort County Council of Farm Women, presented (or sent) to the State Council of Farm Women.





Better Home Campaign (1928): Press release from Better Homes in America, Washington, DC, announcing Mrs. William Keyserling's appointment by Secretary Hoover (Pres. of Better Homes in America) as chairman of Better Homes Campaign in Beaufort, SC; JK's ideas for Beaufort's campaign; updates about campaign's progress (sent to Exec. Director, Mr. James Ford); letter informing Jennie that Beaufort's project was selected for honorable mention by Better Homes Campaign; general letter of thanks from Herbert Hoover to local prize winners and honorable mentions; regret that JK will not serve as 1929 chairman; news clippings re. Beaufort campaign.





Misc. unpublished speeches/manuscripts (1920s-1930s): handwritten by Jennie Keyserling; copy of press notice, "Jewish Women to hear Rabbi Schwartz"; booklet, "Copies of letters sent out re. Sisterhood and Sabbath school"; notes for speech re. protection a home offers a child; several documents appear to be handwritten copies of speeches and writings of others; manuscript, "Education for Peace" (JK's original work?)





Labels from College of Charleston exhibit on Jennie Keyserling that focused on her civic involvement in Beaufort, SC.






William Keyserling Civic Work


Box 19



Relief Committee for Jewish War Sufferers (1919): correspondence: appeal to Marines at Paris Island to volunteer for service overseas to help Jewish war sufferers; comments on the efforts of the Parris Island Jewish Welfare Board; most letters from Keyserling to Lt. W.G. Gibson.





United Jewish Appeal-Fundraising (1946-1951): List of non-Jewish contributors to UJA appeal, 1946; information sheet about the UJA campaign; list of Christian contributions to UJA (1947); list of people solicited by mail for contributions; list of 1928 contributions; lists include private and corporate donations; general letter sent to Christian contributors thanking them for contributions; essay (by Keyserling?) "The Suffering of the Jews of Europe"; list of cities in SC with UJA campaigns and results (1948); newsletter, "United Jewish Appeal Women's Division Record" April 1951.




United Jewish Appeal-Correspondence (1947-1951): Fundraising letters written by WK re. dissolution of United Nations Refugee Relief Association; information re. displaced Jews in Europe; letters to WK which accompanied contributions; letter from WK to U.S. Sen. Burnet R. Maybank urging him (on behalf of the Beaufort Community) to support the partition of Palestine; letter to WK from US Rep. L. Mendel Rivers assuring Keyserling that Palestine matter is receiving his full attention; letter from Sen. Olin D. Johnston re. his support of the partition of Palestine; letter from UJA General Chairman, Henry Morgenthau, personally thanking WK for his dedication to the cause; re. UJA film, The Journey.




United Jewish Appeal-News Clippings (1948-1951): articles and opinions on Palestinian partition plan (Gazette); letters to editor from WK re. UJA as a worthy cause; articles re. annual fundraising campaign; press release re. three short UJA films for 1950 drive.





Beth Israel Education Center-Financial Specs (1950): Report re. cost of Beth Israel Educational Center; WK's notes on building materials and costs.




Beth Israel Education Center-Correspondence (1948-1950): letter to Bertram Keyserling re. financial contribution to the Center and naming it in honor of Bertram's parents, Michael and Rosa Keyserling; continued correspondence with Bertram re. slow progress of fundraising due to the community's overwhelming support of UJA drive; re. plaque and donor tablets; letter from WK's nephew Leroy Keyserling which accompanied monetary donation toward construction.




Beth Israel Education Center-Plaque to recognize contributors: Information from United States Bronze Sign Company re. types of plaques available.





Beth Israel-Misc. (1940s): Letter from WK, outgoing President of Beth Israel, to congregation; regrets he cannot be at the annual meeting and admits he failed as President due to lack of interest on his part and a state of disunion among members as to matters of form and ritual.





St. Helena Island-Agricultural Interests-Correspondence (1928-1938): letter from R.W. Hamilton, soil fertility specialist with Clemson Agricultural College, to WK re. his request for a farming program for African American farmers in Beaufort County; WK writes (as head of Beaufort county delegation) to protest abolition of African American demonstration agents for Sea Island area; letter to Chairman of the Federal Trades Commission (from WK?) outlining facts re. contract growing of potatoes in South Carolina and the Eastern Seaboard; mentions issues affecting the truck farming industry; re. new procedures for Rural Rehabilitation (RR) (1935); problems with Beaufort's RR program; WK does not understand why farmers on rehabilitation rolls are not allowed to work on WPA projects; letter to WK from Palmetto State Teachers Assoc. re. statistics on African American schools in SC; re. meeting with Penn School administrators to discuss the plight of Sea Island African American farmers; appeals to regional director of Resettlement to pay more attention to the plight of the coastal blacks; explains the history of the Sea Island African Americans and their attachment to the lands (mentions St. Helena blacks in particular and their virtual isolation)-much detail on the state of St. Helena African Americans in 1936; WK's views on how to help the black farmers; correspondence from Rossa Cooley of Penn Normal Industrial and Agricultural School thanking WK for his efforts on the school's behalf?; correspondence from principal of Voorhees Normal and Industrial School (Denmark, SC) re. possibility of a cooperative project on Hunting Island that would provide housing for blacks.





St. Helena Island-Rehabilitation Project (1930s): outline/overview of number of families in area (including Ladies, Wassa, and Coosaw islands), proposed community projects, health and sanitation projects, rehabilitation for the farm family, etc; list of farmers (black) on the islands and crops they are growing





"Facts Concerning Negro Schools on St. Helena and Beaufort County 1924-1928": statistics comparing the African American on St. Helena against white and blacks in Beaufort County; looks at expenditure per pupil enrolled, length of school day, average salary of teachers, number of pupils per teacher, etc; includes, "Report on Rosenwald Schools on St. Helena Island" (1929)





Israel Bonds-Correspondence, etc. (1950-1951): general correspondence re. UJA, fund drives; WK's recommendations for nominations to the National Council of the Joint Distribution Committee; representatives from a variety of organizations asking for his help and support; Henry Monter, VP of American Financial and Development Corporation For Israel asking WK to volunteer his services on a committee to organize the bond program in Beaufort (WK is 82 at this point); typescript, "The Central Pillar of our Financial Hopes: A Statement on Israel's Bond Issue," by H.E. Abba Eban, Ambassador of Israel to the United States.




Israel Bonds-Ephemera (1950-1951): Receipts for bonds purchased; subscription blanks for bonds; blank $100 State of Israel bond; several issues of newsletter, "B.I.G. News/Bonds of the Israel Government"; pamphlet, "Facts behind the $500,000,000 State of Israel Bond Issue-a dramatic series of articles by Robert R. Nathan"; newsletter, "Israel Reports-A Newsletter for Community Leaders from the United Palestine Appeal" Oct. 1950; "Israel Anniversary Issue (April 1951) of newsletter, "Economic Horizons"





South Carolina State War Fund (ca. 1940s): list of Beaufort County Committee members.




Keyserling Financial Records




General Finances


Box 20



William and Jennie Keyserling Tax Returns/Information (1934-1940)





William and Jennie Keyserling Tax Returns/information (1941-1946)





Misc. Property Related Correspondence (1936-1941): re. sale of Rosa Keyserling property (1936); letters re. sale (1937) of parts of WK's property (a family trust) to Harold Keyserling, Israel Keyserling and Mr. O.H. Bishop





Property Deeds (1899-1937): 1899 Deed reflecting purchase of land (one lot, one building) by WK from R.E. Jenkins, Sheriff of Beaufort County, formerly owned by the Colored Farmers Alliance (who defaulted on taxes and lost their land); real estate title for lands purchased by WK from Thomas Martin, 1906 (St. Helena property); real estate title for lands purchased by WK from James R. Macdonald, 1911 (St. Helena property, Corner Farm, Darrah Hall, Fort Store, Bridge Store, property at Frazier's landing, on Kean's Neck, etc.-several different titles); real estate title for lands purchased by WK from George W. Buckett, 1925 (Beaufort property); document listing WK's property at Beaufort, SC fronting 100ft on Bay St. for $17, 500 (1937)





Oak Tree Packing House Tax Documents (1938): letter to IRS inquires whether WK's business (he and another farmer combined to pack their tomatoes at a common place (Oak Tree) and occasionally pack for others at a small profit) is tax exempt because it is an agricultural operation; letter from SC Unemployment Compensation Commission states that packing is not tax exempt when done for others and a record of his laborers must be maintained (US Treasury Dept. says the same); legal documents re. taxes and packing house employees; WK does not agree with ruling and correspondence about the matter continues; business tax information and social security laws.





Property Assessments (1938): Notices of increased taxes on WK's St. Helena Island and Beaufort properties; breakdown of Keyserling properties and associated taxes (?)





William Keyserling's Financial Records Folder (ca. 1930s): leather; embossed in gold lettering on front, "Valuable Papers, Wm. Keyserling, Meggetts, SC./Compliments of Georgia Veneer and Package Co., Brunswick, GA"; individual pockets inside folder to hold, insurance policies, deeds, stocks and bonds, etc; some red rot visible on exterior leather; all interior pockets have been sealed shut with age (presumed empty); does not appear to have been used






Estate of Rosa Keyserling



Wolfe Realty Company (1940-1941): correspondence re. 123 E. 46th Street property (Savannah, GA) of Rosa Keyserling (deceased), managed by the Wolf Realty Company; correspondence to William Keyserling, executor of the estate; newspaper advertisements for rental of the property; rent statements (receipts) from tenants; invoices and updates for work performed on properties and general upkeep fees.





A. Miles Wilcox Realty (1942-1943): correspondence re. property of Rosa Keyserling (Savannah Georgia,) now rented and managed by the A. Miles Wilcox Company; to William Keyserling, executor of her estate; newspaper advertisements for rental of properties; rent statements (receipts); invoices and updates for work performed on properties and general upkeep fees; includes tax receipts.





C.J. Hunter Realty Company (1939-1943): correspondence re. properties (different than above; 106 and 124 Bay St., Savannah, GA) of Rosa Keyserling, rented and managed by the C.J. Hunter Realty Company; to William Keyserling, executor of her estate; newspaper advertisements for rental of properties; rent statements (receipts) from tenants; invoices and updates for work performed on properties and general upkeep; includes tax and insurance information; invoices for repairs.





C.J. Hunter Realty Company (1944-1945): correspondence re. properties (Savannah, GA) of Rosa Keyserling rented and managed by the C.J. Hunter Realty Company; to William Keyserling, executor of her estate; newspaper advertisements for rental of properties; rent statements (receipts) from tenants; invoices and updates on repairs and general upkeep; includes tax and insurance information.




C.J. Hunter Realty Company (1946-1951): correspondence re. properties (Savannah, GA) of Rosa Keyserling rented and managed by the C.J. Hunter Realty Company; to William Keyserling, executor of her estate; newspaper advertisements for rental of properties; rent statements (receipts) from tenants; invoices and updates for repairs to properties and general upkeep; includes tax and insurance information.





Account information re. Dena, Leonard, Harold and Bertram Keyserling: Statements for accounts of Sarah Dena Keyserling, Leonard Keyserling, Harold Keyserling and Bertram; revenues from properties held in Estate of Rosa Keyserling; break down of what the siblings inherited from their parents, Michael and Rosa Keyserling; WK's notes on the accounts.




Box 21



Misc. tax/financial/property material re. Estate of Rosa Keyserling (1940-1946): (Rosa Keyserling died in 1940); includes bank deposit slips, receipts (on one letterhead, "I. Keyserling/General Merchandise/Dale, SC); bills for home repairs; breakdown of financial expenses from Rosa Keyserling's funeral and processing her will; 1939 tax forms.





Bank statements -William Keyserling for Estate of Rosa Keyserling (1940-1941): from the Citizens and Southern National Bank; reflects deposits made by William Keyserling as executor of estate of Rosa Keyserling;





Bank Statements for Harold, Leonard, Bertram and Dena Keyserling (1941-1943): from Citizens and Southern National Bank; reflect deposits from estate of Rosa Keyserling to her children's joint bank account.





Deduct fees from tenants at various properties: statement of rent owed; paid to Citizens and Southern Bank; deposited into account for estate of Rosa Keyserling.






Misc. Financial



Tax/property information for estate of Michael Keyserling (1939-1940): Deposit slips for bank account of estate of Michael Keyserling; news clipping re. William Keyserling being granted "Letters of Administration" for estate and effects of Michael Keyserling (d. 1921); misc. financial documents and tax records.





Tax/misc. information re. property/business of Mark Keyserling (1940): real estate tax receipts; invoice for goods sold at "Mark Keyserling/General Merchandise/Truck Farmer/Cotton Buyer"





Misc. William Keyserling invoices/receipts (1940s): for goods purchased by WK; grocery, pharmacy, etc.




Keyserling Business Records




Keyserling Farming/Agricultural Interests


Box 21



Fertilizer Information (1934-1937): Product information from Maybank Fertilizer Corporation for Spring Season, 1936; materials, prices, etc; fertilizers contracts; list of fertilizer mixtures for potatoes, tomatoes, cabbage, etc.





Land use survey project reports re. soil activity and fertilization (1930s): Land Uses Survey Project Report/Determination of Soil Acidity in terms of PH value; recommendations for "liming" and fertilizer for various crops; special circular, April 1934, "Liming and Fertilizer Recommendations for Certain Crops Under Various Soil Conditions in South Carolina" by H.P. Cooper (from SC Agricultural Experiment Station of Clemson Agricultural College)





Soil Information (1930s): Forms for recording soil information (for Mark Keyserling properties) for each field he owned; report sent to WK by E.H. Rawl, Cooperative Extension Work in Agriculture and Home Economics/Clemson, re. results of acidity test on soil from WK's farms; results of soil samples taken by South Carolina Truck Experiment Station (1933); circular from the American Cyanamid Company (Agricultural Division) of Soil-Disinfecting and Weed Control Properties of Calcium Cyanamid; correspondence re. a fungus found in WK's tomato soil (1936).





Mark Keyserling Truck Farming Business (1933-1934): "Note and Mortgage of Crops and Other Personal Property" Mark Keyserling to Regional Agricultural Soil Corp, Raleigh, NC (1933); Real Estate mortgage on same property (Laurel Hill Farm on Ladies Island); inventory of "Farm Material in Warehouse" (Wilkins, SC) typed on "Mark Keyserling/General Merchandise/Cotton/ Truck Farming" letterhead; statistics on Mark Keyserling's crops (1934)





South Carolina Produce Association (1928): Resolution (drafted by WK?) stating farmers of Beaufort County (listed) have found the marketing of their crops by South Carolina Produce Association unsatisfactory; request a marketing organization be set up as part of the Beaufort Agricultural Credit Company and principal place of business be within the city of Beaufort.





Farm Product Equipment advertisements and information (1920s-1930s): for farm level with telescope from the Bostrom Brady Manufacturing Co; sewage disposal system from Sanisep; fruits and vegetables from Atlantic Commission Co.; Basic Slag; "flame gun" to "destroy weeds the modern way" from the Hauck Manufacturing Company, etc.





Laurel Hill and Brickyard Farms (ca. 1934): Boundaries of Laurel Hill Farm (Ladies Island) and Brickyard Farm (Ladies Island); list of live stock and equipment turned over to Laurel Hill Farm by WK; schedule of machinery, equipment and livestock at farms; prospectus of expected farm returns; crops planted and to be planted on Laurel Hill and Brickyard farms.





Account Records: hand written "seed account", "improvements" and "fertilizer" financial figures





Crop cost schedules (ca. 1930s): for potatoes, cabbage, beans, tomatoes (per acre)





Information re. federal legislation affecting farmers (1935-1940): Resume of conference held in Washington DC (Feb. 23, 1935) re. policies of Charleston Production Credit Association and attitude of Intermediate Credit Bank of Columbia, towards truck farmers of the coastal section of South Carolina (WK was in attendance as President of the SC Produce Association); breakdown of "New Farm Legislation For Soil Conservation As Proposed in Senate Bill 3780 and House Bill 10835" (1935); correspondence re. production credit problem in South Carolina's early vegetable marketing districts; re. change in legislation to Potato Section of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (1935) and references to similar change in legislation for lettuce





Information re. county/state legislation affecting farmers (1930s,1950s): members of Beaufort County Agricultural Planning Committee; statement from farmers and citizens of Beaufort County protesting special session of the SC Legislature called for purpose of enacting a law prohibiting planting of cotton during the year 1932; statement explains why such an act would be detrimental to a large segment of the farming population; request the governor call a special round table conference with farming community leaders to discuss the situation (1931); WK is one of the five signers; letter (1933) to Sen. E. D. Smith from Hal R. Pollitzer re. Seed Loan and delay in relief measures; re. relief effort after storm (1935) destroyed many crops in Beaufort County; circulars re County Farm Planning and Agricultural Outlook programs; re. tax equalization; typescript, "Summary of Work Done by County [Agricultural] Agent During 1931"; typescript, "1931 Farm Program, Beaufort County."





Coosaw Farm (1916): Breakdown of number of bales (of cotton?) harvested, their weight, sale price sold.





Dale Farms Corporation (1917, 1918, 1929): "operating expenses for Dale Farms year ending July 31, 1918"; letter (from attorney) re. WK's sale of parts of Dale Farms Corporation property (1929)





Correspondence re. farms (1938): Misc. letter from a L.E. Colburn of Morehead City, NC inquires if he can purchase 2 or 3 truckloads of WK's tomatoes for resale and how WK wants to work out the details





Misc. (1930s): notice of Keyserling brothers' 1938 Farm Cotton Acreage Allotment from the Beaufort County Agricultural Conservation Committee; drafts of letters written by WK re. farming legislation; newspaper advertisement for Packing House Meeting and cooperation in Beaufort packing; want to make the area a live stock country (WK on Executive Committee)






Macdonald, Wilkins and Company


Box 22



Contract between William Keyserling and Macdonald, Wilkins and Co, re. Keyserling managing stores (1902): Articles of agreement entered into March 1, 1902 between WK an MWC; WK agrees to manage two MWC stores (Ladies Island and Keans Neck) and MWC agrees to keep the stores supplied with stock of merchandise.





Documents re. building projects (ca. 1918): list of material needed for a seawall; list of material for cotton picker barracks at Coosaw; material required for shed at stables.





Invoices (1936-1940): for various company purchases





Invoices re. products purchased for estate of Rosa Keyserling (1940):





List of bonded properties (1938): owned by Macdonald, Wilkins & Co. with William Keyserling as trustee; in Beaufort, St. Helena Island and Wilkins, SC.





Ward and Cornerstone accounts, Frogmore, SC (1932-1933): list of individuals with accounts at Ward's Store, July 21, 1932 and Corner Store; form letter sent to those indebted to the Estate of Macdonald, Wilkins & Co.; certificate re. sale (after declaration of bankruptcy) of accounts and balances due the estate of Macdonald, Wilkins & Co. originating at Corner Store, Ward's Store and Lands End Store (1933); memo of accounts due Corner Store by depositors; re. purchase of Corner Store property from William Keyserling (1940)





Trust agreement records: Memo re. agreement (1933) between former bond holders of the bankrupt Macdonald Wilkins, Co and South Carolina Security Company (now Trustee of former MWC bonds); correspondence re. 1937 resignation of SCSC as Trustee; document reappointing William Keyserling trustee in place of SCSC; 1939 document transferring participation certificates to O.H. Bishop.





"Statement of Affairs" (Aug. 31, 1919): similar to an annual report; breakdown of financial standing, properties, revenues, etc.; prepared by W. Harry Taylor.





Pension/Payroll Information (ca. 1930s): WK's notes on Old Age Pension and Unemployment Insurance; typescript (1935) of Senator Robert F. Wagner's Summary of Economic Security Bill (features Old Age Pensions, Unemployment Insurance, Child Welfare, Maternal and Child Health, etc); Memorandum on the New Payroll Tax (1935)





Misc. (1920s, 1940s): re. property seized from the Smalls family (mortgaged by MWC?) for failure to pay taxes; letter from WK, President of MWC, (1940) informing a client that the company will not be liquidated and business will continue as usual.




William Keyserling Business Correspondence


Box 23



From WK (1910s-1920s): letters to editor of Beaufort Gazette re. racial issues and politics; correspondence re. a manager at the Corner Store and his handling of business; packing plant proposal; letter to a Coosaw Farm manager re. manager's behavior with African American servants.





From WK (1930s): price quotes on fertilizer mixtures for tomatoes, lettuce and potatoes; WK's views on the Bankhead Bill (letters to Senators Ed Smith and James F. Byrnes); letter to Production Credit Association (Columbia, SC) re. plight of the truck farmers; correspondence to the Resettlement Administration and U.S Senators re. Rural Resettlement program in Sea Island area; re. fertilizer formulas; letters to Washington DC protesting Crop Control legislation.





From WK (1940): re. estate of Michael Keyserling and property in Springfield, GA; re. Rosa Keyserling's properties in Savannah and his role as executor of her estate; correspondence to federal agents on behalf of Farmers Committee of Beaufort County protesting control of lettuce crops; re. Rosa Keyserling's taxes.





From WK (1941): correspondence re. Rosa Keyserling's real estate and his responsibilities as executor of the estate.





From WK (1942): Re. sale of several properties from estate of Rosa L. Keyserling.





From WK (1950): soliciting donations from friends and neighbors to furnish the new Beth Israel Education Center; letter to Leonard Keyserling re. funds from his mother's (Rosa Keyserling's) estate; letter to friends re. aging and the growth of Beaufort; letters of appreciation for UJA donations; letter to Mary K. Rosenstein re. china replacements; re. personal loans to friends; re. Mark Keyserling properties and synagogue dues.





From WK (1951): General correspondence re. UJA contributions; letters re. Beaufort property (ex. Mary K. Rosenstein is retiring and wants the old Macdonald Wilkins, Co gin mill building (which she owns) dismantled and made into a cottage); correspondence with nieces and nephews re. Michael and Rosa Keyserling estate; resignation from Beth Israel Cemetery Committee; letters re. personal loans; mentions a UJA conference he plans to attend in NY (at which he died)





To WK (1920s): Letter informing WK he was elected chairman of the National Farm School Expansion Project (1926); letter from SC Produce Association re. a "declaration of dissatisfaction" received from Beaufort, SC.





To WK (1930s): Analysis of diseased tomato seedlings sent to the US Dept. of Agriculture by Macdonald, Wilkins, Co; tips (from County Agent of the Cooperative Extension Work in Agriculture and Home Economics, SC) to stop the boll weevil from destroying cotton crops (1933); seed and supply orders for farms; soil acidity reports for WK's farms; response from Sen. James Byrnes re. WKs concerns about truck farmers and the Bankhead Act; responses to WK's appeals to local, state and national government on behalf of coastal farmers (from. H.P. Fulmer, Ed. Smith, Thomas S. McMillan, W. Brantly Harvey, etc); re. WK's appointment to the Beaufort County Temporary Board of Public Welfare; misc. correspondence re. fertilizer mixtures; request for personal loans from acquaintances.





To WK (1940): Correspondence re. Rosa Keyserling properties in Savannah; re. Central Iron and Coal Company bonds; letters from children of Michael and Rosa Keyserling requesting money from estate fund; letter from WK's friend Nathan Gillespie (Mutual Life Insurance Co.) expressing concern for WK's welfare after a large storm in Beaufort (1940); Gillespie also mention's Leon's wedding to Mary Dublin; correspondence re. repairs to 123 E. 46th St. property (estate of Rosa Keyserling) in Savannah, GA.





To WK (1941): Re. headstone for Rosa Keyserling's grave and inheritance tax on her estate; re. Central Iron and Coal Company bonds (from estate of Michael Keyserling); correspondence from Citizens and Southern National Bank re. account for Bertram, Sarah Dena, Leonard and Harold Keyserling.





To WK (1942-1943): Misc. correspondence re. estate of Rosa Keyserling.





To WK (1950): Letters from United Service For New Americans, Inc. urging William/Beaufort to accept three Jewish families (displaced persons) from Europe; misc. financial correspondence.





To WK (1951): solicitation for donations to Penn High School; donations to Beth Israel congregation; letters re. personal loans; re. property in Effingham County (estate of Rosa Keyserling); misc. correspondence re. magazine subscriptions and membership in different organizations






Keyserling Account Books (Farms, Stores, etc)



1907-1921: Ledger of financial figures for accounts including: William Keyserling, Michael Keyserling's personal property, cattle, bank accounts, cash accounts, Farm #1, Farm #2, George Fripp, and Ladies Island, S.L. Overstreet, George Middleton; ledger also includes accounts for Farmers Mfg. Company, Swift Fertilizer Co; Financial statistics for Briar and Coosaw plantations-debts, credits,(1916-1917); for Spring crops sold, 1921.


Box 24



1925-1930: Typed list of names and related account numbers pasted in front of ledger (ex. Packing House, Macdonald Wilkins Co., Cash Account, Corner Store, Laurel Hill Truck, etc); customer account records (alphabetical and indexed by page number, probably from Corner Store on St. Helena) includes names, debit and credit information with occasional side notes on person's ability to pay or action taken in terms of settling accounts.


Box 25



1927-1928: Liability Ledger (mate to ledger in Box 25); lists of Loans and Discounts, Collateral Notes, Notes on Hand; arranged alphabetically; lists dates of debits, credits and balances.


Box 26



1945-1947: Accounts arranged alphabetically and indexed by account number at beginning of each alphabetical section; customer accounts from one of WK's stores; lists names, debits, credits, balances and occasional notes on individuals and payments; includes accounts for WK's brothers, Israel and Mark and nephew, Harold; includes "rents" as a separate account.


Box 27



1947-1949: Daily sales ledger; lists client and amount of purchase; from one of the Keyserling stores.


Box 28


Misc Material


Box 29



Prayer Books (1917-1920): Abridged Prayer Book for Jews in the Army and Navy of the United States; Book of Esther, "The Megillah" Purim, 1919; "Prayers" book of prayers provided by Riverside Memorial Chapel on Amsterdam Ave, New York, 1951





Publications (1930s-1950s): Program, "Herald New York Tribune Fourth Annual Conference on Current Problems, New York City, Sept. 26-27, 1934, topic, Changing Standards"; copy, "The Children's Charter" from President Hoover's White House Conference on Child Health and Protection; booklet, "Announcement of the Hebrew Union College Summer School/the Graduate Rabbinical School/The Teacher's Institute (1932); copy, "The Lookout", Annual Report, 1950-Seamen's Church Institute of New York; Bulletin, Association for the Chinese Blind (July 1950)





B'nai Meyer Levit Inc. Family Organization (1930s, 1960s): By-Laws of Descendents of Meyer Levit; newsletter, October 11, 1938 announces upcoming family meeting; letter from Harold L. Keyserling, President of the B'nai Meyer Levit, Inc. Family Organization, to all of his "cousins" with attached newsletter of family members updates (1961)





News Clippings re. Adolf Eichmann Trial (1961): From the Jerusalem Post





Foreign Stamps (1920s-1930s): collected by various members of the Keyserling family during European travel.





Artifacts (1940s): brass button with "USN" [U.S. Navy] in relief; belonged to Herbert Keyserling.





Dr. Herbert Keyserling's Medical Appointment Log (1947): daily lists of patients visited, ailments, treatments and fees





Dr. Herbert Keyserling's Medical Appointment Log (1948): daily lists of patients visited, ailments, treatments and fees





Souvenir Handkerchief from SC Federation of Temple Sisterhoods Annual Convention, Greenville, SC (April 1929)


Misc. Oversize Material


JHC Oversize Box



Pauline Steinberg Hirschfeld's New York Teaching Certificate (1916)



Hirschfeld Family Tree



Architectural plans for Dr. Herbert Keyserling's medical office, Beaufort, SC (1954): by Jules D. Levin